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1. first australians

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1. first australians

  1. 1. First Australians
  2. 2. Australia’s National Day celebrated on January 26 is rejected by the Indigenous Australians. Why is that so???
  3. 3. Let’s find out more about the terms we need for this topic
  4. 4. According to dreaming stories, the Indigenous come from spirit – the same time as landscapes and other living things
  5. 5. According to dreaming stories, the Indigenous come from spirit – the same time as landscapes and other living things
  6. 6. Archeologist & Anthropologist believe they came from lands
  7. 7. Support of the Common Agreement that Indigenous Australians were 1st inhabitants Found in 1974 by a geologist named Jim around Bowler Lake Mungo
  8. 8. The buried skeleton (for 40.000 years) found on the ‘shores’ of Lake Mungo NSW (dry since 15.000 yrs ago)
  9. 9. The 500 Language Group •Language/ dialect •Laws •Beliefs • Customs
  10. 10. The 500 Language Group
  11. 11. The 500 Language Group LANGUAGE GROUPS CLAN (Approx 100 people) Band Band CLAN (Approx 100 people) Band TOTEM `
  12. 12. P.6
  13. 13. WHAT DO YOU HAVE IN YOUR MIND WHEN YOU SEE THESE MEN IN FRONT OF YOUR DOORS?
  14. 14. What do you think they assumed when they saw these man in front of them P. 8 Attack and Resistance
  15. 15. Pemulwuy’s Story Attacks farms & settlements + battle Murdered in 1802 Bidgigal of Eora (Surrounding Sydney) Indigenous Resistance
  16. 16. First lived in harmony Burning land >< agrression + a Nyungar was shot Exiled, escaped, parents murdered (more reward) Shot after asking for flour Yagan’s Story Nyungar Clan (South Western Australia) Indigenous Resistance
  17. 17. 15’ OPENING QUIZ (OPEN-BOOK)
  18. 18. 1. Fill in the table about genocide and massacres 2. Make the timeline to record key events during the existence of Corranderk CAUSE EVENT WHAT HAPPENED The indigenous tried to stop soldiers and convicts building huts near Hobart site -European settlers killed the native animals Tragedy of Van Diemen’s Land - In 1828, Governor Arthur ordered all Indigenous people out of all settled district -Survivors were moved to Flinders Island in 1821-1840 and forced to be Christian -1847 died by and disease despair -1860, Truganini was the only survivor at Oyster Bay Martial Law Dindradyne & Massacre of the Wiradjuri Major Nun’s Massacre Warrigall Creelk Massacre
  19. 19. • The indigenous tried to stop soldiers and convicts building huts near Hobart site • European settlers killed the native animals CAUSES The Tragedy of Van Diemen’s Land •In 1828, Governor Arthur ordered all Indigenous people out of all settled district •Survivors were moved to Flinders Island in 1821- 1840 and forced to be Christian •1847 died by and disease despair •1860, Truganini was the only survivor at Oyster Bay EVENTS
  20. 20. •Kamilari people lost their land CAUSES Major Nunn’s Massacre Colony’s senior military officer massacred at least 100 people at Vinegar Hill EVENTS
  21. 21. •None, >30 women and children camped were friendly •The armed men wanted to punish them for frightening cattle CAUSES Myall Creek Massacre •While the manager was away, Kilmeister (the only left convicts) murdered Kianbals •Anderson didn’t join and hode a child •Hobbs reported the murder •They were not punished EVENTS
  22. 22. •The murder of Ronald Macalister in Gippsland CAUSES Warigal Creek Massacre •The wealthy local squatter wanted to take revenge and murdered around 60 people EVENTS
  23. 23. 1. Why is Corranderk successful? 2. What happened to Corranderk in 1924? 3. What had the Torres Strait Islanders done for their living before the Europeans came? 4. Mention 3 impacts from the arrival of London Missionary Society on Darnley Island in 1871?
  24. 24. The Story of Corranderk • First, they lived in Aboriginal reserve in 1863 for Kulin people • It started to produce hop in 1872 • They were helped by John Green until 1874 – when he was forced to resignafter argument with Victorian Givernment • Many envy their success, European believe their ‘manifold destiny’
  25. 25. The Story of Corranderk •Then, after several disagreeements with the government: –Government inquiry & subsequent report in 1882 –Victorian Aborigines Act in 1886 • Finally, it was officially CLOSED in 1924
  26. 26. Torres Strait Islanders • Before European came, –The Islanders traded with Cape York Aborigines & Papua New Guinea –Had their own religious cults –Practice calling up the spirit of recently deads –Ritual beheadings –Cannibalism
  27. 27. Torres Strait Islanders • Before European came, –The Islanders traded with Cape York Aborigines & Papua New Guinea –Had their own religious cults –Practice calling up the spirit of recently deads –Ritual beheadings –Cannibalism
  28. 28. Torres Strait Islanders •The Contact –Was made in 1606 when Luis Vaez de Torres sailed the Torres Strait –After Capt. Cook proclaimed part of Australia’s eastern cost as Crown Land, it became fave passage
  29. 29. Torres Strait Islanders •The Real Impact Happened at the arrival of London Missionary Society on Darnley Island in 1871: - As Christian, they had to cover their body (or will be disciplined by the mission court) - They were required to take 2nd European name In 1878, the government of Queensland claimed it as Crown
  30. 30. Torres Strait Islanders •The Discrimination – They could not enter bars – They could not have relationship outside their race (the mixed race will be transferred to Moa & Kiriri island) •Rebelion – In 1939, they staged a strike for nine months >>> They were allowed to have boats & others

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