Inclusive Education and Systemic Reform

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Conference on Inclusive Education, Moscow, 27 September 2011, Presentation made by Diane Richler

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Inclusive Education and Systemic Reform

  1. 1. Inclusive Education and Systemic Reform<br />Conference on Inclusive Education , Moscow, September 27 2011 <br />Diane Richler<br />
  2. 2. Inclusive Education:A Simple Premise<br />Many children with disabilities are out of school. <br />EFA goals can`t be reached without them.<br />There are not enough resources to develop separate systems. <br />Inclusive education is good education. <br />Inclusion has not progressed because of lack of accountability. <br />The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provides an accountability framework.<br />
  3. 3. Invisibility of Children with Disabilities<br />Not registered at birth nor counted in census data<br />Victims of stigma and hidden by families<br />Registered for school but never attend<br />Responsibility of social ministry not Ministry of Education<br />Registered for school but prevented from attending because of other barriers.<br />
  4. 4. Inclusion Means<br />Paradigm shift for education systems to include and serve ALL children<br />Students with disabilities attend regular schools and classrooms <br />with their non-disabled siblings and peers <br />with the supports they require to succeed<br />
  5. 5. Most Education Systems<br />INCLUDE OR PROVIDE SUPPORTS<br />Few Systems Do Both<br />
  6. 6. In OECD and Transition CountriesMost Governments Run Two Systems<br />For children WITH<br />disabilities<br /> For children WITHOUT <br />disabilities<br />REGULAR EDUCATION<br />SPECIAL EDUCATION<br />
  7. 7. In Emerging Economies<br />Governments & Donors<br />Fund Regular Education System<br />For students without disabilities<br />Donors Fund<br />NGOs<br />To provide special education in separate schools<br />for students with disabilities<br />
  8. 8. Special and SeparateEducation Systems<br />Primarily provide special and separate schools <br />Students usually directed to vocational schools in separate settings<br />Many “vocations” no longer relevant<br />Negative stereotypes reinforced<br />Often separated from family and at risk of abuse<br />
  9. 9. Misconception About Inclusive Education<br />Fitting in existing system<br />Rather than<br />Modifying schools and teaching methods to accommodate learning needs and styles of all<br />
  10. 10. Global Commitments to Inclusive Education<br /> <br />Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948<br />United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989<br />World Conference on Education for All, Jomtien,1990<br />World Conference on Special Educational Needs, Salamanca, 1994<br />Millennium Development Goals, 2000<br />G-8, 2002<br />Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities , 2006<br />
  11. 11. Education for All and Inclusion<br />“The key message to emerge is that failure to place inclusive education at the centre of the EFA agenda is holding back progress towards the goals adopted at Dakar.”<br /> GMR 2010, p. 8<br />
  12. 12. BUT ACCOUNTABILITY FOR EFA <br />IGNORES DISABILITY <br />BECAUSE THERE IS NO DATA<br />
  13. 13. Placing Inclusive Education at the Centre of the EFA Agenda Means: <br /><ul><li>Addressing invisibility of children with disabilities
  14. 14. Making Ministries of Education responsible for educating ALL children
  15. 15. Comprehensive universal policies which accommodate needs of particular groups</li></li></ul><li>CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 24: Education<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Persons with disabilities not excluded from general education system <br />Children with disabilities not excluded from free & compulsory primary education, or secondary education<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Removal of legislative & policy barriers<br />Ministry of Education has mandate for one system;<br />Laws recognize right to education in regular system;<br />Law & policy for access & supports<br />Commitment to resources<br />
  16. 16. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 24: Education<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Inclusive, quality and free primary education and secondary education on an equal basis with others in the communities in which they live<br />Repeal of legislation with category of ‘uneducable’<br />Early identification & assessment<br />Mechanisms to monitor birth registration, school registration and completion<br />Data disaggregated by disability<br />
  17. 17. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 24: Education<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Reasonable accommodation <br />Guideline for ‘reasonable accommodation’<br />Buildings & materials accessible<br />Accessible transport<br />“Universal design” guides educational provision, including curriculum & instructional/teaching models<br />
  18. 18. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 24: Education<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Support required, within the general education system<br />Pre-service & in-service teacher training<br />Adaptation of teacher training<br />Accessible national curriculum<br />Testing & evaluation ensure accommodation<br /> “Human rights” principles in school curriculum<br />
  19. 19. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 24: Education<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Individualized support measures <br />Accommodation for physical access<br />Assistive technology<br />Individual support from para-professional or peer;<br />Sign-language interpretation, Braille training, & other individualized supports;<br />Professional expert collaboration for health, behavior, etc..<br />
  20. 20. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Preamble<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Family members should receive the necessary protection and assistance <br />Families, family based organizations, & other DPOs consulted and involved in National Education Plans<br />Families supported through education, training, and access to services.<br />
  21. 21. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 3: General Principles<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Full and effective participation and inclusion in society<br />EFA goals include measures to ensure access to all education opportunities<br />EFA efforts adopt inclusive approach to education of all children<br />
  22. 22. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 5: Equality and Non-discrimination<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Prohibit all discrimination on the basis of disability and guarantee to persons with disabilities equal and effective legal protection against discrimination on all grounds<br />Clear procedures for lodging, investigating, &ruling on complaints <br />Legal supports<br />Independent mechanisms to investigate & rule on systemic discrimination & exclusion from inclusive education<br />
  23. 23. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 7: Children<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Human rights and fundamental freedoms for children<br />Right to education on an equal basis with other children<br />
  24. 24. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 8: Awareness-raising<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Raise awareness throughout society, including at the family level, &foster respect<br />Combat stereotypes<br />Promote awareness of the capabilities & contributions<br />Initiate & maintain public awareness campaigns <br />Fostering respect<br />Encourage media<br />Incorporating disability-positive curricula into education systems.<br />
  25. 25. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 9: Accessibility<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Identification and elimination of obstacles and barriers to accessibility ofbuildings, roads, transportation, schools, housing, medical facilities and workplaces<br />National/state-level Education Plans for investments in schools & infrastructure include budgets & planning for accessible transportation to & from ECCE programs & schools, & accessible program and school facilities<br />
  26. 26. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 23: Respect for Home and Family<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Children with disabilities have equal rights with respect to family life which require early & comprehensive information, services & support to children &their families<br />Provisions that ensure children are not removed from family<br />Identification and outreach programs for early identification, access to ECCE & primary education, registration of children, support to families to develop high expectations <br />
  27. 27. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 27: Work and Employment<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Enable persons with disabilities to have effective access to general technical and vocational guidance programmes, placement services and vocational and continuing training<br />Included in relevant vocational & technical programmes & continuing education.<br />
  28. 28. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 30: Culture, Recreation, Leisure, Sport <br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport<br />Access to sports and recreation activities on an equal basis with others, & supports needed to participate<br />
  29. 29. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 32: International cooperation<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />International cooperation includes appropriate and effective measures among States & in partnership with international & regional organizations & civil society<br />Inclusive education policies and practice<br />Capacity-building<br />Research & access to knowledge<br />Technical & economic assistance to develop & sustain inclusive education systems<br />
  30. 30. CRPD Benchmarks Indicators for EFA Article 33: Implementation and Monitoring<br />CRPD Inclusion Benchmarks<br />Success Indicators for EFA<br />International cooperation includes appropriate and effective measures among States & in partnership with international & regional organizations & civil society<br />Inclusive education policies and practice<br />Capacity-building<br />Research & access to knowledge<br />Technical & economic assistance to develop & sustain inclusive education systems<br />
  31. 31. www.inclusion-international.orgwww.internationaldisabilityalliance.org<br />

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