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ONLINE SELF-STUDY
UNC-CH Department of Public Safety Response to
Confined Space Incidents
Objectives
In this course, we will cover the following:
Define confined space, permit-required confined
space and entry.
D...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
The University contains hundreds of confined spaces.
University employees enter confined s...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
What is a confined space?
is large enough to get the whole
body inside and perform work,
i...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
Examples of confined spaces
Tanks
Manholes &
Sewers
Grain storage bins
Other examples incl...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
• Manhole
• Hole
• Enclosed space
• Pit
• Vault
• Sewer lift station
• Tank
• Outfall
• Tu...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
What is limited or restricted entry or exit?
Physical configuration that requires
a person...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
What is a permit-required confined space?
• A space with an actual or potential
“hazardous...
Introduction to Confined Spaces
A “hazardous atmosphere” in a confined space has one or
more of the following:
Flammable g...
Designated Jobs
Any permit-required confined space entry has
designated jobs for employees:
Entrant – person who enters in...
Additional Definitions
Entry – means the action by which a person passes
through an opening into a confined space. Entry i...
Rescue in a Confined Space
Confined space rescue is very dangerous
60% of all confined space fatalities
are would-be rescu...
Public Safety Responsibilities
Telecommunicator Responsibilities
Upon notification of an incident in a confined space, the
DPS Telecommunicator will disp...
Telecommunicator Responsibilities
The Telecommunicator will ask the following questions:
• Where is the location of the in...
Telecommunicator Responsibilities
The DPS Telecommunicator will transfer the call to Orange
County’s 911 Center, who will ...
Initial Responding Officer
Responsibilities
Upon arrival at the scene, the first responding officer will
establish Inciden...
Initial Responding Officer
Responsibilities
Based on the initial assessment, notify the dispatcher as to
the seriousness o...
Initial Responding Officer
Responsibilities
The responding officer will make a determination if the
roadway or area needs ...
Initial Responding Officer
Responsibilities
At this point, no further action should be initiated by the
officer except to ...
Media
If the news media arrives on scene the Shift Supervisor will
advise Communications to notify the DPS Public
Informat...
After Action Report
An after action report will be completed by the responding
police officer assigned to the incident.
Th...
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UNC-CH Department of Public Safety Response to Confined Space Incidents

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UNC-CH Department of Public Safety Response to Confined Space Incidents - UNC EHS

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UNC-CH Department of Public Safety Response to Confined Space Incidents

  1. 1. ONLINE SELF-STUDY UNC-CH Department of Public Safety Response to Confined Space Incidents
  2. 2. Objectives In this course, we will cover the following: Define confined space, permit-required confined space and entry. Discuss potential confined space hazards. Outline responsibilities for Public Safety Telecommunicators and Officers during an incident. Discuss media response and completion of an after action report.
  3. 3. Introduction to Confined Spaces The University contains hundreds of confined spaces. University employees enter confined spaces such as manholes, vaults, tanks and pits on a daily basis. An accident or injury can occur in these spaces that require the rescue of entrants. The University considers this initially to be a type 4 incident, however, based on an initial assessment this can be raised to a type 3 incident. (Refer to the UNC-CH Emergency Operations Plan located on the DPS internal website.)
  4. 4. Introduction to Confined Spaces What is a confined space? is large enough to get the whole body inside and perform work, is not designed for continuous occupancy (i.e., primary function is not for human occupancy), and has limited or restricted entrance or exit. It must have all three characteristics to be a confined space. A confined space is a space that:
  5. 5. Introduction to Confined Spaces Examples of confined spaces Tanks Manholes & Sewers Grain storage bins Other examples include boilers, vaults, pipes, tunnels, and open top spaces >4 feet deep
  6. 6. Introduction to Confined Spaces • Manhole • Hole • Enclosed space • Pit • Vault • Sewer lift station • Tank • Outfall • Tunnel • Sewer Trigger words What may a confined space be called during an emergency?
  7. 7. Introduction to Confined Spaces What is limited or restricted entry or exit? Physical configuration that requires a person to twist or contort the body or use hands to enter or exit the space. Safe egress is restricted by obstructions within the space or by the distance to reach the exit. Restricted exit Exit not restricted
  8. 8. Introduction to Confined Spaces What is a permit-required confined space? • A space with an actual or potential “hazardous atmosphere”, or • A space that contains material that can engulf a person, or • A space configured in a way that can trap a person, or • A space with any other recognized serious safety and health hazard.
  9. 9. Introduction to Confined Spaces A “hazardous atmosphere” in a confined space has one or more of the following: Flammable gas, mist or vapor Oxygen Deficiency - Oxygen content below 19.5% (asphyxiation hazard) Air contaminant concentrations that would cause death, incapacitation, or permanent health problems Flammable dusts Oxygen Enriched - Oxygen content above 23.5% (fire hazard)
  10. 10. Designated Jobs Any permit-required confined space entry has designated jobs for employees: Entrant – person who enters into the permit space Attendant – person stationed outside the space who monitors the entrant Entry Supervisor – person responsible for planning, authorizing, and terminating the entry Each position has assigned duties.
  11. 11. Additional Definitions Entry – means the action by which a person passes through an opening into a confined space. Entry includes ensuing work activities in that space and is considered to have occurred as soon as any part of the entrant's body breaks the plane of an opening into the space. Emergency – any occurrence (including any failure of hazard control or monitoring equipment) or event internal or external to the permit space that could endanger entrants.
  12. 12. Rescue in a Confined Space Confined space rescue is very dangerous 60% of all confined space fatalities are would-be rescuers. Rescuers often enter a confined space without thinking about the hazards. Rescues cannot be done without proper equipment and training.
  13. 13. Public Safety Responsibilities
  14. 14. Telecommunicator Responsibilities Upon notification of an incident in a confined space, the DPS Telecommunicator will dispatch a patrol unit to the scene. Once the location and nature of the call is obtained, the call will be transferred to Orange County 911. All efforts will be made to keep the caller reporting the situation on the line as long as possible, as long as the caller feels safe to do so. The Telecommunicator will gather information concerning the incident.
  15. 15. Telecommunicator Responsibilities The Telecommunicator will ask the following questions: • Where is the location of the incident? • What is the condition of the victim(s)? • Where is the location of the confined space entrance? • What type of confined space (i.e., manhole, tank, vault, pit, etc.)? • What is the name of the attendant (possibly the complainant)? • Are there any immediate hazards to responders?
  16. 16. Telecommunicator Responsibilities The DPS Telecommunicator will transfer the call to Orange County’s 911 Center, who will dispatch the Chapel Hill Fire Department, Orange County EMS, and South Orange Rescue Squad Technical Rescue Team. During business hours, the DPS Telecommunicator will call the EHS Receptionist who will notify the Campus Fire Marshal and Industrial Hygiene Manager. After hours, the DPS Telecommunicator will page the EHS Primary Responser who calls the Industrial Hygiene Manager.
  17. 17. Initial Responding Officer Responsibilities Upon arrival at the scene, the first responding officer will establish Incident Command until Chapel Hill Fire Department or South Orange Rescue Technical Rescue Team arrives. The officer will make an initial assessment by speaking with the attendant and/or the complainant. Gather information such as: What is the condition of the victim(s)? Are there any hazards to responders?
  18. 18. Initial Responding Officer Responsibilities Based on the initial assessment, notify the dispatcher as to the seriousness of the situation and request the Shift Supervisor to respond as needed. The officer may attempt to make a visual assessment of the confined space but will NOT attempt an entry into the space. Officers will NOT place any part of his/her body through the plane of the opening.
  19. 19. Initial Responding Officer Responsibilities The responding officer will make a determination if the roadway or area needs to be restricted for emergency and rescue units and to prevent bystanders from accessing the area. If so, the officer will request assistance from Parking Control Officers with traffic direction, blocking of the roadway or area, and possible crowd control.
  20. 20. Initial Responding Officer Responsibilities At this point, no further action should be initiated by the officer except to prevent bystanders from making entry into the restricted area. Once the Chapel Hill Fire Department or South Orange Rescue Technical Rescue Team arrives Unified Command may be established as appropriate. Once incident stabilization and/or rescue has commenced, command will be transferred to the Campus Fire Marshall for restoration of normal operations.
  21. 21. Media If the news media arrives on scene the Shift Supervisor will advise Communications to notify the DPS Public Information Officer to respond to the scene. The Department's Public Information Officer or the University News Bureau will issue an official statement to the media including the status of the situation and any damage/injury/casualty information. These statements will be issued as needed.
  22. 22. After Action Report An after action report will be completed by the responding police officer assigned to the incident. The purpose of this report is to identify any training or operational deficiencies that need to be corrected for future incidents. The report will contain all police activity during the incident as well as any recommendations concerning procedures for future problems. The report may include copies of the reports from other University and outside responding units.

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