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Poverty and Social Dimensions in Green Economy


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Jan Dusik, Deputy Director, UNEP Regional Office for Europe

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Poverty and Social Dimensions in Green Economy

  1. 1. Poverty and Social Dimensions in a Green Economy Jan DUSÍK Deputy Director Regional Office for Europe
  2. 2. <ul><li>Ecosystems and biodiversity providing benefits for humankind </li></ul><ul><li>Economic invisibility . </li></ul><ul><li>Complex and valuable ecological infrastructure. </li></ul>What is natural capital?
  3. 3. <ul><li>A Green Economy is one that results in increased human well-being and social equity , while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. </li></ul><ul><li>UNEP Green Economy Initiative </li></ul>What is a Green Economy ?
  4. 4. <ul><li>National development plans and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Key sectors of GE : Energy and Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Low-carbon systems </li></ul><ul><li>“ Double dividend” policies: employment and green growth </li></ul><ul><li>Labour market adjustment : high labour mobility-income security and national and education systems </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses of a “business as usual” approach </li></ul>Role of governments
  5. 5. Why a Green Economy ? <ul><li>Initiative born out of multiple crises and accelerating resource scarcity </li></ul><ul><li>An economic vehicle for sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Can take advantage of new growth trajectories designed to be more socially inclusive, as well as responsive to poverty reduction and economic diversification objectives </li></ul><ul><li>A new economic paradigm that can drive growth of income and jobs, without creating environmental risks </li></ul>
  6. 6. Least Developed Countries <ul><li>Low levels of carbon emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively low investments in technologies </li></ul><ul><li>More dependent on natural resources -> ecosystem degradation, resource scarcity and climate change challenges to ending poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Investments , policy reforms and maximize local knowledge are needed </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Green Economy is an opportunity <ul><li>Common interest between developed and developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>For achieving the MDGs </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership of policymakers and business community </li></ul><ul><li>Crucial to prioritize spending in sectors that can simultaneously promote social, economic and environmental gains </li></ul><ul><li>ODA and South-South cooperation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Green Economy can reduce poverty and inequality <ul><li>Inextricable link between poverty alleviation and wise management of natural resources and ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem services provide 47% to 90% of the so-called ‘GDP of the Poor’ </li></ul><ul><li>Hence need to invest in natural capital as a source of growth and well-being </li></ul>Natural-resource dependent sectors and ESS (2005) Brazil Indonesia India Original share of GDP (%): agriculture, forestry, fisheries 6% 11% 17% Share of ESS/non market goods of total income of the poor (%) 90% 75% 47%
  9. 9. Some challenges <ul><li>Multilateral trading system </li></ul><ul><li>Technological innovation and transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Global intellectual property </li></ul><ul><li>Extent of private investment in the development of environmentally-sound technologies </li></ul>
  10. 10. Enabling conditions for a Green Economy <ul><li>Establish sound regulatory frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Remove harmful subsidies (e.g. fossil fuels, fisheries) </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize green investment </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize market mechanisms and taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Build capacity through training and technology transfer </li></ul>
  11. 11. Enabling conditions for a Green Economy <ul><li>Transform consumption patterns – not just technology! </li></ul><ul><li>Use poverty alleviation/MDG targets </li></ul><ul><li>Policy coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Local authorities’ engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Public awareness & mobilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental co-operation </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Green Economy is on the agenda for Rio 2012 <ul><li>UNCSD : a call for renewing efforts towards sustainable development and poverty eradication </li></ul><ul><li>“ Green Economy for sustainable development and poverty eradication” -> recognising importance of the social dimensions of development </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you Regional Office for Europe