Education in the Millennium Development Goals: an impossible dream?


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"Education in the Millennium Development Goals: an impossible dream?"
Isa Baud

Discussion of the two Millennium Developmental Goals related to Education and Education for all in a global context. Presented at 2nd UNAWE International Workshop.

(Date: October 2006)

Published in: Education
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Education in the Millennium Development Goals: an impossible dream?

  1. 1. Education in the Millenium Development Goals: an impossible dream? Isa Baud Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies University of Amsterdam What are the specific targets?• 8 MDGs, 2 related to education• Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education - Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary education• Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women - Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015 1
  2. 2. Complementary to MDGs, 6 EFA targets1. Expanding and improving early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable;2. Ensuring that by 2015 all children have access to a compulsory free education of good quality;3. Ensuring that the learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life skills program;4. Achieving 50% improvement in adult literacy levels by 2015;5. Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education;6. Improving all aspects of quality of education Regional differences in enrollment Data source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS). 2005. 2
  3. 3. • Enrollment Key facts…• Enrollment in primary cycle increased but:- 100 million children still not enrolled in primary education- Many drop out before completion- Existing rural-urban education gap- Gender differences- Only 5% disabled children completed primary schooling 3
  4. 4. What are the issues –?• Quantity versus quality• Access to post-primary education• Gap between education skills and local labor markets• Local education governance• Funding 4
  5. 5. UvA IS-Academe program on quality of education• Linking research and policy at different levels: - Ministry, Dutch embassies, partnership IIEP/UvA/Minbuza - through internships and policy recommendations* Teaching: Integrate education issues in BA and MA programmes* Research: Several research themes Foster academic exchanges with leading academics Favor interdisciplinary approach Issues for research • Multiple, contextualised meanings of quality of education • Processes of learning and teaching • Inclusion of the most marginalized groups in education • Decentralization, privatization, processes of re- centralisation • Policy negotiation and advocacy • Opportunities of change - Improving education in war-affected areas 5
  6. 6. Links to UNAWE?• Addresses quality of education by spurring interest in new subjects Beauty and Scale of the Universe• Uses non-traditional methods of promoting such interests• Bottom-up approach• Addresses marginalized children• South-south and north-south learning patterns 6
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