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Review of UNCAC implementation -Going beyond the Minimum

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Advanced Training in prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies,10-11 November, Vienna
Dan Dionisie

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Review of UNCAC implementation -Going beyond the Minimum

  1. 1. Review of UNCAC implementation “Going Beyond the Minimum” approach Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  2. 2. UNCAC Prevention Criminalization Asset International Recovery Cooperation Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  3. 3. Review mechanism – Terms of referenceWHO? StepsIntergovernmental peer review: Selection of the experts‐ 1 State under review Based on self‐assessment using OMNIBUS‐ 2 reviewing States (1 from same region) software Desk review of self‐assessment by theCountry pairings determined by drawing reviewing state partiesof lots Constructive dialogue between State under review and reviewing States States nominate governmental experts(up to 15) & a focal point for coordination May be other steps (country visit or meeting in Vienna)Guiding Principles ResultsTransparent, efficient, non‐intrusive, “Country review report” (agreed &inclusive and impartial confidential) Executive summary (translated & publiclyConstructive: no ranking; emphasis on available)assistance & exchange of knowledge Thematic implementation report (analytical) Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  4. 4. Review mechanism – PhasesProcess in phases: 2 cycles of 5 years each ¼ of States Parties reviewed each year 1st cycle (2010‐2015) Chapter III –Criminalization and law enforcement Chapter IV – International cooperation 2nd cycle (2015‐2020) Chapter II –Preventive measures Chapter V – Asset recovery Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  5. 5. ECIS countries - review scheduleYear 1 (2o1o-2o11) Year 2 (2011-2012) Year 3 (2012-2013) Year 4 (2013-2014)Bulgaria Azerbaijan Armenia AlbaniaCroatia Estonia Cyprus BelarusLithuania Georgia* Hungary BiHUkraine Kazakhstan Latvia Kyrgyzstan Montenegro FYR Macedonia Moldova Russia Romania Poland Serbia Slovenia Tajikistan Slovakia Turkmenistan Uzbekistan*deferred from previous year 2nd session of the Implementation Review Group: 30 May – 3 June 2011 Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  6. 6. Introducing GBMThe Minimum Beyond the MinimumDesignate Focal Point Stakeholder involvement (Gov Depts,UNCAC Self-Assessment Checklist Parliament, CSOs, etc)Two chapters ComprehensiveCompliance-f0cused Capacity-focused Confidential report and public Public report, mediasummary of review process Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  7. 7. Guidance Note• Developed by UNDPRegional Centre in Bangkok• Endorsed at global level byUNDP and UNODCKey IssuesPolitical Will Stakeholder involvement National ownership Keep the public informedFollow-up Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  8. 8. Methodology Three preliminary steps: 1) Designation of a Lead Agency 2) Establishment of a Steering Committee 3) Identification of a Team of Technical Experts Six phases:1) Initial stakeholder workshop to launch and plan the process2) Data collection: document gathering and consultations3) Analysis and drafting of the report4) Validation workshop and finalization of the reports5) Publication and dissemination of the reports6) Follow-up Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  9. 9. Timeline Preparation Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Follow-up•Designation of •Establishment of •Stakeholder •Document •Stakeholder •Draft Self- •Validation •Development of Lead Agency Steering Workshop gathering and consultations/on- Assessment workshop/Report national strategy Committee •Document translation site visit reports finalization and action plan •Preparation for gathering and •Compile intitial •Draft Self- •Preparation for •Report •Implementation Stakeholder translation results Assessment Validation publication and of reforms workshop reports workshop dissemination Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  10. 10. But… Why bother? – strategic considerations • UNCAC is not end in itself  even less is the review process  ultimate objective is to effectively fight corruption • Negotiations: lowest common denominator • UNCAC opened up space for AC, but review mechanism applied at minimum standards may reduce it  GBM takes full advantage of UNCAC as platform for comprehensive action and stakeholder engagement  corruption needs to be tackled comprehensively, partial review focus may distract attention from key areas not under review (prevention, asset recovery)  opportunity for promoting the AC agenda and broad stakeholder mobilization is best used with GBM Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  11. 11. Why bother? – strategic considerations (cont’d) • “The State party under review shall endeavour to prepare their responses to the comprehensive self assessment checklist through broad consultations at the national level with all relevant stakeholders, the private sector, individuals and groups outside the public sector.” (TOR of review mechanism, para.28) • Stimulates national involvement in anti-corruption • encourages inter-institutional dialogue and cooperation • helps consensus building Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  12. 12. Why bother? – strategic considerations (cont’d) • Provides policy makers with detailed information and analysis • e.g. for developing national AC strategy (Serbia) • useful for other obligations and external monitoring (e.g. EU progress reports) • Provides a benchmark to measure progress over time • Provides clear overview of technical assistance needs • IRG noted that all TA needs under UNCAC should be addressed • Fulfills international obligation to report under UNCAC • Facilitates sharing of knowledge and expertise with other countries, partnerships with donors Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  13. 13. Why bother? – tactical considerations• By adopting GBM, a country signals political will and openness• Opportunity to mobilize the administration on AC agenda• Opportunity to engage with CSOs, build trust • …and avoid / reduce criticism, shadow reports• Get more support for AC initiatives Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  14. 14. Why bother? – tactical considerations• For ACA, opportunity to take leading role with other stakeholders • gain visibility, recognition (some ACAs are new institutions and have problems with positioning vs others) • expand partnerships • external partners are in search of AC “champions” to support• UNDP committed to support countries undertaking self-assessment with GBM (TA/experts, process facilitation) Vienna, 10-11 November 2011
  15. 15. Thank you!dan.dionisie@undp.orghttp://europeandcis.undp.org/anticorruption Bratislava, 28-29 March 2011

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