- BWC is a project of the Better World Fund, created with support from entrepreneur and philanthropist Ted Turner as part of his historic $1 billion gift in 1998 to support UN causes. - To strengthen relationship between the US and UN through outreach communication and advocacy.
Do you think democracy is actually a tool to produce prosperous society? - Government provide proper legal and frameworks to curtail market excesses. Creating these frameworks requires the establishment the rule of law, competent and fair system of justice and end to blatant corruption, respect human rights and maintenance law and order.
Institute of Foreign Languages Lecturer : Sopha RatanaGroup 3 : Un Chhang Som Socheat2011~2012
I. IntroductionII. Effectively Combat Global CrisisIII. Make Ending PovertyIV. The Millennium Development GoalsV. US. CommitmentVI. ConclusionVII. Discussion Question
This article was commissioned by the BWC (A sister organization of the UNF) BWC purpose Strengthen relationship btw US and UN Encourage US leadership to enhance UN’s ability Engage policy makers, the media and American public
American efforts against poverty (USGDPP) Implemented by 12 departments, 25 different agencies, and almost 60 government offices Need both an overall strategy and relevant ▪ skills and capacities to address global poverty ▪ Those are dispersed throughout the US and Private Co Focus on increasing US share of multilateral funding Ex. UNICEF
Investing in Open Political and Economic System Promoting Education for All Improving Health System and Diseases Prevention Open Space in the Global Market for Poor Countries and Poor People
Investing in Open Political and Economic System Build civil society, empowering local government, increasing voter participation, promoting free and fair election In the long run, market economies and democratic political system produce prosperity However, in Latin America at least it gained peace Economic and politic openness require govt will
Promoting Education for All Planting seed for developments of other sectors Basic education leads to a 10 to 20% increase in individual’s wage Improve their health and employability Promote democracy
Improving Health System and Diseases Prevention Poverty and health have reciprocal relationship Economic payoff of improving health can be dramatic ▪ Ex: In Africa, malaria slows economic growth 1.3 % /y, and when HIV/AIDS in a country reaches 8%
Open Space in the Global Market for Poor Countries and Poor People Trade=>growth Mutual support DA helps create competent Gov’t
The US development aid should eliminate poverty. Increase aid will not end poverty, but Aid remains important.
1. Halve the number of people living in extremepoverty and suffering from hunger GDP Growth per Employed Person Employment Rate Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
2. Achieve universal primary education Enrollment in primary education Completion of primary education Literacy of 15-24 year olds, female and male
3. Promote gender equality in primary andsecondary education. Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
4. Reduce the deaths of children under five bytwo-thirds
5. Reduce by three-quarters the number ofmaternal deaths. Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel Contraceptive prevalence rate Antenatal care coverage Unmet need for family planning
6. Halt and then reverse the spread ofHIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Proportion of population aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS insecticide-treated bednets appropriate anti-malarial drugs
7. Reverse the loss of environmental resources Proportion of land area covered by forest CO2 emission Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits Proportion of total water resources used Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
8. Create a global partnership for development Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
The US remains the largest aid donor in the world. In 2005, the United States contributed only 0.22 percent of its wealth for official development assistance
20% of the federal budget is sent abroad as foreign aid. But in reality only 1% +18% of military and defense programs US =>debt cancellation for the poorest countries and greatly increased support for addressing HIV/AIDS
The poverty has reduce over the time1990= 29% => 2003 = 19%- Life expectancy has jumped from 46 to 65 years- birth rates drop from over 6 births per woman in the 1950s to 2.6 births in 2004- World food production has also increased
There is no “one-size-fits-all” Liberalized trade and economic openness economic growth Investment in poor people and particularly poor women is critical + voice Good governance and democracy
US considered as the largest aid donor inthe world to eliminate the poverty and help thepoor countries reach the MDGs. As the result,the poverty has been decreased, people’s liveshas improved, and world has learned aboutimportant lessons as the experiences to takeeffective measure to combat poverty inprogress in the future.