local talent, global network (technology for development failures, successes, and a way forward) Aarhus, 10-10-11
My Argument: <ul><li>In order to solve global problems we have to think and develop solutions hyper-locally. </li></ul><ul...
Part I:  The Global Machinery
<ul><li>15k+ staff (88 % in ‘the field’) </li></ul><ul><li>~135 country offices </li></ul><ul><li>8 regional offices </li>...
child survival and development
hiv/aids
water & sanitation
education
protection
also….
vaccines for 60% of the world’s children
largest purchaser  of pencils
emergencies
Part I.b.:  our team:  a failure and a sucess
fail
The problem that I saw…
Digital Doorway
 
Bee Ideation (rapid transport)
Bee Ideation (school in a box)
Bee Co-creation (geek meet)
Co-creation – ITP class Co-creation – ITP class
Bee Prototype 2 (SA) Bee Prototype 2 (SA)
Bee Prototype 3  (Uganda)
 
 
win
 
 
The adoption of mobile phones has occurred at perhaps the fastest rate and to the deepest level of any consumer‐level tech...
district hospital: serves 200,000
health center: serves 10,000
community health workers
their office
their tool
The Community Health Worker
 
 
In April 2009 an HIV results for an infant at Nameembo Rural Health Clinic took  66 days  to get to the infant, from colle...
 
Part 2:  Hyper-local development
1. user-centered design
2. openness
3. build on experience
4. sustainability
5. scalability 5. scalability
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>My Argument: (more) </li></ul><ul><li>In order to solve global problems we have to develop hyper-local technical e...
we need more developers and hackers in the world’s most troubled places
 
 
kosovo  uganda
<ul><li>Diverse teams work better. </li></ul><ul><li>People with vested interest in solving problems solve them better. </...
Amal (‘ hope ’ ) School for the Deaf, Khartoum, September 2011
 
<ul><li>http://unicefstories.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rapidftr.org  (get involved) </li></ul><ul><li>htt...
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  • We need to do tech4dev better. Here’s how: hire local brains, build global networks, gather people together and let them do their work
  • Did you know that nutrition is an underlying cause of 50% of all child deaths? Children from poorer households are 4 times as likely to be underweight (MUAC – middle upper arm circumference band)
  • If HIV+ child is not put on treatment by their first birthday, their chance of dying goes up by 30%. In rural areas many children never find out if they are HIV+
  • 84% of the population lives without a safe drinking water source in rural areas, this is only 16% in urban areas.
  • Children in the poorest households and children in rural areas are less likely to attend primary school
  • Children from the richest households are twice as likely to be registered as children from the poorest households. Without an identity, children have much more difficulty in accessing essential services and are much more vulnerable to exploitation.
  • In 2010, UNICEF responded to 290 humanitarian situations in 98 countries (half the nations of the world) (clock:10m)
  • The Failure
  • This is a digital doorway - a low power consuming, open source based computer with three computing stations. It is weather proof and virtually unbreakable. These are children working and learning on the digital doorway.
  • This is a digital doorway - a low power consuming, open source based computer with three computing stations. It is weather proof and virtually unbreakable. These are children working and learning on the digital doorway. http://www.digitaldoorway.org.za/index_main.php?do=sites
  • First set of sketches of a portable Digital Doorway
  • The Bee was designed to provide access to information and education in emergency situations
  • UNICEF convened top thinkers in ruggedized computing and education for two days in NYHQ to come up with specs and plans for the first prototype, which Seth built in his basement.
  • Similarly a course called Design For UNICEF, taught at NYU ’s Graduate ITP program, brings together skilled graduate students and UNICEF experts. This year one of the designs that came out of the discussion was the Water Canary.
  • Nothing is more important than working in the field. The Bee was taken back to the environment where the DD had been tested and used for years. And further development was done there (SA)
  • Clock:17m
  • 66% of africa ’s population is now reached by mobile phone signal
  • BUT voice and text only. no smart phones and data is too expensive
  • To give you some context of the structure and resources at people ’ s disposal - District capitals will often have a hospital in the largest town (often serving millions of people). These hospitals have a couple of doctors, nurses and trained health professionals and will have electricity most of the time. Malawi 4 central hospitals (each serving 2.5 million people)
  • 600 health centers - run by Catholic services as often the govt can ’ t even support them - serving 10,000 1 medical assistant, 2 nurses, 30 HSAs working within the community
  • Most staff are Community Health Workers, given maybe a few weeks training and volunteering. Often cut off from formal health system. Thus there is high turnover. Because of the lack of trained health workers - task shifting
  • this is where chw ’ s work - in the community
  • more and more we are seeing that this is how they communicate (23m)
  • This is the CHW – torn between worlds - we’ve been looking at tools that can help them do their job better
  • This is the type of tool they have, for us to use
  • And this is a sytem - this is using technology to make faster paper
  • Realtime success for the health worker
  • Realtime information at a government level (30 min)
  • - we write the software with direct input from the people who will use it - we write small amounts of software and test with users frequently - we modify any original plans based on testing
  • - we consult with all stakeholders and explain intentions - we update all interested parties frequently - all software and documentation is open source and publically accessible
  • - we carefully document our work and processes - both on the project management and software side - and make it a public good - we adopt all best practices from previous implementations as to not repeat mistakes - we reuse software
  • - to build local capacity, we hire local software developers to co-create the software - we keep these software developers on staff to insure changes can be made to it once the initial deployment period has passed - we involve government directly in the development of solutions - we keep hardware and external inputs to a minimum
  • - all solutions are developed and designed to scale - all projects include materials that allow ministries and partners to modify, duplicate, and extend at their discretion
  • 1 in UI/UX/Dev/PM/hacking/thinking/breaking/designing 2. “open source programmers in kitgum? Why?
  • but not feral ones … two ways we can go about attacking this need – 1 souktel stuff 2 labs
  • We need time, serious time, resources
  • Particularly why we like labs
  • A selfish future
  • Goto aarhus

    1. 1. local talent, global network (technology for development failures, successes, and a way forward) Aarhus, 10-10-11
    2. 2. My Argument: <ul><li>In order to solve global problems we have to think and develop solutions hyper-locally. </li></ul><ul><li>To foster local problem solving that scales, we need global machinery. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Part I: The Global Machinery
    4. 4. <ul><li>15k+ staff (88 % in ‘the field’) </li></ul><ul><li>~135 country offices </li></ul><ul><li>8 regional offices </li></ul><ul><li>HQ in New York. </li></ul>has
    5. 5. child survival and development
    6. 6. hiv/aids
    7. 7. water & sanitation
    8. 8. education
    9. 9. protection
    10. 10. also….
    11. 11. vaccines for 60% of the world’s children
    12. 12. largest purchaser of pencils
    13. 13. emergencies
    14. 14. Part I.b.: our team: a failure and a sucess
    15. 15. fail
    16. 16. The problem that I saw…
    17. 17. Digital Doorway
    18. 19. Bee Ideation (rapid transport)
    19. 20. Bee Ideation (school in a box)
    20. 21. Bee Co-creation (geek meet)
    21. 22. Co-creation – ITP class Co-creation – ITP class
    22. 23. Bee Prototype 2 (SA) Bee Prototype 2 (SA)
    23. 24. Bee Prototype 3 (Uganda)
    24. 27. win
    25. 30. The adoption of mobile phones has occurred at perhaps the fastest rate and to the deepest level of any consumer‐level technology in history Consider Adoption - http://www.mit.edu/~tavneet/M-PESA.pdf African Cell Phone Owners Growth- ITU
    26. 31. district hospital: serves 200,000
    27. 32. health center: serves 10,000
    28. 33. community health workers
    29. 34. their office
    30. 35. their tool
    31. 36. The Community Health Worker
    32. 39. In April 2009 an HIV results for an infant at Nameembo Rural Health Clinic took 66 days to get to the infant, from collection to delivery. In February 2011 the same type of infant HIV result at Nameembo Rural Health Clinic took only 16 days to get to the infant, from collection to delivery.
    33. 41. Part 2: Hyper-local development
    34. 42. 1. user-centered design
    35. 43. 2. openness
    36. 44. 3. build on experience
    37. 45. 4. sustainability
    38. 46. 5. scalability 5. scalability
    39. 51. <ul><li>My Argument: (more) </li></ul><ul><li>In order to solve global problems we have to develop hyper-local technical expertise </li></ul><ul><li>In many of the places where UNICEF works no one wants to invest in building those skills </li></ul>
    40. 52. we need more developers and hackers in the world’s most troubled places
    41. 55. kosovo uganda
    42. 56. <ul><li>Diverse teams work better. </li></ul><ul><li>People with vested interest in solving problems solve them better. </li></ul><ul><li>Previously unseen realtime information flows come from people using technology for things that interest them </li></ul>
    43. 57. Amal (‘ hope ’ ) School for the Deaf, Khartoum, September 2011
    44. 59. <ul><li>http://unicefstories.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rapidftr.org (get involved) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rapidsms.org (get involved) </li></ul><ul><li>twits: @unickf, @uniemk, @jorgej </li></ul><ul><li>me: [email_address] </li></ul>

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