Narrating Vf

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Narrating Vf

  1. 1. <ul><li>Friday 5th of October 2007 </li></ul>The Prototypic Narrations about Immigrants in Spanish TV Series NARRATING THE NATION CONFERENCE Óliver Pérez Journalism and Audiovisual Communication Department. Universitat Pompeu Fabra . UNICA Research group.
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Television and the construction </li></ul><ul><li>of a public image of immigration in Spain” </li></ul><ul><li>Research project financed by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology </li></ul>Main researcher: Dr. Josep Gifreu Direction of research about TV series: Dr. Xavier Ruiz Journalism and Audiovisual Communication Department. Universitat Pompeu Fabra .
  3. 3. 1. Immigrant’s characterization Physical appearance, geographical origin, psychological characteristics, professional activity. 2. Narrative roles played by immigrants Narrative roles displayed by immigrants and the fictional universe where immigrant characters are usually placed. RESEARCH TOPICS
  4. 4. SAMPLE <ul><li>Spanish TV series (home produced) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition: plots where appears at least one immigrant character </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Channels with a Spanish state broadcasting scope: </li></ul><ul><li>TVE1, Tele 5, Antena 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish TV season 2002-2003 </li></ul>
  5. 5. SAMPLE 1 1 Ana y los siete 1 Código fuego 5 Policías 17 11 Un paso adelante 2 Siete vidas 2 Javier ya no vive solo 3 Los Serrano 4 Hospital Central 41 23 12 El comisario Total Number of plots per TV channel Number of plots per TV serie TV serie
  6. 6. Main findings 1 . IMMIGRANTS’ CHARACTERIZATION <ul><li>1.1. MAIN PHYSICAL FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>Adult ages : between 18 and 40 years old (80%) </li></ul><ul><li>Female gender ’s predominance (57%) </li></ul><ul><li>Black race’s (35%) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1.2. GEOGRAPHICAL ORIGIN (29 characters)
  8. 8. <ul><li>1.3. PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>EXTROVERT, outgoing </li></ul><ul><li>SEDUCTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>DECEITFUL </li></ul>Latin Americans: seductive and extrovert African (Maghrib): deceitful East Europeans: clever and deceitful Western Europeans: proud, traditional, ambitious Middle East: passionate North Americans: arrogant, jingoist PSYCHOLOGICAL DOMINANCES according to geographical origin:
  9. 10. 1.4. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY: <ul><li>- Service sector (restaurants) </li></ul><ul><li>Show business (music, dance, circus, sports) </li></ul><ul><li>Non legal activities </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution (women) </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t display any professional activity on the PUBLIC FIELD </li></ul>
  10. 11. METHODOLOGY 2. NARRATIVE ROLES OF IMMIGRANTS <ul><li>STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: </li></ul><ul><li>V. Propp: Morphology of the folktale </li></ul><ul><li>A. J. Greimas: Narrative Semiotics and cognitive discourses </li></ul>
  11. 12. Diagram: SENDER RECEIVER HELPER SANCTION SUBJECT (MAIN CHARACTER) OPPONENT OBJECT
  12. 13. TOTAL: 86 Narrative roles <ul><li>High frequency: Beneficiary, Sender (much more than Subject) </li></ul><ul><li>Low frequency: Opponent </li></ul>
  13. 14. PROTOTYIPIC NARRATIONS ABOUT IMMIGRANTS
  14. 15. THE MAIN PROTOTYPIC NARRATIONS: 1. When solidary spaniards take the initiative 2. The spaniard answer to the immigrant’s calling 3. The great liar 4. The fearsome initiative of the well-intentioned immigrant 5. The tragicomedy of the avenging who had a great heart
  15. 16. <ul><li>1. When solidary spaniards take the initiative </li></ul><ul><li>A generous and solidary spaniard acts for an immigrant, sometimes as a professional of public institutions . </li></ul><ul><li>His/her goal is to do justice for the immigrant or to bring him/her a kind of socio/economical benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles: laws, institutions, bosses, racist behavior of a group of spaniards. </li></ul><ul><li>The solidary spaniard is usually a successful ‘hero’. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>2. The spaniard answers to the immigrant’s calling </li></ul><ul><li>A Latin American immigrant, young, seductive and manipulative needs/wants a young and solidary spaniard, who works in a public institution, to get a personal benefit for him/herself. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal : Security, freedom, legal benefits or money. </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles : racist spaniards, restrictive laws. </li></ul><ul><li>The immigrant thanks the spaniard for his/her actions. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>3. The great liar </li></ul><ul><li>A Latin American inmmigrant, young and appealing, needs to get a socio/economical benefit for him/her self, or the love of a spaniard. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to get it, he/she lies, seduces and/or manipulates some spaniards. </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles: possessive and gealous spaniards; Spanish authorities and bosses. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: the immigrant is usually succesful , but sometimes he/she is reproached for his/her lies. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>4. The fearsome initiative of the well-intentioned immigrant </li></ul><ul><li>The main character is a black male, Cuban, young and seductive, wanting to avoid some damage for a partner or a friend. </li></ul><ul><li>He takes the initiative although anyone asks him to. </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles : Spanish authorities and/or bosses. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of having been involved in illegal activities , the immigrant usually makes the situation worse. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: He fails, specially when he is acting to benefit other immigrant/s. However, when he acts to benefit spaniards becomes sometimes successful. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>5. The tragicomedy of the avenging who had a great heart </li></ul><ul><li>A black immigrant, pleasant if he’s male but unpleasant if she’s a female, tries to help a young Spanish friend . </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: he/she tries to supply the activity/benefits of public institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: he/she fails. </li></ul>
  20. 21. FINAL REFLECTIONS
  21. 22. Universitat Pompeu Fabra Departament de Periodisme i Comunicació Audiovisual http://www.upf.edu/depeca UNICA Unitat d’Investigació en Comunicació Audiovisual http://www.upf.edu/depeca/unica Thank you

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