The United Nations Environment Programme, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the UN system, and globally. [Insert short background on UNEP presence in Russia and what the UNEP Moscow office supports]
UNEP’s transport portfolio is based within the Transport Unit, headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya. The Unit’s focus is on cleaner fuels and vehicles, automotive fuel economy, non-motorized transport infrastructure for cycling and walking, public transport (Bus Rapid Transit and low carbon planning).
UNEP’s works as part of the GFEI to support for improved global automotive energy efficiency. The GFEI was founded in 2009 by the International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum, UNEP and the FIA Foundation to promote a doubling of auto fuel economy worldwide by 2050 (more on that later). Our aim is to bring attention to the potential emission and fuel savings from taking advantage of off-the-shelf (conventional, already in use) auto technologies along with advanced fuels and technologies to improve auto fuel economy from 8 L/100km global average in 2005 to 4 L/100km by 2050.
Today there are six partner organizations in the GFEI – four are represented here today (UNEP, ICCT, IEA and ITF). We combine our expertise and resources to provide direct support to countries developing auto fuel economy policies – through financial support, technical expertise and access to the global GFEI network of practice of countries that have already designed and implemented such policies. This means gathering and analyzing fuel economy data, supporting the establishment of specialized national task forces to evaluate feasible fuel economy solutions like fiscal incentives, labeling and standards, and awareness raising at the global and national levels.
Why are we so concerned with improving auto fuel economy? The global fleet of cars is projected to triple by 2050 (over 2005), and CO2 emissions to double. The vast majority of this growth will take place in developing and emerging markets.
According to analysis by the International Center for Clean Transportation (ICCT, GFEI partner), the transportation sector now (in 2014) accounts for 22% of CO2 emissions, cars and trucks make up 73% of this.
Russia is among the top Top 10 auto markets worldwide With low density of vehicle ownership and growing incomes By 2020 it will be the European top market, and the world #5 at current rates of growth Current the transport sector accounts for 21% of final energy consumption (90 Mtoe, WEO 2011). The IEA projects that ‘energy demand in the transport sector of Russia is projected to average 1.3% per year’(World Energy Ooutlook 2011).
However, according to the latest global analysis by the Global Fuel Economy Inititaive (2014), Russia remains one of three top markets without a fuel economy standard. There have been steady improvements in fuel economy in Russia: 2011 IEA International comparison of new light duty vehicle fuel showed Russia at 181 gCO2/km in 2011, or 7.7 liters gasoline equivalent/100km. Global average in 2011 was 7.2 Lge/100km.
So what can be done? The GFEI advocates a 50by50 approach, a doubling of auto fuel economy for new vehicles in OECD countries by 2030 – this mean full hybridization of most vehicle models. Given current rates of vehicle stock turnover in developing markets, this means that new technology penetration in these markets will feasibly improve the world’s fleet by 2050 to an average of 4 liters of gasoline equivalent/100 km.
This is technically feasible, but the rate of current improvement is slow. We need a global improvement in efficiency of 2.7% per year globally, with faster rates of change in OECD markets. The current global rate of improvement falls short at 1.8%.
The global target of doubling auto fuel economy cannot be reached without involvement from major markets, such as Russia. Meeting this target will help stabilize auto CO2 emissions, DESPITE the tripling of the auto fleet worldwide. The red line is policies adopted to date; the green is the GFEI target
The Global Fuel Economy is active in 19 countries worldwide, with many more expressing interest. Our aim over these two days here in Moscow is to deepen cooperation between the relevant ministries and groups here in Russia working to analyze and improve auto fuel economy, and to support the concrete outcomes of this meeting.
UNEP and GFEI collaboration on fuel economy in Russia began in 2009 when we worked with UNDP to draft the RUST project. The GEF-supported project contains a component on addressing increased use of energy efficient vehicles in Russia, to which UNEP and the GFEI have committed to providing support.
This conference is the first step Planned addition steps include a technology road map, assessment of policy options, and a possible startegic framework
In terms of approaches to fuel economy at the national level, there are many possible combinations of policy instruments and technologies that can be used. We will here some good examples today and tomorrow. Are standards appropriate now? Perhaps a labeling system would be a good first step? Have fiscal incentives, like feebates, been considered? You can also review global practice online from the Cleaner, More Efficient Vehicles Tool (link provided).
A recent example of a country we have worked in is Chile The GFEI worked together with the Ministries of Transport, Energy and Environment and Mario Molina Center Chile to develop the first mandatory labeling system in Latin America (see example here on the slide), and also designed and proposed a fiscal incentive scheme to reward the purchase of more efficient technology.
In Summary, I invite you to take full advantage of this unique event to explore what is possible in terms of improving auto fuel economy, what is feasible for Russia, and how we can support you in your plans going forward.
The Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI): opportunities for cooperation
The Global Fuel Economy Initiative
opportunities for cooperation
Improving fuel economy and reduction of emissions from
17-18 June 2014 , Moscow
The Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)
Mission: Facilitate large reductions of greenhouse gas
emissions and oil use through improvements in automotive
fuel economy in the face of rapidly growing car use
worldwide, as per IPCC and G8 recommendations.
1. Analysis: Data, modeling, baseline,
2. Options: feebate, labeling, standard?
3. National strategy development, dialogues
4. Awareness, communication
Global light-duty vehicle stock could
triple between 2005 and 2050
Almost all growth is in developing countries
Source: IEA Energy Technology Perspectives,
2035: ~ 2 x 2011
2050: ~ 2.5 x 2011
• Attractive market: low vehicle density (260/1000 vs.
532/1000 in Germany) + aged car fleet (~12 yrs)
• Growing incomes: SUV segment, luxury, compact city
“India, along with
Russia now remain
the three largest
markets without an
official fuel efficiency
2020 2030 2050
New Cars 30% reduction in
L/100km in OECD:
PHEV, EV, FC not
PHEV, EV and FC
(PHEV, EV, FC
All Cars -
20% reductions with
lag time for stock
8 lge/100km to 4 lge/100km
Source: GFEI 2012 International Fuel Economy Comparison,
Meeting GFEI targets can stabilize global light-vehicle CO2
emissions, despite a near tripling of vehicle fleet
Where we work
Phase 2 Countries
Cô te d'Ivoire
Reducing GHG emissions from road
transport in Russia’s medium-sized cities:
Russian Urban Sustainable Transport
• GEF-supported, 2012-2017
• Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation
(MoT), Ministry of Natural Resources and
Environment (MoNRE), Tatarstan Ministry of
Transport (TMoT), Kaliningrad Administration
(KA), Ministry of Interior
• UNEP/GFEI to work with MoT to address
increased use of energy efficient vehicles in
• Outcome 1: Approved and enforced supportive federal policies,
regulations, and institutional arrangements to increase the use of
low emission vehicles :
• Conduct of a national public/private dialogue on practical
policy and technology solutions for Russia and begin the work of
designing, for example, a national vehicle labeling scheme,
supporting fee-bate systems, a specific technology mandate for low
emission vehicles in Russia, import restrictions, a federal fuel
• Development of an approved “technology road map” specific to low
emission vehicles, including HEVs, EVs and PHEVs, zooming in on
the potential market in Russia and using past IEA global analysis in
the hybrid and electric vehicles sector;
• Assessment of incentive policy options to encourage individual
vehicle owners to become more energy efficient through increased
use of low emission vehicles;
• Drafting legal framework for enabling access to low emission
• Registration Tax
• North America
• Latin America
• Middle East
• FE Resources
oFirst mandatory labeling system for LDV’s in LAC,
March 2012 www.compraunautolimpio.cl
oFeebate proposal based on a bonus/malus system,
including CO2 and local pollutants
2013+: Peru, Uruguay, Paraguay, Jamaica
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
P.O. Box 30552