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National and Organisational Culture<br />Group presentation<br />Baoping, Raksha & Umesh<br />
Culture<br />‘the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people fro...
Specific to individual<br />Inherited and learned<br />PERSONALITY<br />Specific to group or category<br />Learned<br />CU...
Hofstede’s Dimensions in culture<br />Power Distance<br />Uncertainty Avoidance<br />Individualism Vs Collectivism<br />Ma...
Layers of Culture<br />National Level<br />Regional-Ethnic-Religious-Linguistic Level<br />Gender Level<br />Generation Le...
National Culture<br />Culture, in this sense, includes systems of values; and values are among the building blocks of cult...
Outside Influences<br />Nature<br />Man<br /> - trade<br />- scientific discovery<br /> - dominations<br />Social norms<br...
Models of National culture:<br />Single Dimension models<br />Countries are classified culturally on the basis of one vari...
Organisational Culture<br />“an objective entity, consisting a set of behavioural and cognitive characteristics” <br />			...
Brown’s model divides organisational culture into three layers:<br />Outer layer: values about the strategies, mission and...
3 aspects of organizational culture<br />The general relationship between employees and their organization;<br />The verti...
Hofstede defines six dimensions to differentiate between organizational cultures that have similarities with the dimension...
Differences in national and organisational culture<br />‘A nation is not an organisation’<br />External  signs are usually...
Symbols<br />Heroes<br />Rituals<br />PRACTICES<br />Values<br />
Place of socialisation<br />Level<br />Family<br />Nation<br />Values<br />Social Class<br />School<br />Occupation<br />I...
National Culture<br />Shared meanings<br />Unconditional relationship<br />Born into it<br />Totally immersed<br />Organis...
Questions for discussion<br />Share an example where national culture have impacted the organisational culture of a compan...
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National and Organisational Culture

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A brief presentation done by Umesh, Raksha and Baoping. Presentation is about National and Organisational Culture based in works done by Hoftede and other scholars.

National and Organisational Culture

  1. 1. National and Organisational Culture<br />Group presentation<br />Baoping, Raksha & Umesh<br />
  2. 2. Culture<br />‘the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.’<br /> --- Hofstede (2001)<br />‘Culture consists in patterned ways of thinking, feeling and reacting, acquired and transmitted mainly by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievements of human group, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional ideas and especially their attached values.’<br /> --- Kluckhohn, 1951<br />
  3. 3. Specific to individual<br />Inherited and learned<br />PERSONALITY<br />Specific to group or category<br />Learned<br />CULTURE<br />Universal<br />HUMAN NATURE<br />Inherited<br />Three levels of uniqueness in human mental programming<br />
  4. 4. Hofstede’s Dimensions in culture<br />Power Distance<br />Uncertainty Avoidance<br />Individualism Vs Collectivism<br />Masculine Vs Feminine<br />Short term Vs Long Term<br />
  5. 5. Layers of Culture<br />National Level<br />Regional-Ethnic-Religious-Linguistic Level<br />Gender Level<br />Generation Level<br />Social Class Level<br />Organisational / Corporate Level<br />
  6. 6. National Culture<br />Culture, in this sense, includes systems of values; and values are among the building blocks of culture.<br />Although national culture grows with generations, but still stabilising in patterns across generations using some mechanisms<br />
  7. 7. Outside Influences<br />Nature<br />Man<br /> - trade<br />- scientific discovery<br /> - dominations<br />Social norms<br />Value systems of major groups of population<br />Consequences<br />Structure and functioning of institutions:<br />-family patterns<br />-role differentiation<br />-educational systems<br />-religion<br />-political systems<br />Origins<br />Ecological factors<br />-geography<br />-history<br />-demography<br />-economy<br />-technology<br />-urbanisation<br />The Stabilizing of Culture Patterns<br />
  8. 8. Models of National culture:<br />Single Dimension models<br />Countries are classified culturally on the basis of one variable<br />Multiple Dimension models<br />Nationalities are classified on the basis of more than one varilable<br />Historical-social models<br />
  9. 9. Organisational Culture<br />“an objective entity, consisting a set of behavioural and cognitive characteristics” <br /> – Schein<br />includes the organizational structure and rules, values, feelings, norms, the organizational ‘climate.’<br /> - Lewis(1998) <br />Why is it required?<br />How it is dependent on National Culture?<br />
  10. 10. Brown’s model divides organisational culture into three layers:<br />Outer layer: values about the strategies, mission and objectives of organisation<br />Middle layer: beliefs and issues of the organisation which employees talk about<br />Inner Layer: things which people find it difficult to talk about<br />
  11. 11. 3 aspects of organizational culture<br />The general relationship between employees and their organization;<br />The vertical or hierarchical system of authority defining superiors and subordinates;<br />The general views of employees about the organization’s destiny, purpose and goals and their place in it.<br />
  12. 12. Hofstede defines six dimensions to differentiate between organizational cultures that have similarities with the dimensions of Schein: <br />Process Vs results-oriented; <br />Employee Vs joboriented;<br />Parochial Vs professional dependent;<br />open Vs closed systems of communication;<br />loose Vs tight control; <br />normative Vs pragmatic organization<br />
  13. 13. Differences in national and organisational culture<br />‘A nation is not an organisation’<br />External signs are usually considered and people think that National cultures are becoming same as Organisational cultures<br />National cultures and Organisational cultures are two different phenomena<br />
  14. 14. Symbols<br />Heroes<br />Rituals<br />PRACTICES<br />Values<br />
  15. 15. Place of socialisation<br />Level<br />Family<br />Nation<br />Values<br />Social Class<br />School<br />Occupation<br />Industry<br />Practices<br />Workplace<br />Organisation<br />
  16. 16. National Culture<br />Shared meanings<br />Unconditional relationship<br />Born into it<br />Totally immersed<br />Organisational Culture<br />Shared behaviours<br />Conditional relationship<br />Socialized into it<br />Partly involved<br />
  17. 17. Questions for discussion<br />Share an example where national culture have impacted the organisational culture of a company and in what way.<br />Share an example where organisational culture has diluted the national culture.<br />What influence the values and behaviour of employees more in an organisation – National Culture or Organisational Culture?<br />

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