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• Supporting the link between human development and trade• UNDP’s focus:   – To help developing countries build capacity t...
• Trade is a tool and does not automatically guarantee  sustainable economic growth, poverty reduction and overall  human ...
• Trade and private sector as a leverage and necessity for human  development;• Interventions adapted to country/sub-regio...
CA coverage
Aid for Trade Needs Assessments underphase I                      Development of Aid for Trade Needs                      ...
On the basis of the Aid for Trade Needs Assessments undertaken inSPECA countries the following areas were considered as cr...
Some examples from the project:                       Access to information is vital                         AIMS in Sughd...
Some examples from the project:                        Environmental protection &                              business se...
Some examples from the project:                         Natural fertilizer in cotton                                produc...
Some examples from the project:Improved services along the transport corridors:Establishment of a café along the Kyrgyz – ...
Some examples from the project:                        Some bits from Batken                        - 120 tons of onions (...
Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS
Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS
Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS
Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS
Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS
Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS
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Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS

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Sheila Marnie, Economist, Ashgabat, 12th November

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Wider Europe project: Aid for trade in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS

  1. 1. • Supporting the link between human development and trade• UNDP’s focus: – To help developing countries build capacity to compete internationally by overcoming supply side constraints; – To help developing countries build capacity to negotiate, interpret and implement trade agreements (multilateral, regional and bilateral) in a manner that prioritizes poverty reduction and human development; and – To help developing countries incorporate pro-poor, development-centered trade policies into national development strategies, including poverty reduction programmes.
  2. 2. • Trade is a tool and does not automatically guarantee sustainable economic growth, poverty reduction and overall human development.Four essential consideration for HD considerations in trade:• Productivity: related to the improvement of human capabilities;• Equality: progressive access to opportunities for all members of society;• Sustainability: resource usage that does not compromise the welfare of future generations;• Empowerment: people’s capability to shape processes and events that affect their lives.
  3. 3. • Trade and private sector as a leverage and necessity for human development;• Interventions adapted to country/sub-regional context;• Intra-regional cooperation and partnership between project units;
  4. 4. CA coverage
  5. 5. Aid for Trade Needs Assessments underphase I Development of Aid for Trade Needs Assessments in 11 countries in Central Asia, South Caucasus and Western CIS: Objectives: • Identification of capacity gaps (institutional, human, etc.) and technical assistance needs; • Development of policy recommendations and action matrix for potential donor assistance; • Development of concrete project proposals for AfT interventions.
  6. 6. On the basis of the Aid for Trade Needs Assessments undertaken inSPECA countries the following areas were considered as critical bymember states and adopted as focus areas in the MinisterialDeclaration: – Supply side/within-border measures; – Cross-border cooperation; – The multilateral trading system .Cross- border cooperation: • Physical infrastructure; • Institutional trade infrastructure, with a focus on trade facilitation; • Market access.
  7. 7. Some examples from the project: Access to information is vital AIMS in Sughd (Tajikistan) – Web-portal www.agroinform.tj – Newspaper – Electronic boards – SMS system Since the inception of the portal on 1.07.2010 more than 45 813 individuals have visited it … a similar system was also established in Batken (Kyrgyzstan)
  8. 8. Some examples from the project: Environmental protection & business sense No artificial heating (clay) Cost of one: 17 000US$ (10K – loan and 7K contribution from farmer) Cost recovery: one year (2 season January-May 2011 and December 2011-March 2012 - 9 months) Drip irrigation Organic fertilizer (i.e. cow dung) Tonnage (collected: 7000kg tomatoes January - May 2011) Protecting the environment = PROFIT
  9. 9. Some examples from the project: Natural fertilizer in cotton production Bigger yields: Traditional cotton - 2.17 ton/ha ‘Organic cotton’ - 2.50 ton/ha Cost price: Traditional cotton – 907 US$/ha ‘Organic cotton’ - 904 US$/ha Profit: Traditional cotton – 314 US$/ha ‘Organic cotton’ - 891 US$/ha Protecting the environment = PROFIT
  10. 10. Some examples from the project:Improved services along the transport corridors:Establishment of a café along the Kyrgyz – Tajik border
  11. 11. Some examples from the project: Some bits from Batken - 120 tons of onions (Novosibirsk) - 65 tons of bird cherry - 53 tons of apricots - 29 tons of onions - 60 tons of potatoes (Kazakhstan) - 40 tons of peach (Russia) - 100 tons of preserved (Kazakhstan) - 225 tons of barley (Tajikistan) - 1200 kg of rice (Bishkek)

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