U id aos ne N tn  t   iSasc Dv i tii i s n  tts ioMa r ok r s n acm lh et j w r a a ad co p sm n  o     e         i    s  ...
U i dN t n Saii Dv i nt ai s ttt s i s n   e    o    sc  io D pr n o E oo c n Sc l f i  eat t f cn mia d oi A f r     me  ...
Statistical ClassificationsClassifications form the basis for data collection and data dissemination in every area of stat...
Recently revised classifications such as ISIC and                statistics, economics, demographics, education, socialCPC...
Dissemination of Global StatisticsWhile the other four branches of the Statistics Division focus their data collection and...
industrial production, international merchandise trade,Data Compilation and Dissemination                                 ...
Distributive Trade StatisticsThe Distributive Trade Statistics programme of the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) ...
2008) being updated in parallel with IRDTS 2008 and the              countries. The first workshop was organized inSystem ...
Energy StatisticsEnergy statistics encompass basic energy statistics and energy balances aiming to describe how energy pro...
Practical guidance for the implementation of IRES willbe provided in the Energy Statistics Compilers Manual               ...
Environment statisticsEnvironment statistics describe the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the state and changes of...
Technical cooperation and capacity                                                              building                  ...
A strategic Framework for Strengthening Capacity in the            implementation of integrated environmental andDevelopme...
Environmental-Economic AccountingEnvironmental-economic accounting is a multi-purpose system for environmental information...
and, recognizing significant demand from the users’               thirty-sixth session in 2005, established the United Nat...
accounting is a relatively new area of statistics. In              recognized the SEEA-Water as a coherent and valuableadd...
Gender statisticsThe Statistics Division’s work on gender statistics was initiated in the early 1980s. The programme has b...
Compilation and dissemination of                                    The World’s Women: Trends and Statistics, 1970-1990.  ...
in the concepts and methods, and challenges in data                  agencies providing both technical and financial contr...
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
United Nations Statistic Division
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United Nations Statistic Division

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Classifications form the basis for data collection and data dissemination in every area of statistics. They provide standardized concepts used to describe phenomena such as economic activity, products, expenditures, occupation or health. They are necessary to consistently measure these phenomena within and across countries and geographical regions. International reference classifications set standards for internationally comparable classifications, which serve as models for the development of corresponding national, multinational and regional statistical classifications and form the basis for internationally comparable data. They are tools that are used by national statistical organizations, international agencies, academia and other users, including the legal community.

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United Nations Statistic Division

  1. 1. U id aos ne N tn t iSasc Dv i tii i s n tts ioMa r ok r s n acm lh et j w r a a ad co p sm n o e i s Casi t n l ic i s s f ao Ds m nt n f l aSasc i e i i o Go l tii s ao b tts Dsi t e r e ir u v Ta tb i d E e y tii nr Sasc g tts E v om nSasc ni n et tii r tts E v om n l cnm c con n ni n et- oo iA cut g r aE i G neSasc edr tiitts G optlnom t n esaaIfr ao i i Idsy tii nut Sasc r tts Ifr ao Tcnl y nom t n eho g i o It nt nl r ad e r e n raoaMe hni Ta e i c s d It nt nl r en e i s n T ui n raoaTa iSr c ad orm e i d ve s Mien mD vl m nG a lni l u ee p et ol o s N t nl con aoaA cut i s P pli ad os g esss ou t n n H ui C nue ao n S c l tii oi Sasc a tts 21 01U IE N TO S NT D A IN A vni t g blt ii lyt dac gh l as ttass m n e o a sc e
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  3. 3. Statistical ClassificationsClassifications form the basis for data collection and data dissemination in every area of statistics. They providestandardized concepts used to describe phenomena such as economic activity, products, expenditures, occupationor health. They are necessary to consistently measure these phenomena within and across countries andgeographical regions. International reference classifications set standards for internationally comparableclassifications, which serve as models for the development of corresponding national, multinational and regionalstatistical classifications and form the basis for internationally comparable data. They are tools that are used bynational statistical organizations, international agencies, academia and other users, including the legal community.Classifications in UNSD version of ISIC that includes: the production and distribution of information and cultural products; the Within UNSD, the development of classifications provisions and means to transmit these products; as well has been an integral part of its work programme as information technology, data processing and other from the beginning. The first session of the information service activities. Additionally, since services Statistical Commission after its inaugural meeting are absorbing an ever larger share of economic activity, saw a Committee on Industrial Classifications this has been reflected in ISIC and the CPC through elected to formulate proposals for an international increasing their visibility - a larger part of the structure standard classification of industry. The Statistical and more detailed categories have been committed to Commission has accorded constant attention to this their representation. area, recognizing that an “essential requisite for any International standard classifications are designed to be real comparability is the greatest possible extent of used in their original state or can be adapted to national uniformity of definitions and classifications”. The specifics. Using them instead of developing a national Expert Group on International Economic and Social classification from scratch, saves national statistical Classifications, with UNSD functioning as secretariat, offices financial and technical resources and facilitates provides global leadership in this area of statistics. international comparability of definitions and data.Why adopt classifications standards? Where does your country stand? International reference classifications function as Classifications are an essential mechanism for harmonization “international languages” for communicating in and coordination of data compilations. As a result, they statistics. If you wish your national data to be facilitate a country’s inclusion in global statistical datasets. understood, appreciated, used or quoted widely, When international reference standards are not employed, international reference classifications are an national statistical offices risk their data not being comparable important tool. with those of other countries and miss out on opportunities to They facilitate international comparability by see how their statistical indicators compare with overall world providing standardized sets of categories which can development. They forego the opportunity to promote their be assigned to specific variables. These categories’ data, and subsequently their country, when their data cannot definitions are widely accepted and understood. be published within the internationally recognizable frameworks. Classifications remain an important aspect of International reference classifications for which collaboration and coordination efforts in the presentation of UNSD is custodian, such as the International data. Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) and the Central Product In preparing national statistics, the best possible tools should Classification (CPC) are updated or revised be used for describing the economy. This often means that periodically to ensure their relevance to current the international standards must be adapted to national economic structures. economic conditions for better relevance and applicability. This will facilitate the use of the classification as an Attention is paid to new trends in technology and appropriate tool for policy development and policy analysis. differing economic structures over time. For The majority of countries make use of the international example, a new section on Information and reference classifications in this manner. communication has been introduced into the latest 3
  4. 4. Recently revised classifications such as ISIC and statistics, economics, demographics, education, socialCPC have been developed after extensive welfare, labour, health, geography, environment or tourism. Itcollaboration and consultation with counterpart also includes those classifications on similar subjects that areclassifications developers. Stakeholders such as derived or related to the international reference classificationsnational statistical offices, international agencies and and are primarily, but not solely, used for regional or nationala cross section of users have been involved in all purposes.phases of their development. This included three Membership in the Family confers legitimacy on the registeredrounds of world-wide consultation as well as a series classifications. It certifies that such classifications areof regional workshops where stakeholders provided technically defensible and have adhered to basic principles ininput into the discussion regarding concepts, structure their development and implementation. They are thereforeand detail of the classifications. The resulting regarded as models in the area of statistical classifications.structures and organization of the classifications aretherefore truly global in nature. There is a strong collaborative element to the development of classifications within the Family. The recent round of international classification revisions, completed in 2008, includesTechnical cooperation – what is ISIC Rev. 4, CPC Ver. 2, the Standard International Tradeavailable? Classification (SITC Rev.4), the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08), and other classifications within the Balance of Payments Manual (BPM 6)Technical assistance for classifications is available in a and the System of National Accounts. Collaboration in theirvariety of forms: development was sustained over the entire revision process.Website: A United Nations Classifications Website is Correspondence tables between classifications within the Familymaintained as part of the UNSD website at are important tools and have been developed in the context ofhttp://unstats.un.org/unsd/class/. The website provides the revision process. They provide enhanced means forinformation on meetings and workshops on harmonization and coordination of statistics.classifications, updated classification structures(including corrections), indices and correspondencetables for a variety of classifications, as well as Did you know?information on classifications interpretations maintainedin the Registry. ● The Statistical Commission deliberated on statistical classifications at its first meeting after the inaugural session.Classifications Newsletter: A newsletter is publishedbi-annually, providing information on the latest ● The development of statistical classifications fordevelopments in the area of international statistical economic analysis was receiving the attention of the Leagueclassifications. of Nations even before the United Nations was set up.Classifications Hotline: An electronic hotline is ● The International Standard Industrial Classification of Allavailable at chl@un.org to provide assistance with Economic Activities (ISIC) has been adopted as a standardregard to the interpretation, structure and use of for data collection since 1948.classifications under custodianship of UNSD, such asISIC, CPC and the Classifications of Expenditure ● The Statistical Commission has recommended that allAccording to Purpose. Member states adapt their national classifications to be able to report data at least at the two-digit level of ISIC, Rev. 4Expert meetings: The Expert Group on International without loss of information.Economic and Social Classifications meets biennially toset guidelines, review progress and coordinate ● The number of categories at the most detailed level in ISICinternational work in the development and has increased by 271% since the initial version was published inimplementation of statistical classifications. 1948, while the number of such categories in the CPC has increased by 51% since the initial version in 1989, reflecting aWorkshops: UNSD organizes workshops, sometimes growing need for more detailed comparable statistics.jointly with regional commissions and other agencies ofthe United Nations, to provide countries with informationon the development and implementation of economic Contact the Industrial and Energy Statistics Section forand social classifications. enquiries at chl@un.org. Website: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/classWhat is the International Family ofEconomic and Social classifications?The International Family of Economic and SocialClassifications is comprised of reference classificationsthat have been reviewed and approved as guidelines bythe United Nations Statistical Commission or othercompetent intergovernmental boards on such matters as 4
  5. 5. Dissemination of Global StatisticsWhile the other four branches of the Statistics Division focus their data collection and dissemination activities onone or a few specific areas of statistics, the scope of the dissemination work of the Statistical Services Branchcovers the full range of statistical themes. Recognizing its unique and innovative service, UNdata hasMost Recent Developments received the 2010 UN21 Award for “Improvement in Client Services”. The UN Secretary-General presented the awardUNSD’s internet-based data service for the global user acknowledging this outstanding initiative to improve thecommunity – UNdata – which was launched in early delivery of the Organizations programmes and services. This2008, is fully equipped with all the functionalities for data award is the most recent example of the positive recognitionaccess, and its development team is continuously adding UNdata has received to date, demonstrating its value to thenew databases and features to further enhance user global statistical community.experience. The Statistics Division continues to organize its annual Data Managers’ Meeting. The third meeting was held in October 2010 for the community of international data managers to discuss common issues such as data quality, pricing policies, working with the private sector, as well as future initiatives and developments for the UNdata portal. Keeping with Tradition The United Nations Monthly Bulletin of Statistics (MBS) and the United Nations Statistical Yearbook (SYB) were two of the original pillars of the Statistics Division’s publications programme and the global statistical system. Originally prepared by and released as publications of the League of Nations in Geneva – the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics in 1919 and the then-titled International Statistical Year-Book in 1927 – these statistical compendiums began being produced and issued on a regular basis by the United Nations Statistical Office in New York in 1947 and 1949 respectively. By theUNdata brings numerous statistical databases within time the United Nations Statistical Commission meets for itseasy reach of users, free of charge, through a single 42nd session, over 800 editions of the Monthly Bulletin ofentry point (http://data.un.org/). Some of the tools Statistics and the Statistical Yearbook will have already goneprovided to aid research include Country Profiles, to press. These two bilingual (English and French)Advanced Search and Glossaries. Also, users can easily publications have consistently figured at or near the top of theaccess, through related links, the data resources of list of the “best sellers” of United Nations sales publications.national statistical offices. Currently, there are 32 Like the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics and the Statisticaldatabases and 6 glossaries containing over 60 million Yearbook, the World Statistics Pocketbook, which wasdata points and covering a wide range of themes produced for the first time in 1976, also covers a wide varietyincluding Agriculture, Education, Employment, Energy, of topics and is designed to serve a broad range of userEnvironment, Health, Human Development, Industry, groups.Information and Communication Technology, NationalAccounts, Population, Refugees, Tourism, Trade, as wellas the Millennium Development Goals indicators. 5
  6. 6. industrial production, international merchandise trade,Data Compilation and Dissemination international tourism and transport, labour force, manufacturing, national accounts, population, prices,These statistical products of the Branch aim at presenting, in research and development, and wages.a consistent way, the most essential components ofcomparable statistical information so as to give a broad The Statistical Yearbook is a sales product available in hardpicture of economic and social processes. The data have copy. PDF files of the latest Yearbook, as well as otherbeen drawn not only from in-house sources such as the recent editions, are available on the Statistical Yearbookdatabases of the various branches of the Statistics Division website at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/syb.which are responsible for compiling demographic and social,energy, environment, industry, national accounts and tradestatistics, but also from numerous other sources including World Statistics Pocketbooknational statistical offices, UN agencies, and otherinternational and specialized organizations. The World Statistics Pocketbook is an annual compilation of over 50 key economic,Coverage, Dissemination Formats and social and environmental indicators covering several years, presented in one-Accessibility page profiles for more than 200 countries and areas of the world on the following topics: agriculture, balance of payments, Monthly Bulletin of education, energy, environment, food, Statistics gender, health, industrial production, information and communication, international finance, international tourism, The Monthly Bulletin of Statistics international trade, labour, migration, presents current monthly and/or national accounts, population and prices. This popular sales quarterly statistics on more than product is available in hard copy, and in addition, the entire 200 countries and areas of the data series contained therein is presented online free of world. The Bulletin was one of charge as “Country Profiles” in UNdata and can also be the first international statistical found, in PDF format, on the World Statistics Pocketbook publications to become available website at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/ on the Internet and is currently pocketbook/. disseminated free of chargeonline (at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs/) in addition to itssubscription-based printed format. The statistics, which are Metadata and Qualitycollected from national and international sources of officialdata, cover the following topics: population, prices,employment and earnings, energy, mining, manufacturing, Comprehensive documentation on the data sources of thetransport, construction, international merchandise trade and statistics presented in the outputs of the Statistical Servicesfinance. In general, the available data for the latest 18 Branch is provided. Technical notes on concepts, definitions,months, along with annual averages of the months for the classifications and methodology as well as information onlast six years, are presented in over 50 tables in the print where to find more details from the data sources is given, inversion of the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics; the Monthly accordance with the Principles Governing InternationalBulletin of Statistics Online database contains several Statistical Activities, which recommend that “Concepts,additional data series (i.e. gross domestic product, retail definitions, classifications, sources, methods and procedurestrade indices and world food price indices) and a slightly employed in the production of international statistics arelonger time series. The most popular statistical series made transparent for the users”.consulted online are the consumer price indices, industrialproduction indices and total imports and exports. The team working on these products constantly strives to ensure that the selected data disseminated by the Statistical Services Branch are those of high relevance, accuracy,Statistical Yearbook timeliness, accessibility, comparability and coherence. The Statistical Services Branch contributes to the work of the The Statistical Yearbook presents, Expert Group on National Quality Assurance Frameworks in over 70 tables, annual data and has developed the group’s website as a platform for the ranging from one to ten years on exchange of information and experiences on national and over 200 countries and areas of the world. The topics covered international quality assurance work. For more information, are: agriculture, balance of see http://unstats.un.org/unsd/dnss/QualityNQAF/nqaf.aspx. payments, culture and communication, Contact the Statistical Services Branch for enquiries at development assistance, education, statistics@un.org. energy, environment, finance, gender, 6
  7. 7. Distributive Trade StatisticsThe Distributive Trade Statistics programme of the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) has evolved overmore than fifty years, changing and responding to different data needs and the changing economic environments.The adoption of the “International recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008” (IRDTS 2008) by the 39thsession of the United Nations Statistical Commission has set a new stage in the work of UNSD in this field. By usingcommon concepts, classifications, data sources and compilation methods with other fields of economic statisticssuch as industrial and construction statistics in an integrated manner, and by being consistent with therecommendations of the 2008 System of National Accounts (2008 SNA), IRDTS 2008 provides the comprehensivemethodological framework for collection and compilation of distributive trade statistics in all countries, irrespective oflevel of development of their statistical systems. guidelines for the collection, compilation and disseminationHistorical overview of distributive trade statistics. In 2005 the UNSD initiated the revision of the existingGrowing importance has been attached to statistics on recommendations on distributive trade statistics with thedistribution since the very first meetings of the Statistical objective of bringing the methodological and operationalCommission (SC), at which the Commission requested foundation of distributive trade statistics into line with thecontinued work on the subject of distribution censuses new economic developments, advances in statisticaland on statistics on wholesale and retail trade, giving approaches and methodologies, and needs of theparticular attention to the development of basic community of users in order to provide updated guidanceconcepts and definitions suitable for use internationally. to countries on the compilation and dissemination ofThe first Recommendations for the Statistics of the distributive trade data. This initiative was broadly endorsed thDistributive and Related Service Trades establishing a by the Statistical Commission at its 37 session in 2006.uniform pattern for their measurement on a comparable To obtain assistance and guidance during the revision thbasis were adopted at the 9 session of the process the UNSD established an Expert Group onCommission held in 1956. Distributive Trade Statistics (EG-DTS) in 2005 which held two meetings at the UN Headquarters in New York – inThe first international recommendations on distributive August 2005 and in July 2007. In order to facilitate theand related service trades served as a useful guide to communication between the EG-DTS members, acountries which had already undertaken surveys on password-protected website was also created to serve as adistributive trade. However, there were a number of discussion forum.issues which were not adequately dealt with in these threcommendations and needed to be reviewed and The United Nations Statistical Commission at its 39updated in light of the most recent national and session in 2008 adopted the draft Internationalinternational requirements and practices. In 1974, the Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008 asSC adopted the updated International Recommendations the new international recommendations in this field ofon Statistics of the Distributive Trades and Services. In statistics and agreed to its implementation programme.the same year, UNSD issued a manual on theOrganization and Conduct of Distributive Trade Surveysas a supplementary publication to the international International Recommendations forrecommendations. This manual is a practical guide to Distributive Trade Statistics 2008the planning and management of censuses and surveysof distributive trades and services, with particular The IRDTS 2008 has been developed within the context ofattention to the problems encountered by countries at an integrated approach to compilation of basic economicearly stage of statistical development. statistics and it is fully harmonized with theFor a period of more than 30 years both documents have recommendations of other recently updated internationalserved as the international recommendations and statistical standards such as the International Recommendations for Industrial Statistics 2008 (IRIS 7
  8. 8. 2008) being updated in parallel with IRDTS 2008 and the countries. The first workshop was organized inSystem of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA), collaboration with the African Center for Statistics (ACS) ofInternational Standard industrial Classification, Rev.4 the UNECA, and it took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia(ISIC,Rev.4), and Central Product Classification, Ver.2 from 27 to 30 May 2008. The second workshop was(CPC, Ver.2). It covers all aspects of collection, compilation organized in collaboration with the Economic andand dissemination of distributive trade statistics and Statistical Observatory for Sub-Saharan Africa (AFRISTAT)provides a more comprehensive methodological framework and took place in Bamako Mali from 17 to 20 June 2008.as it encompasses both annual and short-term statistics. It Both workshops were highly appreciated by participatingis also considerably expanded with the inclusion of new countries.topics dealing with data sources and data compilation The main purposes of the workshops were to present andmethods, approaches to data quality assessment, discuss the new recommendations; to review the state ofmetadata and dissemination policies. the compilation and dissemination of distributive trade statistics in African countries; and to identify the challenges and good practices in their collection, compilation and dissemination. The workshops were also intended to provide inputs for the preparation of future manuals that will provide practical guidance to compilers of distributive trade statistics. UNSD workshops on economic statistics in other regions conducted during the period 2009-2010 were also used for promoting the use and implementation of the IRDTS 2008 by developing countries. As part of the UNSD initiative for the establishment of the Knowledge base on Economic Statistics, national practices in collection and compilation of distributive trade statistics have been collected and included in that knowledge base. Distributive Trade IndicesThe IRDTS 2008 aimed to ensure the production ofdistributive trade statistics which are policy relevant, meet To complement the IRDTS 2008 and provide additionalthe demands of user community, timely, reliable, and guidance to compilers of distributive trade statistics on theirinternationally comparable. The resulting recommendations implementation the UNSD in consultation with the EG-DTSare applicable for all countries irrespective of the level of and the global statistical community prepared in 2010 adevelopment of their statistical systems. However, they are follow-up handbook on Indices of Distributive Trade: Anot intended to be prescriptive and should be implemented Handbook of Good Practices. The handbook is intended toby national statistical offices in a way appropriate to their identify and address critical issues and challenges faced byown circumstances, including the identified user needs, countries in the compilation and dissemination ofresources, priorities and respondent burden. distributive trade indices. It describes both the methodological aspects relevant to the compilation of valueIRDTS 2008 has been printed in all UN official languages. and volume indices of retail trade turnover and experiencesIts electronic version as well as other distributive trade of several countries with different statistical background instatistics documents are available from the UNSD website this area.at:http://unstats.un.org/unsd/trade/methodology%20DTS.htm Data Collection and DisseminationIRDTS 2008 Implementation Programme Retail trade indices were first collected in 2010 as part of the UNSD Monthly Bulletin of Statistics data collection programme. The Bulletin’s online database currentlyAt the request of the 39th session of the SC the UNSD disseminates retail trade deflated sales/turnoverinitiated a number of activities to promote the IRDTS 2008 (seasonally adjusted) indices for the latest 18 monthsand assist countries in their implementation, including the along with annual indices for selected number of countries.organization of regional training workshops, the collectionof national practices on distributive trade statistics and thepreparation of manuals and handbooks.In line with this programme the UNSD organized twoworkshops on distributive trade statistics for African 8
  9. 9. Energy StatisticsEnergy statistics encompass basic energy statistics and energy balances aiming to describe how energy productsare produced by human activities within a national territory, how they enter into and/or exit from that territory andhow they are used in it. Energy statistics are fundamental to monitor the energy situation both at national andinternational level and are the basis for sound energy policy making.International Recommendations for Given the importance of the legal and institutionalEnergy Statistics framework for the collection and compilation of energy statistics, recommendations are formulated to promote coordinated and efficient frameworks.Following the recommendations of the United NationsStatistical Commission at its thirty-seventh session (7- IRES provides recommendations on the general principles10 March 2006), UNSD has worked in the past five underpinning the compilation of energy balances. Ayears together with the Oslo Group on Energy Statistics template for the energy balance is presented in IRES inand the Intersecretariat Working Group on Energy detailed and aggregated form as a reference.Statistics (InterEnerStat) on the preparation of the IRES describes the main dimensions of energy data“International Recommendations for Energy Statistics” quality and provides recommendations on how to set up a(IRES). IRES will be submitted to the Statistical national energy data quality framework, including theCommission at its Forty-first session (22-25 February development and use of indicators of quality and the2011) for adoption. reporting on data quality and metadata.IRES has been developed to provide a firm foundation Recommendations on the dissemination of energyfor the long-term development of official energy statistics, in particular on how to address datastatistics based on the Fundamental Principles of confidentiality, release schedules, and dissemination ofOfficial Statistics and contains guidance on the metadata are now formulated in IRES, consistent withunderlying concepts, definitions and classifications as other frameworks.well as on data compilation and data dissemination inthe context of an integrated approach to economic In addition to concepts and definitions for energy statistics,statistics. IRES also lists examples of the use of energy statistics and its data items. IRES presents an explanation of theIRES represents a major achievement in energy conceptual relationships between balances, on the onestatistics at the international level: it provides for the first hand, and energy accounts of the System oftime a set of internationally agreed and harmonized Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), on the other,definitions of energy products, reflecting the work on in order to assist both compilers and users of energyharmonized definitions carried out by InterEnerStat and statistics. Examples of indicators relevant for energypresents the Standard International Energy statistics are also provided, as well as a reference to theClassification (SIEC) which will provide guidance for the importance of energy statistics for the calculation ofcollection, compilation and dissemination of energy Greenhouse gas emissionsstatistics and will facilitate the integration with otherstatistical domains. Correspondences with the Central The preparation of IRES is the result of an extensiveProduct Classification (CPC Ver. 2) and the Harmonized consultation with countries, regional and internationalSystem (HS 2007) have been developed as part of the organizations as well as expert groups such as the ExpertSIEC work. Group on International Economic and Social Classifications, the London Group on EnvironmentalIRES provides recommendations on the statistical units Accounting etc. A worldwide consultation on thefor use in data collection from both energy and non- development of IRES took place in two stages: the first onenergy industries. The reference list of data items for the scope and content of IRES; the second on thecollection (together with their definitions) is provided to provisional draft. After a detailed review of the provisionalreflect the specificity of each energy product and to draft IRES and the feedback from the second stage of theensure international comparability of the compiled worldwide consultation, the second Meeting of the Expertstatistics. Group on Energy Statistics (2-5 November 2010)IRES provides an overview of data sources (e.g., recommended its submission to the UN Statisticaladministrative data, surveys, etc.) and data collection Commission for adoption.and compilation methods relevant to energy statistics. 9
  10. 10. Practical guidance for the implementation of IRES willbe provided in the Energy Statistics Compilers Manual International Cooperation and Technical(ESCM). It is expected that the ESCM will contain Assistancefurther and more detailed explanations of therecommendations and provide practical guidance forcompilers by describing best practices applicable under UNSD is an active participant in a number of internationaldifferent circumstances. It is expected that the Oslo initiatives related to energy statistics, such as:Group on Energy Statistics will play a key role in the • The Oslo Group on Energy Statistics, a forum forpreparation of the ESCM. countries to discuss methodological issues and contribute to the methodological development of energy statistics.Data collection and dissemination • The Intersecretariat Working Group on Energy Statistics (InterEnerStat), a forum for organizationsUNSD began regular dissemination of country and engaged in the collection of energy statistics fromglobal energy statistics in 1952, with its first international countries (at the global, regional and sectoral level),time series “World Energy Supplies in Selected Years, as well as for major users of international energy1929–1950.” UNSD continues to compile and statistics, to enhance the coordination of internationaldisseminate energy statistics annually from more than energy statistics and the collaboration of international215 countries and territories. (global, regional and sectoral) organizations.The UNSD Energy Statistics Questionnaire, which • The Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI), a cooperativecovers production, trade, transformation and final effort of seven international organizations (APEC,consumption (end-use) of energy products, is sent to EUROSTAT, OECD/IEA, IEFS, OLADE, OPEC andnational statistical offices, ministries of energy or other UNSD) to report monthly statistics such as production,national authorities responsible for energy statistics. The trade, stocks and stock changes, and total demand ofQuestionnaire is the primary source of information for crude oil and selected petroleum products on athe UNSD Energy Statistics Database. Additional regular basis to support transparency in the oil marketsources of information for the database include national, and user-consumer dialogue.regional and international statistical publications. UNSDprepares estimates where official data are incomplete or • International cooperation with other internationalinconsistent. organizations (e.g. OECD/IEA and EUROSTAT), countries, non-governmental organizations as well asEnergy statistics are disseminated through two annual with the United Nations regional commissions andpublications: United Nations specialized agencies, such as the• The Energy Statistics Yearbook, which provides International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the comparable data on the supply and demand of Food and Agricultural Organization of the United energy products. It contains data in original physical Nations (FAO), on matters concerning energy units and in common units – tons of coal equivalent, statistics. tons of oil equivalent, or terajoules – to allow inter- Workshops on the compilation of energy statistics are fuel comparison. being organized to assist statisticians and energy• The Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles, which specialists in: improving their knowledge of energy provide a snapshot of the energy supply and use statistics and increasing their ability to provide energy data for a selected number of countries in a common for their governments, policy and decision makers, as well energy unit, as well as detailed information on as for international organizations. electricity capacity, generation, trade, losses and final consumption of electricity.Data from the Energy Statistics Database, from 1990 tothe most recent available year, are freely accessible Contact informationthrough the UNdata portal at http://data.un.org. Dataprior to 1990 are available upon request. Contact the Industrial and Energy Statistics SectionAs a result of the work on IRES, revisions to UNSD’s for enquiries at energy_stat@un.org.annual questionnaire on energy statistics are expected Website: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/energyto reflect the updated recommendations. In addition,UNSD is working toward the development of a jointquestionnaire with IEA and other relevant organizationsin order to reduce response burden on countries andfacilitate data exchange. 10
  11. 11. Environment statisticsEnvironment statistics describe the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the state and changes of the environmentand its interaction with human activities and natural events. Environment statistics are integrative, measure humanactivities and natural events that affect the environment, monitor the impacts on the environment and the socialresponses to environmental impacts. Environment statistics is an emerging statistical field in official statistics inmost countries and it is indispensable for evidence based policies and decision making to support sustainabledevelopment.Towards a revised framework for the will feed into the FDES revision and provide the basisdevelopment of environment statistics for the core set of environment statistics.and a core set of environmentstatistics Collection and dissemination of global environment statistics and indicatorsUNSD developed a Framework for the Developmentof Environment Statistics (FDES) that was published The Statistical Commission in 1995 approved the proposalin 1984. The FDES presented a systematic approach by the Intergovernmental Working Group on theto the organization and development of environment Advancement of Environment Statistics that UNSD carry outstatistics. It was accompanied by two technical reports a global compilation of environmental indicators fromwhich described detailed sets of statistical variables national statistical services, based on a core set of indicators.within the FDES entitled Concepts and Methods of UNSD embarked on the collection of environment statisticsEnvironment Statistics: Human Settlements Statistics from national statistical offices in 1999, covering all non-published in 1988 and Concepts and Methods of OECD/Eurostat countries. The data collection has sinceEnvironment Statistics: Statistics of the Natural been established on a biennial basis as part of UNSD’s dataEnvironment published in 1991. The FDES was collection programme. UNEP joined the data collection inconsidered a successful framework that has been 2004. The most recent round of data collection took place inused by many countries. 2010 and the responses can be seen in the map below showing the coverage of UNSD environmental dataThe Statistical Commission at its forty-first session in collections. The next round of data collection from the2010 endorsed a work programme to revise the countries will take place in March 2012.FDES, based on improved scientific knowledge aboutthe environment and new requirements created by The UNSD/UNEP Questionnaire on Environment Statisticsemerging environmental concerns. Linked to the covers the areas of water, air, land and waste. The last threerevision of the FDES a programme to develop a core data collections focused on water and waste. Responseset of environment statistics was also endorsed. The rates vary strongly by region. The best response rates arerevision is organized over the period 2010-2012 and from Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, andimplemented by UNSD with the help of the ExpertGroup on the Revision of the FDES. Asia. Africa and the Pacific show low response rates.An assessment of different theories and approaches, While the number of countries responding with data to theinternational and country practices, and data Questionnaire has increased since 1999, many countries stillrequirements created by international conventions, have only scattered data and are able to reply only on a limited number of variables. 11
  12. 12. Technical cooperation and capacity building Following a thorough validation process UNSD has organized and facilitated several selected data sets, international, regional, sub-regional and national training together with data from workshops, meetings and seminars in the field of OECD, Eurostat and environmental statistics and indicators. In addition, other sources, are technical assistance in environment statistics through published by UNSD statistical capacity building projects was provided in the through two main web- CARICOM, ESCWA and ECOWAS regions. Within based products: the these projects, several activities were undertaken UNSD Environmental including workshops, inter-country study tours, and Indicators and Country direct technical assistance to selected countries. Snapshots. A major output of the CARICOM project was a regional Ten themes have been publication entitled The CARICOM Environment in selected to organize the Figures 2002, which was followed by a second one forcurrent set of UNSD Environmental Indicators: Air and 2004, and the next regional compendium is planned forClimate; Biodiversity; Energy and Minerals; Forests; 2011. UNSD has continued to provide technicalGovernance; Inland Water Resources; Land and assistance in this subject to the CARICOM SecretariatAgriculture; Marine and Coastal Areas; Natural and its Member States.Disasters; and Waste. The Country Snapshots includemany of the indicators from the UNSD Environmental The ESCWA and ECOWAS projects resulted in theIndicators list, as well as other economic and publication of detailed assessments of the situation ofdemographic background information. environment statistics in the countries of these two regions. 12
  13. 13. A strategic Framework for Strengthening Capacity in the implementation of integrated environmental andDevelopment and Institutionalisation of Environment economic accounting and indicators of sustainableStatistics in the ECOWAS Region was developed and is development.being implemented by the ECOWAS Secretariat. While work at UNSD concentrated on conceptualParallel with ongoing methodological work on the FDES frameworks, indicators and environmental-economicand the core set of environment statistics UNSD is accounting, the UN-ECE Statistics Division pioneeredcurrently developing a long-term training and work on standard environment statistics classifications.implementation plan to assist countries in establishing Environment statistics programmes also started atenvironment statistics as part of their official statistics OECD and later at Eurostat, focusing on data collectionsystem. and indicator development. In the late 1990’s UNSD embarked on data collection.Coordination of international activities The first global collection of environment statistics was launched in 1999 and since then it has been establishedin environment statistics on a biennial basis. In 2000 most countries signed the MillenniumThe Statistical Commission at its thirty-fourth session in Declaration and committed themselves to reach the2003 empowered UNSD to convene an Intersecretariat declaration’s goals and targets by 2015, including GoalWorking Group on Environment Statistics (IWG-ENV) to 7 on environmental sustainability, using 10 globallycoordinate and harmonize methodological work, data agreed environmental indicators to monitor progress.collection, dissemination, training and capacity buildingprogrammes in environment statistics. The permanent The World Summit on Sustainable Developmentmembers of the IWG-ENV are those organisations that (Johannesburg, August 2002) put the emphasis onhave well-established international programmes on reaching specific targets in specific time frames andenvironment statistics (current members are UNSD, UN- monitoring progress, thus reaffirming the need forECE, UN-ECLAC, UN-ESCWA, UNEP, OECD, Eurostat statistics, indicators and integrated information systemsand FAO). The IWG-ENV also works through thematic that measure and track progress.sub-groups as needed. Ecosystem assessments, climate negotiations and discussions of measuring progress and green growthMilestones in the history of are recent developments that have a major influence on current work in environment statistics.environment statisticsThe United Nations Conference on the Human Information on the WebEnvironment (Stockholm, June 1972) was the first globalconference to signal that environmental concerns had ENVSTATS, Environment Statistics News and Notesincreasingly become the subject of mainstream report about national, regional and international eventssocioeconomic policies and developments in environment statistics at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/newsletters.htmThe first initiatives pertaining to the development ofenvironment statistics at the international level stemmed For more on ongoing methodological work infrom two meetings of the Economic Commission for environment statistics, questionnaires, indicators,Europe (ECE) in 1973. Given the global environmental country data, access to data sources and publicationsconcerns, a draft programme of international work in visit http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/default.htmenvironment statistics was first submitted to theStatistical Commission at its eighteenth session in 1974. Contact addressThe second major global conference in theenvironmental field was the United Nations Conferenceon Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, June Environment Statistics Section1992) where a groundbreaking consensus was United Nations Statistics Divisionachieved that strategies of sustainable development 2 UN Plaza, DC2-1418should integrate environmental issues into development New York, NY 10017, United Statesplans and policies. Specific recommendations by Fax: + 1 212 963 0623Agenda 21 to UNSD referred to the development and E-mail: envstats@un.org 13
  14. 14. Environmental-Economic AccountingEnvironmental-economic accounting is a multi-purpose system for environmental information. It brings togethereconomic and environmental information in a common framework to measure the contribution of the environmentto the economy and the impact of the economy on the environment. By using common concepts, definitions andclassifications, the SEEA provides a transparent information system for strategic planning and policy analysis inparticular for natural resources management, sustainability, and climate change analysis.Towards an international statistical Commission in 2011. The global consultation on the chaptersstandard for environmental-economic will begin this spring.accounting and supporting statistics The SEEA revision process is a global exercise under the management and supervision of the United NationsThe statistical community has agreed on an urgent need Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economicto mainstream environmental-economic accounting and Accounting (UNCEEA). A project management frameworkrelated statistics within national statistical systems to that describes the governance, resources, deliverables andrespond to increasing policy demands. To this end, the timelines for this process has been agreed by the StatisticalUnited Nations Statistical Commission decided to Commission.elevate the Handbook of National Accounting: The revised SEEA will build upon its predecessors, theIntegrated Environmental and Economic Accounting SEEA-2003 and the SEEA-1993.(SEEA) to an international statistical standard. • The SEEA-2003 was issued in 2003 by the UnitedThe revised SEEA will be the statistical standard for Nations, the European Commission, the Internationalenvironmental-economic accounting as the System of Monetary Fund, the Organization of EconomicNational Accounts is the statistical standard for Cooperation and Development, and the World Bank. Iteconomic accounts. It will provide internationally agreed represented a major step forward in the development ofrecommendations expressed in terms of concepts, environmental-economic accounting but did not providedefinitions, classifications, accounting rules and unique recommendations to several issues.standard tables in order to obtain internationalcomparability of environmental-economic accounts and • In 1993 the United Nations published the Handbook ofsupporting statistics. The revised SEEA facilitates National Accounting: Integrated Environmental andanalysis and policy-making for all countries, regardless Economic Accounting or SEEA-1993. As the discussionof industrial structure or stage of economic development. of concepts and methods had not come to a final conclusion the SEEA-1993 was issued as an "interim"The SEEA is comprised of three parts. Part I will be put version.forward for adoption as an international standard by theStatistical Commission at its 43rd Session in 2012. Part • A suite of publications has been developed on specificII will introduce the conceptual framework for resources or SEEA modules, including SEEA-Water,‘ecosystem accounts’. Part III will provide information for SEEA-Energy and international recommendations forguiding policy applications. water and energy in order to elaborate in detail on these themes and support the wider SEEA revision.Part II is currently under development by UNSD inpartnership with the World Bank and the EuropeanEnvironmental Agency, among others, and will be SEEA-Water and Internationalavailable for endorsement by the international statistical Recommendations for Water Statisticscommunity in 2013, one year following the expectedadoption of Part I. Part III is also being developed in The System of Environmental-Economic Accounting forparallel and the SEEA is expected to be published as a Water (SEEA-Water) provides a conceptual framework forcomplete volume in early 2013, organizing the hydrological and economic information in aA set of recommendations on a list of issues for Part I coherent and consistent framework. The UN Statisticalwas developed on the basis of global consultation and Commission at its thirty-eighth session in 2007 adopted thehas been submitted for endorsement by the Statistical SEEA-Water as an interim international statistical standard 15
  15. 15. and, recognizing significant demand from the users’ thirty-sixth session in 2005, established the United Nationscommunity, encouraged its implementation in countries. Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting (UNCEEA). Membership of UNCEEA consists ofThe International Recommendations for Water Statistics countries and international organizations.(IRWS) has been developed as part of the UNSDregular work programme to assist countries in the The objectives of the UNCEEA are to (a) mainstreamestablishment and strengthening of an information environmental-economic accounting and related statistics; (b)system for water in support of Integrated Water elevate the SEEA to an international statistical standard byResources Management. 2012; and (c) advance the SEEA implementation in countries.In addition to the development of IRWS, the The UNCEEA is chaired by Mr. Peter Harper, Deputyimplementation strategy identified the development of Australian Statistician, Australian Bureau of Statistics. UNSDguidelines on data collection and compilation material; serves as its permanent Secretariat. The UNCEEA has alsoof training and promotion material; of a technical established a Bureau consisting of senior statisticians, tocooperation programme consisting of regional activities assist the UNCEEA with the oversight and day-to-dayas well as pilot projects in selected countries in various management of the projects under its responsibility.regions. London Group on EnvironmentalSEEA-Energy AccountingThe System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for The London Group is a city group established by theEnergy (SEEA-Energy) is currently being developed by Statistical Commission in 1994 to allow practitioners to shareUNSD in cooperation with the London Group on experiences developing and implementing environmentalEnvironmental Accounting and under the auspices of accounts linked to the System of National Accounts. Itthe UNCEEA. It will provide the international statistical convened its first meeting in March 1994 in London, England.standard for energy accounts. Since its establishment, the London Group on Environmental Accounting has played a leading role in advancing theThe SEEA-Energy will consist of agreed concepts, methodologies on environmental-economic accounting.definitions, classifications and inter-related tables andaccounts related to energy. It will also elaborate on the The London Group on Environmental Accounting madelinks between energy balances and energy accounts. substantial contributions to resolving the technical issues for the revision of the SEEA. The Group is chaired by Mark deFollowing the same model as SEEA-Water and IRWS, Haan, Statistics Netherlands.the SEEA-Energy has been developed in coordinationwith the International Recommendations for EnergyStatistics (IRES). Both the IRES and SEEA-Energy will Global Assessmentprovide countries with guidance on how to organize andimprove the energy statistics programmes to meet To assess the status of the implementation of theenergy policy demands. environment statistics and environmental-economic accounting programmes in countries and the role of NSOs inSEEA-Fisheries these programmes, UNSD launched a global assessment under the auspices of the UNCEEA.In 2005, the Handbook of National Accounting: The Global Assessment of Environment Statistics andIntegrated Environmental and Economic Accounting for Environmental-Economic Accounting was carried out in twoFisheries (SEEAF) was issued jointly by UNSD and the phases. Phase 1 was conducted in 2006 to obtain a generalFAO Fisheries Department. The handbook is a manual overview of the status of the implementation and scope ofof best practices and provides guidelines on environment statistics and environmental-economicenvironmental-economic accounting for capture accounting programmes in countries. Phase 2 wasfisheries and aquaculture. conducted for selected resources or modules to obtain a more in-depth understanding of country practices.UNCEEA The Global Assessment Phase 1 indicated that a considerable number of countries — about half of theAcknowledging the rising importance and demand for countries that responded to the assessment (49 countries) —environmental-economic accounting on the international have an environmental-economic accounting programme.statistical agenda, the Statistical Commission, at its This is noteworthy considering that environmental-economic 16
  16. 16. accounting is a relatively new area of statistics. In recognized the SEEA-Water as a coherent and valuableaddition, about 20 countries which are not currently framework for developing national integrated informationcompiling environmental-economic accounts indicated systems for water.that they are planning to start with their compilation in The Conference of the International Association of Officialthe near future. Statistics on Official Statistics and the Environment, held inPhase 2 of the Global Assessment of Energy Statistics Chile in October 2010, provided an excellent opportunity toand Balances was carried out in 2007. Modules on promote SEEA within the international statistical community.energy accounts and on water statistics and accounts One of the keynote presentations, made by the Chair of thewere carried out in 2008. The results of these studies Committee of Experts, demonstrated how SEEA provides aare available as background documents to the Fortieth system’s approach for informing environmental-economicSession of the Statistical Commission (held in February policy. The Conference also included sessions on the SEEA2009). and a number of other presentations directly relevant to SEEAThe Global Assessment of Water Accounts indicatedthat the number of countries compiling water accounts In addition to developing Part III of the revised SEEA onhas risen to 33 (from 22 in 2006) with additional 14 policy applications, the UNCEEA considers it important tocountries indicating that they had plans to implement ensure that the SEEA is recognized as the monitoring andthem in the following two years. evaluating framework for various policy frameworks, including, for example, the green economy and green growth projectsThe Global Assessment of Energy Accounts indicated and in the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Developmentan increasing interest in energy accounts (20 of the 38 (Rio +20). Glossy publication describing the relevance of theresponding countries are compiling energy accounts SEEA as the monitoring framework for Sustainableand 18 countries indicated plans to expand or start Consumption and Production, Climate Change and Water arecompiling energy accounts in the following two years. being developed under the auspices of the UNCEEA.The Assessment also identified the lack ofmethodological standards as one of the most pressingimpeding factors in the implementation. Technical assistancePromotion/Dissemination UNSD is active in providing assistance to developing countries. As a result of the adoption of the SEEA-Water and the IRWS as standards, its focus has been on theOne of the tasks of the UNCEEA is to promote the implementation of the SEEA-Water and the improvement ofSEEA within the statistical community as well as in the water statistics.users’ community. To this end, a web-based knowledgeplatform has been established. With the assistance of an Inter-regional Adviser, UNSD has(http://unstats.un.org/unsd/envaccounting/ceea). provided regional training workshops in all regions bringing together statisticians and water experts.The platform features events and activities in the field ofenvironmental accounting and a searchable archive of Selected countries received assistance in developing andpublications. The archive contains over 300 strengthening their programmes on water accounting andmethodological publications and country practices on statistics. These countries included Brazil, China, Dominicanenvironmental-economic accounting. Republic, Egypt, Guatemala, Oman, Mexico, Jordan, Lebanon, Namibia, and South Africa.The SEEA News and Notes is a newsletter that servesas the official vehicle to widely disseminate on-going For enquiries please contact the Environmental-Economicactivities in environmental-economic accounting. Accounts Section at: seea@un.org.Close cooperation with stakeholder communities arebeing fostered continuously. Continued efforts topromote the SEEA-Water and the InternationalRecommendations for Water Statistics (IRWS) withinthe statistical and the water communities are on-going.In August 2011, UNSD will organize sessions andtraining courses as part of the Water Theme Day at the th58 World Statistics Congress of the InternationalStatistical Institute (ISI) in Dublin, Ireland with theparticipation of experts from the water community. This this a follow up to the 5 World Water Forum which 17
  17. 17. Gender statisticsThe Statistics Division’s work on gender statistics was initiated in the early 1980s. The programme has beengeared to users’ needs, and has provided technical support to women’s and gender units of the United Nationsfunds and programmes, statistical units of regional organizations, and national statistical offices.Introduction Methodological workThe Statistics Division’s work on gender statistics was The methodological work in gender statistics has involvedinitiated in the early 1980s, mid-way into the United reviewing concepts and methods currently used in theNations Decade for Women: Equality, Development and collection of official statistics, and identifying ways ofPeace (1976-1985) and in response to the call for more integrating a gender perspective in order to avoid biases instatistics on the status of women. The programme has the data collection, presentation and dissemination. Severalbeen shaped by demands from four international manuals and reports have been prepared from these reviews.conferences on women and other conferences, such as The first was Improvingthe World Summit for Social Development (1995) and Concepts and Methods forthe International Conference on Population and Statistics and Indicators on theDevelopment (1994). The programme has been geared Situation of Women (1984),to users’ needs, and has provided technical support to followed by Improvingwomen’s and gender units of the United Nations funds Statistics and Indicators onand programmes, statistical units of regional Women Using Householdorganizations, and national statistical offices (NSOs). Surveys (1988), and MethodsThe gender statistics programme was designed to of Measuring Women’saddress three main problem areas: Participation in the Informal Sector (1990). Another aspect The need for data collection systems to take gender of methodological work is theissues into account in all stages of data production; development of methods to collect data on particular The limited availability and accessibility of gender gender issues of concern, such as the Guide to Producingstatistics; Statistics on Time Use: Measuring Paid and Unpaid Work The under-utilization of gender statistics. (2005).These problems have, to a large extent, been addressed The Division has initiated work to improve the measurementwith activities geared towards the review of concepts and of violence against women. In 2007, it joined forces with themethods; compilation and dissemination of gender Division for the Advancement of Women and the Economicstatistics; technical assistance; and training. The Commission for Europe in organizing an expert groupsuccess of the programme in responding to users needs meeting on measuring violence against women. The issuehas given the Statistics Division an unparalleled was taken up in the 2008 Statistical Commission, whichrecognition in this field, resulting in strong partnerships established the Friends of the Chair group to work on thewith counterpart agencies and coordinated support for development of statistical indicators for measuring violencethe development of gender statistics. against women. The Friends of the Chair group has since developed a list of recommended statistical indicators to measure violence against women and requested the Division to develop a set of guidelines for producing statistics on violence against women. 19
  18. 18. Compilation and dissemination of The World’s Women: Trends and Statistics, 1970-1990. This maiden publication and the two subsequent editionsgender statistics (1995 and 2000) presented a statistical analysis of the situation of women in comparison to men, highlighting genderThe compilation and dissemination component of the gaps in various areas of concern. In 2005, the issue focusedprogramme aims at making gender statistics and on the progress made in the production of gender statisticsindicators readily available in formats and media that are and highlighted the wide variations in statistical capacitynot only easily accessible to users, but also well among countries. The 2010 issue of The World’s Women,understood. Drawing from official data collected from launched on World Statistics Day 2010, again presented acountries by the Statistics Division and other UnitedNations agencies, a wide range of outputs addressingdifferent audiences and areas of policy concern havebeen produced. This work began in the 1980s with thereport Compiling Social Indicators on the Situation ofWomen (1984) and the compendium “Selected Statisticsand Indicators on the Status of Women” (1985). Thesewere followed by the publication and dissemination, in1987, of the first global database on gender statistics(WISTAT). Between 1987 and 2000, four versions of theWISTAT database were issued.Following technological advances, the Divisionexpanded its dissemination programme with theintroduction, in 1996, of an on-line resource, Statisticsand Indicators on Women and Men, which presents thelatest country-level data available in selected areas ofgender concern. The data is accessible athttp://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/indwm.To further facilitate access to and enhance thevisualization of key gender statistics and indicators, theDivision released GenderInfo 2007. This global databaseof country-level gender statistics and indicators employsDevInfo technology to provide users with an easy-to-usetool to visualize data through customizable tables,graphs and maps. GenderInfo is available in CD-ROM statistical analysis of the situation of women and men, as informat and on-line at: the three earlier issues.http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/genderinfo/ Technical cooperation and capacity- building The Statistics Division provides a variety of technical assistance in gender statistics to national statistical offices, regional programmes and United Nations agencies. This support has ranged from organizing training workshops at the interregional, regional and national levels to providing direct technical assistance to countries, agencies and other institutions. In the late 1980s, the efforts involved providing technical inputs, in partnership with the United Nations International Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), to conduct national and sub-regional workshopsIn 1991 another avenue of gender statistics to promote user-producer dialogue on user needs, limitationsdissemination was introduced through the publication 20
  19. 19. in the concepts and methods, and challenges in data agencies providing both technical and financial contributions.collection. The focus of the workshops was subsequently The publication Handbook for Producing National Statisticaldirected to enhancing the capacity of national statistical Reports on Women and Men (1997) was produced withoffices to compile and disseminate gender statistics. In support of a Joint Consultative Group comprised of several2007, an inter-regional workshop brought together United Nations agencies; and the Guide to Producingstatisticians from Africa, Europe and Asia and the Pacific Statistics on Time Use was prepared with financial supportto promote the sharing of knowledge and experiences on from UNDP and International Development Researchimproving national gender statistics, with emphasis on Centre/Canada. In 2006, the Interagency and Expert Groupwomen’s contribution to the economy. Meeting on the Development of Gender Statistics, organized by the UN Statistics Division in New York in 2006, was madeAnother significant area of technical cooperation has possible by the collaboration and support of the World Bankbeen in the implementation of projects at the national and UNFPAand regional levels. For example, in the early 1990s, theDivision implemented a national project to create a At this 2006 Meeting, it was recognized that internationalgender statistics database in the Women’s Bureau of dialogue and cooperation was critical for the globalKenya, with funding from the United Nations Population advancement of gender statistics. Since then, international,Fund (UNFPA). In the Caribbean region, a regional regional and national partners have continued to support theproject funded under the UN Development Account in ongoing work on gender statistics through two majorthe early 2000s helped establish a programme on social avenues:and gender statistics in the Caribbean Community (a) The Global Forum on Gender Statistics(CARICOM) Secretariat and generate the publicationWomen and Men in the Caribbean Community: Facts The Global Forum on Gender Statistics has been convenedand Figures, 1980-2001 (2003). by UNSD with the support of the World Bank, UNFPA, UNDP and African Development Bank. Three meetings have takenOngoing technical assistance has also been provided place since 2006: in Rome, Italy in December 2007, in Accra,upon request to institutions including United Nations Ghana in January 2009, and in Manila, Philippines in Octoberdepartments, funds and programmes, national statistical 2010. The purpose of the Forum is to promote and advanceoffices and development partners, usually but not gender statistics through the exchange of knowledge andexclusively in the form of the Division providing resource experience in this field, with a specific topical focus each time.persons for regional and national training workshops. The Forum represents a venue for statisticians, users of statistics and policy-makers to assess the production andPartnerships availability of gender statistics. (b) Meetings of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group onThe gender statistics programme has evolved through Gender Statistics (IAEG-GS)producer-user cooperation at the international and The IAEG-GS has met three times since 2006. The group’sregional levels. Much of the Division’s accomplishments main tasks are to take stock, review progress, challengesin this programme can be attributed to its successful and emerging needs, and propose actions to advance gendercooperation with and the financial support of various statistics at the international, regional, sub-regional andagencies and development partners, including national levels. INSTRAW, UNFPA and the Norwegian government in the early years. While the Division has provided a lot of technical support to agencies, it has also received programming support from these and bilateral institutions. For example, The World’s Women series is a result of an interagency effort, with collaborating 21

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