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Presentation by Ms. Irina Malancuic, Country Director for Lumos Moldova


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The role of the welfare and protection sectors in ensuring the realization of the rights of children with disabilities.
From the parallel working sessions of the 4th Child Protection Forum in Tajikistan, 2013.

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Presentation by Ms. Irina Malancuic, Country Director for Lumos Moldova

  1. 1. The role of the welfare and protection sectors to ensure realization of the rights of children with disability 4th Central Asian Republics Child Protection Forum Dushanbe, Tajikistan, 1-3 August 2013 Irina Malanciuc, Country Director for Lumos Moldova
  2. 2. Introduction • Art. 23 Children with disabilities The right of the disabled child to special care, education and training designed to help him or her achieve greatest possible self-reliance and to lead a full and active life in society Convention on the Rights of the Child  Education/training  Health care services  Rehabilitation services  Preparation for employment  Recreation opportunities  Social security, including social insurance  Expression of opinion and participation in decision making
  3. 3. Concepts Disability Negative aspects of the interaction between individuals with a health condition and personal and environmental factors Social protection Set of public measures that a society provides for its members to protect them against economic and social distress, the provision of services and care, the provision of benefits for families with children Welfare Services and institutions concerned with the physical, social, and psychological well-being of children, particularly children suffering from the effects of poverty or lacking normal parental care and supervision
  4. 4. Current situation  Between 500 and 650 million people live with a significant disability;  Out of these, around 10 percent are children and youth with different levels of sensory, physical and intellectual impairments;  Persons with disabilities account for up to one in five of the world’s poorest people;  Poverty, inadequate medical care and unsafe environments contribute to the incidence and impact of disability, and complicate efforts for prevention and response;  In many countries, by law, children are covered under different types of social assistance benefits; yet, difficulties exist in accessing benefits, doubled by their low financial value.
  5. 5. Challenges  Insufficiently accessible and flexible universal services;  Lack of family- and community-based alternative to institutionalization services;  Lack of specialized services that could meet the needs of children and young people with disabilities at all ages;  Segregated education system;  Lack of an integrated system of services;  Lack of professionals with specialized skills to address the needs of children with disabilities;  Insufficient interagency working in relation to children and families;  Discriminatory practices and attitudes;  Lack of protective legislative measures in the domain of education, employment and housing of young people with disabilities.
  6. 6. As consequences 1) Families taking care of children with disabilities don’t have access to services, benefit of limited support, and in most cases live in extreme poverty. 2) The countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) including Commonwealth of Independent States continue to rely on the placement of children with disabilities in large residential institutions.
  7. 7. Institutionalized children with disabilities  Are isolated from the community, having little opportunity for inclusion in normal everyday life and experiences;  Live in large groups of non-family members who are compelled to live together;  Experience prolonged separation from their families, friends and communities;  Are organized according to a restricted routine that cannot respond to the individual needs and wishes of the children;  Are segregated based on diagnosis of disability faraway from their communities of origin.
  8. 8. Views on vulnerability vulnerability exposure of individuals and households to risk limited capacity to respond and cope  Vulnerabilities are shaped by underlying structural social, political and economic factors. Economic and social problems increase subsequently the family poverty.  Social protection must work on both reducing exposure to risks and strengthening individuals’ and households’ capacities to deal with these difficulties.
  9. 9. Social protection components Key components Social transfers Programmesto ensureaccessto services Social support and care services Legislation and policy development
  10. 10. Social transfers  Cash transfers: pensions, child benefits (social allowances), targeted social assistance, special social benefits and benefits for children with disabilities, seasonal support;  In-kind transfers, i.e. school feeding programmes, schoolbooks, clothing, food transfers, nutritional supplementation;  Public works, i.e. special type of transfer (usually cash or food) that is given on completion of a work requirement generally to increase workers’ income.
  11. 11. Programmes to ensure access to services  Birth registration;  User fee abolition;  Health insurance;  Exemptions, vouchers, subsidies;  Specialized services to ensure equitable access for all.
  12. 12. Social support and care services • Early intervention, juridical, psychological, educational support to the child and his/her family • Day care centre for children • Respite services – foster or residential type of service • Personal assistant Family support services • Ergo-therapy, physiotherapy/kineto-therapy, speech therapy, psychological assistance, etc. – provided within specialized facilities, but also as outreach services Rehabilitation services for children with disabilities • Emergency services • Foster care and small group homes for children separated from their families • small group homes, protected houses, social apartments for young people leaving care Family substitute services
  13. 13. Legislation and policy reform  Minimum and equal pay legislation;  Employment guarantee schemes;  Maternity and paternity leave;  Removal of discriminatory legislation or policies affecting service provision/access or employment.
  14. 14. Integrated social protection systems  Address both social and economic vulnerabilities;  Provide a comprehensive set of interventions based on assessed needs and context;  Go beyond risk management interventions and safety nets to integrate responses to structural as well as shock-related vulnerabilities;  Facilitate multisectoral coordination;  Coordinate with appropriate supply-side investments to enhance availability and quality of services;  Frame social protection strategies within a broader set of social and economic policies.
  15. 15. Development of social protection system Central level – design of system Local level – planning and implementing Individual level – case management  Inter-sectoral coordination needed at each level
  16. 16. The design of social protection systems and services Vulnerability and child poverty assessments – better understanding of risks faced by children with disabilities – better decisions upon interventions Institutional frameworks and mechanisms existing in the state – comprehensive strategy/policy establishing the country’s approach to social protection – provide strategic guidance and oversee implementation Monitoring and evaluation plan – effective policy tools in social protection sector – provide evidence to strengthen support for particular interventions regarding children with disabilities Participation – key stakeholders, civil society, citizens (beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries, including children with disabilities)
  17. 17. Social planning Government agencies engage in large-scale development, research, a nd planning to address social problems Non-profit agencies, local planning councils, and community groups plan services and programs to address community needs
  18. 18. Social planning at local level 1. Social protection financing: re-allocating current public expenditures is the most orthodox option, which includes assessing ongoing budget allocations through public expenditure reviews and thematic budgets, replacing high-cost, low-impact investments with those with larger socio-economic impacts, eliminating spending inefficiencies and/or tackling corruption; 2. Transparent governance structures: local public authorities should focus on justifying the expectations of the citizens regarding quality life improvement and on offering solutions to problems;
  19. 19. Social planning at local level 3. Sequencing and prioritization: by keeping the logical sequence of activities related to social planning and by putting the real priorities first, local public authorities can achieve better results with impact on the lives of children with disabilities and their families; 4. Institutional capacity: the continuous training of personnel from social services shall be included in the general social planning process at local level in order to ensure that they know and use the most recent techniques and tools in working with the children with disabilities and their families.
  20. 20. Case management  Case Management is a method of providing services collaboratively by assessing the needs and arranging, coordinating, monitoring, evaluating, and advocating for a package of multiple services to meet the specific complex needs;  Case Management addresses both the individual child’s biopsychosocial status as well as the state of the social system, the intervention occurs at both the child, his family and system levels;  Case Management includes linking the clients with systems, that will provide them with needed services, resources, and opportunities.
  21. 21. Case management process Identification Evaluation Planning ReferralMonitoring Closure of case  The case manager coordinates the whole process, acting as key point for the beneficiaries.  The children with disabilities and their families are part of this process.  Different professionals are involved based on the needs of the child and his/her family.
  22. 22. General recommendations regarding welfare and social protection sectors  Maximise impacts by integrating social protection efforts;  Maximise impacts by developing guidance on how to implement and enforce existing legislation;  Extend reach of social assistance schemes by reviewing eligibility criteria and application processes for means-tested social assistance;  Extend reach of social protection through awareness-raising and pro-active search and support to vulnerable families;  Strengthen equity in provision of social protection;  Continue drive for non-institutional care solutions;  Ensure evidence-based policymaking by developing effective monitoring and evaluation systems.