Sustainable Development from an Economic Perspective

2,391 views

Published on

Published in: Self Improvement
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,391
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
70
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
65
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sustainable Development from an Economic Perspective

  1. 1. Sustainability from an Economic Perspective Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, Dept. Community Ecology, Halle, Germany Presentation at the UNDP Capacity development Lab “Integrative Capacity Cdevelopment for Sustainable Development” Hotel Devin, Bratislava, October 15th, 2012Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  2. 2. From the policy discourse: - Sustaining the capital stocks - Getting the prices right -Green economy From the sustainability concept - The full Brundtland definition -Production & Consumption -The big capacity deficitDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  3. 3. Sustaining the capital stocksDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  4. 4. Human made capital Natural capital Human capital Social capitalDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  5. 5. Sustaining the capital stocks - to generate a constant income flow by sustaining the sum of all stocks, assuming substitutability (weak SD), - or by preserving each stock (no substitution, strong SD) HOWEVER: capital stocks have a size, but no quality – the Mafia is an important element of the social capital, but not a contribution to social sustainability.Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  6. 6. Getting the prices rightDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  7. 7. The World according to environmental economists Services Biodiversity The Labour Services Economy Ecosystem functions Income Demand The Production System & Sources Consumption & Sinks The Financial Pressures System Nature Society Human well beingDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  8. 8. The World according to ecological economists Ecosystem integrity (if natural) Biodiversity or health (all systems) Services Sources Ecosystem & Sinks processes PressureSociety Human well being Drivers Pressures Pressures Pressures EconomyDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  9. 9. If the environment is part of the economy - then pricing it is the solution, then the market will do the rest and internalising external cost leads to optimal solutions. HOWEVER: if vice versa the economy is part of nature, economic laws do not necessarily apply, there is no equilibrium, supply does not match demand, and the economic optimum is not necessarily ecologically optimal (extinction can be).Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  10. 10. Green economyDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  11. 11. First step towards a solution?Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  12. 12. Instead of inefficient production and unjust distribution… distribution…Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  13. 13. …we need green innovation and social justice! justice!Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  14. 14. Innovative environmental technologies combining emission reduction and recycling are needed but not really new and insufficient. E.g.: Metal dust recovery system, enforced by regional kings „to avoid damage to neighbouring fields and grazing grounds”. Source: Agricola, G. (1556). De re metallicaDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  15. 15. But a Green Economy is less than Sustainable DevelopmentDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  16. 16. The full Brundtland definitionDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  17. 17. “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It It contains within it two key concepts two key concepts: …Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  18. 18. (definition cont.) 1. The concept of “needs”, in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor, to which overriding priority should be given, and 2. The idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organisation on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs.” (WCED 1987, p.43) p.43)Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  19. 19. A Sustainable Economy requires limitations ... … to certain activities, in order to allow replenishing of natural resources or naturalcapital, justice and social equality. The alternative is collapse (e.g. fisheries). Combatting poverty requires other allocation mechanisms than the market, as the poor have no purchsing power: merit & public goods, entitlements.Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  20. 20. Production & ConsumptionDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  21. 21. Unsustainable Consumption Today, too many people use money they don‘t have, to buy things they don‘t need to impress people they don‘t like. . Sustainable consumption is not about neglecting needs, but about identifying adequate satisfiers.Dr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  22. 22. Sustainable Consumption & Production Production: Efficiency plus Resilience The most efficient solution today can be outdated tomorrow. Innovation systems and diversity provide resilience. Consumption: Sufficiency plus Opulence Living with enough is recommendable, but quality of life requires opportunities to party, squandering resources with friendsDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  23. 23. The real capacity deficitDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  24. 24. Standard economics fails. fails. In sustainability economics, economics, capacity building is urgentDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07
  25. 25. Thank you for your attention For the presentation and other papers seehttp://seri.academia.edu/JoachimHSpangenbergDr. Joachim H. Spangenberg, Biodiversity and SPAC, Belgrade 9.10. 07

×