Integration of hydrological function into forest management plans
Integration of Hydrological Function
into Forest Management Plans
Projected changes in annual (left) and summer (right) precipitation (%)
between 1961-1990 and 2071-2100 as simulated by ENSEMBLES Regional
Climate Models for the IPCC SRES A1B emission scenario.
Source: European Environment Agency
Turkey’s Forest Coverage
27,6% of the country’s land area
In Europe, approximately 10 % of total forest area was designated for
the protection of water.
In Turkey below 3% of total forest area was designated for the
protection of water.
According to the National Climate Change Strategy of
Turkey, at long term, it reads as follow:
• Forest lands and forestry activities, which are crucial for
protection and management of water resources within the
framework of sustainability principles, shall be planned and
implemented based on upper basin management principles.
Ownership & Cooperation
• High level of ownership by the General Directorate of
• Involvement of other relevant institutional organizations such
as State Hydraulic Works and General Directorate of Water
Management to the project was provided, their inputs were
reflected into the technical works.
• The road map (technical reports of experts) for improving the
criteria and indicators for hydrological function was produced
during the first phase of the project with a participatory way that
has not ever happen before with other relevant General
• Strong communication with European Environment Agency was
• Over the period of first phase 4 technical meeting / workshop,
two technical study visits and two steering committee
meetings were held and over 230 people participated from
different institutional organizations.
Integration of Hydrological Function into
Forest Management Plans
• Integration of hydrological function
into forest management plans by
the General Directorate of Forestry
• Instructions on how to designate
hydrological function in forest lands.
• Improved capacity of core
ministerial staff on forest-water
• The project is a study case for European Environment Agency
for the project called Water Retention Capacity of Forests in
• The project can be replicated into Middle Asian and Balkan
countries as GDF has strong communication in those
National Climate Change Action Plan
• Forest sector is included in the National Climate Change
Action Plan covering the period from 2011-2023. NCCAP
produced and endorsed by the Turkish government in 2011.