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Greening the Health Sector - Pharmaceuticals and Climate Change

UNDP Eurasia
UNDP Eurasia
UNDP EurasiaUNDP Eurasia

Greening the Health Sector - Pharmaceuticals and Climate Change

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Greening the Health Sector
                 Pharmaceuticals and
c
                   Climate Change
    c   c



                      Dr. Christoph Hamelmann
            Regional Practice Leader HIV, Health and Development
                        UNDP Europe and Central Asia

                          CIS Pharmaceutical Forum
                        Moscow, Russia, 5 January 2013
Likely Temperature Increase
by GHG Emission Pathways
Energy Intensity
             (Energy consumption per unit GDP 2011, ENERDATA)




Countries              Energy Intensity   World Major Country Ranking (highest 4)
Uzbekistan                   0.633                           1
Ukraine                      0.436                           2
Kazakhstan                   0.399                           3
Russia                       0.346                           4
GHG Emission Reduction Pledges
                       CIS Countries
Countries            Unconditional Pledge                Conditional Pledge Current GHG Emissions
                                                                                    (MtCO2e 2010)


Armenia                           -                      Submitted policy actions                   11

Azerbaijan                        -                                 -                               50

Belarus        Reduction 8 % below 1990 level by 2020               -                               150

Kazakhstan     Reduction 15 % below 1990 level by 2020              -                               318

Kyrgyzstan                        -                                 -                                ?

Moldova        Reduction 25 % below 1990 level by 2020              -                               11

Russia         Reduction 15 % below 1990 level by 2020    Reduction 25 % below                      2510
                                                           1990 level by 2020
Tajikistan                        -                      Submitted policy actions                   15

Uzbekistan                        -                                 -                               174



Turkmenistan                      -                                 -                               87

Ukraine        Reduction 20 % below 1990 level by 2020              -                               397
Health Sector in the ECIS Region
 • Accounts for 7.5 % of GDP
 • Technology intensive with significant
   consumption of resources, associated with
   environmental pollution and degradation
 • Accounts for an estimated 4.2 % of greenhouse
   gases (GHG) in the ECIS region
 • Up to 25 % of these GHG can be reduced within
   short-term, more through long-term measures
 • Reductions have also direct positive impact on
   life-years saved
Ministerial European Environment and Health Task Force Meeting, Bled / Slovenia 2011
NHS Carbon Footprint Breakdown 2010
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Greening the Health Sector - Pharmaceuticals and Climate Change

  • 1. Greening the Health Sector Pharmaceuticals and c Climate Change c c Dr. Christoph Hamelmann Regional Practice Leader HIV, Health and Development UNDP Europe and Central Asia CIS Pharmaceutical Forum Moscow, Russia, 5 January 2013
  • 2. Likely Temperature Increase by GHG Emission Pathways
  • 3. Energy Intensity (Energy consumption per unit GDP 2011, ENERDATA) Countries Energy Intensity World Major Country Ranking (highest 4) Uzbekistan 0.633 1 Ukraine 0.436 2 Kazakhstan 0.399 3 Russia 0.346 4
  • 4. GHG Emission Reduction Pledges CIS Countries Countries Unconditional Pledge Conditional Pledge Current GHG Emissions (MtCO2e 2010) Armenia - Submitted policy actions 11 Azerbaijan - - 50 Belarus Reduction 8 % below 1990 level by 2020 - 150 Kazakhstan Reduction 15 % below 1990 level by 2020 - 318 Kyrgyzstan - - ? Moldova Reduction 25 % below 1990 level by 2020 - 11 Russia Reduction 15 % below 1990 level by 2020 Reduction 25 % below 2510 1990 level by 2020 Tajikistan - Submitted policy actions 15 Uzbekistan - - 174 Turkmenistan - - 87 Ukraine Reduction 20 % below 1990 level by 2020 - 397
  • 5. Health Sector in the ECIS Region • Accounts for 7.5 % of GDP • Technology intensive with significant consumption of resources, associated with environmental pollution and degradation • Accounts for an estimated 4.2 % of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the ECIS region • Up to 25 % of these GHG can be reduced within short-term, more through long-term measures • Reductions have also direct positive impact on life-years saved Ministerial European Environment and Health Task Force Meeting, Bled / Slovenia 2011
  • 6. NHS Carbon Footprint Breakdown 2010
  • 7. European Ministerial Environment & Health Task Force Fifth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health Parma 2010 53 member states, including all CIS countries + others
  • 9. Sector Guidance on Carbon Foot-Printing • Cross-sectoral partnership • Standardized quantification of the GHG inventory of pharmaceutical products certified by international GHG protocol • Identification of hot spots throughout the product life cycle • Focus on minimizing carbon footprint for producers, buyers and users of pharmaceutical products http://www.sdu.nhs.uk/pharma-md
  • 11. Gaining Efficiencies – Reducing GHG Emissions Lessons Learnt From Pharma-Industry
  • 15. ESA
  • 16. Economic Commission for Europe Report Regional Preparatory Meeting Public procurement 47. Sustainable public procurement was supported as a first critical step to further the green economy at the national as well as the sub-national level. Concrete progress was proposed in the form of sustainable public procurement targets that could be met by an increasing number of countries over the years.