Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Corruption in Ukrainian education: the  causes,  symptoms  and ways to overcome   Presentation of Dr. Pavlo Pol i ansky i ...
A summary of the Center for Educational Monitoring  <ul><li>The NGO Center for Educational Monitoring (CEM) was created in...
Possible corruption  in P re-schools  and S econdary school s   Possible corruption  in:  P re-schools   S econdary school...
Possible corruption  in  Higher Education Possible corruption : With the passage of university licensing procedures  and a...
What is a favorable environment for corruption in education?  <ul><li>The possible reason of corruption in  preschools  is...
Changes in procedures for entry to universities that have the potential corruption threat <ul><li>The model of university ...
“ Extent of corruption in high education, its reasons and ways to overcome” is a sociological research conducted by the Il...
Different stakeholders (on different levels) should be involved into the work against corruption:  <ul><li>On the level of...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Corruption in Ukrainian education, the causes, symptoms and ways to overcome

2,235 views

Published on

Regional Conference on Fighting Corruption in Education in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 24-25 November, Bratislava

Pavlo Polianskyi

Published in: Education
  • Discover A Simple Holistic System For Curing Acne Once And For All using 100% Guaranteed All-Natural Method. Click Here  https://bit.ly/2SaU9sk
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Corruption in Ukrainian education, the causes, symptoms and ways to overcome

  1. 1. Corruption in Ukrainian education: the causes, symptoms and ways to overcome Presentation of Dr. Pavlo Pol i ansky i , Director of Center for Educational Monitoring , NGO (Ukraine)
  2. 2. A summary of the Center for Educational Monitoring <ul><li>The NGO Center for Educational Monitoring (CEM) was created in 2004. The main goals of Center for Educational Monitoring (CEM) are : </li></ul><ul><li>• promotion of education in Ukraine in the context of the country's integration in European structures; </li></ul><ul><li>• support educational reforms for providing equal education al opportunities and fighting corruption in education; </li></ul><ul><li>• developing alternative laws and examine them by government and civil society; </li></ul><ul><li>• monitoring of educational laws and governmental regulations in education ; </li></ul><ul><li>• monitoring public opinion on important changes in education that are needed and reporting about them to the government and academic area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Possible corruption in P re-schools and S econdary school s Possible corruption in: P re-schools S econdary school s P utting the child in pre-school s <ul><li>P utting the child in prestigious schools ; </li></ul><ul><li>Collect money from parents for school needs ; </li></ul><ul><li>Overstating a fee payment for students ; </li></ul><ul><li>Overstating points in a certificate </li></ul><ul><li>of graduation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Possible corruption in Higher Education Possible corruption : With the passage of university licensing procedures and accreditation In the distribution between the universities of the state order for training specialists When students enroll in universities During the final students exams
  5. 5. What is a favorable environment for corruption in education? <ul><li>The possible reason of corruption in preschools is a lack of places for children/ This problem is more serious in big cities. Some parents are ready to give a cash &quot;reward&quot; to pre-school managers. Especially it is common in cases when schools have a good location or professional equipment. The initiators of such illegal “ fees&quot; can also be pre-school leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>In secondary education there are also similar situations: • The demographic situation is becoming worse in Ukraine but there is still a lack of places in some schools. Some wealthy parents wants their children to study in prestigious schools, gymnasiums and lyceums, therefore it always full of students. Also these kind of parent try to have administration's support and loyalty by giving cash “ fees ” . </li></ul><ul><li>• There are complaints among parents that some money collected for school needs are taken by administration. Therefore, not all funds are spent appropriately. </li></ul><ul><li>• There are some cases when students got higher grades that they deserved. </li></ul><ul><li>• The procedure of making the average score of secondary education diploma equal to the maximum 200 points to graduate school started in Ukraine in 2010. These scores can be obtained by testing a subject for university entrance. For this reason, parents are trying to &quot;appease&quot; employees of schools for higher points in the certificate. Also some students who have gold or silver medals for outstanding academic achievement have better chances for admission to the university. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Changes in procedures for entry to universities that have the potential corruption threat <ul><li>The model of university admission that was based solely on the results of independent testing was canceled. This model operated in 2008-2009 and received support from nearly 80% of Ukrainian people. </li></ul><ul><li>Those applicants who graduated before 2007 can skip an independent testing. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who chose the form of distance learning can skip testing also. </li></ul><ul><li>Students who attended paid university’s courses for the preparation got preference in 20 points. </li></ul><ul><li>Only those NGOs and journalists are admitted to examine equal opportunities for students that got a previously given permission from the Ministry of Education and Science. </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Extent of corruption in high education, its reasons and ways to overcome” is a sociological research conducted by the Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation and the Ukrainian Sociology Service from March 23, till April 3, 2011. <ul><li>The sample consisted of 1 008 students and was representative. According to the study results, corruption is a widespread phenomenon in high education system in Ukraine. However, it is not perceived as a normal practice . Totally 33,2 % of respondents have experienced bribery practices directly, while 37,7% have never faced corruption in education, and 29,1% of students have heard about corruption but have never experienced it in their study. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different factors of corruption practices that could be divided into external and internal ones. External factors work independently from the participants` personal attitudes; meanwhile, internal factors are ones produced by the agents of interaction. External factors include different (objective) characteristics of the universities (the types of ownership, geographical location etc.). According to the study results, the type of ownership (state or private university) does not affect the likelihood of corruption existence. Thus, 32,8% of state university students and 35,5% of students from private universities have faced corruption. </li></ul><ul><li>The type of financial support (state-funded or self-paid learning) is significant factor that influences corruption. Usually, it is assumed that “self-paid students” (private type of learning) are less concerned with their marks, so corrupt practices are less widespread in this group than in the group of state-funded students (they do not pay for study and get state scholarship if they get good marks). Besides, the respondents shared opinion that distant-learning students are often involved into corruption; having a lower level of knowledge they prefer to “buy marks». </li></ul>
  8. 8. Different stakeholders (on different levels) should be involved into the work against corruption: <ul><li>On the level of country corruption should be counteracted by: </li></ul><ul><li>The state organs – Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sports of Ukraine, The Office of Public Prosecutor, Security Service. It is recommended to create organization that is independent from the university (may be free of influence of the Ministry of Education). </li></ul><ul><li>Community , first of all, education and academic, communities, they are to unite university administration, professors, students and demand for overcoming of social reasons of corruption from the state organs, specifically, the lack of finance in education field, overloading of students and professors etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The state should counteract corruption in the system of high education by increase of professor’s salaries, providing funds on state-funded seats depending on the university success and introduction of standard external exams. </li></ul><ul><li>On the level of university : </li></ul><ul><li>Administration of university (control on objective evaluation of knowledge and resolving conflicts in this field). </li></ul><ul><li>The organs of students` self-governance, students` organizations (“making public announcements about professors and students who practice bribery ”). </li></ul><ul><li>The professors (“by refusing to take bribes”) and students (“by revealing the incidents of corruption among professors”). </li></ul>

×