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Game 
Changers 
for 
Women 
in 
CS: 
Lessons 
Learned 
from 
Turkey 
Turkish 
Women 
in 
Compu9ng 
(TWIC) 
Three 
Founding...
Turkish 
Women 
in 
Compu9ng 
! An 
Anita 
Borg 
Ins9tute 
Community 
! Global 
Presence 
! Independent 
(not 
9ed 
to 
go...
Why 
we 
founded 
TWIC 
At 
one 
Grace 
Hopper 
Conference 
some 
of 
us 
wondered: 
! “Why 
is 
the 
environment 
differe...
Bombarded 
by 
News 
about 
Women 
in 
Tech 
!
From 
Huffington 
Post 
March 
4
From 
Huffington 
Post 
March 
4
From 
Huffington 
Post 
March 
4
News 
are 
about 
! # 
of 
Women 
are 
declining 
in 
compu9ng 
and 
STEM 
! Are 
there 
inherent 
differences 
between 
M...
Changing 
the 
game 
for 
Women… 
! Entering 
in 
the 
field 
! Gekng 
hired 
! Being 
Inspired/Supported 
! Staying 
in 
...
Why 
our 
experience 
is 
so 
different? 
What 
can 
be 
learned 
from 
other 
countries 
such 
as 
Turkey 
and 
case 
stu...
Where 
our 
percep9ons 
differ… 
! Girls 
excel 
in 
Science 
& 
Math 
in 
High 
School 
! Girls 
are 
alracted 
to 
under...
As 
Scien9sts, 
we 
did 
a 
bit 
of 
research 
on… 
! Data 
about 
women 
gekng 
into 
the 
field, 
par9cularly 
in 
CS 
d...
Entering 
the 
Field 
! Na9onwide 
Placement 
Exam 
! 1.8 
Million 
take 
the 
test 
in 
2013!
Hypotheses: 
Na9onal 
Exam 
as 
Equalizer 
! Eliminates 
gender, 
race, 
and 
similar 
biases 
from 
applica9on 
process 
...
Hypotheses 
con9nued 
! Computer 
Science 
degree 
is 
extremely 
popular 
! Clean 
Work 
Environment: 
Office 
! Great 
P...
Posi9ve 
Effects 
of 
Environment 
! Pres%ge: 
Families 
push 
for 
children 
to 
scien9fic 
fields 
(doctors, 
engineers)...
Lets 
look 
at 
some 
numbers
Sta9s9cs 
from 
OSYM 
Placement 
Exam 
0.35 
0.30 
0.25 
0.20 
0.15 
0.10 
0.05 
0.00 
Female 
ra%o 
in 
new 
admissions 
...
The 
trend 
con9nues 
in 
grad 
degrees… 
0.35 
0.30 
0.25 
0.20 
0.15 
0.10 
0.05 
0.00 
Female 
ra%o 
in 
graduates 
at ...
What 
about 
Female 
Assistants 
and 
Faculty? 
0.35 
0.3 
0.25 
0.2 
0.15 
0.1 
0.05 
0 
Female 
ra%os 
in 
faculty 
at 
...
Middle 
East 
Technical 
University: 
Women 
Undergrad 
Ra9o 
0.250 
0.200 
0.150 
0.100 
0.050 
0.000 
2008 
2009 
2010 
...
Bilkent 
University: 
Women 
Undergrad 
Ra9os 
(Graduated) 
0.4 
0.35 
0.3 
0.25 
0.2 
0.15 
0.1 
0.05 
0 
1989 
1990 
199...
Math 
and 
Science 
Sta9s9cs 
0.7 
0.6 
0.5 
0.4 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0 
Female 
ra%o 
in 
new 
admissions 
to 
Mathema%cs 
and...
USA 
vs. 
Turkey 
35.0 
30.0 
25.0 
20.0 
15.0 
10.0 
5.0 
0.0 
Percentage 
of 
females 
pursuing 
CS 
undergraduate 
degr...
Important 
Footnote 
No 
extra 
interven9on, 
school, 
adver9sement, 
recrui9ng, 
mentoring 
tailored 
SPECIFICALLY 
towar...
Results: 
! Interest 
is 
increasing 
and 
steady 
! More 
dropouts 
from 
men 
in 
grad 
degrees 
due 
to 
military 
serv...
Suppor9ng 
Research* 
! Survey 
of 
671 
female 
students 
in 
top 
6 
Turkish 
universi9es 
! Inves9gates 
to 
find 
why ...
Conclusion 
& 
Next 
Steps 
! Data 
and 
previous 
research 
support 
our 
hypotheses. 
! A 
large 
scale 
survey 
to 
ass...
Big 
Thank 
You! 
! OSYM 
for 
sta9s9cs 
! Dept. 
of 
Computer 
Engineering, 
Bilkent 
Uni 
Prof. 
Dr. 
Altay 
Guvenir 
& ...
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Women in CS Lessons From Turkey Global Voices Presentation 2014

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The talk slides given in Global Voices 2014 by Turkish women in Computing about statistics regarding women in computer science, the trends and beliefs about CS education and how it compares to US.

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  • As if the majority of Turkish graduates from computer science actually work in their field. What a misleading research.
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Women in CS Lessons From Turkey Global Voices Presentation 2014

  1. 1. Game Changers for Women in CS: Lessons Learned from Turkey Turkish Women in Compu9ng (TWIC) Three Founding Ph.Ds in CS Ümit Yalçınalp, Gökçen Çilingir, Gülüstan Doğan
  2. 2. Turkish Women in Compu9ng ! An Anita Borg Ins9tute Community ! Global Presence ! Independent (not 9ed to government, school, company, sponsorship, etc.) ! Has Sister community @Facebook: Golden Girls of Computer Science, 1981-­‐86 female grads of Comp Eng & Sci Middle East Technical University, Turkey
  3. 3. Why we founded TWIC At one Grace Hopper Conference some of us wondered: ! “Why is the environment different in US?” ! “How can we find/help/support each through stages of our careers?” ! “Can we unite CS graduates abroad and in Turkey?”
  4. 4. Bombarded by News about Women in Tech !
  5. 5. From Huffington Post March 4
  6. 6. From Huffington Post March 4
  7. 7. From Huffington Post March 4
  8. 8. News are about ! # of Women are declining in compu9ng and STEM ! Are there inherent differences between Men and Women’s capabili9es? ! Hos9lity exists in STEM environments! ! Changing the game for women is Needed!
  9. 9. Changing the game for Women… ! Entering in the field ! Gekng hired ! Being Inspired/Supported ! Staying in the field
  10. 10. Why our experience is so different? What can be learned from other countries such as Turkey and case studies? Let’s start with Gekng into the Field…
  11. 11. Where our percep9ons differ… ! Girls excel in Science & Math in High School ! Girls are alracted to undergrad degrees in CS and beyond (MS., Ph.D) ! The trend is increasing, not decreasing ! Larger percentage of women working in the field and pursuing graduate studies
  12. 12. As Scien9sts, we did a bit of research on… ! Data about women gekng into the field, par9cularly in CS departments ! Research that inves9gated similar ques9ons hlp://farm8.sta9cflickr.com/7452/10768099944_517989996c_d.jpg
  13. 13. Entering the Field ! Na9onwide Placement Exam ! 1.8 Million take the test in 2013!
  14. 14. Hypotheses: Na9onal Exam as Equalizer ! Eliminates gender, race, and similar biases from applica9on process ! Schools accept students based on na9onal ranking ! Exam’s emphasis is on mathema9cal, analy9cal ability and knowledge
  15. 15. Hypotheses con9nued ! Computer Science degree is extremely popular ! Clean Work Environment: Office ! Great Pay: Students start working while in school ! Cool, Pres9gious and Relevant for the future ! Medical School is pursued ayer high school and plays an important role in choices ! CS is a strong alterna9ve to not choosing medical school
  16. 16. Posi9ve Effects of Environment ! Pres%ge: Families push for children to scien9fic fields (doctors, engineers) ! Successful girls in high school are also encouraged towards scien9fic degrees by family and/or friends
  17. 17. Lets look at some numbers
  18. 18. Sta9s9cs from OSYM Placement Exam 0.35 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.00 Female ra%o in new admissions at Computer Science departments in Turkey (undergraduate) 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  19. 19. The trend con9nues in grad degrees… 0.35 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.00 Female ra%o in graduates at Computer Science departments in Turkey (graduate degrees) 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  20. 20. What about Female Assistants and Faculty? 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 Female ra%os in faculty at Computer Science departments in Turkey 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Faculty total Research assistants
  21. 21. Middle East Technical University: Women Undergrad Ra9o 0.250 0.200 0.150 0.100 0.050 0.000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  22. 22. Bilkent University: Women Undergrad Ra9os (Graduated) 0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  23. 23. Math and Science Sta9s9cs 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Female ra%o in new admissions to Mathema%cs and Natural Sciences departments in Turkey (undergraduate) 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Female ra%o in new admissions in 2013 Mathema9cs Physics Chemistry Biology Sta9s9cs Astronomy
  24. 24. USA vs. Turkey 35.0 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 0.0 Percentage of females pursuing CS undergraduate degrees 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 USA Turkey
  25. 25. Important Footnote No extra interven9on, school, adver9sement, recrui9ng, mentoring tailored SPECIFICALLY toward women to achieve these results
  26. 26. Results: ! Interest is increasing and steady ! More dropouts from men in grad degrees due to military service postponement ! Encouraging Numbers for women in STEM ! Mathema9cs and Stazszcs ~60% ! ! Popularity(CS) > Popularity(Civil Eng.) Popularity(CS) > Popularity(Mechanical Eng.) Popularity(CS) < Popularity(Chemical Eng.)
  27. 27. Suppor9ng Research* ! Survey of 671 female students in top 6 Turkish universi9es ! Inves9gates to find why women choose engineering ! Covers STEM fields not only CS * Smith, Alice E., and Berna Dengiz. "Women in engineering in Turkey–a large scale quan9ta9ve and qualita9ve examina9on." European Journal of Engineering Educa9on 35.1 (2010): 45-­‐57.
  28. 28. Conclusion & Next Steps ! Data and previous research support our hypotheses. ! A large scale survey to assess reasons for choosing CS careers is planned ! Publicity & Recrui9ng new members will con9nue Join Turkish Women in Compu9ng at ABI and Facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/303250353033495/
  29. 29. Big Thank You! ! OSYM for sta9s9cs ! Dept. of Computer Engineering, Bilkent Uni Prof. Dr. Altay Guvenir & System Analyst Nazan Ceran Titrek ! Dept. of Computer Engineering, METU Prof. Dr. Ferda Alpaslan ! Golden Girls of Computer Science where a lot of these ideas have emerged via discussion

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