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Human Development Report 2013


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Explains Human Development Report 2013 in detail and focuses on Turkey in HDR 2013.

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Human Development Report 2013

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION• Main highlightsfrom 2013 HumanDevelopmentReport• Turkey in 2013HumanDevelopmentReport
  3. 3. “Rise of South” transforming globalpower balance• Developing nations driving economic growth• Lifting hundreds of millions of people frompoverty• Propelling billions more into a new globalmiddle class“The Industrial Revolution was a story of perhaps a hundredmillion people, but this is a story about billions of people”,Khalid Malik, 2013 Report’s lead author.
  4. 4. Some facts…• China and India doubledper capita economicoutput in less than 20years
  5. 5. Some facts…
  6. 6. Some facts…• More interconnected South via Internet andSocial Media
  7. 7. Some facts…• Migration between developing countriessurpassed net migration from South to North
  8. 8. Global Rebalancing01020304050601820 1845 1870 1895 1920 1945 1970 1995 2050%Shareofworldoutput(PPP)Brazil, India, China Germany, France, Italy, UK, US, Canada
  9. 9. Realignment of World Trade01020304050601980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010%shareofworldmerchandisetradeSouth-SouthNorth-North
  10. 10. Rapid Human Development Acrossthe Globe
  11. 11. Much Human Progress, ParticularlyLow HDI Countries0.000.200.400.600.801.001.201.401.601.80Very high HDI High HDI Medium HDI Low HDIAverage Annual Growth rate 2000-2012
  12. 12. Massive Expansion of the GlobalMiddle Class1990 (1.8 billion)Europe and North AmericaAsia-PacificCentral and South AmericaRest of the World2020 (3.2 billion)2030 (4.9 billion)
  13. 13. Why have some countries done betterthan others?1Commitment tolong-term humandevelopment 2Actively promotingjob creation3Enhancing publicinvestment in healthand education 4 Nurturing industrialcapacities
  14. 14. Social Policy Innovations1 Expanding educationaccess by equalizing fundsacross regions andmunicipalitiesPoverty reductionthrough innovative cashtransfer programmesHealth care for alland targeting thepoor23BRAZILTURKEYMEXICO4 Extending developmentbenefits to the broadersociety key to acceleratingprogressINDIA
  15. 15. Facing Challenges, SustainingMomentum1 24Participation andinclusion essential tostability and social cohesionAging population isincreasing the burden on theproductive workforce.3Environmentalinaction may halthuman developmentprogress in the worldEducated, interconnectedyouth demand greateraccountability
  16. 16. New Resources, NewOpportunities, New Institutions• The rise of the South is challenging existingglobal institutions to change.• The South needs greater representation inglobal governance.• A new South Commission
  18. 18. Rise of the South from Turkey• Favorable economic conditions for industrieswith a high capacity to absorb labor• Strengthening social assistance programmes inTurkey• Rise in GDP ratio from 32% to 48%, between1990 and 2010
  19. 19. Turkey’s Human Development Index• Measured as 0.722 (High HumanDevelopment category)– ranked as 90th out of 187countries– between 1980 and 2012, 52%increase in HDI value• Between 1980 and 2012, Turkey’slife expectancy at birth increasedby 17.7 years, mean years ofschooling increased by 3.6 years• Expected years of schoolingincreased by 5.5 years.• Turkey’s GNI per capita increasedby about 133 % between 1980 and2012.
  20. 20. Turkey compared to OECD and EU00.511.522.53Human Development Index Inequality Adjusted HDI Gender-Inequality IndexOECD AVERAGEEU AVERAGETURKEY
  21. 21. Turkey compared to MIST and CIVETs0.630.640.650.660.670.680.690.70.710.720.73MIST AVERAGE CIVET AVERAGE TurkeyHDIHDIMIST: Mexico, Indonesia, Korea, TurkeyCIVETS: Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey, South Africa
  22. 22. Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI)• Takes into accountINEQUALITY in HDI• Turkey’s IHDI is0.560 (a loss of22.5% from HDIdue to inequality)
  23. 23. Gender Inequality Index (GII)• Reflects gender-based inequalities in 3dimensions:– Reproductive health (maternalmortality, adolescent fertility rates)– Empowerment (share of parliamentaryseats, attainment at secondary and highereducation)– Economic Activity (labor market participation ratefor each gender)
  24. 24. Gender Inequality Index (GII)• Turkey’s GII value: 0.366– Ranked as 68th out of 148countries.– 14.2% parliamentary seats areheld by women– 26.7% of adult women havereached a secondary or a highereducation– For every 100,000 live births, 20women die from pregnancyrelated causes.– Adolescent fertility rate is 30.5births per 1000 live births.– Female participation in the labormarket is 28.1% compared to71.4% for men.
  25. 25. Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)• Identifies multiple deprivations in the same householdsin education, health and standard of living.• A cut-off of 33.3% is used to distinguish between poorand non-poor.– -33.3% means poor– +33.3% means non-poor• Last data is collected in Turkey was in 2003– 6.6% of the population lived in multi-dimensional poverty– 7.3% were vulnerable to multiple deprivations– The intensity of deprivation was 42%– MPI value is 0.028
  26. 26. Conclusion• Human development is not a zero-sum game• New opportunities & New challenges both forthe South and the North.“The South needs the North, and increasingly theNorth needs the South. The world is getting moreconnected, not less”, 2013 HDR Report.For more information: /
  27. 27.
  28. 28. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2013Ege University25 April 2013