It's about ability - An evaluation (English version)

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Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the UNICEF Montenegro awareness-raising campaign "It's about ability" - 2012 - UNICEF Montenegro and Ipsos Strategic Marketing

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It's about ability - An evaluation (English version)

  1. 1. It’s about ability2012
  2. 2. Table of contents• Methodology• Attitudes towards Unicef• Knowledge about Paralympic games and Special Olympics games• Interaction with children with disabilities• Inclusion of children with disabilities• Attitudes of citizens towards Day care centers and small group homes• Visibility of campaign „It’s about abilities“• TV campaign• Key events realized during the campaign• Campaign image• Social distance towards children with disabilities• Positive changes in attitudes towards children with disabilities• Summary 2
  3. 3. Methodology Ad hoc face-to-face survey with interviewing performed at respondents’ home• Data collected on representative sample for population of Montenegro citizens aged 18 and more• Target population size is 474 655• Sample size is 1206 (with 152 sampling points) Sample type is stratified 3-staged probability sample with sampling stages:  Polling station territory – approximately size of 200 HH (PPS with probabilities proportional to size)  Households by random route technique starting from the given addresses (SRSWoR)  Households member with same probability (SRSWoR) – Kish scheme Stratification is done according to:  Type of settlement – urban/rural  Four geo-economical regions Post stratification is performed regarding: gender, age, type of settlement, geo-economical region Fieldwork control is done in 12% of totally interviewed in all strata proportionally to sample size, and logic and consistency control of collected data is performed in 100%• Data collection is performed from 15th to 20th December 2012• 95% confidence interval for incidence of 5% is +/- 1.2%• 95% confidence interval for incidence of 20% is +/- 2.2%• 95% confidence interval for incidence of 50% is +/- 2.8% 3
  4. 4. Male 49% Sex Female 51% Sample 18-29 23% 30-39 19% Age 40-49 17% 50-64 27% 65+ 14% Elementary 20% school or less High school 60% Education Higher school, 21% faculty or more Podgorica 33% Coast 18% North-wes Stratum 30% East 20% Urban 64% Type of Other settlem ent 36%4
  5. 5. Knowledge about Paralympic games and Special Olympic games
  6. 6. Knowledge about Paralympic gamesHave you heard about Paralympic games? Who participates in Paralympic games? No, I havent heard Persons / athletes with invalidity 35% 28% Persons with handicap / athletes 16% Persons / athletes with disabilities 11% Persons / athletes with special needs 10% Children with disabilities 7% Children with special needs 6% Persons with disabilities / defects / 3% disorders Children with invalidity 3% Paraplegics / paralyzed 2% Children with handicap 1%Yes, Ive Other answers 2% heard Dont know / Refuse to answer 7% 72% Base: Those who have heard about Paralympic games (72% of target Base: Total target population population) Have you heard about Paralympic games? Who participates in Paralympic games? 6
  7. 7. Knowledge about Paralympic games Do you know what year the last Paralympic Do you know in which city they were organized? games were organized? 1990 0% London 38% of all Montenegro citizens 53% 2000 0% 2009 0% 2010 0% Other answers 1% 2011 3% 2012 43% of all Montenegro citizens 60% Dont know / refuse 46% to answer Dont know / 37%Refuse to answer Base: Those who have heard of Paralympic games (72% of target population) Do you know what year the last Paralympic games were organized? Do you know in which city they were organized? 7
  8. 8. Knowledge about participation of Montenegro on Paralympic games Have you noticed on TV, read in newspaper or on Did Montenegro participate on the last Internet any news about results of our athletes in the Paralympic games? last Paralympic games? Baza: Those who have heard of Paralympic games and know thatBase: Those who have heard of Paralympic games (72% of target Montenegro participated in the last Paralympic games (57% of targetpopulation) population) Dont know Dont know No, didnt / dont 17% participate remember 4% No 1% 30% (39% of all (57% of all Montenegro Montenegro citizens) Yes, citizens) participated Yes 79% 69% 8
  9. 9. Knowledge about Special Olympic gamesHave you heard about Special Olympic games? Who participates in Special Olympic games? Yes, Ive heard Persons / athletes with invalidity 16% 22% Children with special needs 12% Children with disabilities 12% Persons with handicap / athletes 10% Persons / athletes with special needs 9% Persons with intellectual / psychological 7% disturbances No, I Persons / athletes with disabilities 7% Persons with disabilities / defects / havent disorders 4% heard Other answers 2% 78% Dont know / refuse to answer 20% Base: Those who have heard of Special Olympic games (22% of target Base: Total target population population) Have you heard about Special Olympic games? Who participates in Special Olympic games? 9
  10. 10. Knowledge about Special Olympic games Do you know what year the last Special Olympic Do you know in which city they were organized? games were organized? 1995 0% London 19% 2010 1% Athens 2% 9% 2011 1.7% 8% Other answers 4% 2012 24% Dont know / refuse Dont know / 68% 68% to answerrefuse to answer Base: Those who have heard of Special Olympic games (22% of target population) Do you know what year the last Special Olympic games were organized? Do you know in which city they were organized? 10
  11. 11. Knowledge about participation of Montenegro on Special Olympic games Did Montenegro participate on the last Special Have you noticed on TV, read in newspaper or on Olympic games? Internet any news about results of our athletes in the last Special Olympic games? Base: Those who have heard of Special Olympic games and know thatBase: Those who have heard of Special Olympic games (22% of target Montenegro participated in the last Special Olympic games (9% of targetpopulation) population) No, didnt Don’t participated know / 17% refuse to answerDon’t know / 5% refuse to No answer 40% 43% (9% of all (5% of all Montenegro Montenegro Yes, citizens) citizens) participated Yes 40% 55% 11
  12. 12. Knowledge about Paralympic and Special Olympic games 72% of Montenegrin citizens claim to have heard about Paralympic games and almost all of them recognize persons with disabilities as participants in these games, of whom 17% (12% of total population) state that children with disabilities are participants in Paralympic games. Further on, of all citizens who claim to have heard about Paralympic games, 60% know that the last games were organized in 2012 (43% of all citizens of Montenegro), while 53% of the citizens state that they were organized in London (38% of all citizens of Montenegro). 79% of all citizens who claim to have heard about Paralympic games know that Montenegro participated in these games (57% of all citizens of Montenegro), while 69% claim to have heard from media at least some news about that (39% of all citizens of Montenegro). Regarding Special Olympic Games, situation is significantly different, since 22% of the citizens of Montenegro state to have heard about these games. Of those who claim to have heard about Special Olympic Games only 7% (1.5% of all citizens of Montenegro) specify absolutely correctly who the participants in these games are. Nevertheless, it is worth mentioning that all citizens who have heard about Special Olympic Games specify persons with disabilities as participants in these games. Of all the citizens who claim to have heard about Special Olympic Games only 8% specify the correct year when the last SOG were held ( 1.7% of all citizens of Montenegro), while 9% state that the last Special Olympic Games were organized in Athens (2% of all citizens of Montenegro). Further on, 9% of all citizens of Montenegro think that Montenegro participated on last SOG, while 5% of all citizens of Montenegro claim to have heard from media at least some news about that . 1
  13. 13. Interaction with children with disabilities
  14. 14. A term most commonly used when it comes to children with disabilities - Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared tospontaneous responses August 2010. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. 23% Handicapped children 20% 19% 13% 17% Children with special needs 27% 24% 28% 12% Children with disability 4% 12% 12% 10% Sick children 9% 3% 7% 7% Children with developmental 19% difficulties 20% 24% 6% Poor, pathetic, unhappy 2% 0% 1% 3%Children just like any other, there 0% Aug-10 is no difference 1% 3% December 2010 Children with defect 1% 1% Nov-11 3% Children with delayed 6% Dec-12 development 5% 3% 2% Retarded children 2% 2% 2% Multiple-choice; Base: Those who have heard of UNICEF (2011: 94% of target population; 2012: 95% of target population) Can you tell me which expression do you personally use most frequently for children whose physical, mental or sensory abilities are below average abilities of children in their age? How would you call this group of children? 14
  15. 15. Do you know any child with disabilities, or someone (relative, friend, acquaintance, etc..) whose child has problems of this kind? % Yes % No August 2010. 68 32December 2010. 68 32November 2011. 68 33December 2012. 68 32 Base: Total target population Do you know any child with disabilities, or someone (relative, friend, acquaintance, etc..) whose child has problems of this kind? 15
  16. 16. How often do you have contacts with children with disabilities? 13% 8% Daily 17% 13% 5% Several times a week 11% 10% 9% 4% 5% Once a week 5% 6% 11% 14% Several times a month 15% 18% 8% 8% Once a month 13% 12% 10% 8% Once in 2-3 months 12% 10% August 2010. 11% 8% Once in 6 months 8% December 2010. 10% 11% 8% November 2011. Once a year 9% 7% 12% 14% December 2012. Less than once a year 6% 10% 10% 20%I do not have any contact with children with disabilities 4% 4% 4% 0% DK-REF Base: Total target population How often do you have contacts with children with disabilities? 16
  17. 17. Socializing with children with disabilities % Yes - November 2011. % Yes - December 2012. 39 38 21 20Have you ever socialized with any child / person with Has your child ever socialized with any child / person disabilities? with disabilities? Base: Total target population Have you ever socialized with any child / person with disabilities? Has your child ever socialized with any child / person with disabilities? 17
  18. 18. All things considered, how well are you informed about the children Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared towith disabilities? August 2010. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to 7% November 2011. I do not know anything 9% about children with 8% disabilities 9% 38% I know very little about 32% children with disabilities 27% 34% 44% 40% Sum - 35% 43% 43% I know something about 45% children with disabilities 47% 45% 12% 14% Sum + 16% August 2010. 11% 9%I know a lot about children December 2010. 11% with disabilities 11% 8% November 2011. 3% I know very much about 3% December 2012. children with disabilities 5% 3% Base: Total target population 18 All things considered, how well are you informed about the children with disabilities?
  19. 19. In your opinion, among children aged up to 18 years, what percentage Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to are the children with disabilities? August 2010. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. 18% 20%Up to 3% 23% 27% 16% 19% 3.1-5% 23% 22% 18% 25% 5.1-10% 18% 23% 13% 14% August 2010.10.1-20% 11% 12% December 2010. 6% November 2011. 6%Over 20% 5% December 2012. 4% 30% 17% DK-REF 20% 13% Base: Total target population 19 In your opinion, among children aged up to 18 years, what percentage are the children with disabilities?
  20. 20. Do you think it is possible for a child with disabilities to become a famous artist, businessman, successful politician or statesman in Montenegro one day? Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. % Yes, it is possible % DK-REF % No, it is not possibleNovember 2011. 77 14December 2012. 62 25 Base: Total target population Do you think it is possible for a child with disabilities to become a famous artist, businessman, successful politician or statesman in Montenegro one day? 20
  21. 21. Interaction with children with disabilities Similar to previous waves, great majority of the citizens (68%) know some child with disability or parent of child with such or similar problems – no differences were recorded between 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th wave. The differences also were not registered when it comes to percentage of the citizens who socialized with children with disabilities or those who state that their children socialized with such children. However, this wave records somewhat higher percentage of the citizens who state that they are not informed about children with disabilities in comparison with the previous wave, of whom higher percentage are the citizens aged 65+ years and those who finished only primary school or less. In comparison with the period before the campaign “It’s about ability” percentage of the citizens who think that in population of children up to 18 years of age there are up to 10% of children with disabilities has increased significantly. Also, this wave records a significant decrease of the citizens who are not able to assess the percentage of children with disabilities (from 30% in 2010 to 13% in 2012). When it comes to changes in comparison with the previous wave, this wave records further trend of decrease of percentage of the citizens who are not sure about percentage of the children with disabilities (from 20% in 2011 to 13% in 2012). Besides that, in comparison with the previous year this wave registers significant increase of the citizens who think that, in population of children up to 18 years there are between 5% and 10% of children with disabilities; in this wave 23% of the citizens share this opinion, and in 2011 this opinion was shared by 18% of the citizens. 62% of the citizens of Montenegro think that child with disabilities could become a famous artist, businessman, successful politician or statesman in Montenegro one day, which is by 15% less in comparison with the wave conducted in November 2011. 2
  22. 22. Inclusion of children with disabilities
  23. 23. The attitude of society towards children with disabilities % I dont agree % Indecisive % I agree The state and society should do everything in theirpower to ensure equal opportunities and chances for 1 9 90 children with disabilities, regardless of the costs. Children with disabilities are equally valuable 2 8 90 members of society, as well as all other citizens. The state and society are not able to significantly help children with disabilities, no matter how much 56 21 23 they try and how much money they invest. Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 23
  24. 24. The state and society should do everything in their power to ensure equal opportunities and chances for children with disabilities, regardless of the costs. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. % I dont agree % Indecisive % I agree August 2010 4 4 92December 2010 1 4 95November 2011 2 4 94December 2012 1 9 90 Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 24
  25. 25. Children with disabilities are equally valuable members of society as all other citizens. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to August 2010. % I dont agree % Indecisive % I agree August 2010 11 16 74December 2010 4 12 84November 2011 1 6 92December 2012 2 8 90 Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 25
  26. 26. The state and society are not able to significantly help children with disabilities, no matter how much they try and how much Statistically significantinvest.on the level of 0.05 compared to money they difference August 2010. % I dont agree % Indecisive % I agree August 2010 47 17 36December 2010 63 15 22November 2011 61 18 22December 2012 56 21 23 Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 26
  27. 27. The attitude of society towards children with disabilities – average values Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. The state and society should do everything in their 4.52 power to ensure equal opportunities and chances for children with disabilities, regardless of the costs. 4.33 4.47 Children with disabilities are equally valuable members of society, as well as all other citizens. 4.31 2.38 The state and society are not able to significantlyhelp children with disabilities, no matter how much they try and how much money they invest. November 2011 2.50 December 2012 Average values; Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 27
  28. 28. Which of the following two statements is closer to your views? Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to August 2010. % Child with disabilities should primarily be adapted to life in society, with the help of family and the environment % DK-REF % Society and the environment in which the child lives should primarily be adapted to the child with disabilities, accepting all their specificities August 2010 28 72December 2010 40 59November 2011 36 63December 2012 34 65 Base: Total target population Which of the following two statements is closer to your views? 28
  29. 29. Which of the following statements is closer to your views? Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to August 2010. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. % By providing professional assistance and through special relation of society and institutions, it is possible to FULLY enable a child with disabilities for life in society % DK-REF % By providing professional assistance and through special relation of society and institutions, it is possible to SOMEWHAT enable a child with disabilities for life in society % Regardless of professional assistance and special relationship of state and society, it is not possible TO MAKE ANY SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS in enabling the children with disabilities for life in society. August 2010 15 80 5December 2010 21 71 7November 2011 18 78 3December 2012 19 69 9 Base: Total target population 29 Which of the following statements is closer to your views?
  30. 30. The attitude towards inclusive education % I don’t agre % Indecisive % I agree Montenegro currently has a lot of more important problems and many more important issues than the adjustment of the regular school to the needs of children with disabilities, creating new educational programs and 49 25 23 training teachers to work with these child If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, this results in the fact that teachers pay too much attention to them, and other children 25 38 32 are deprived a little bit. For the development of the children with disabilities it is much better toattend a specialized institution for education, than to go to regular schools. 26 34 37Inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools would contribute to better understanding of these children by their peers. 9 17 71 Its good that children with disabilities attend regular schools, because in this way, social skills and tolerance of other children are developed 11 19 67 If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, it has positive influence on their development. 10 16 71Even when children with disabilities go through their education, they have less chances to get a job than the other citizens of the same level of 10 20 68 education. Schools in Montenegro are not built to be accessible to children with disabilities, and architectural adaptation of institutions to the needs of these children should be one of the most important tasks of the state and 5 23 68 society. Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 30
  31. 31. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements - I agree ( 4 + 5 ) 74% Schools in Montenegro are not built to be accessible to children with 80%disabilities, and architectural adaptation of institutions to the needs of these 68%children should be one of the most important tasks of the state and society. 68% 66% Inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools would contribute to 66% better understanding of these children by their peers 65% 71% 64% Even when children with disabilities go through their education, they have 69% less chances to get a job than the other citizens of the same level of 67% education. 68% 59%Its good that children with disabilities attend regular schools, because in this 64% way, social skills and tolerance of other children are developed 66% 67% 57% If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, it has positive 64% influence on their development. 66% 71% 50% For the development of the children with disabilities it is much better to 45% attend a specialized institution for education, than to go to regular schools. 42% 37% 41%If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, this results in the 41% fact that teachers pay too much attention to them, and other children are August 2010 34% deprived a little bit. 32% December 2010Montenegro currently has a lot of more important problems and many more 17% November 2011 important issues than the adjustment of the regular school to the needs of 20% December 2012 children with disabilities, creating new educational programs and training 20% teachers to work with these child 23% Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 31
  32. 32. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements – I don’t agree ( 1 + 2 ) Montenegro currently has a lot of more important problems and 63% many more important issues than the adjustment of the regular 64% school to the needs of children with disabilities, creating new 53%educational programs and training teachers to work with these child 49% 24% If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, this 24% results in the fact that teachers pay too much attention to them, 26% and other children are deprived a little bit. 25% 23% For the development of the children with disabilities it is much 27%better to attend a specialized institution for education, than to go to 19% regular schools. 26% 18% If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, it has 14% positive influence on their development. 12% 10% 18% Its good that children with disabilities attend regular schools, 14% because in this way, social skills and tolerance of other children are 10% developed 11% 12% Even when children with disabilities go through their education, 8% they have less chances to get a job than the other citizens of the 9% same level of education. 10% 11% August 2010 Inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools would 9%contribute to better understanding of these children by their peers. 7% December 2010 9% Schools in Montenegro are not built to be accessible to children November 2011 7% with disabilities, and architectural adaptation of institutions to the 5% December 2012 needs of these children should be one of the most important tasks 4% of the state and society. 5% Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 32
  33. 33. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements? – Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to Average values November 2011. August 2010 December 2010 November 2011 December 2012 Schools in Montenegro are not built to be accessible to children with 3.91 disabilities, and architectural adaptation of institutions to the needs of 4.02 these children should be one of the most important tasks of the state 3.96 and society. 3.91 3.54 If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, it has 3.73 positive influence on their development. 3.81 3.91 3.60 Its good that children with disabilities attend regular schools, because in 3.69 this way, social skills and tolerance of other children are developed 3.79 3.82 Even when children with disabilities go through their education, they 3.71 3.74 have less chances to get a job than the other citizens of the same level of 3.87 education. 3.79 3.65 Inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools would contribute 3.67 to better understanding of these children by their peers. 3.72 3.78 For the development of the children with disabilities it is much better to 3.43 attend a specialized institution for education, than to go to regular 3.33 3.36 schools. 3.21 If children with disabilities attend classes in regular schools, this results 3.24 3.16 in the fact that teachers pay too much attention to them, and other 3.08 children are deprived a little bit. 3.07 Montenegro currently has a lot of more important problems and many 2.35 more important issues than the adjustment of the regular school to the 2.35 needs of children with disabilities, creating new educational programs 2.45 2.59 and training teachers to work with these childAverage values; Base: Total target population 33On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement.
  34. 34. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements? % I don’t agre % Indecisive % I agree In families where a child with disabilities is growing up, other children are usually neglected. 25 35 39 For children with disabilities it is better to stay in special institutions, than to live in their families, because these institutions have experts 39 25 36 who are specially trained to work with them Parents of children with disabilities often take too patronizing attitude towards their child, which leads to isolation of that child from other 11 38 51 children.If a child with disabilities is left without parental care, it is better to put it in a sustainer family than in a home. 9 32 58 I feel sorry for families with a child with disabilities, because they are victims of unfortunate circumstances. 18 22 60 Parents who are raising children with disabilities, usually have to dedicate their life to them completely. 6 19 74 Other children, who are growing up in families with children with disabilities, learn to be more attentive and more tolerant. 2 16 81 Families of children with disabilities cannot be expected to overcome all the challenges alone, they must be supported by the wider society. 4 15 80 Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 34
  35. 35. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements? (4+5) Families of children with disabilities cannot be expected to 84% 85% overcome all the challenges alone, they must be supported by 84% the wider society. 80% 80% Other children, who are growing up in families with children 84% with disabilities, learn to be more attentive and more tolerant. 77% 81% 77%Parents who are raising children with disabilities, usually have to 73% dedicate their life to them completely. 66% 74% 76% I feel sorry for families with a child with disabilities, because 68% they are victims of unfortunate circumstances. 53% 60% Parents of children with disabilities often take too patronizing 62% 59%attitude towards their child, which leads to isolation of that child 53% from other children. 51% 51%If a child with disabilities is left without parental care, it is better 52% to put it in a sustainer family than in a home. 53% 58% For children with disabilities it is better to stay in special 46% institutions, than to live in their families, because these 40% Avg 2010institutions have experts who are specially trained to work with 35% Dec 2010 them 36% 43% November 2011 In families where a child with disabilities is growing up, other 40% December 2012 children are usually neglected. 33% Base: Total target population 39% On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 35
  36. 36. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements – I don’t agree ( 1 + 2 ) For children with disabilities it is better to stay in special institutions, 29% 34% than to live in their families, because these institutions have experts 38% who are specially trained to work with them 39% 22% In families where a child with disabilities is growing up, other children 31% are usually neglected. 28% 25% 18%If a child with disabilities is left without parental care, it is better to put 14% it in a sustainer family than in a home. 15% 9% Parents of children with disabilities often take too patronizing attitude 12% 14% towards their child, which leads to isolation of that child from other 11% children. 11% 7% I feel sorry for families with a child with disabilities, because they are 14% victims of unfortunate circumstances 20% 18% 6%Families of children with disabilities cannot be expected to overcome all 3% the challenges alone, they must be supported by the wider society. 4% 4% August 2010 6% Parents who are raising children with disabilities, usually have to 7% December 2010 dedicate their life to them completely. 10% 6% November 2011 5% December 2012 Other children, who are growing up in families with children with 4% disabilities, learn to be more attentive and more tolerant. 4% 2% Base: Total target population On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement. 36
  37. 37. Please evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. August 2010 December 2010 November 2011 December 2012 For children with disabilities it is better to stay in special 3.30 institutions, than to live in their families, because these 3.00 institutions have experts who are specially trained to work with 2.95 them 2.93 3.90 Other children, who are growing up in families with children 4.00 with disabilities, learn to be more attentive and more tolerant. 3.93 4.02 3.90 Parents who are raising children with disabilities, usually have to 3.80 dedicate their life to them completely. 3.71 3.94 3.50 If a child with disabilities is left without parental care, it is better 3.50 to put him/her in a foster family than in institution. 3.51 3.70 4.00 I feel sorry for families with a child with disabilities, because they 3.70 are victims of unfortunate circumstances. 3.45 3.62 Families of children with disabilities cannot be expected to 4.10 overcome all the challenges alone, they must be supported by 4.10 4.13 the wider society. 4.13 3.30 In families where a child with disabilities is growing up, other 3.10 children are usually neglected. 3.05 3.18 Parents of children with disabilities often take too patronizing 3.70 3.50 attitude towards their child, which leads to isolation of that 3.50 child from other children. 3.52Average values; Base: Total target population 37On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means strongly disagree and 5 fully agree, evaluate the degree of agreement with each of the read statement.
  38. 38. In your opinion, should the state provide financial support for families of children with disabilities? Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to August 2010. % Yes % DK-REF % No August 2010 97 3 1December 2010 89 8 4November 2011 93 5 2December 2012 94 42 Base: Total target population In your opinion, should the state provide financial support for families of children with disabilities? 38
  39. 39. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to Rights of children in Montenegro August 2010. Statistically significant difference on the level of 0.05 compared to November 2011. % The rights of children with disabilities are respected to a lesser extent than the rights of other children are % DK-Ref % The rights of children with disabilities are respected equally as the rights of other children are % The rights of children with disabilities are respected to a greater extent than the rights of other children are August 2010 40 51 10December 2010 43 44 13November 2011 47 41 12December 2012 48 41 11 Base: Total target population In your opinion, are the rights of children with disabilities are respected more, the same or less than the rights of other children? 39
  40. 40. Inclusion of children with disabilities Nine out of ten citizens of Montenegro think that the state and society should do everything in their power to ensure equal opportunities and chances for children with disabilities, regardless of the costs. Nevertheless, this is by 4 percentage points less than in previous wave, which is statistically significant on the level of 0.05. However, if observed relative to beginning of campaign, this difference is not statistically significant. In comparison with the previous wave percentage of the citizens who think that children with disabilities are equally valuable members of society, as well as all other citizens has not changed significantly, but in comparison with the period preceding the campaign „It’s about Ability“ an increase of 16 percentage points was recorded, which is statistically significant on the level of 0.05 (this wave records 90% of the citizens who think so, and in 2010- 74% of the citizens). 56% of Montenegrin citizens think that the state and society are able to significantly help children with disabilities, which is by 9% above the level recorded in the period before the campaign „It’s about ability“. This wave records significant increase of the citizens (9%) who think that regardless of professional assistance and special relationship of state and society, it is not possible TO MAKE ANY SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS in enabling the children with disabilities for life in society in comparison with the last wave (3%). 4
  41. 41. Inclusion of children with disabilities Seven out of ten citizens of Montenegro (71%) think that Inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools would contribute to better understanding of these children by their peers, which is a significant increase in comparison with the previous wave in 2011, when this opinion was shared by 65% of the citizens. There is also a significant increase of the citizens who think that for the development of the children with disabilities it is much better to attend a specialized institution for education, than to go to regular schools (from 19% in 2011 to 26% in 2012). Opinions on whether it is better for children with disabilities to stay in specialized institutions or own families are divided – it is important that institutionalization is supported by 10% less citizens than in the period preceding the campaign “It’s about Ability” (in 2010, 46% of the citizens supported institutionalization, while this wave records 36% of the citizens who do the same). Majority of the citizens (80%) think that families of children with disabilities cannot be expected to overcome all the challenges alone, they must be supported by the wider society. If we study in more detail the perception of these families we will see that 74% of the citizens think that parents who are raising children with disabilities, usually have to dedicate their life to them completely (8% more than in the previous wave). Percentage of the citizens who think that in families where a child with disabilities is growing up, other children are usually neglected has increased by 6%. 4
  42. 42. ATTITUDES OF THE CITIZENSTOWARDS DAY CARE CENTERS AND SMALL GROUP HOMES
  43. 43. Do you know what Day care centers for children with disabilities are? % Yes % DK-REF % NoNovember 2011. 57 41December 2012. 57 42 Base: Total target population Do you know what Day care centers for children with disabilities are? 43
  44. 44. Day care centers for children with disabilities In day care centers, children with disabilities daily participate in various educational and creative activities which stimulate their development, and they are organized by professionals of various profiles. Children stay in day care centers for several hours a day,which allows their parents to be employed or to do some household chores during that time. In this way help is extended to parents of children with disabilities, and separation of these children from their families is prevented.By creating a network of day care centers, which will cover every municipality in Montenegro, separation of children with disabilities from their families will be prevented, and number of institutionalized children will be reduced. 44
  45. 45. Is it necessary to open a day care center for children with disabilities in your town? % Yes % DK - REF % NoNovember 2011. 85 14December 2012. 88 11 Base: Total target population Is it necessary to open a day care center for children with disabilities in your town? 45
  46. 46. And would you personally object to opening of a day care center for children with disabilities in your town? % Yes % DK - REF % NoNovember 2011. 2 96December 2012. 3 96 Base: Total target population And would you personally object to opening of a day care center for children with disabilities in your town? 46
  47. 47. And would you personally have something against opening Day center for children with disabilities in your neighborhood? % Yes % DK - REF % NoNovember 2011. 3 94December 2012. 5 93 Base: Total target population And would you personally have something against opening Day center for children with disabilities in your neighborhood? 47
  48. 48. Day care centersCitizens who think that it is necessary to open a day care center for 88children with disabilities in their town Citizens who wouldntmind if a day care center for children with 93disabilities were opened in their neighborhood Citizens who wouldntmind if a day care center for children with 96disabilities were opened in their town Base: Total target population Is it necessary to open a day care center for children with disabilities in your town? And would you personally object to opening of a day care center for children with disabilities in your town? And would you personally have something against opening Day center for children with disabilities in your neighborhood? 48
  49. 49. Do you know what small group homes for children with disabilities are? % Yes % DK - REF % NoNovember 2011. 34 66December 2012. 33 66 Base: Total target population Do you know what small group homes for children with disabilities are? 49
  50. 50. Small group homes for children with disabilities Small group homes imitate family environment and they represent an alternative for children who are institutionalized, but not a replacement for right of a child to live in family. Therefore, small group homes are temporaryaccommodation until conditions arise to return the child to his biological family; to find a foster family for the child; to adopt the child or prepare him for independent life. In one small group home a maximum of five children areaccommodated, together with experts who give them loveand professional help for proper growth and development in the atmosphere which imitates family environment. 5
  51. 51. Is it necessary to open a small group home for children with disabilities in your town? % Yes % DK - REF % NoNovember 2011. 79 21December 2012. 78 21 Base: Total target population Is it necessary to open a small group home for children with disabilities in your town? 51
  52. 52. Would you personally mind if a small group home for children with disabilities were opened in your town? % Yes % DK - REF % NoNovember 2011. 2 97December 2012. 4 96 Base: Total target population Would you personally mind if a small group home for children with disabilities were opened in your town? 52

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