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Cancer in Africa - a Rights-based Public Health Approach


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Cancer in Africa - a Rights-based Public Health Approach

  1. 1. Cancer in Africa:A rights-based public health approach Dr. Christoph Hamelmann Regional Practice Leader HIV, Health and Development UNDP Europe and Central Asia EPP Group Hearing ‘Cancer in Africa’ Session I: The problem of health care in Africa; role of different organizations of fighting diseases in Africa Brussels, 27 June 2012
  2. 2. Cancer: A Public Health Challenge in Africa Age-standardized incidence of all cancers (excluding non- melanoma skin cancer) per 100,000 WHO Global Status Report On Non-Communicable Diseases 2010
  3. 3. Health is a Basic Human Right UN 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 25 UN 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights • Right of everyone to the highest sustainable standard of health • Prevention, treatment, careEleanor Roosevelt with United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and support • Signed by 160 countries, 2011
  4. 4. Global Commitment and Coordination
  5. 5. International and National Strategies Primary Prevention Example: • Environmental, socio-ecomomic and behavioural risk factor reduction • Vaccinations against infections associated with cancer • Multi-sectoral approach
  6. 6. International and National Strategies Secondary Prevention Treatment, Care and Support• Universal access to • Universal access to screening primary, secondary and• Universal access to early tertiary service levels and diagnostis referral models Health Systems Approach addressing: • Inequities • Gender imbalances
  7. 7. We Need Solutions: Sustainable Financing Global Cancer Fund ???? National Health Financing Systems
  8. 8. We Need Solutions: Affordable Medicines Target 8.E: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
  9. 9. We Need Solutions: Quality and Efficiency• Improved governance: Integrity in the health sector• Improved management: Defined standards and accountable implementation, public- private mix• Inclusive and equitable services• Client and patient orientation
  10. 10. Investment in Health – Investment in Sustainable Development Social Economic justice growth• Risk pooling • GDP• Universal access • Employment to health services • Human productivity Environmental protection • Link with primary prevention • ‘Greening’ of health services
  11. 11. Learn from Other Global Health Initiatives ‘Nothing about us without us!’Empowering people, involving civil society
  12. 12. A Rights-Based Public Health ApproachCancer can be prevented and treated in Africa
  13. 13. Thank you