Authority of sunnah session 1


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Authority of sunnah session 1

  1. 1. The Authority of SunnahThe Authority of Sunnah Presented by Sh. Abdool Rahman Khan
  2. 2. Introduction The Qur’an and Sunnah are the foundation of Islam. Their importance cannot be over-emphasized. The Sunnah is next in importance only to the Qur'an and this status of the Sunnah has remained unchallenged and undisputed throughout the centuries. Despite the differences among Muslims in their (fiqhi) juristic opinions, the authority of the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Rasoolullah (SAS) was never denied by any jurist. A proper understanding is therefore necessary with regards to knowing their authority in our Deen and understanding the whole process of transmission of this knowledge from one generation to another until it reaches us. We should also know our responsibilities in continuing this process of transmitting this knowledge to the next generation.
  3. 3. Introduction… Continued Allah SWT preserved not only the Qur'an for posterity but has also preserved the Sunnah by enabling the Companions and those after them (RA) to memorize, write down and pass on the statements of the Messenger (SAS) and the descriptions of his ways, in order to continue the blessings of practicing the Sunnah for the Ummah until the end of time. As the purity of the knowledge of the Sunnah became threatened, Allah caused the Muslim nation to produce outstanding individuals of incredible memory-skills and analytical expertise, who journeyed tirelessly to collect hundreds of thousands of narrations and distinguish the true words of precious wisdom of Rasoolullah (SAS) from those corrupted by weak memories, from forgeries by unscrupulous liars, and from the statements of the enormous number of 'ulama', the Companions and those who followed their way, who had taught in various centers of learning and helped to transmit the legacy of Muhammad (SAS) - all of this achieved through precise attention to the words narrated and detailed familiarity with the biographies of the thousands of reporters of Hadith. Action being the best way to preserve teachings, the revivers of Islam also invigorated the practice of the blessed authentic Sunnah.
  4. 4. The Meanings of the Words “Sunnah and Hadith” The Meanings of the Word “Sunnah Lexical Definition of the Word Sunnah Definition of the Word Sunnah as Used by the Jurists Definition of the Word Sunnah as Used by the Scholars of Hadith Definition of the Word Sunnah as Used in Islamic Legal Theory Definition of the Word Sunnah as Used by the Specialists in Aqeedah The Meaning of the Word Hadith The Relationship Between Sunnah and Hadith
  5. 5. Definition of Sunnah and Hadith  1.Sunnah; the second source of Shari’ah  2.Definition of Sunnah
  6. 6. Sunnah: Linguistic Meaning of Sunnah A way, manner, a path, a conduct (good/bad) Hence the Hadith: ‫مش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ه‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫جرو‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫أ‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ش‬‫ن‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫صش‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ق‬ُ‫رو‬‫ن‬ْ ‫ش‬‫ي‬َ‫ن‬ ‫لش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫و‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ه اش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫لش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ ‫نش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬َ‫ن‬ ‫رش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ج‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫أ‬َ‫ن‬ ‫لش‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ث‬ْ ‫ش‬‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫هش‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ل‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ش‬‫ب‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ت‬ِ‫ْم‬‫ك‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫هش‬ُ‫رو‬‫د‬َ‫ن‬‫ع‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ب‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ه اش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫لش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ع‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ةش‬ً ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ن‬‫س‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ح‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ةش‬ً ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬َّ‫ة‬‫س‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫مش‬ِ‫ْم‬‫ل‬َ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ل‬ْ ‫ش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ف يش ا‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫نش‬َّ‫ة‬ ‫س‬َ‫ن‬ ‫نش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬َ‫ن‬ ‫صش‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ق‬ُ‫رو‬‫ن‬ْ ‫ش‬‫ي‬َ‫ن‬ ‫لش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫و‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ه اش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫لش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ ‫نش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬َ‫ن‬ ‫رش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ز‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫و‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫لش‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ث‬ْ ‫ش‬‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫هش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ي‬ْ ‫ش‬‫ل‬َ‫ن‬‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ ‫بش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ت‬ِ‫ْم‬‫ك‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫هش‬ُ‫رو‬‫د‬َ‫ن‬‫ع‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ب‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ه اش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫لش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ع‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ةش‬ً ‫ف‬ ‫ئ‬َ‫ن‬‫ي‬ِّ‫ئ‬‫س‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ةش‬ً ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬َّ‫ة‬‫س‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫مش‬ِ‫ْم‬‫ل‬َ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ل‬ْ ‫ش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ف يش ا‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫نش‬َّ‫ة‬ ‫س‬َ‫ن‬ ‫نش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬َ‫ن‬ ‫و‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ءش‬ٌ ‫و‬ ‫ ي‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ء‬ٌ ‫و‬ ‫ ي‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫مش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ه‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫زا‬َ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫أ‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ش‬‫ن‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ش‬ Whoever introduces in Islam a good practice/way, will have his reward for it and also a reward for those who act upon it without reducing anything from this reward: likewise one who introduces an evil practice in Islam, will be punished for this and all those who act upon that evil practice will be punished without diminishing in any way the burden of their evil deeds. (Muslim) Or as we read 33:62 ‫ل‬ً ‫ف‬ ‫دي‬ِ‫ْم‬‫ب‬ْ ‫ش‬‫ت‬َ‫ن‬ ‫للش‬َّ‫ة‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ةش ا‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ن‬َّ‫ة‬‫س‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ش‬‫د‬َ‫ن‬‫ج‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ت‬َ‫ن‬ ‫لنش‬َ‫ن‬‫و‬َ‫ن‬ ‫لش‬ُ‫رو‬ ‫ب‬ْ ‫ش‬‫ق‬َ‫ن‬ ‫منش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫رواش‬ْ ‫ش‬ ‫ل‬َ‫ن‬‫خ‬َ‫ن‬ ‫نش‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ذي‬ِ‫ْم‬‫ل‬َّ‫ة‬‫ا‬ ‫ف يش‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫للش‬َّ‫ة‬ِ‫ْم‬ ‫ةش ا‬َ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬َّ‫ة‬‫س‬ُ‫رو‬ That was the Way of Allah in the case of those who passed away of old, and you will not find any change in the Way of Allah.
  7. 7. Technical Meaning of Sunnah… There are several definitions of the word Sunnah and it depends in what context it is being used or who is defining “Sunnah”.  Fiqhi perspective: Sunnah denotes whatever is firmly established (thabata) as called for (matlub) in the Religion on the basis of a legal proof (dalîl shar`î) It is something recommended like saying: It is Sunnah to use miswak before Wudhu or additional Salaah.  Usool perspective: Sunnah is used as what the doer gets as a reward for doing it but not a punishment for avoiding it as opposed to neglecting an obligatory act.  A Sunnah is one whose performance is indicated or encouraged by the law, however, the law falls short of declaring it to be obligatory or required.  A Sunnah act is one that when performed a person is rewarded for it, but for which he is not punished if he fails to perform it.  A Sunnah act is an action that one is requested to perform but not in a strict sense.  A Sunnah act is when the Prophet performed on a continuous basis although he would sometimes not perform it with no particular apparent reason for not performing it.
  8. 8. Technical Meaning of Sunnah… Continued  The Scholars of Aqeedah define Sunnah to be: What Muslim believes in. In other words the person is on Sunnah or he/she is following the beliefs of Prophet Muhammad SAS and His companions May Allah be pleased with them all, hence the name: “Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama’ah”. Sunnah is also in this context what is the opposite of Bid’ah. It refers to the foundation of faith. ‫ن