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Local Development Programmes in UNDP Ukraine


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UNDP presentation by Oksana Remiga, Programme Manager, UNDP Ukraine

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Local Development Programmes in UNDP Ukraine

  1. 1. Local Development Programmes UNDP Ukraine – Scaling Up of Community-Led Initiatives<br />Bratislava 2011<br />
  2. 2. Institutional and Social Context<br /><ul><li>Slow progress towards decentralization, - relationship between the state and citizen is still based on a notion of power and top-down
  3. 3. Absent democratic traditions of public involvement in local decision-making and development processes
  4. 4. Low capacity of local civil servants.
  5. 5. Largely unreformed system of public services
  6. 6. Wide-spread expectation that the government is responsible for addressing all public needs </li></li></ul><li>Institutional and Social Context<br />Worsening demographic trends<br />death rates for newborns are higher in rural areas (10.6% and 9.3% correspondently)<br />death rate is higher in rural population than urban areas (20 % and 15% correspondently)<br />Poverty and unemployment among the rural population<br />Poverty level ismorethantwicethatoflargecities<br />Decreased living standards in rural areas<br /><ul><li>269 villages with the population from 500 to 1000 people do not have health posts,
  7. 7. Inhabitants of almost 1200 villages of AR Crimea and 13 oblasts do not have regular access to drinking water</li></li></ul><li>Our Response<br />Five UNDP programmes: different challenges – similar approach<br /><ul><li>Area-Based Development approach and community mobilization
  8. 8. Capacity development for local authorities
  9. 9. Support on the central policy level</li></ul>As a result – scaling up and expansion to all oblasts of Ukraine<br />
  10. 10. UNDP present<br />in all 25 administrative regions <br />in 1/3 of districts <br />in 10% of Ukrainian villages<br />
  11. 11. Local Development Programmes<br />Chernobyl Recovery and Development (CRDP) –2002-2010 (8.5 mln. USD)<br />Crimea Integration and Development Project (CIDP) – 1995-2011 (28 mln. USD)<br />Regional Development Agency Support Programme – 2010-2012 ( 2 mln. USD)<br />Human Security Monitoring and Public Dialogue - 2010-2011 (600 000 USD)<br />Municipal Governance and Sustainable Development Project (MGSDP) – 2004-2012 (8.2 mln USD)<br />Youth Social Inclusion for Civic Engagement in Ukraine – 2008-2011 (1 mln. USD)<br />Community Based Approach to Local Development (CBA) - 2007-2015 (41 mln. USD)<br />
  12. 12. Лише сільські території<br />Лише села на територіях, постраждалих від наслідків Чорнобильської катастрофи<br />CBA Emerged <br />As a Result<br />2002<br />2001<br />Лише міські території <br />Села та міста<br />2004<br />2007<br />
  13. 13. Local Development Programmes<br />
  14. 14. Local Development Programmes<br />Chernobyl Recovery and Development (CRDP) - to mitigate long-term social, economic and ecological consequences of the Chornobyl catastrophe, to promote sustainable human development in Chornobyl affected regions <br />Crimea Integration and Development Project (CIDP) –to maintain tolerance and stability in Crimea<br />
  15. 15. Local Development Programmes<br />Municipal Governance and Sustainable Development Project (MGSDP)to strengthen municipal governance and support sustainable development in urban communities<br />Youth Social Inclusion for Civic Engagement <br /> in Ukraine<br />to support youth inclusion in Ukraine and to foster democratic reforms and youth civic engagement<br />
  16. 16. Local Development Programmes<br />Community Based Approach to Local Development (CBA) <br />supports communities in all regions of Ukraine in covering the most urgent developmental needs through self-organization, capacity building, and implementation of small-scale community initiatives<br />
  17. 17. Our Achievements<br />In total, over 2005-2011 UNDP Ukraine: <br /><ul><li>Assisted 2 000 communities
  18. 18. Supported the implementation of 1 700 community projects
  19. 19. Provided training to more than 10 000 local officials, teachers, medical workers
  20. 20. Supported development of Draft law “On the Bodies of Self-Organisation of Population” ( endorsed by Parliament in a first reading)
  21. 21. Partnership with key line Ministries established, policy dialogue initiated
  22. 22. Curricula on sustainable development for universities developed and implemented by the Academy of Municipal Management</li></li></ul><li>Our Achievements<br />As a result:<br />Mindset of population is changing towards more active position in the local development <br />Local authorities are applying our approach on the basis of local resources <br />Central line ministries are using the experience of our local partners as a model for national replication <br />
  23. 23. Rapid Expansion - Ensuring Quality of the Process<br />Initial method was adjusted to the Ukrainian context <br />Systematic analysis of the experience in Crimea, Chernobyl affected territories and in pilot municipalities, adjustment to the changing environment<br />Outcome evaluation 2006<br />Over 3,000 individuals trained in principles of community development<br />Comprehensive manuals developed to support the consistency of the approach<br />
  24. 24. Challenges<br />Despite attempts at central level reform, there remain numerous policy and legal obstacles to the self-governance and sustainable development<br />Comprehensive capacity development programme on the local level is required to ensure sustainability of services and methodology<br />Changes in perception require a lot of time and resources<br />
  25. 25. Lessons Learned<br />Work with communities provide a window not only for horizontal (geographical) expansion, but also for vertical scale up <br />Specific elements of ABD projects could be easily transformed and tailored to local needs, although facilities for that should be in place<br />Gradual integration of community-based approach into local decision making practices ensures sustainability of results<br />In the period of political instability assistance on the grass root level helps to keep the momentum of reforms <br />
  26. 26. What’s next”?<br />Work with all levels of government to ensure sustainable results<br />Advocate for policy reforms in local governance and public services delivery on the basis of experience of implementation of community led projects<br />Comprehensive capacity development programme on the local level<br />Bringing climate change mitigation considerations into the agenda of local governments<br />Development and implementation of local strategies on improving energy efficiency<br />Strong linkages with Focus 5 Programme<br />Building up on the partnership with municipalities<br />Institutionalization of community led approach<br />
  27. 27. Opportunities<br />“Channel”changesand best practices intheareaofenvironment, ecology, goodgovernance, gender to very broad audience, which might be very difficult to reach otherwise.<br />Power to bring policy solutions from basic, community levelto the policy level.<br />Bringpolicychangestothe grass-rootslevel<br />Assistance package to each region should be further developed to reflect its specific needs<br />