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Sustainable Mobility in the City of Bratislava


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Sustainable Mobility in the City of Bratislava

  1. 1. GEF/UNDP PROJECTSustainable Mobility in the Cityof BratislavaRESPONDER conference, Bratislava 21-22 March 2013Jana Pangrácová, UNDPTibor Schlosser, City of BratislavaAngel Aparicio, Mid-term Evaluator
  2. 2. Who’s involved?ProjectpartnersNational implementingpartnerBeneficiary
  3. 3. Reduction of CO2 emissions from road transport(GEF Focal area: Climate Change Mitigation)What do we want to achieve?
  4. 4. What’s the situation in road transport?• transport accounts for 20% of national CO2emissions-> 98% of transport emissions from roads• 5% annual increase in CO2 emissions from motorvehicles• modal split between public and individual transport(2007) 59 : 41(1993) 75 : 25
  5. 5. How to achieve thegoals?• By making private car use less attractive & bypromoting sustainable urban transport modesPARKINGCar-pooling / car-sharingNon-Motorized Transport - BikingTram (Public Transport) Priority
  6. 6. What do we actually do?• Technical recommendations– implementation guidelinesConsensus building• Pilot implementation– co-financing / mobilizing funds– awareness raising through community involvementWEAK (-) STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT (+) STRONGPARKINGPUBLICTRANSPORTNMT (BIKING)CAR SHARINGCAR POOLMONITORINGMNGMENTMONITORINGMAGIBAMoTMoESHMUMoTMoEUNDP ECBECBMEPASYSSTaRZPOLICEMAGIBABID &REGION DPBBOROUGHSBOROUGHSMAGIBAECB
  7. 7. PARKING – baseline situation• NOT a traffic management toolbut source of income• encouraging the use of private cars“unique” reservations, no time limits• billing and payment system doesnot discourage long-term parking• no effective enforcement
  8. 8. Principles & challenges:•a unified system across the whole city (17 boroughs)managed by single entity•income used for “green transport” modes•residential zones, no reserved parking spaces•higher parking fees but paying for actual time•use of ITS solutions for charging and information•transparent, corruption-free and strict enforcementImplementationPARKING – new system
  9. 9. TRAM PRIORITYBaseline situation: NO tram preference at intersections•Analysis of 2 tram corridors -aim: „The tram stops at stations only“Pilot projects:•installation of dynamic public transport priorityequipment at 2 intersections•implementation of improving measures to shortenthe average trip timeImplementationThe new infrastructure PT tram track projects withcontrol junctions to follow the same philosophy
  10. 10. BIKING (Non-Motorized Transport)Baseline situation:•bicycles used for recreational purposes•underdeveloped NMT infrastructureNMT proposals:•unified design standards for biking lanes•support to daily use of bikes•strengthen bikers’/pedestrians’ needs in traffic mgtPilot projects:•new bike lanes and upgrading of organizational rulesImplementation
  11. 11. Car-pool / Car-shareBaseline situation: NO sharing programs in placePilot projects:•Car-pool – launched in Jan 2013 (500 users)•Car-share – service operator preparingthe business plan + identification of C/S stationsImplementation
  12. 12. • Strategy of the CityDevelopmentSustainable UrbanMobility Planning1. Mobility on agglomeration2. Accessibility in time3. Sustainability in space4. Environment friendly5. Energy savingCreatesmart traffic/transportconditionsVisions of the Future
  13. 13. Visions of the Future IIMobility and Accessibility - Tools to be Smart1.PT preference - decreasing the dynamic trafficon traffic lights junctions, space segregation, ..2. Development of PT track - connection oftram and rail network in the city - new terminals3. New strategy in parking policy4. Non-motorized transport strategy
  14. 14. Visions of the Future IISmart management1.Strategy of space development and thetransport as a service on it2.Priority of the people inside of the city the methodology for the transport space &servise needs the methodology foreach kind of transport mode
  15. 15. Visions of the Future IIIMobility-supportive models & procedures• Transport demand modeling forservices and applications• Solutions for integrated trafficplanning in real time• Design of open architecture• Smart services for moving the peopleAnalysis& PlanningImplementation& IntegrationService& Maintenance
  16. 16. LESSON #1STRONG LOCAL LEADERSHIPLESSON #1STRONG LOCAL LEADERSHIP• mobilize the existing know-how within the Municipality• align with the mayor’s priorities• be consistent with the “political cycle”• create links to regional and national policies and politicsHOW TO BUILD IT?
  17. 17. LESSON #2EXTERNAL EXPERTSLESSON #2EXTERNAL EXPERTSInternational technical experts haveno magic solutionsBUT helpto move beyond “business as usual” perspectivesto fight the local skepticismto facilitate a winning coalition among technical experts and decision makersIFthey identify the critical barriers for change and givesolutionsthey adapt their expertise to the local context
  18. 18. LESSON #3“GOOD RECOMMENDATIONS….SO WHAT?”LESSON #3“GOOD RECOMMENDATIONS….SO WHAT?”Urban mobility projects are full of goodrecommendations which are never implementedThe Project manager cannot avoid:• 3 tough questions:Who’s doing what?Who has the money?Which are the rules of the game?•close monitoring of implementation plans andco-financing commitments
  19. 19. LESSON #4NETWORKING, NETWORKING, NETWORKINGLESSON #4NETWORKING, NETWORKING, NETWORKINGUse the full project’s potential for:•connecting institutions•strengthening local leadership•engaging reluctant stakeholders•empowering local communitiesAdapt the project governance structure to theproject’s networking needs.
  21. 21. LESSON #5EARL OF MONITORINGLESSON #5EARL OF MONITORINGYou will:•only assume•get lost in your management•lack a basis for dialogue•be irrelevant for decision-makersIF YOU DON’T RELY ONEARLY MONITORING
  22. 22. THANK YOU!