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Past simple

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Past simple

  1. 1. PAST SIMPLE(+) I did my homework(-) I didn´t do my homework(?) Did I do my homework?(+) you wrote a notebook(-) you didn´t write a notebook(?) Did you write a notebook?(+) they called her grandmother(-) they didn´t call her grandmother(?) Did they call her grandmother?(+) she bought a dress(-) she didn´t buy a dress(?) Did she buy t a dress?(+) he watched TV at night(-) he didn´t watch TV at night(?) Did he watch TV at night?(+) they died in the house of Mario(-) they didn´t die in the house of Mario(?) Did they die in the house of Mario?
  2. 2. (+) I drank a glass of milk(-) I didn´t drink a glass of milk(?) Did I drink a glass of milk?PRACTICE1. Complete the conversations with was/ were/wasn’t or weren’tA: ___were ________you out town los week?B: no, I ___weren´t_____ why?A: well, you_ were ___________ of work, so I wasn’t sureA: how ____was_______ the food?B: incredible! There ___were________ lots of fresh seafood and the fruit_______were______ deliciousA: so __was____youe vocation ok?B: well, actually it ___was___--. The food ___was____terrible and the people ___was____un friendA: where _was____you last weekend?B: I _was_--on vocationWrite positive sentences in simple past1. He/ the questions/ answer  he answered the questions2. You/ a questions /ask you asked a questions3. The dog/ bark  the dog barked4. They/ us/call  they us called5. We/ a mountain/ climb  we climbed a mountain6. John/stamps/ collect john collected stamps7. We/ in London/live  we lived in London8. I / hungry/ be  I was hungry9. They/ a hamster/ have  they had a hamster10. He/to school/go  he went to schoolPAST TO BEI wasYou were
  3. 3. He  wasShe  wasIt wasWe wereThey were1NB CEED Unit 4Future (Futuro): goingto (ir a + infinitivo)Future (Futuro): goingto (ir a + infinitivo)FormaEsta estructura verbal se forma con el presente continuo del verbo togo + infinitivoAfirmativaInterrogativaNegativaI am going to sleep Am I going to sleep? I am not going to sleepYou/We/They are going Are you/We/They You/We/They are notto sleep going to sleep? going to sleep.He/She/It is going to sleep Is He/She/It going to sleep? He/She/It is going to sleep.• Uso1 Para expresar intenciones.Ejemplo:I’m going to get slimmer. Voy a adelgazar.2 Para hablar de planes futuros.Ejemplo:
  4. 4. They are going to open a pub in the centre. Van a abrir un pub en el centro.3 Para hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente.Ejemplo:Hold tight. You’re going to fall down. Agárrate fuerte. Te vas a caer.4 Para hablar de hechos que van a ocurrir con seguridad en el futuro.Ejemplo:I’m going to finish Bachillerato next year. Voy acabar el Bachillerato el año que viene.Future simple (Futuro simple): willFormaEl futuro simple se forma con will + infinitivo para todas las personas:AfirmativaI/you/he/she/we/they will come back at ten.NegativaI/you/he/she/we/they will not (won´t) come back at ten.InterrogativaWill I/you/he/she/we/they come back at ten?- Will puedecontraersecomoll: I´ll ( I will) ; you´ll ( you will); he´ll ( he will )- Existe también la forma shall para la 1ª persona del singular y del plural. La negación deshall es shall not ( shan´t ).Ejemplo:I´ll be ( I will be) there at nine o´clock. Estaré allí a las nueve.1NB CEED Unit 4
  5. 5. Future (Futuro): going to (ir a + infinitivo)Future (Futuro): goingto (ir a + infinitivo)FormaEsta estructura verbal se forma con el presente continuo del verbo togo + infinitivoAfirmativaInterrogativaNegativaI am going to sleep Am I going to sleep? I am not going to sleepYou/We/They are going Are you/We/They You/We/They are notto sleep going to sleep? going to sleep.He/She/It is going to sleep Is He/She/It going to sleep? He/She/It is going to sleep.• Uso1 Para expresar intenciones.Ejemplo:I’m going to get slimmer. Voy a adelgazar.2 Para hablar de planes futuros.Ejemplo:They are going to open a pub in the centre. Van a abrir un pub en el centro.3 Para hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente.Ejemplo:Hold tight. You’re going to fall down. Agárrate fuerte. Te vas a caer.4 Para hablar de hechos que van a ocurrir con seguridad en el futuro.Ejemplo:I’m going to finish Bachillerato next year. Voy acabar el Bachillerato el año que viene.Future simple (Futuro simple): willFormaEl futuro simple se forma con will + infinitivo para todas las personas:Afirmativa
  6. 6. I/you/he/she/we/they will come back at ten.NegativaI/you/he/she/we/they will not (won´t) come back at ten.InterrogativaWill I/you/he/she/we/they come back at ten?- Will puedecontraersecomoll: I´ll ( I will) ; you´ll ( you will); he´ll ( he will )- Existe también la forma shall para la 1ª persona del singular y del plural. La negación deshall es shall not ( shan´t ).Ejemplo:I´ll be ( I will be) there at nine o´clock. Estaré allí a las nueve.FUTURE: WILLProbabilidadesFuturo inciertoStructure(you´ll)You willseeto doctorSUB – AUX – V. infinitivo – COMPYou won´t see to doctorSUB – AUX. NOT – V. infinitive – COMPWill you see to doctor?AUX – SUB – V. infinitive - COMPSHORT ANSWERWill you wait me?Yes, I willNo , I won´tFuture: “be gong”Future cierto: muestraevidencias
  7. 7. Ex. It was cloudy, it is going to rainStructure(+) Gladys and Sebastian are going to watch TV the Sunday in the night(-) Gladys and Sebastian aren´t going to watch TV the Sunday in the night club(?) Are they going to watch TV Sunday in the night?Short answerYes ,they areNo, they aren´tTAREAHacer una historia hacienda uso del will be goingto15 líneasJulian is shopping assigned him to buy fruits such as watermelon mandarin mango banana afterthat will go to his brother racogerJulian has 7 brothers which are responsible all have orders from his mother the first is called mariothe second is julia the third is characterized julian he is the most kind to his mother and that her
  8. 8. then follows lizeth anaritarobert finally so these are the 7 brothers Julian loves his mother the goodcontinue with the shopping list also will have to pick up your initial brothers was robert and hismischievous little sister Ana.after that you will have to go to buy medicine for his mother who is sick and will have to make asoup after his brothers Bnar true then men will have to prepare to go to work you have to get thereearly because his family depends on Julian work after a long day you will have to do this back thenand this is how Julian has a tired dayPRESENT CONTINUOOrden the sentences1. Laughing why are you me at? Why are you laughing at me?2. Coming lunch they for are? Are they coming lunch?3. Afternoon doing this what you are? What are you this doing afternoon?4. Together flying are you? Are you flying together?5. Making noise that who is? Who is that making noise?6. Working mother your now is? Is your working now mother?PRESENT SIMPLEOrden the sentences and put in the present simple1. Never/I/ read/a/book I never read a book2. My/play/brother/basketball my brother play basketball3. My sister/parties/enjoy my sister enjoy parties4. Brother/your/friendly/look brother look your friendly5. Pili and Sofia/like/ice cream Pili and Sofia like ice cream6. She/study/every/day she studies every day7. I/drink/sometimes/coffee I sometimes drink coffee8. Go/the disco/to/ we/Saturday/on we to go the disco on Saturday9. Teacher/my /like/music my teacher like music10. David/hate/alcohol David hates alcoholPRESENT SIMPLE – NEGATIVE (don´t/doesn´t)1. Teachers work hard teachers don´t work hard2. My cat sleeps 12 hours a day my cat doesn´t sleeps 12 hours a day
  9. 9. 3. My neighbours buy a new car every day my neighbours doesn´t buy a newcar every day4. Luis likes pop music Luis doesn´t likes pop music5. People from China speak Russian peoples don´t from China speakRussian6. I run more than 500 meters I don´t more than 500 meters7. My mum watches TV every day my mum doesn´t watches TV every day8. I go to school in the evening I don´t go to school in the evening9. We fry eggs in the microwave we don´t fry eggs in the microwave10. My boyfriend dances very well my boyfriend doesn´t dances very wellREAD ANSWER THE QUESTIONSLiverpoolLiverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside in North West England on the nort sideof the Mersey estuaryThe city is governed by Liverpool city council one of five councils within Merseyside. The populationof the borough in 2002 was 441, 477, and that of the Merseyside conurbation was 1.362.026.Liverpool is the second largest export port of the United KingdomWhilst it has lost most of its manufacturing base. Liverpool is still internationality famous as asport and the city from where The Beatles originated. In sport terms. It boats two internationalityknow football clubs. Liverpool FC. And Everton FC. In the year 2008, Liverpool will become theEuropean Capital of Culture.Liverpool runs directly into Bootle in Sefton, and Huyton in Knowsley. It faces Wallasey andBirkenhead across the River Mersey.Inhabitants of Liverpool ore officially known as “Liverpudlians”, but more commonly known as“Scousers”. They are noted for their distinctive accent, called Scouse.Now, answer the questions about the text1. Liverpool has a population of less than half million peopleTrueFalseWe don´t know2. Liverpool is the second largest export port of the United KingdomTrueFalseWe don´t know
  10. 10. 3. Liverpool is the city from where the Beatles originatedTrueFalseWe don´t4. Liverpool has one football teamTrueFalseWe don´t5. People from Liverpool are called liverpudiansTrueFalseWe don´tOPPOSITESAbove, upstairs: ArribaAbsent: AusenteAfter: después (de)Against: contraAlways: siempreAncient, old: antiguo: AntiguaAnswer: contestaciónBad: malo, mal, malaBeautiful: hermoso, hermosaBeginning: principioBelow: bajoDownstairs: bajoBetter: mejorBig, large: grandeBelow: bajoDownstairs: bajoPresent: presenteBefore: antes (de)With:(con)Never: nuncaModern: modern, modernaQuestions: preguntaWell: bienUgly: feo, feaEnd: finAbove, upstairs: |arribaWorse: peor
  11. 11. Small: pequeño, pequeñaBig largeBitter: amargoBlond: rubio, rubiaBoring: aburrido, aburridaSweet: dulceBrunette: Moreno, morenaInteresting: interesanteBlond: rubio, rubiaBoring: aburrido, aburridaBrunette: Moreno, aburridaCarelessne: descuidoCheap: barato, barartaCheapMeticulousness: esmeroExpensive: carao, caraCostly, expensive: costoso, costosaClean: limpioDirty: sucio

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