Mod4 medical terminology v2a - revised 06262013


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Mod4 medical terminology v2a - revised 06262013

  1. 1. Introduction to Medical Terminology
  2. 2. Introduction to Medical Terminology Professional Socialization: Learning the Language Entering the world of nursing is like going to a country where you do not speak the language. It can be unsettling, so you must make a conscious effort to learn. You must ask for definitions of acronyms and/or words the faculty and others use. You must also study the terminology since a vast amount of medical terminology is used day to day in the nursing profession. Professional Socialization As you become more familiar with the terminology and language in the nursing profession, it will roll off your tongue with ease. This process is called professional socialization and it allows you to fit in and communicate with confidence.
  3. 3. Introduction to Medical Terminology “Medical terminology is the professional language of those who are directly or indirectly engaged in the art of healing.” (Frenay and Mahoney, 1998) Most medical terms have Greek or Latin origins, though some are derived from modern languages, particularly German, French, and English. In general, terms dealing with diagnosis and surgery have Greek origins, whereas anatomical terms have Latin origins. An understanding of the structure of medical terms, and an ability to break down a medical term into its parts helps you get the most out of using a medical dictionary, and makes dealing with medical terminology less challenging than it first appears.
  4. 4. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical terms are formed from word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining vowels/forms, defined below:  Root – the foundation of the word, it can be combined with a prefix or suffix  Prefix – placed before the root to modify its meaning  Suffix – placed after the root to modify and give essential meaning to the root; forms a noun, verb, or adjective  Combining form – root with a combining vowel attached (e.g. lip/o-); o is the most common combining vowel In “decoding” medical terms, it is best to look first at the meaning of the suffix, then at the meaning of the root or root and prefix.
  5. 5. Introduction to Medical Terminology Example: hyperlipoproteinemia hyper- (prefix) = excessive lip (root) = fat o (vowel used to create a combining form, lipo- ) protein (root) = protein -emia (suffix) = blood condition Hyperlipoproteinemia is a blood condition, characterized by an excessive amount of fat and protein.
  6. 6. Introduction to Medical Terminology Example: pericarditis peri- (prefix) = around cardi (root) = heart -itis (suffix) = inflammation Pericarditis literally means “inflammation around the heart” but the dictionary states that this terms means inflammation of the pericardium (-ium is a suffix meaning tissue), the sac that encloses the heart.
  7. 7. Introduction to Medical Terminology Body Language Various medical terms refer to divisions of the body, body position and direction, planes of the body, and body cavities. Examples of these are: epigastric region and lower right quadrant of the abdomen; sacral region of the back; superficial position; efferent direction; horizontal plane; and frontal sinus. It may be helpful to familiarize yourself with some of these terms.
  8. 8. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology: Prefixes
  9. 9. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology: Suffixes
  10. 10. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology: Root Terms Root Definition Example aden- [Gr.] gland adenoma blephar- [Gr.] eyelid blepharoplasty cardi- [Gr.] heart cardiography derm(at)- [Gr.] skin dermatitis gastr- [Gr.] stomach gastrostomy grav- [L.] heavy multigravida lingu- [L.] tongue sublingual phob- [Gr.] fear agoraphobia spirat- [L.] breathe inspiratory thorac- [Gr.] chest thoracoplasty
  11. 11. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology: Other Terms that reflect an aspect of a disease/condition:  anatomy – science of the structure of the body; relation of its parts  physiology – science dealing with the function of the body and its parts  etiology – what causes the disease  diagnosis – determining what disease  therapy – treatment of a disease  prognosis – forecast of outcome of a disease  signs – objective evidence of a disease; perceptible to the practitioner  symptoms – subjective sensations of the patient
  12. 12. Introduction to Medical Terminology Drug terminology:  brand name – name used for a drug made by a particular company (e.g. Advil)  generic name – name used for the drug, regardless of which company makes it (e.g. ibuprofin)  indication – condition for which you are taking the drug  contraindication – condition that would preclude your taking the drug  precautions – things you need to watch for when taking the drug  side effects – effects other than the therapeutic effect of the drug  adverse reactions – potentially harmful side effect  monograph – information on a single drug
  13. 13. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology Resources Medical Terminology Certificate Students will gain a basic understanding of medical terminology by reviewing the material and answering the questions within the online Medical Terminology course offered by Des Moines University and available at: Students may, if they wish, pay $50.00 for a certificate upon course completion.
  14. 14. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology Dictionaries You may find it useful to have some resources at the ready for yourself. The following resources are available online for a fee:  Dorland, N.W. (2011). Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. (32nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.  Stedman, T.L. (2006). Stedman’s medical dictionary. (28th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.  Thomas, C. L. (2009) Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary. (21st ed.). Philadelphia: Davis. The following medical dictionary is available online free of charge:  The Free Medical Dictionary by Farlex:
  15. 15. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology Books Building your own library of reference books can also support your learning and be resources throughout your nursing career.  Davis, B.J. (2008). Comprehensive medical terminology. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.  Erlich, A. & Schroeder, C. L. (2013). Medical terminology for health professions (7th ed.). New York, NY: Delmar, Cengage Learning.  Henderson, B. & Dorsey, J. L. (2009). Medical terminology for dummies. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley Publishing, Inc.  Chabner, Davi-Ellen. (2012). Medical terminology: A short course. (6th ed.) St. Louis, MO: Sanders/Elsevier.
  16. 16. Introduction to Medical Terminology Online Medical Terminology Information, Tools, Quizzes  Prefixes Test -  List of Medical Roots -  Basic Medical Terminology Quiz -  Basic Medical Terminology -  AAMA CMA Practice Exam: Medical Terminology - http://www.aama-  Ed's Medical Terminology Page -  Free Medical Terminology Web Game -  Medical Terminology Activities -  MediLexicon (pharmaceutical and medical abbreviations) –  Medical Terminology Prefixes (match words, flashcards, concentration games) -