Collaborations Between Scientists & Non-scientists
CollaborationsBetween Scientists &Non-scientistsCase of Astronomy and Related Space SciencesPedro RussoLeiden University/UNAWE/IAUrusso@email@example.com
Citizen participation inAstronomy and RelatedSpace SciencesFor every professional astronomer, there are atleast 20 amateurs and many many moreastronomy enthusiasts.
Model of virtualorganisations forcitizen-science projects Organisational Level Data mgmt User Experience Volunteer Management Communication Individual Organisational Level Outputs Inputs Skills KnowledgeResearch Question Motivation ContributionTask Definition Role/Contribution Satisfaction Community
Citizen-AstronomerSkills: Good IT skills, usually low level astronomy knowledgeMotivation: • Contribution to science (i.e. no sandbox games, it must really be a contribution to science) • Learn more about astronomy • You see things that very few people have seen before.Contributions: • Participation in Galaxy Zoo & other Zooniverse projects • Serious-gaming: Cerberus
Amateur AstronomerSkills: • Medium level of astronomy knowledge • Some observational skills • Able to work with a simple optical telescopes • Knows most of the popular constellations • Can identify the main planetsMotivation: • Will to learn more: mainly observation techniques and observational astronomy. • Participate in a communityContributions: • Advanced content consumer (specialized magazines) • Participation in occasional stargazing events • Basic observations to projects meteor watch and variable stars
Amateur-CommunicatorSkills: Medium-advanced knowledge level of astronomyMotivation: • Share knowledge with fellow citizens.Contributions: • Public talks about basic astronomy • Public stargazing events • Write short articles for local or groups publications • Production of small exhibitions • Translation of content • During IYA2009, 2.5 million people observed through telescope for the first time.
AstrophotographerSkills: • Advanced technical knowledge • Deep understanding of photography • Advanced image processing skills • Owners of cutting-edge astrophotography equipmentMotivation: • Recognition by peers • Beauty and aestheticsContributions: • Beautiful astronomical images • Contribution to astrophotography websites (Astronomy Picture of the Day) and publications (The World at Night) • Open hardware: Philips ToUcam Pro • Image processing techniques: Lucky imaging
Advanced AmateurSkills: • Advanced technical knowledge • Deep understanding of science processes • Good mathematics/programming skillsMotivation: • Recognisiton by peers and professionals • Contribute to astronomy research (ie. Publication of papers)Contributions: • Advanced contributions to several areas of astronomy: supernova, planetary sciences, time-consuming and long time coverage.
Overview of citizenparticipation in Astronomy Enthusiast Citizen-Astronomer Amateur Advanced Amateur 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Popular astronomy content consumers (websites, pop sci books), participation in talks, stargazing events, planetarium shows, exhibitions2. Consumer of astronomy content ( specialised magazines)3. Serious-gaming and citizen-science projects4. Member of Astronomy Societies, sporadic observations5. Organisation of talks, public stargazing events6. Contribution to astrophotography websites (Astronomy Picture of the Day) and publications7. Advanced contributions to several areas of astronomy
A concept for an on-lineplatform for Pro-AmCollaborations in AstronomyAn on-line platform to foster the collaborationbetween professional and amateur astronomers.
Vision Bring together amateurs and professional to make sense of the Universe through collaborations and data share. A shared space and free resource to help the communities to achieve common goals.
Goals To increase the collaborations between professional and amateurs astronomers as well as other astronomy enthusiasts. To foster pro-am collaborations. To raise awareness of the results coming from pro- am collaborations. To provide standards to pro-am collaborations.
Structure • About – Team – Why are we doing this? • News – Including latest papers published in the framework of pro-am collaboration – Events: Meetings, conference, schools, • PRO-AM Projects – Current PRO-AM projects – Past PRO-AM projects – Submit a new project
Structure • Scientific Data – Request data – Submit/Share data – Explore existing data • Resources – The scientific process – Standards in astronomy – How-to guides: Equipment, Software – Types of data: Images, Spectroscopy, Radio – Repository of presentations
ReferencesOpen Google document about Pro-Amhttps://docs.google.com/document/d/1uJIVVRveQB6SUvIpu_fnT4Ei-yQ4IGaMTM6NPOgbM78/edit?hl=en_GBGalaxy Zoo: Exploring the Motivations of Citizen Science Volunteershttp://link.aip.org/link/doi/10.3847/AER200903Developing a conceptual model of virtual organisations for citizen sciencehttp://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=35191