Human Rights-based and Gender Sensitive Development
Main issues faced by local development in Moldova1. The current institutional and policy framework does not respond to the needs of local public authorities and Moldovan people. The main drawbacks are the lack of • Participatory mechanisms for public policies & decisions • Accountability to right-holders (people) • Transparency of public processes & decisions • Non-discrimination principle incorporation in public policies2. LGs have an insufficient capacity to address development challenges and to fulfil their responsibilities in front of the people3. The most deprived rural communities in Moldova do not have enough capacity to access resources and participate in local development programmes.
Joint/Integrated Local Development ProgrammeObjective 1: To assist the Government to upgrade national legal, policy and advisory frameworks to support sustainable processes at sub-national level with increased HR and GE outcomesObjective 2: To develop capacity of LGs for rights based and gender responsive planning, budgeting, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development initiativesObjective 3: To empower rural communities and CSOs in target regions, including Transnistria to actively participate in local development planning, implementation and monitoring and have better access to improved services
Applying HRBA and GE into local developmentGovernment ofMoldova iscommitted topromote thehuman rightsand genderequality at allstages of theDecentralizationreformimplementation
Policy level interventions• Institutional framework created • Parity Commission • Parliamentary Special Commission on Decentralization • Inter-sectorial Groups• Tools and processes • Participatory elaboration of Decentralization Strategy • stakeholders involved: 2500 persons • broad consultations: 30 events • Feedback mechanism: www.descentralizare.gov.md• Main results • Draft Decentralization strategy approved by Parity Commission • HRBA and GE - integral and transcendent parts of the Decentralization Strategy
Capacity Development of LPAsCapacity development of LGs for rights-based and gender responsive developmentfocuses on improving LG operations on governing and delivering to the women andmen, boys and girls who most need it (particular focus on marginalized) through: – Capacity assessment of LG to perform governing and service delivering to those who most need it (vulnerability study) – Training for newly elected in public administration, including HRBA and GE – Elaboration of the methodological grounds for Strategic Planning for HRBA and GE based Socio-Economic Development; – Guidance in development of the Local Socio-Economic Development Strategies and Local Development Plans; – Addressing the key development needs identified jointly with the communities; – Inter- municipal cooperation.
Community EmpowermentThe community mobilization of women and men, particularlymarginalized, for empowerment is a key approach applied in 70 pilotcommunities complementing the capacity development of LPAs forrights-based and gender responsive development. It focuses on: – identifying and tackling the root causes of inequalities and social exclusion in the pilot communities through HRBA and GE Community Profiling – Community mobilization, capacity development, projects’ initiatives addressing the priorities identified by LGs and woman and men of the community
Challenges and lessons learned in applying HRBA and GE• Time• Knowledge• Continuous guidance and support• Functioning feedback mechanism
What is next?1. Policy level: • Decentralization strategy approval by Parliament • Sectoral interventions • Disaggregated system of indicators2. Building capacities of LG/Government3. Support interventions at local level targeting, andempowering the most marginalized4. Internalize the need to adopt HRBA and GE concerns in anypublic decision mechanisms