Border Management and Development: Remittance and Migration Linkages

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UNDP presentation, Alessandra Bravi & Ben Slay, Senior Economist Office, UNDP Bratislava Regional Center, in Odessa, 19 July 2011

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Border Management and Development: Remittance and Migration Linkages

  1. 1. Border management and development: Remittance and migration linkages<br />Alessandra Bravi<br />Ben Slay<br />Senior Economist Office<br />UNDP Bratislava Regional Center<br />http://europeandcis.undp.org/senioreconomist<br />Odessa<br />19 July 2011<br />
  2. 2. Presentation objectives<br />Briefly explore linkages between border management, development, migration, and remittances<br />Provide a short overview of key trends, issues in remittances, migration in Europe and Central Asia<br />Present services, support UNDP regional senior economist’s office can offer in these areas<br />
  3. 3. Broader context: Border management and development<br />
  4. 4. Why do people move?<br /><ul><li>Mobility vs international migration: when borders matter
  5. 5. Colonial expansion: need for land, fiscal incentives
  6. 6. Forced movements: wars, resettlements, natural disasters
  7. 7. Looking for better opportunities: migrant workers</li></li></ul><li>Top 10 destination countries of Eastern Europe and Central AsiaStock of migrants by destination country 2000, 2005 and 2010( absolute numbers in thousands)<br />BOMCA<br />EUBAM<br />SCIBM <br />22 million migrants in Eastern Europe + CIS<br />Source: DESA, UN Migration Statistics.<br />
  8. 8. …for the same countries Stock of migrants by destination country 2000, 2005 and 2010( in % of total population)<br />Source: DESA, UN Migration Statistics.<br />
  9. 9. Top 10 destination countries of Eastern Europe and Central AsiaStock of migrants by destination country 2000, 2005 and 2010( in % of total population)<br />Source: DESA, UN Migration Statistics.<br />
  10. 10. The movement of people is often accompanied by movement of financial flows in the opposite direction<br />
  11. 11. Global remittance inflows 2000-2010e (in billions usd)<br />440 bln $<br />YOY growth rates (%)<br />Source: IMF Balance of Payment Report Yearbook 2010.<br />
  12. 12. Regional remittance inflows CEE&CIS 2000-2010e (in billions usd) <br />52 bln $<br />YOY growth rates (%)<br />Source: IMF Balance of Payment Report Yearbook 2010.<br />
  13. 13. Remittance outflows EU(in billions usd)<br />99 bln $<br />59 bln $<br />Source: EUROSTAT, exchange rate annual average OANDA.<br />
  14. 14. Russia: remittance outflows 2002-2010 (in billions usd)<br /> 63% 63% 75% 74% 81% 85% 86% 84% 85% <br />20 bln $<br />17 bln $<br />Source: Russia Central Bank, quarterly data up to QI 2011<br />@ senior economist vulnerability database<br />
  15. 15. Kazakhstan: remittance outflows 2003-2010 (in billions usd)<br />3bln $<br />YOY growth rates (%)<br />Source: National Bank of Kazakhstan, quarterly data up to QIV 2010<br />@ senior economist vulnerability database<br />
  16. 16. Remittance inflows as a share of GDP, 2007-2010, Tajikistan<br />48%<br />Source: UNDP Tajikistan-IMF, monthly data up to May 2011<br />@ senior economist vulnerability database<br />GDP data from IMF-WEO report April 2011<br />
  17. 17. Remittance inflows as a share of GDP, 2005-2010<br />Moldova<br />Ukraine<br /> 31% 35% 34% 31% 22% 23% <br />Source: National Bank of Moldova (Balance of Payment), <br />quarterly data up to QIV 2010<br />@ the senior economist vulnerability database<br />GDP data from IMF-WEO report April 2011<br />Source: National Bank of Ukraine (Balance of Payment),<br />quarterly data up to QIV 2010<br />@ senior economist vulnerability database<br />GDP data from IMF-WEO report April 2011<br />
  18. 18. Remittance inflows as a share of GDP, 2006-2010<br />Armenia<br /> Georgia<br />19% 19% 19% 18% 17%<br />4% 4% 3% 3% 3%<br />Source: IFAD Remittance Gateway for Armenia and Georgia, <br />IMF BoPstatistics for Azerbaijan.<br />GDP data from IMF-WEO report April 2011<br />
  19. 19. Remittance inflows as a share of GDP, 2005-2010, Kyrgyzstan<br />12%<br />Source: National Bank of Kyrgyzstan (Balance of Payment), monthly data up to May 2011<br />@ senior economist vulnerability database<br />GDP data from IMF-WEO report April 2011<br />
  20. 20. National, sub-national data on changes in remittances into—and migration from—Kyrgyzstan in 2010<br />Areas of ethnic conflict in May-June 2010<br />Sources: State Statistical Committee, National Bank; UNDP calculations.<br />
  21. 21. What can we offer?<br />UNDP Senior Economist office:<br />Support country office on migration-remittance related projects<br /><ul><li>Data
  22. 22. Analysis and Fast Facts
  23. 23. Experts on the move
  24. 24. D&T publication</li></ul>www.developmentandtransition.net<br />
  25. 25. Regional research bulletin, Europe and Central Asia<br />Provides UN, independent views on development, transition, policy issues<br />Disseminates lessons of successful UN projects<br />Distributed to:<br />All UNDP staff in Europe, Central Asia region<br />4000 external subscribers <br />This issue is available at<br />http://www.developmentandtransition.net/Arkhiv.71+M54a708de802.0.html<br />Next issue (July 2011): Integrated local development<br />
  26. 26. Please tell us what we can do more or better….<br />Send us an email @ <br />alessandra.bravi@undp.org<br />ben.slay@undp.org<br />Leave a comment on our research @ <br />http://europeandcis.undp.org/senioreconomist<br />Comment on our Blog Posts @<br />http://europeandcis.undp.org/blog<br />Send us your research, blog post, ideas @<br />alessandra.bravi@undp.org<br />

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