6280.3 mental health presentation clare jennings & umesh soni


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The main purpose of this article is to give an overview, to describe the status of mental health problems in developing countries, specifically in India and in South Africa and also to investigate the barriers and treatment utilization in these countries. Even the discussions for the socioeconomic related factors are included. Moreover the look on the resources, ongoing developments and ameliorating steps for the patients living with such brain disorders were also presented. The past, present and future steps by many organizations were also described. Lastly it investigates and determines the future initiatives taken for the most hideous and devastating mental problems and maladies.

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  • 6280.3 mental health presentation clare jennings & umesh soni

    1. 1. Course: RGA 6280 Instuctors : Bruce Grothan Stacy Ann Christan1
    2. 2. Mental Health in India and South AfricaEpidemiologyBarriersResourcesDevelopmentsConclusion 2 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    3. 3. A state of complete physical, mental andsocial well-being, and not merely theabsence of disease.3 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    4. 4. 4 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    5. 5.  Population Treatments and Preventions Resources Barriers Socioeconomic5 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    6. 6. 6 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    7. 7.  Population and Epidemiology Facts History of Mental Health Treatments and Preventions Resources, Barriers and Socioeconomic Future Initiatives 7 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    8. 8. Psychiatric Beds per 10,000 world IndiapopulationTotal psychiatric beds 1.69 0.25Psychiatric beds in mental 1.16 0.2hospitalsPsychiatric beds in general 0.33 0.03hospitalsPsychiatric beds in other 0.20 0.01settings 8 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    9. 9. Professionals per 100,000 world IndiapopulationNumber of psychiatrists 1.20 0.08Number of neurosurgeons 0.20 0.06Number of psychiatric 2.0 0.05nursesNumber of psychologists 0.60 0.03Number of social workers 0.40 0.03 9 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    10. 10. First Mental Hospital,15 beds– Chola PeriodMandu Hospital- 14th Century First Mental Asylum, Mahmood Khilji.Indian Lunacy Act, Act 4 of 1912 modified from Lunatic Asylum act, Act 36 of 1856.17th Century- Devils/witchesModern Era- Mad and insane 10 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    11. 11.  Medicines Brain Stimulation Therapies Psychotherapy Patient Counseling11 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    12. 12.  World Health Organization. World federal of Mental Health National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) NIMHANS Action for Mental Illness (ACMI) (Cont.) 12 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    13. 13.  Snehi Antara Institute for Psychological Health Schizophrenia Research Foundation(SCARF) Centre for Advocacy in Mental Health 13 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    14. 14. Patient-Related FactorsPharmacist-Related FactorHealth-System Related FactorSocial or Cultural Related FactorOther Factors14 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    15. 15. Social/Cultural related Factor- StigmaFinancial FactorPoor Maternal Mental HealthOther Factors – HIV15 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    16. 16. Ameliorate: Truncate:• Resources • Barriers• Treatment Utilization • Socioeconomic• Hospital Staff and • Social Myths Facilities and Culture. 16 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    17. 17. 17 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    18. 18.  Population and Epidemiology Influencing Facts History of Mental Mealth Treatments and Preventions Resources, Barriers and Socioeconomic Future Initiatives 18 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    19. 19.  Stigma Risk Behavior HIV/AIDS Alcohol Abuse Resettlements Camps19 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    20. 20. Psychiatric Beds per 10,000 population AfricaTotal psychiatric beds 4.5Psychiatric beds in mental hospitals 4.0Psychiatric beds in general hospitals 0.38Psychiatric beds in other settings 0.12 20 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    21. 21. Professionals per 100,000 population AfricaNumber of psychiatrists 1.2Number of neurosurgeons 2.3Number of psychiatric nurses 7.5Number of psychologists 4.0Number of social workers 20.0 21 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    22. 22.  Before 1994 Pre- Apartheid Post – Apartheid Primary Health Care (PHC) Alma Ata Declaration22 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    23. 23. PsychiatryFaith based healing practicesAlma Ata Declaration InitiativesMental Health Recovery and Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP)Collaboration WHO/CDC23 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    24. 24.  World Health Organization (WHO) Alma Ata Declaration African Mental Health Foundation (AMHF) Kenya Medical Research Foundation (KEMRI) Groups of Transcultural Relations (GRT) 24 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    25. 25.  Stigma Faith Based Healing and Treatments Lack of Community Healthcare Infrastructure Funding25 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    26. 26.  Poverty Rural Territories Lack of Employment Resettlement Camps26 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    27. 27. Alma Ata FoundationAMHFPHC SystemBiomedical Treatment Model27 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    28. 28. 28 Overview India Africa Conclusion
    29. 29. Your Thoughts ??29
    30. 30. Thank You for YourAttention30