Sustainable Development and Transition in Eastern Partnership Countries: Environment, Energy and Climate


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Sustainable Development and Transition in Eastern Partnership Countries: Environment, Energy and Climate

  1. 1. Martin Krause Team Leader - ECISEnvironment, Energy, Climate UNDP
  2. 2. State of AffairsCommon Root Causes &Obstacles  Governance and Institutions  Capacities and Skills  Policies, Regulations Drained peatlands extracted for fuel  Financing and Incentives
  3. 3. State of Affairs (2)The Issues Ecosystems and Natural BEFORE Resources • Land Degradation, Water, Biodiver sity Loss Energy and Climate Mitigation • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency AFTER Chemicals • HCFCs and other ODS Vulnerability to Climate Impacts, Disaster Risk Reduction
  4. 4. Approach and Positioning Sustainable Human Development; Inclusive Green Growth; MDGs Environment, Energy, Climate Removing Barriers, Pressures, Threats (policies, regulations, capacities, in stitutions, behavior, finance) Creating a favorable environment for investments from public and private sector – ODA is not sufficient
  5. 5. Approach and Positioning (2) Policy dialogue, knowledge sharing Projects, access to financing
  6. 6. International Waters Energy Chemicals Ecosystems/ Biodiversity Climate Adaptation
  7. 7. Belarus - Peatlands• 1960: 14.2% of the country 2012: 6.4% of the country 71% drained for agriculture, forestry, fuel Before extraction• Ecosystem restoration - hydro- technical works in the field to raise the ground-water table to soil level• 28,000ha restored. In addition to environmental benefits, development dividends for local communities: cranberries, fish After grounds, ecotourism + policy changes
  8. 8. Regional (Belarus, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) - AcceleratedHCFC Phase Out• Phase out for HCFCs under Montreal Protocol Curtail HCFC consumption• Legislative measures to control HCFC import/use; supply of analytical and servicing equipment/tools for the Environmental Inspectorate and Customs Departments and refrigeration technicians; technological conversions for solvents and rigid foams• Protecting human health and the environment by assisting countries to phase out consumption and production, and prevent releases of ODS
  9. 9. Armenia - Energy Efficient District Heating• New legal and regulatory framework for rehabilitation of DH systems, including feed-in tariff for power generation• USD 10m direct foreign (private) investments leveraged into new DH system (Avan district of Yerevan, 213 buildings, 30.000 Multi-apartment panel building with residents) exhaust chimney from gas heater installed in one apartment• System features combined heat and electricity and introduced apartment level metering• 640 new contracts signed between customers and heat supply companies in the pilot Heat meter installed at the entrance to an apartment in areas Avan district of Yerevan
  10. 10.  Promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency programmes - SE4ALL  Management of Ecosystems and Natural Resources - including sust. agriculture, forests, peatlands, pastures  Climate adaptation – Crisis and Disasters  Transboundary water programmes such as the Black Sea Sound chemicals management Poverty-Environment Initiative
  11. 11. Thank You