Briefing on Chapter III (GESDPE) and Chapter IV (IFSD) by Nikhil Seth, Director, DSD/DESA, Head of the Office of the UNCSD Secretariat14 March 2012
Overview of Chapter III and IV (GESDPE and IFSD)1. Key elements of zero draft2. Zero draft result of submissions to compilation text (6000 pages)3. Proposals made by Member States4. Compilation of proposals (157 pages/75000 words) on website5. Presentation a guide to compilation text: ‐ Not comprehensive ‐ Substantive flavour ‐ Not substitute for reading all submissions
Key Elements of Zero draft on GESDPEA. Framing the context ‐ addressing the definitional issues particularly “no‐one‐size‐fits‐all” ‐ Decision making framework ‐ Tool to achieve sustainable development ‐ Elements of what is a green economy and what it is notB. Toolkits and experience sharing ‐ Supported learning platform, policy options, toolkits, indicators, technical services ‐ SG requested to establish learning/experience sharing platformC. Framework for Action ‐ Differentiation of strategies/stakeholder participation ‐ Support to developing countries ‐ Business and industry roadmaps ‐ Voluntary commitmentsD. Overall narrative
Proposed revisions to Chapter III• Major revisions by G‐77/China and EU• US, Japan, Korea, Switzerland, Canada, Kazakhstan, New Zealand, Serbia, Mexico, Liechtenstein, Turkey, Norway, Iceland, Holy See also propose amendments • GE tool for achieving sustainable development (general agreement)A. Framing the context ‐ Many focus on social dimension, poverty eradication, sustainable consumption and production, CBDR principle, integration, global governance, means of implementation, challenges ‐ Others focus on opportunities, principles/priorities, defines an inclusive green economy
Proposed revisions to Chapter III B. Toolkits/experience sharing ‐ Many support knowledge sharing platforms ‐ Build on existing knowledge‐sharing platform (OECD, GGGI, UNEP, World Bank) ‐ Some emphasize on connection technologies and data platforms ‐ Many not as explicit in support of experience sharing platformC. Framework for Action ‐ Many support GE roadmap: ‐ Sector‐based road maps of business/industry ‐ Some support GE strategies but bracket “means of implementation” ‐ Others would like to remove all proposals and shift many to Chapter V delinked from GESDPE but relevant to the entire framework of Action.
Elements of Zero draft on IFSDA. The three pillars (guiding principles for reform) ‐ Integration, principles, CBDR, implementation of Agenda 21 ‐ Integrated decision‐making at all levels ‐ Monitor progress at all levels ‐ Reinforce UN system coherence B. GA/ECOSOC/CSD/SDC proposal ‐ Role of GA/ECOSOC ‐ ‐ CSD or SDC (strengthening CSD or replacing with Council) ‐ Modality of establishing SDC based on modality for HRC C. UNEP/IFIs/Operational Activities ‐ Strengthening environmental governance/balanced integration ‐ Strengthening UNEP or UN specialized agency (universal membership) ‐ Regular report on state of planet/strengthened science/policy interface ‐ IFI’s support to developing countries on Sustainable Development ‐ Operational activities/Ombudsperson/Rio Principle 10 D. Regional/National, local ‐ Strengthening ‐ Integration ‐ Empowering local authorities
Proposed amendments to Zero draft on IFSDA. Guiding Principles Considerable increase in number of guiding principles for IFSD Address fragmentation gaps/overlaps Stakeholder participation/partnership Greater coherence/coordination of UN system Address needs of developing countries, BPOA/MSI B. GA/ECOSOC/CSD/SDC Many have reserved positions GA’s high level policy role emphasized Periodic high level meeting at GA opening on Sustainable Development ECOSOC’s charter role emphasized Strengthening of ECOSOC segments emphasized Some call for deletion of SDC para Others call to further consider Some support Ombudsman further consideration, requested by some others would like to delete
Proposed amendments to zero draft on IFSDC. UNEP/IFIs/Operational Activities Step‐by‐step approach to IEG (UNEP/MEAs) New reformed institution Many support UN specialized agency for environment Reform of IFIs’ and mainstreaming SD suggested by many Strengthened role on Sustainable Development Strengthened role of RC system, DAO and UNCT Regional/sub‐regional coherence/harmonization/strengthening Call for international mechanism on technology transfer Call for partnership of cities Sustainable development in national budget