2Editorial UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATION OF SPAIN Honorary PresidentsC’MUN 2011. The School of Values Francesc Casares Potau Lluís Armet ComaPàg. 4 - C’MUN 2011: A Team Work Victory Marina Bru Purón C’MUN 2011, the Model United Nations of Barcelona President Eduard Sagarra i TriasPàg. 8 - Once Upon a Time… 1st Vice-president Training session Xavier Pons Ràfols 2nd Vice-president Lídia Santos i ArnauPàg. 9 - The Crisis of Myanmar Crisis sessions Secretary Joan Soler Martí TreasurerPàg. 10 - The Crisis of Myanmar and the Reform Antoni Sabaté Boza of the Security Council Vocals Security Council Ildefons Valls i Torné Rafael Jorba i CastellvíPàg. 14 - Right to Health versus Patents / Right to Free Pablo Pareja Alcaraz Flow of Information versus Copyrights Albert Barbany i Hurtado Human Rights Council Xavier Fernández Pons Director Àngels Mataró PauPàg. 18 - International Taxes to Fight Poverty and the Economic Crisisa Assistant to Direction Economic and Financial Committee Xavier Guerrero Fernández Staff Ariadna Quintero ValderramaPàg. 24 - Gender and Migration Raül Jiménez Jiménez The Ad Hoc Committee of the Alliance of Civilizations Teresa Visa Pérez Bernat Comes LloveraPàg. 26 - Traditions versus Animal Welfare Eirene Ramos Nuño UNESCO Pablo Rodríguez-AguileraPàg. 30 - Towards the End of Tobacco? World Health Organization C’MUN 2010 Magazine Design, layout andPàg. 33 - The North Pole’s Future coordination International Court of Justice Bernat Comes Raül JiménezPàg. 36 - The Importance of Journalism Eirene Ramos Press Team C’MUN 2010 Magazine Contributors Vera Ríos Madoka Shimura Lourdes Pistón Stela Zarija Laura Martínez Inés Valera Irene Cortés Caroline Bach Printed by Masanas Gràfiques c/ Moles, 31, baixos 08010 Barcelona Legal deposit B 32.843-92 The UNA Spain magazine’s editorial boardAll the photos of this magazine are by Pablo Rodríguez-Aguilera, except: does not necessarily agree with the opinions expressed by its collaborators.page 5, Carmen Méndez speech (ADDA), and Manuel Manonelles speech (Bernat Co-mes); page 6, visit to the Sagrada Família (Joan Soler); page 7, crisis meeting (Eirene The magazine’s editorial board reserves itsRamos); pages 8-9-10, training, and crisis at the Security Council (Caroline Bach); page right to alter the titles, highlights or texts ac-37, press team (Raül Jiménez); and pages 38-39, C’MUN 2011 staff (Bernat Comes). cording to its professional opinion
edito- 3EditorialC’MUN 2011. The School of Values Allow us to do an introduction focused, Dialogue: As every Model does, the debaterather than on praising the virtues of the is the central point of the activity, always insixth edition of C’MUN, on highlighting the search of consensus.necessity for activities such as this one, thatneeds to be guaranteed, because every- Work: The responsability of the delegate par-body is aware of the context of global crisis ticipating starts months in advance, with thein which this event has been held. A crisis necessary preparation of the country/actor tothat affects with cruelty an Association that represent, and then, it becomes an intense ac-will arrive to its 50th anniversary in 2012. tivity during the days of the simulation.Focused on defending one of the maincauses of UNA-Spain: the Model United Na- Empathy: C’MUN aims to make the partici-tions of Barcelona, C’MUN. pants put themselves in the delegates shoes. To be a good delegate, one has to understand Why do we say C’MUN is necessary? Be- the other. This element of the simulation iscause it goes beyond the practical useful- an unpayable value, which is not taught inness of the Model United Nations, in terms schools or textbooks and is more valuable ifof the exercise linked directly to learning it fits in the current context (if you follow theabout the international organisation and news, you know what we are talking about).its functioning. Because it also goes be-yond a highly recommended experience Convivence: Perhaps the other most pre-for anyone interested in international re- cious value, and forgive us the immodesty, islations, maybe even an impulse to guide that C’MUN is a vital experience that is hardtheir future careers to this field. Because to compare to another.C’MUN, as a simulation, is much more. It isa school of values. C’MUN is not only a useful activity intended to train future professionals, but an activi-Universality: The international will of ty that seeks to educate people. SomethingC’MUN comes from ANUE’s history, and it is much more important in times like the onesexpressed in the topics treated in each edi- we are living nowadays, where injustices,tion and its participation, always open to excesses of those in power, and social imbal-everyone. ances are more evident than ever.Plurality: 400 students from more than 90 Having defended our cause, we have onlydifferent universities, more than 50 natio- one question to resolve, how was the sixthnalities representing all the continents. A C’MUN? Well, said it in a nutshell, it was thetrue UN of the youth to simulate the real best edition of our model... so far. You will seeUnited Nations. it in these pages. ANUE and C’MUN staff at the Parliament of Catalonia.
4 C’MUN 2011, the Model United Nations of Barcelona C’MUN 2011: A Team Work Victory Raül Jiménez. Secretary-General of C’MUN 2011. The world situation –the world seems to portunity to the delegates with less experience be ready to impress us at any moment–, and to have a space to solve their doubts, and in a the state and local situation –crisis, budget peculiar and original way –we are the first ones cuts, football– that we are suffering causes in “transferring” the legend of Sant Jordi to the craziness and a downhearted spirit. This also United Nations– could see with a practice form happens at ANUE. But instead of that, from what they were going to find the following day. 6th to 9th of April we committed ourselves to offer more and more new features in or- In addition, we could divide the registry of der to create the best possible edition of our the delegates, carried out between Cosmo Model of United Nations. This is the chrono- Caixa and the head office of the ANUE. Later, logy, as an article, about those days. we went towards the Parliament of Catalonia, being the second new feature of this year, for April 6th. Simulating Sant Jordi and filling the C’MUN opening ceremony. up the Parliament There, we could confirm with satisfaction that The first big new feature occurred on definitely there were not volcanoes at first sight Wednesday morning, with the celebration –I couldn’t trust them anymore…– and that at Cosmo Caixa of the first training session of the room was too small for so many people. the C’MUN. At the opening ceremony the presidency table was formed by Núria de Gispert, President of The activity, one of the greatest wishes by the Parliament of Catalonia; Manel Vila, com- those who organized the model, gave the op- missioner of the City hall of Barcelona; ManelTwo pictures of the opening cere-mony of C’MUN at the Parliamentof Catalonia. From left to right,Eirene Ramos, Deputy Secretary-General of C’MUN; Manel Camós,Director of the European Commis-sion Office of Barcelona; EduardSagarra, President of UNA-Spain;Núria de Gispert, President ofthe Parliament of Catalonia; Ar-mando Peruga, director of the To-bacco Free Initiative; Manel Vila,Commissioner of the BarcelonaCity Council; and Raül Jiménez,Secretary-General of C’MUN.
edito- 5 C’MUN 2011 guest speakers: Juan Sebastián Mateos, Arman- do Peruga, Carmen Méndez, and Manuel Manonelles, during their speeches on the first day of sessions.Camós, director of the Office of the European a crisis, not an economic one –which wouldn’tCommission in Barcelona; Dr. Armando Peruga, have been a surprise–, but as the outbreak of adirector of the WHO Tobacco Free Initiative; conflict –fictitious– in Myanmar.Eduard Sagarra, president of the ANUE, andthe staff responsible for C’MUN and the presi- The emergency situation was prepared withdents of the commissions. There was time for the pretension of stimulating the delegates’reflections on social politics, to talk about val- capacity of reaction, their “reflexes” andues, to present the topics of debate, to listen to knowledge about the country that they re-the opening speech by Dr. Peruga, and also to presented. It was one of the most stimulatingsing “Happy birthday to you” to the president. new features of C’MUN 2011, and it affectedAnd after that the reception closed the first the sessions of the Security Council, the Hu-working day of C’MUN. man Rights Council and the Alliance of Civili- zations, who got together “with the utmostApril 7th. From the death of Aun San Suu urgency” due to the complexion that the con-Kyi to Hard Rock Cafe flict took after the death of the Nobel Peace Prize awarded and pro-human rights activist, The working day started in the morning of Aun San Suu Kyi among the uprising occurringthe 7th of April at CosmoCaixa, and they did in her country.it with another qualitative step forward: withfour guest speakers: Juan Sebastián Mateos, The crisis, in its conception and design, wasdesk officer for the Alliance of Civilizations of moving from Middle East to Asia, –sometimesthe Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Carmen truth is stranger than fiction–, and it had beenMéndez, president of the Association Defen- designed in the previous months by the C’MUNding Animal Rights; Manel Manonelles, director team, producing the necessary informationof UBUNTU, and the Doctor already mentioned and coordinating the tasks with the press teamArmando Peruga. Thanks to them, the commis- so that the outbreak and the escalation of thesion of the Alliance, the UNESCO, the Economic crisis could take place in a more realistic wayand Financial committee and the WHO listened within the simulation.to their opinions, showing the delegates thatwhat they were going to simulate was a reality For me, creating such an activity from theat the agenda of the United Nations. void, and having done it in the wonderful at- mosphere of the C’MUN team meetings, has The third new feature occurred without us been one of the most stimulating aspects inhaving to wait, and it happened in the way of these six editions of our simulation.
6C’MUN 2011 side events: threepictures of the UN Quiz, and oneof the visit to Sagrada Família. In the afternoon, once the working period ple, Japan at the Security Council to come up of the first day was over, with the crisis being with the topic of the organization reform.) about to be solved in the Security Council and in the Human Rights Council, with different After a short session in the afternoon, the approaches; and the rest of the commissions fourth new feature occurred. The delegates fully working, the day was closed at Hard Rock of C’MUN, organized in four groups depen- Café, where we celebrated the 3rd edition of ding on their election, went on cultural tours C’MUN Quiz. to the Pedrera, Sagrada Familia, MNAC and F.C.Barcelona museum. These institutions ge- Regarding the quiz, given the facilities and nerously collaborated with the ANUE enriching support offered by Hard Rock Staff, and also the experience of the delegates in Barcelona. taking into account that it is a centric place; we could finally have a proper quiz. Certainly the 9th. Skin Deep emotions winners of the event, after the tough series of questions regarding the International Organi- The last day was different to the past years zation, as well as the hundreds of participants editions, when we had to achieve the agree- who took part in this enjoyable and original ments in the last seconds under extreme ten- evening, thought it in the same way. sion. After six years being that way, when everything went so smoothly it was something April 8th. Cultural Friday out of schedule. The sessions resumed on Friday morning, If we sum up all I have previously said, plus and we could verify that the delegates were the hard and unfair moments that ANUE were confronting the debates with effective- and is suffering to be able to carry out the ness, so it seemed like reaching the eagerly C’MUN; and also trying our best to recognize awaited resolutions the following day was the previous months of hard daily work of the a close reality. Association and the great work of the C’MUN staff, who worked enthusiastically and hope- The relaxed atmosphere favored the greater fully. The result is a closing ceremony where personal implication at the debates, while I the emotions overcame the habitual protocol could have time to write for the Clarion, to get in this type of events. involved in the debates, or to prepare some incentives for the sake of progress of the de- But this only adds mythology to the “le- bates, introducing deciding actors. (For exam- gend” that tells that C’MUN is something spe-
edito- 7cial, and proves that people who are part ofthe ANUE are a cut above the rest. Formally concluded the simulation, therewere still time for the fifth and the final newfeature: the farewell party organized by theAssociation in the noble hall of the IndustrialSchool, thanks to the Council of Barcelona,closing definitely the fantastic C’MUN 6th Edi-tion four days.Special and sincere thanks The final paragraph of this article can justbe dedicated to the people who, as far as C’MUN feature went in the interest of thepossible, took part in the process of making model quality.C’MUN 2011 a great success. And, even more important, thanks to let Thanks to your motivation and interest, us enjoy ourselves with you during our staffwe, the responsible for the simulation, meetings, preparing sessions, working dayscould achieve new challenges, for example together… With pride we can say loud thatthe long-awaited crisis and training session, C’MUN 2011 had a real team, and it was theactivities that we had wished to include as best one. And thanks to that brilliant team weparts of C’MUN for a long time. This new can just have the best C’MUN ever. Thank you. On the top, the closing ceremony of C’MUN 2011 at CosmoCaixa. on the middle, some C’MUN staff members preparing the crisis at UNA-Spain Headquarters. And, fi- nally, staff, chairs and press team of C’MUN at the farewell party.
8 Training session Once Upon a Time… Eirene Ramos. Deputy Secretary-General of C’MUN 2011. When you participate in a MUN, you pro- bably would find the mechanism and rules of procedure a bit complicated to understand. This is especially true if you don’t have a lot of experience or if it is your first time. So, to start with the sixth edition of C’MUN with one of the several new features, we carried out a training session about the rules of procedure in the morning of the first day at Cosmo Caixa, the same day the registration was held, so that the participants who had no previous expe- rience could take the opportunity to see how everything works. We tried to make the trai- ning session more pleasant for the participants by combining the theoretical explanations to the committees the would participate in on with enjoyable and original practices. the following days, and through some argu- ments connected to the topics they would dis- We had the idea of the so-called Training cuss in the next sessions at C’MUN, they had to Session in mind since we started to plan this decide whether to kill the dragon or not. sixth edition. After we had a meeting with the great team who formed the organization of After ten minutes of unmoderated caucus, this year’s C’MUN, we decided to use the le- and under the direction of the person who gend of Sant Jordi (Saint George) and the dra- would fill the role of their chairs lately, each gon (which is very famous in Catalonia) as the commission chose a spokesperson to argue story where the delegates would decide their their decision regarding the monster. While position. This legend tells that a dragon be- the UNESCO came to the animal defense, sug- sieges a small village, ravaging the population gesting that it would be necessary to create a and domestic animals. To pacify the dragon, nature reserve where the dragon could live be- the king every day would send a person, who cause it was an animal in danger of extinction; was chosen randomly, to the monster, so that the World Health Organization was in favor the monster could eat him/her. And then, one of killing the dragon because the panicky and inauspicious day, the same fate befell the king’s uncertainty situation in the village was causing daughter. Fortunately, she could have a narrow big stress and mental health problems to the escape thanks to an armored knight who con- population. And so, each commission set out fronted the dragon and killed it. their arguments against or in favor. Further- more, suddenly and contrary to the delegations In our case, the knight was replaced by the expectations, the group of the dragons tried to delegates, who had to put the rules of proce- pressure into the decision of participates saying dure into practice after the theoretical explica- that this would end up in a war if they killed the tion. Delegates were divided in groups related dragon. But these threats didn’t achieve distress of the commissions, because the final result by simple majority pronounced judgment in favor of killing the dragon and keep the princess alive. The delegates supposed that this would be the hardest decision during those days. But what happened is that they did not know that what we had prepared a lot of surprises for them… But what it is certain is that finally, and like in all fairytales, all delegates “lived the ex-Two pictures of the training ses-sion of C’MUN 2011. perience happily ever after!”.
edito- 9Crisis sessionsThe Crisis of MyanmarMary Michele Connellan. Delegate of Myanmar at the Security Council in C’MUN 2011. Master of Citizen-ship and human rights, Universitat de Barcelona. In the spirit of representing a comple- the military government of Myanmar, myself,tely realistic UN Model, the C’MUN team Mary Michele Connellan to deliver a report tocreated what would be a “crisis” to take the Security Council, and the Alliance of Civi-place throughout the course of the UN lizations, and Renata Pumarol who defendedsimulation. Added to the already proposed the position of the military government intopics of debate, the delegates in each the Human Rights Council.committee were to deal with a “real lifecrisis” in Myanmar, former Burma. The crisis What we were to witness in the unfol-was so well constructed that most people ding of the crisis was an unfortunate lack ofbelieved it to be true, as they were given commitment to the protection of the rightsvideo footage and various articles regar- of the civilians in Myanmar by the Humanding the situation published in The Clarion, Rights Council. It seemed as though thethe official newspaper for the United Na- charismatic influence of the military repre-tions Model of Barcelona. sentative, Renata Pumarol had managed to persuade the delegates in the Human The crisis, which was constructed to repre- Rights Council that the situation did notsent a realistic situation that could possibly call for any international intervention. Onhappen during any UN conference gave the the other hand, while the Security Councildelegates the opportunity to not only re- members could also have taken a strongerspond to topics which they had prepared for, stance against the military government ofbut also to be able to respond instinctively in Myanmar, they were wisely influenced by athe moment of a significant global situation. report from the chair person of The AllianceThey were told that the military government of Civilizations, and they finally passed aof Myanmar had attacked innocent civilians resolution which did more to protect hu-during a protest, and later that the inspira- man rights in the region.tional activist and democratic voice of Myan-mar, Aung San Suu Kiy had been killed in the Overall, the outcome of the crisis was posi-clash with the military. tive, the delegates learnt how to tackle issues in an urgent manner, and then realised the This crisis affected mostly the Security consequences of their decisions. Although aCouncil and the Human Rights Council, as crisis may require quick and efficient strate-well as The Alliance of Civilizations. As part gies, the implications of any actions, or lackof the construction of the crisis, the C’MUN thereof need to be thought well throughstaff had prepped two delegates to represent before passing any resolutions. The Security Council receives the message of the Secretary- General of C’MUN informing about the death of Aung San Suu Kiy.
10 Security Council The Crisis of Myanmar and the Reform of the Security Council Guillermo Serra. Chair of the Security Council in C’MUN 2011. University of Essex.The Security Council during thefirst day of sessions. The sixth edition of C’MUN –my second During the debate and the unmoderated time participating in this model UN-, was caucus regarding the situation in Myanmar; full of surprises. The debate started in the Bosnia and Herzegovina, China and India Security Council just after nine o’clock on showed their leadership. Bosnia worked hard Thursday, and as an unanimous decision, we on the respect of human rights in this area and started debating the Security Council Re- urged the rest of the countries to take a more form. Since the first debate, Brazil and India clear-cut position on the humanitarian crisis. expressed their interest regarding the ex- India, on the other hand, worked on the pre- pansion of the committee and its candidacy vention of the migration flow, topic that also as permanents members of the Council. concerned China, as both countries are neigh- bours of Myanmar in Southeast Asia. The re- Afterwards, the delegates had to face up solution put forward by India and the United a humanitarian crisis in Myanmar. Keeping Kingdom was voted at midday on Friday, with in mind the statements from the Secretary the support of the majority of the committee. General and the Alliance of Civilisations, However, China, the Russian Federation and the delegates noticed the severity of the South Africa decided to abstain. case and the urgency of solving that crisis in an effective and rigid way. The delegates were immediately interested in reintroducing the debate regarding the Se- During the debate the delegate of Myan- curity Council reform, in spite of the insistent mar in the General Assembly was invited pressure exerted by the United States in order according to the Article 32 of the Charter to postpone the debate and/or close it, the of the United Nations, so that she could delegations took advantage of the speeches answer some questions and clear up the made by the democrat government of the situation in Myanmar regarding the death United States, specially its commitment with of Aung San Suu Kiy and the likely human India, and the representation of the African rights violation on a large scale. The de- continent. For the sake of the debate, the de- legate of Myanmar assured that the go- legation of Japan was invited as member of vernment had nothing to do with those the G4 and the second largest contributor to violations of human rights, that it was in- the peace-keeping missions of the United Na- surgence groups’ responsibility. tions. Japan intervention caused disagreement
edito- 11from China and India; China would not accept Council. Since its participation in the Middlethe permanent position of Japan, and India East Group (1946-1965), its representation inknew that the Council would not accept two the African or Asiatic block –a seat at randommembers from the same block. between these two blocks- (1966-2011), un- til its total loss of representation mandated In the last session, the delegations of Brazil, by this resolution. Bosnia and HerzegovinaSouth Africa and the United Kingdom made a neither succeded in achieving representationdocument where Brazil, India and South Africa in the Security Council for the East Europeanwere included as permanent members, apart Block. The delegate of Bosnia pointed out thatfrom increasing the non-permanent seats the number of seats were ten in 1966 and itin two. The selection of non-permanent se- expanded until 23 in 2011. Bosnia barely ma-ats also changed, holding eight seats for two naged to keep a seat for its block or a sharedyears of membership, and adding four seats randomly one with the group of Western Eu-of five years of membership. At the end of ropean countries and others.the meeting, twelve members of Council vo-ted in favor, Germany and the United States Despite the fact that the two resolutionsabstained, and Lebanon voted against the re- were presented in the weekend, from mysolution. The Delegation of Lebanon asked to point of view the delegates should have dee-explain his vote, and with this intervention the pened in the Security Council reform and notcommittee closed the sessions. only focused on article 23 concerning the num- ber of members and powers, leaving aside the This resolution was of vital importance for procedural reforms and laws concerning Arti-the African and Latinamerican and Caribbean cle 30 of the Charter. I also believe that duringblock. Apart from achieveing a permanent re- the crisis in Myanmar the potentially fraudu-presentation at the Council, they also expan- lent elections of 2010 and the light sentencesded their non- permanent seats. Germany, to cases of torture sponsored by the Union ofthat had aspirations to a permanent seat, the Republic of Myanmar should have beenhardly achieved preference in the upcoming se- highlighted.lection of non-permanent members. Japan, whoacted as a guest, could not keep the pressure on This edition of C’MUN has been one of thethe delegates of the Council, as it had to leave most intense experiences in my training inthe committee to the voting process. Model UN. It had a high level of debate and a rapid response to the crisis. I hope to work Lebanon was the most affected nation by again with this group of delegates, with thethis resolution as far as the current members of team at UNA-Spain, and the other committeethe Security Council is concerned, because Ara- chairmen. Hope to see you all in an upcomingbian countries lost their representation in the edition of C’MUN The delegates of the Security Council.
12 C’MUN, the Model United Nations of Barcelona S/RES/1/ 2011 Security Council Distr.: General 8 April 2011 The Situation of Human Rights in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar Adopted by the Security Council on 8 April 2011 The Security Council, Guided by the report of the Secretary General on the situation in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, introduced on the 7th of April of the present year, Reafﬁrming that all Member States have an obligation to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and the duty to fulﬁll the obligations they have undertaken under the various international instru- ments in this ﬁeld, Taking into consideration the previous General Assembly’s resolutions on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, those of the Commission on Human Rights, and the resolutions of the Human Rights Council, Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Fully believing that the Government of Myanmar will cooperate with the international community in order to achieve concrete progress with regard to human rights and fundamental freedoms, 1. Strongly condemns any violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms of the people of Myanmar, namely the conditions in prisons and other detention facilities, and consistent reports of ill-treatment of priso- ners of conscience, including torture, and about the moving of prisoners of conscience to isolated prisons far from their families where they cannot receive food and medicine. We also condemn the displacement of large numbers of persons within Myanmar; 2. Urges the cease of violence from all involved parties; 3. Reafﬁrms the essential importance of a genuine process of dialogue and national reconciliation; 4. Encourages the Government of Myanmar to abide by international and national human rights law; 5. Expresses the hope for ensuring constructive dialogue between the sides of the conﬂict; 6. Further requests the Government of Myanmar to take into account the needs of the population and econo- mic prosperity; 7. Expresses its deep concern about the resumption of armed conﬂict in areas where violence is taking place, and is determined to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas. Likewise, calls for the rapid and the unim- peded passage of humanitarian assistance to ensure the safety of humanitarian personnel provided by UN agencies and the International Committee for the Red Cross; 8. Calls upon the Government of Myanmar to ﬁnd a solution to stop refugee ﬂows into neighboring countries; 9. Further requests the Government of Myanmar to provide, in cooperation with the Ofﬁce of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, adequate human rights and international humanitarian law training for its armed forces, police and prison personnel, to ensure their strict compliance with international human rights law and international humanitarian law and to hold them accountable for any violations thereof; 10. Calls upon the Government of Myanmar to engage in a dialogue with the Ofﬁce of the High Commissio- ner with a view to ensuring full respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms; 11. Has resolved to: (a). Establish an international commission to investigate the violation of basic human right by all parties in- volved in tensions with a particular focus on the murder of Aung San Suu Kiy; (b). Provide medical aid and food, apart from basic supplies to be distributed on the territory by UN Agencies, in collaboration with Myanmar authorities; (c). Report to the General Assembly at its sixty-sixth session as well as to the Human Rights Council on the progress made in the implementation of the present resolution; 12. Requests the General Assembly as well as the bodies that act under the auspices of the UN to actively promote economic development and stability in the conﬂict area; and 13. Decides to remain seized on the matter.
edito- 13C’MUN, the Model United Nations of Barcelona S/RES/2/ 2011 Security Council Distr.: General 9 April 2011The reform of the Security CouncilAdopted by the Security Council on 9 April 2011The Security Council,Recognizing its fundamental responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security accordingto the Charter of the United Nations,Acknowledging the emergence of new world powers which contribute signiﬁcantly to the maintenance ofpeace and security,Aiming at equitable representation of geographical regions with particular attention to developing countriesto have their voice strongly heard,Noting that the effectiveness, legitimacy and transparency of the work of the Security Council are the un-derlying principles the Security Council bases on,Stressing the necessity of a closer cooperation between the Security Council and other UN bodies and agencies,1. Afﬁrms the current ﬁve permanent members: France, Russian Federation, the People`s Republic of China,the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America;2. Decides to extend the Security Council to three new permanent seats, which should be allocated as follows:(a) Brazil from the Latin America and the Caribbean bloc;(b) South Africa from the African bloc;(c) India from the Asian bloc;3. Approves the changes in the category of non-permanent seats and distinguishes two different terms of mandate:3.1. Eight two-year non-renewable mandate seats. These seats will be regionally redistributed as follows:(a) Two seats from the African bloc;(b) Two seats from the Asian bloc;(c) Two seats from the Latin American and Caribbean bloc;(d) One seat from the Eastern European bloc;(e) One seat from the Western European and Others bloc;3.2 Four ﬁve-year renewable mandate seats with the possibility of one reelection. These seats will be regio-nally redistributed as follows:(a) One seat from the Latin American and Caribbean bloc;(b) One seat from the Asian bloc;(c) One seat from the African bloc;(d) One seat to be chosen alternatively from the Western European and Others bloc, and the EasternEuropean bloc;4. Declares accordingly that the countries mentioned in sub Article 3.2. may be chosen on a rotating basiswithin their regional group according to the following criteria:(a) Population;(b) Economic development;(c) Agricultural potential and ﬁnancial contribution to regional development(d) Engagement in promoting human rights, international peace and security;5. Recommends Japan and Germany to be the ﬁrst representatives for the Asian, and Western European andOthers blocs, respectively, in the new category established in sub Article 3.2;6. Accepts a review conference after twenty years in order to reconsider already established solutions as wellas to conduct further reforms;7. Has resolved to improve the working methods of the Security Council in the following ways:(a) Consultations on a regular and more frequent basis between members and non-members of the SecurityCouncil;(b). Regular joint meetings of representatives of the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economicand Social Council and other UN organs if the topic requires it;(c). Guarantees to hold open brieﬁngs and public debates in order to achieve more transparent and democraticaccountability; and8. Decides to remain seized on the matter.
14 Human Rights Council Right to Health versus Patents / Right to Free Flow of Information versus Copyrights Till Weyers. Chair of the Human Rights Council in C´MUN 2011. Universitat Pompeu Fabra.The Human Rights Council du-ring the first day ofsessions. In the 6th edition of the Catalonian Model the C’MUN staff kept giving new informa- United Nations, the expectations of the Hu- tion to the delegates. Moreover, the Deputy man Rights Council (HRC) were high, with Secretary-General, Eirene Ramos, pronounced two actual controversial subjects: regarding an official communiqué in which she urged the medicines, the right of health versus patents; Committee to meet up with a solution. Nume- and with regards to the Internet, the free rous working papers were written down and flow of information versus copyrights. The also two resolutions. In the possible resolutions agenda focused on the first point, and so, the two groups objected: on one hand, fundamen- debate about the suitable balance between tal human rights activists, and on the other, the health rights and the patents started. The some countries like China, Saudi Arabia and delegates were very motivated and, despite Bahrain, who still defended the principle of no the problems that arose with rules of proce- intervention. With the intention of approving dure, –for a great majority of the participants a resolution which embraced the consensus of it was their first time at C’MUN–, the pace of all the Committee, the two blocks gathered the debate was fluid and fruitful. However, two resolutions changing the operative clause the delegates could not set out their points of No.1 which did not condemn the authorities of view for some time due to a crisis that affected Myanmar for “the violation against civil popu- C’MUN2011. First at the Security Council, and lation”. At the end of the day, the first resolu- afterwards at the Human Rights Council and tion was approved. However, the next day, it at the Ad hoc Council of the Alliance of Civili- arose tragic news: after break time, the news- zations at the General Assembly. The military paper The Clarion was distributed to the dele- government of Myanmar had approved an gates and the reaction on the HRC’s resolution agricultural reform that prompted numerous were catastrophic for us. The Secretary General protests, and the government’s reaction was of C’MUN, Raül Jiménez, affirmed that “the cruel: they suppressed the protests, assassina- Human Rights Council had failed in the pro- ted the Nobel Peace Prize awarded, Aung San motion of Human Rights” and the NGOs Am- Suu Kyi, and accused rebel groups of having nesty International and Human Rights Watch assassinated both the protestants and the fa- declared that “it was the worst moment of mous leader of the opposition. The delegates the Human Rights Council”. Both criticized the of the Human Rights Council spent the rest vagueness of the resolution which did not con- of day trying to find a solution, which could demn the violation of the Human Rights by the achieve a consensus of all the committee, and government of Myanmar, but the violations of during the whole process, the Under-Secretary human rights in general. The delegates were General for Chairing, Ambiorix, and some of overcome, since its intention was to find a con-
edito- 15sensual answer of the Committee in which all before, the Committee had approved. At theof the opinions were included, but due to that, final moment, the International Pirate Partythey lost some important operating clauses. tried to include a clause which expressed the importance of the rights of the intellectual However, it has to be mentioned that the property, but the rest of the committee in-fault of the first resolution motivated the de- validated the amendment. After a meaningfullegates to make the second one better. The and fruitful day of debate, the HRC approvedHRC continued the theme regarding to the the proposal of a merged resolution. The dele-rights of health versus patents. All of the del- gates had been extraordinary productive andegates worked without cease in some wor- the chairs were sure that they would gain atking papers, and they exposed theirs ideas least some working paper on the second topic.and tried to reach an agreement. A balancedagreement had to be found between those The final day was started slower than thedifferent rights and it was clear that the de- previous days, since many delegates enjoyedveloped countries, with big pharmaceutical the social and cultural activities of the dayindustries, like the United States, defended before. In spite of that, many countries werepatents; while the countries like Brazil and motivated to even approve a third resolution.Thailand, which depend on development in More working papers were written and weremedical research and industrial plants, tried to discussed in moderated and unmoderated cau-emphasize the right to health. Two more draft cus. As we had only the morning session to fi-resolutions were written and both got better nish, the delegates had to hurry up to achieveduring the unmoderated caucus. The UNESCO their objective. After the break, the delegatesalso fought to be involved in the documents, began to write a resolution. Nevertheless, thatsince this institution is important to achieve a resolution could not be presented, and it wasbalanced agreement between both rights. At far from neither being discussed, nor amended,the end of the afternoon, both planning reso- nor approved. In spite of that, the last morninglution were merged, as the delegates realized was very productive and the resolution pro-that both had many clauses in common. The posed would be a good base for a satisfactorychairs rejected as “inappropriate” the proposal resolution.of dividing the matter in both resolutions andto include just the approved operative clauses. Personally, C’MUN 2011 was a great ex-The final resolution project was presented and perience and I would like to thank all thosewas debated productively. Important amend- people who worked for making it possible.ments were approved and some orthographic Especially, I would like to thank Alkmini-Lydiaand grammar errors were eliminated. Particu- Mitsikosta, my colleague and co-chair, for herlarly, I would like to emphasize the discussion support and incalculable work during thesebetween France and Saudi Arabia in which days. And of course, to all the distinguished de-both could not find an agreement in a specific legates who strived and worked incessantly atformulation, and as a result, Saudi Arabia recti- the Committee to obtain exceptional results. Ified a France’s amendment that, few moments hope that all of you enjoyed it as much as I did! The delegates of the Human Rights Council.
16 C’MUN, the Model United Nations of Barcelona HRC/ 2011 Human Rights Council Distr.: General 8 April 2011 Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar The Human Rights Council, Regarding the UN charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as two principal documents cons- tituting the framework for the achievement of the UN goals, Emphasizing the fact that global peace and stabilization should be perceived as the ﬁrst and foremost objec- tive of the UN countries, Respecting the authority of the government of Myanmar, 1. Condemns violence towards civil population and encourages the dialogue between the parties involved; 2. Expresses the will of the bordering countries to provide the political refugees from Myanmar with the necessary aid of the UNHCR; 3. Declares the will of the UN to ensure that citizens have all their basic needs met: (a). Access to water; (b). Food; (c). Medical care; 4. Speciﬁes that each country should contribute with aids according to its possibilities; 5. Recognizes only humanitarian intervention, excluding any kind of military intervention, which is in any case beyond the powers of this committee; 6. Stresses that it is within the UNSC competence to take into account the situation of Myanmar.
edito- 17C’MUN, the Model United Nations of Barcelona HRC/ 2011 Human Rights Council Distr.: General 8 April 2011Resolution on the Right to Health vs. PatentsThe Human Rights Council,Acting under the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,Believing that access to healthcare including the right to obtain sufﬁcient medicines for a reasonable priceshould be regarded as a Human Right,Bearing in mind the need for intellectual property of pharmaceutical companies protection,Being fully aware of the fact that the contradiction between IP rights and the right to health exists,Noting with a deep concern current situations in some of the developing countries, without access to funda-mental medicines,Wishing acting together within the UN community to contribute to the current state of affairs improvement,Acknowledging the Millennium Development Goals, focusing on the goal number 8,Realizing that generic medicines might constitute an ultimate alternative for those remaining in destitution,Believing in the global understanding of the problem and the will of obtaining common solutions to the matter,Further recognizing that a priority of the world states is the health of the population,1. Proposes the extension of competences of already existing bodies such as the WHO, the Accelerated Ac-cess Initiative, WIPO and the Global Fund to ﬁght AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, determining exactly theircompetences;2. Encourages the creation and implementation of educational and awareness programs with the collabora-tion of the WHO and UNESCO, to track and control the course of medicines to the country of destination andto improve infrastructures in developing countries (sewage system, water puriﬁcation, road and rail network);3. Proposes the creation of an international fund, with the purpose of investing into research for new curesfor diseases or reduction of costs for essential medicines, favoring the countries affected by price increases,taking into account the GDP (giving more consideration to the HDI); managed by a commission created insi-de a previously existing body such as the UNDP to assist and guarantee the new and previous competences,with an important assistance of any international organization;4. Declares, accordingly to the TRIPS agreement, the need of promoting public health care and also takes intoconsideration the necessity of protecting intellectual property in order to promote the research and creation ofnew medical advances;5. Strongly urges the creation of an advanced market for drugs of limited proﬁtability to ensure the right tohealth of all people; one way to accomplish this is through the creation of advanced purchasing funds; anotherless costly option is an exchange of know-how;6. Recommends, in collaboration with the WHO and WIPO, an international regulation to unify and specifythe deﬁnition of a crisis situation, when compulsory licensing is permitted according to the Doha Declarationon the TRIPS Agreement of 2001;7. Suggests the delocalization of the production of pharmaceutical companies in a mutually beneﬁcial wayfor both developed and developing countries in order to promote the establishment of their own medicineresearch development and production plants, following the examples such as the ones of Thailand and Brazil,proportionally to the capabilities of each country;8. Recognizes the need of promoting health care and also takes into consideration the protection of intellectualproperty in order to promote the research and creation of new medical advances, although recognizing othernot private ways of researching;9. Proposes the further development of research regarding medical issues which affect both developed anddeveloping countries, regarding the article 66 of the TRIPS Agreement;10. Invites all Member States, relevant organizations of the UN system and other international organizations,including non-governmental organizations to participate in World HIV Day in an appropriate manner, in or-der to raise public awareness, as well as its prevention and care including education and mass media;11. Afﬁrms the rules governing the use of property rights established by the Bangui agreement which providesfavorable measures for developing countries;12. Recognizes that every alliance (referring to the possibility of regional agreements) would be formed takinginto account their position in the international system and their speciﬁc situation;13. Urges all Nations to work together towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals,focusing on Target 17 “access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.”
18 Economic and Financial Committee International Taxes to Fight Poverty and the Economic Crisis Persefoni Ririka. Chair of the Economic and Financial Committee in C’MUN 2011, University of Macedonia.The Economic and Financial Com-mittee during the first day ofsessions. In the Economic and Financial Committee something which was also raised as a point by of the General Assembly of this year’s confer- many delegation of the committee during the ence there was one challenging topic under sessions. Manonelles later wondered if CTT discussion: “Establishing international taxes will be implemented and accepted to answer to fight poverty and the economic crisis :a) many delegates’ questions. banking and stock exchanges taxes . b) avia- tion tax. c) tourism tax”. Although most of the delegates were first timers, it was a great pleasure seeing them These days the world has to face a crisis being confident, passionate and active. The originated by the developed countries, a discussion started and the common belief in- crisis which highly affects the real economy, side the committee was that taxes are not a further worsened by the lack of liquidity in solution and that a more concrete and radical the financial circuits. Delegates represen- change should be made in order to fight the ting countries from all over the world had to economic crisis and reach the MDGs, a change reach an agreement and introduce a resolu- of the economic system itself. The majority tion which would state a clear position re- of the developed countries were in favor of garding the issue of international taxes and the immediate implementation of the taxes their use in order to combat poverty and while the developing ones were against it, reach the Millennium Development Goals. both taking into consideration the fact that the crisis caused by the developed countries At beginning of the first day of the sessions affected the whole world. Some of the most we had the honor of hosting Mr. Manuel important views on the issue were expressed Manonelles, director of the Foundation by the delegations of China, which was in Culture of Peace, who gave us a speech on favor of a more independent policy of deve- the issue of international taxation system. loping countries helping themselves on their Manonelles talked about Currency Transaction own, Morocco, which asked the transactional Tax for Financing Development (CTT for FfD) taxes to be used as an aid for the developing and stated that introducing a tax of 0.005% countries, France and Germany, which were on currency exchange would “suffice to raise in favor of aviation taxes and United King- an amount of money over 30 billion USD per dom, which questioned the long term effec- year”. According to the results of the research tiveness of such measures. conducted by a group of experts, by request of the Leading Group on Innovative Financ- Although there were different opinions on ing for Development, this tax will not cause the subject and blocks were made, the out- problems at the real economy and it has to be come of the first day was one working paper underlined that these Funds will be managed which summarized the opinions heard during by United Nations programs and agencies, the sessions. The paper also suggested some
edito- 19measures regarding the issue, such as the im- Since an agreement on transportation taxesplementation of taxes on financial transac- did not seem feasible, delegates decided totions, the introduction of an agency which concentrate mainly on financial transactions.would monitor the progress and process of The day closed without an introduction of ainternational taxes and the liability of inter- draft resolution although the committee wasnational rating agencies. Moreover, an idea close to the introduction of one.of a creation of a public international ratingagency was heard. During the last day of session the delegates were really busy with forming the draft reso- During the second day of sessions delegates lution but heated discussion continued takingwere concentrated on forming a draft resolu- place. Finally, a draft resolution was intro-tion and talking about tourism and aviation duced, sponsored by the delegations of Boli-taxes. According to the delegations of Japan via, Morocco, Spain and United Kingdom. Theand Morocco tourism tax is really important committee, realizing the importance and dif-and should not affect tourists, thus they were ficulty of reaching an agreement, decided toagainst it. Brazil supported the opinion ex- strengthen the significance of taxes on finan-pressed by the delegation of Greece which cial transactions and currency speculations.was against tourism taxes as tourism is a very While recommending that 1/3 of the fundssensitive area, while Sweden was in favor of it raised through the above mentioned taxesas they believe that tourism is not affected by should be managed by each country sepa-taxes. As far as aviation taxes are concerned rately and 2/3 by the MDG Achievement Fundmost of the countries were in favor of them it further requested that the taxes shouldwhile IATA underlined that even 1 euro would range between 0.05% and 0.25%. Further-be too much and it could have severe effects. more, it decided that at this point reachingGermany, Morocco and Japan were the lead- an agreement on tourism and transportationing countries of the group which was in favor taxes was impossible. Last but not least, it ex-of this taxation with the latest expressing its pressed its belief that regulation and super-will that developing countries would commit vision should become more effective and itto it. United States of America and European decided to remain active on the matter.Union further suggested the implementationof taxes on sea and air transportation and Being a chair of the Economic and FinancialMorocco stressed the importance of taxes on Committee of C’MUN conference 2011 was acompanies which cause the pollution of the great pleasure and honor for me. I should un-environment, such as air companies, which derline that all our delegates were really ac-was further underlined by Egypt. On the tive and passionate and that it is my firm be-other hand, the delegations of developing lief that in the future they will achieve manycountries believed that it was unfair to pay things both in favor of their personal lives andthe same taxes as the developed nations. of the world. I would like to thank the organi-The African Union, South Africa and Bulgaria zation team for giving me the opportunity ofwere against these taxes, while China was chairing this marvelous committee, bringingafraid of supporting the implementation of us together and for their hard work duringtaxes on polluting companies. The result of all these days, which made this conference athis difference was two different working pa- success and an unforgettable experience.pers, one by China and the other by Morocco. The delegates of the Economic and Financial Committee.
20 C’MUN, the Model United Nations of Barcelona A/C.2/ 2011 General Assembly Distr.: General 8 April 2011 Economic and Financial Committee Sixth Session 2nd Committee Adopted by the C’MUN X Committee at its 6th meeting, on 08 April 2011 Establishing International Taxes on Financial Transactions to Fight Poverty and the Economic Crisis: A) Banking and stock exchanges taxes B)Aviation tax C)Tourism tax The Economic and Financial Committee of the General Assembly, Determined to foster strict respect for the purposes and principles stated in the Charter of the United Nations, Having considered the impact of the ﬁnancial crisis on the whole world and its threat to long term objectives a the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, Convinced by the fact that speculative ﬁnancial transactions should be restricted by international taxes, Afﬁrming that a transaction tax would stabilize asset prices, thus improving general macroeconomic functioning, Emphasizing that a transaction tax would allow the United Nations to have enough funds to accomplish the Millennium Development Goals, Convinced that a better regulation of the ﬁnancial markets will improve the global economy, Realizing the difﬁculties in reaching a consensus regarding transportation taxing, Recognizing the crucial importance and the need of immediate considerations in the ﬁnancial sector, Deeply concerned with the recent food crisis that boosts food prices and raises poverty and hunger, 1. Strongly afﬁrms the necessity of a global and international implementation of a tax on ﬁnancial transactions; 2. Recommends the implementation of a tax on foreign currency speculations; 3. Further afﬁrms the necessity of 2/3 of the funds raised by the above mentioned taxes to be managed by the MDG Achievement Fund. Under the principle of subsidiarity, in 2015 the funds will be transferred to the UNDP, which will allocate the money to any commission similar to the MDG Achievement Fund; 4. Recommends that 1/3 of the funds raised by the previously mentioned taxes to be managed by each country for internal issues, stressing on the importance of solving the sovereign debt crisis; 5. Suggests that the nature of both taxes should be global and adopted simultaneously by all the countries worldwide; 6. Requests that the value of the tax ranges from 0.05% to 0.25%, depending on the nature and risk of the ﬁnancial product, which will be evaluated by the already existing UN Commission of Financial Experts; 7. Asks for a minimum tax rate to be set at 0.05% for all countries; 8. Recommends the inclusion of countries which have already implemented taxes in their national legal sys- tem to the abovementioned tax system; 9. Further recommends public companies not to pay taxes as long as the nature of their activity is not specu- lative; 10. Afﬁrms that, in order to ﬁght speculation and enhance development, ﬁnancial transactions related to trade will not be affected by this tax; 11. Suggests the IMF to strengthen the Financial Sector Assessment Program for closer ﬁnancial sector sur- veillance; 12. Calls upon those nations interested in taxing transportation to act regionally and nationally under the gui- dance of the UN, emphasizing that we recommend states to avoid taxing maritime transport as it is essential for trade; 13. Acknowledges the importance of tourism and trade and therefore, cannot, at this point, reach a consensus regarding transportation taxes; 14. Encourages the FAO to take serious action against food speculation before 2015; 15. Stresses the critical need of making regulation and supervision more effective; 17. Encourages the international community to take long-term actions to strengthen the international econo- mic system, such as restricting complex ﬁnancial products; 18. Decides to remain active on this matter.
edito- 21Ad Hoc Committee of the Alliance of CivilizationsGender and MigrationAleksandra Semeriak. Co-Chair of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Alliance of Civilizations in C’MUN 2011.Universitat Pompeu Fabra. The Ad Hoc Committee of the Alliance of Civilizations during the first day of sessions. This year in the 6th Catalonia Model Unit- to begin the discussion, and almost all ofed Nations, the Committee of the Alliance them wanted to be added to the speakersof Civilizations had to face a subject of dis- list. When the session was reaching a highcussion as wide as strong and as important point, an unexpected event shook theas difficult. This year, the content, always Committee: in front of the surprised faceson the importance of managing labor mi- of the delegates, Juan Sebastián Mateos in-gration, tried to focus on the role of gen- formed them that the clashes in Myanmarder. The theme of the meeting was divided had led to a repression on the part of theinto three subtopics: gender equality, gen- military government and ended up withder violence and religious visual symbols. the murder of Aung San Suu Kyi, the mostPer se, migration is still a difficult topic to famous “symbol” of the Myanmar’s oppo-deal with, above all in political and cultural sition. The agenda set up by the delegatesmatters which confront countries receiving was postponed in order to firstly discuss themigration with home countries. Adding crisis. All countries tried to find measuresreligion and gender equality, we were ex- and solutions to the wave of immigrantspectant to see how the discussion would towards China that, after the serious prob-develop. lems, the Burmese population started to suffer. Despite having different economic The first day of meeting, we had the interests on the area, delegations tried togreat opportunity of counting on the pre- forget (as far as possible) their own ben-sence of Juan Sebastián Mateos, Head of efits to issue a statement recommending aServices of the Office of the “real” Alliance humanitarian intervention on the area toof Civilizations, within the Spanish Ministry avoid the displacement and the possibleof Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. Dele- disasters which could derive from this tra-gates could obtain first-hand information gic outcome. First thing in the morning ofabout the Committee and ask questions the following day, this statement was sub-giving their own opinion on the topics mitted to the Security Council which wasbefore putting themselves in the shoes of working on a resolution to the conflict.the representatives of the countries theyhave been assigned for the next days. Af- After having dealt with the crisis, theter the pleasant visit, delegates were ready present representatives of the Commit-
22 tee were ready to retake the discussion pass a resolution that doesn’t respect the on migration and gender equality on the cultural traditions and religions of the mi- second day. Insisting on the importance of grants’ home country, since this resolution managing the time (since we only had a would not be to their liking. Influenced by day and a half of sessions), delegates put the polemic news about the banning of the a lot of effort in starting to collect ideas integral veil in France, the resulting work and find solutions. The day began with two of the Committee looked for the passing working papers led by the delegations of of the delegations affected in this aspect Peru, on the one hand, and Australia, on without going against the host countries. the other hand. It seems the main topic of gender equality was tackled in both docu- Despite some discrepancies, the discus- ments, finding some similarities and also sion should go on. The new topics were differences. Following the spirit of the Alli- added to the working paper and new re- ance of Civilizations that the Chairs always quests were taken into consideration. Each remembered, delegates decided to bet on delegation had something to say and time the consensus and unify both working pa- was pressing. Thanks to the collaboration of pers in one. The resolution was about to be all delegates, who devoted all their efforts born. However, in the middle of the after- both during and out of the formal sessions, noon the delegations of the Muslim coun- a real joint work could be carried out. The tries and religious organizations, such as delegations considering it necessary sent the Holy See and the Organization of the their proposals for modification during an Islamic Conference, expressed their wish to unmoderated caucus, in which the repre- add the topic of the religious symbols due sentatives were sitting in their respective to the significance related to the migrant seats instead of gathering in small groups. population and education. Despite the criti- In this unmoderated caucus, they discussed cism of some delegations, since they ar- the working paper and the modifications gued that it would be very difficult to reach point by point informally. They also argued a consensus in a very short space of time, why these modifications should be made the representatives of the Muslim countries or not, so that all delegations were kept in- knew how to prove that this subject could formed about the changes and they could not be out of the resolution. The modera- reach an agreement or voice their opposi- ted caucuses were used to state their con- tion at the moment. This procedure, posi- cerns and intentions to the rest of delegates tively valued by the chairs, enabled us not and they also clarified that they would not to have a single amendment and to reachThe delegates the Ad Hoc Com-mittee of the Alliance of Civili-zations
edito- 23the favorable vote on the part of all dele- man Rights. It is a resolution that coversgations, when it was presented as a draft everything.resolution the last day. It is a resolutionthat urges the improvement of the measu- It is said that when something is repeatedres already recommended and also insists constantly, finally you end up internaliz-that achieving gender equality is directly ing it. After constantly repeating that theattached to poverty, education, social servi- Alliance of Civilizations had to find a con-ces and policy implementation which must sensus and work jointly, not as divided dele-remove the current differences. A resolu- gations, I think that both Pau and I managedtion that recommends and suggests to the to bear this idea in mind in every declara-Member States of the United Nations that tion and proposal issued by the delegates.they promote equal opportunity and equal We couldn’t be happier with the work doneaccess for women to public and private sec- in a limited time. We would have been de-tors of the society, both from the adminis- lighted, if we had had the opportunity oftration and the education. This resolution further discussing each topic proposed foris based on the respect for the multicultu- the agenda and going into details thatralism and the different religions, and for emerged from the subtopics. Likewise, wethe freedom of migrants to endure their hope the sessions have been to delegates´own traditions without being discrimina- liking and we apologize in case of not ha-ted and also the respect for freely choosing ving met some of your expectations. Finallytheir way of life, but always respecting Hu- and once again, thank you very much.The Ad Hoc Committee on the Alliance of Civilizations8 April 2011Statement by the President of the UN Alliance of CivilizationsAt the 6th United Nations Model, held on 7 April 2011, in connection with the Alliance’s considera-tion of the item entitled “The issue of Myanmar crisis”, the President of the Alliance of Civilizationsmade the following statement on behalf of the Alliance:“Condemns the outbreaks of violence in Myanmar.“Demands an immediate end to violence from both the demonstrators and the military.“Invites neighboring countries to take substantive action to help the refugees from Myanmar.“Encourages UN members, especially those who have achieved a higher level of economic deve-lopment, such as the USA and consenting EU countries, to give humanitarian and ﬁnancial supportto handle the situation of the refugees that might arrive to the neighboring countries, since thesecountries will not be able to handle the crisis without help.“Recommends the Security Council to be vigilant of the current events.“Encourages Myanmar to be as cooperative as possible in keeping the international community in-formed about the recent events, by allowing international NGOs and journalists to enter the countryand report on the migratory movement.“Reminds Myanmar of the potential threat that massive, uncontrolled migration movements mightpose, making this issue of international interest.“Encourages ﬁnancial support for any neighboring country that is willing to help the refugeesthrough the help of more economically developed countries and the International Monetary Fund.“Views positively any humanitarian mission that includes provision of medical help for shelters andanything else that can be offered with the help of relevant NGOs such as the Red Cross, DoctorsWithout Borders and other NGOs from the Platform of European Social NGOs.“Emphasizes the importance of cultural exchange in order to achieve mutual understanding to solvecontroversies in a peaceful manner to contribute to the stabilization of the region so as to achievedevelopment.”
24 C’MUN, the Model United Nations of Barcelona A/C. Ad Hoc/ 2011 General Assembly Distr.: General 9 April 2011 The Ad Hoc Committee on the Alliance of Civilizations The General Assembly, Reafﬁrming the commitment made by the United Nations regarding the Millennium Development Goals, Recalling the resolutions S/RES/1325, S/RES/1261, S/RES/1265, S/RES/1296 and S/RES/1314 vo- ted by the Security Council, as well as relevant statements made by its Presidents, Bearing in mind the commitments of the Beijing Declaration regarding the platform for action (A/ RES/52/231) as well as those contained in the resulting document of the twenty-third special session of the United Nations General Assembly on “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-ﬁrst century” (A/S-23/10/Rev.1), Convinced that global cooperation amongst states is of crucial importance in eliminating gender inequality, Noting with deep concern the inefﬁciency and lack of coordination of past initiatives, Deeply disturbed by the widespread violation of women rights and the persistent inequalities that exist between men and women, Fully alarmed that gender discrimination is the principal reason why different manifestations of gender inequality and violence against women occurs in all countries, 1. Further invites new measures and improvements of those which already exist in order to prevent, reduce and prosecute all forms of violence against women. Special attention should be dedicated to female migrants in order to eliminate human trafﬁcking and ethnical violence; 2. Considers that gender equality is directly linked to poverty, education, health services, juridical assistance and employment. The development and implementation of policies and programs with a determinant focus on gender is encouraged; 3. Requests the enforcement of existing structures of a Committee of Control and Evaluation, such as UN Women. This committee formed by independent experts will analyze annual reports sent by country members. Encouraging the UN members to collect and make available the relevant data for such reports, which should address each country´s situation regarding gender equality, especially in education area. Experts would make recommendations for improvement to each country regarding each situation; 4. Calls for the establishment of governmental programs to improve gender equality: (a) Promote access and participation of women in the political sphere, public government and admi- nistration, and in the decision-making roles; (b) Encourage the access of women into each level of the working sector, in consideration to the speciﬁc economical structure of each region; (c) Promote equal access to social and cultural services; (d) Encourage the adoption of measures by enterprises and governments that favor conciliation bet- ween individual personal and working lives. Assuring that maternity issues do not affect women´s employment rights; (e) Promote a positive image of women in employment, as well as the values of equality through the media and educational programs; and (f) Recommend measures in order to condemn and punish domestic violence, including sexual vio- lence; 5. Endorses education measures: increase national efforts to guarantee the equal access of women at all education levels, especially at primary school. Programs will also be dedicated to making school affordable for all families;