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Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative- Our people, purpose & activities


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Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI, University of Oxford

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Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative- Our people, purpose & activities

  1. 1. OPHIOxford Poverty & Human Development InitiativeDepartment of International DevelopmentQueen Elizabeth House, University of<br />OPHI: Our people, purpose & activities<br />
  2. 2. Who we are: structure<br />Advisors: Sudhir Anand, Tony Atkinson, Amartya Sen<br />Management Committee: Valpy FitzGerald, Ian Goldin, John Hammock, Barbara Harriss-White<br />Institutional location: A research centre within the Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford. <br />
  3. 3. Who we are: people<br />Full Time Staff: 7 <br />Director + 4 post-docs<br />Project Coordinator<br />Research Communication Officer<br />Others:<br />Part-time Communications support<br />Research Assistants & Students <br />Visiting Students & Fellows, Research Associates,Collaborators, Volunteers, Supporters <br />
  4. 4. Our priorities<br /> academic rigor<br /> practicality and policy relevance<br /> engagement with economics<br /> engagement of southern researchers<br /> co-ordination of research<br /> collegial relationships<br /> economics of well-being <br />
  5. 5. OPHI’s current research<br />Missing Dimensions<br />Developing short modules for internationally comparable household surveys. <br />Multidimensional (Poverty) Comparisons<br />Developing new methodologies to measure and analyse multidimensional poverty<br />Applying these to regions, countries, and sectors<br />
  6. 6. Missing Dimensionsof Poverty dataHow can OPHI catalyze a process so more and better data are available? <br />
  7. 7. The Problem of Missing Data<br />Amartya Sen argues that development is the process of expanding the freedoms that people value and have reason to value.<br />A critical bottleneck for empirical studies is the following: in key dimensions, internationally comparable data are missing. <br />Creating more and better data is an investment in our future ability to understand and reduce poverty as poor people see it. <br />
  8. 8. Goal: to see key variables side by side<br />So we know who is deprived in what. <br />MISSING<br /> DATA<br />
  9. 9. Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data: <br />Employmentdeprivation: oppressive, insecure and unsafe work<br />Empowermentdeprivation: acting under force or compulsion<br />Physical safety; deprivation: victim of violence or lethal violence<br />Ability to go about without shame:deprivation: being stigmatized, humiliated, isolated<br />Meaning & satisfaction:deprivation: alienation, unhappiness, dissatisfaction<br />
  10. 10. Key Activities<br />Piloted in Kenya, South Africa, Mexico, Philippines, China, Pakistan, Ecuador, Bolivia & the Czech Republic.<br />Nationally representative sample in Chile completed.<br />Small studies in Chad, Nigeria,Sri Lanka, Philippines, Bolivia, Tanzania, Latin America<br />Preparing provincially representative survey in China<br />Preparing nationally representative survey in Chad (tbc)<br />Shared in S Africa, Korea, and other statistics meetings. <br />Policy Workshops held in China and Uruguay<br />
  11. 11. Our Aim: Next 2-3 years<br />Complete 2-3 nationally representative surveys, to validate our modules in different contexts. <br />Identify champion country statistics offices, who will gather and usethese data. Their voice can help to create Demand for data & policy analysis. <br />Finalize, Launch, and Advocate optional modules in international surveys – and a set of key publications. These are needed to create the Supply and use of data. <br />
  12. 12. Multidimensional (Poverty) ComparisonsHow can OPHI generate rigorous and user-friendly methodologies to measure and analyse multidimensional poverty and well-being? <br />
  13. 13. Key Areas of Work<br />AF methodology and further elaborations (std error etc)<br />Empirical applications related to AF (country studies, applications to other topics, time series and panel data)<br />MPI calculations 2010 and 2011; decompositions and dynamic analyses 2011; environmental analysis. <br />Other measures – of chronic poverty, welfare, multidimensional poverty, inequality of opportunity<br />Work on Dominance and Robustness of multidimensional poverty & welfare measures<br />
  14. 14. Our Aim: Next 2-3 years<br />Consolidate work on AF methodology in a textbook<br />Focus on multidimensional poverty dynamics, weights, and links to welfare<br />Continue to deepen work with global MPI and national applications; develop an international MPI for less poor countries. <br />
  15. 15. UK March 2011: UNDP course for policy makers on measurement<br />44 people from 33 countries<br />Chile December 2010: Spanish summer school<br />35+ from 9 countries<br />Jordan September 2010: Summer school<br />36 people from 24 countries<br />Peru September 2009: Summer school<br />38 people from 21 countries<br />India September 2008: Summer school<br />37 people from 22 countries<br />15<br />Two-week intensive courses on measurement<br />
  16. 16. Research workshops (1-2 per year) of 25 international experts on a narrowly defined topic. <br />Working Papers published online (42 to date)<br />Academic Publications in Journals, Special Issues, Books, etc<br />Weekly Seminars in the University of Oxford<br />Presentations at academic conferences internationally<br />Teaching and Supervision of graduate students<br />16<br />Academic Activities<br />
  17. 17. Launched in 2007, OPHI’s objective is to advance the human development approach to poverty reduction through fundamental, sustained, and multidisciplinary research that is effectively disseminated. <br />Thank you from the OPHI team!<br />