CRISIS IN TECHNICAL / HIGHEREDUCATIONUma GarimellaTeacher’s Academywww.theprofessor.in
CAPACITY BUILDINGThere has been a concerted effort to privatize education to cope withgrowing need of the population – the sheer numbers and alsoeven the agriculture/business families see education as a means to growth Recommended teacher student ratio for under graduate is 1:25 and for graduate it is 1:10. Source: University Grants Commission (UGC) report from http://www.ugc.ac.in/pub/index.html#report
ACCESS TO TECHNICAL EDUCATION Phenomenal increase in access by establishing 4000+ colleges in India In AP alone in 2011-12 there are 900 engineering 1004 MBA 674 MCA and 331 Pharmacy colleges (just about 2.5% government/university colleges, the rest in private sector) Admissions Coaching institutes for success in entrance exams Qualifying levels brought down Student demographics have changed Rural, regional language Ignore interests, strengths and capability and choose engineering only as a ‘trend’ or as ‘employment’ generator Percentage of students interested in putting efforts for ‘learning’ <<< interested in ‘’degree’ Poor quality school education feeding into higher education thus aggravating the problem
MISMATCH OF SUPPLY-DEMAND Colleges > Students < GDP Many seats remain vacant. Number still does not address talent shortage.
SUPPLY-DEMAND-QUALITY Students and families want education which may improve their prospects of employability and upward mobility. Time for colleges / universities and policy-makers to focus on qualitative dimension of the demand and adapt to it to remain relevant and competitive. AICTE received only 400 applications for 2012 as compared to 1,067 in 2011, and was 2,176 the year before. Has the private sector woken up?
FORMATION OF TECHNOLOGICALUNIVERSITIES Past model was to affiliate colleges to the regional universities Tech Universities have become only ‘operations’ managers rather than agents for excellence in research, teaching or innovations Learning process Templatization of labs, exams; scaling up has resulted in mismanagement Proliferation of ‘guide’ books that have past paper solutions The university colleges are autonomous and have their own curriculum and evaluation processes and these issues don’t apply to them – however they are busy in committees to manage the affiliated colleges!
TEACHER EDUCATION Competent in the subject with good communication skills Engaging the student to derive value from the curriculum Ensure students with high potential are excited too (differentiated instruction) Using IT for self growth and for teaching Extending beyond curriculum – projects, labs Enable students to gain higher order thinking skills Certifications in class room teaching, teaching with IT, mentoring, counseling, lab teaching that ensure minimum standards
STUDENT EDUCATION The value of the curriculum The content of the subjects they study may or may not be directly useful in their job/life. But each subject teaches a way of thinking. Achieve their potential Engage in group learning Build higher order thinking skills Build soft skills and general awareness – social outreach Learn to learn Participative and active learning vs. rote learning
PARENT EDUCATION Understand strengths and interests of their children for choice of career Understand quality of education and learning vs. marks and grades Deal with issues at different stages of their children’s education
INSTITUTION STRENGTHENING Long term efforts in Faculty training and motivation Learning material preparation Student awareness Research capability All stakeholder participation 360oPerformance appraisal
WHAT WE ARE DOING E-Newsletter for teachers – 3000+ since 4.5 yrs Workshops and lectures for teachers (reached 2500+ teachers) Institutional strengthening Appreciation and recognition of good teachers (awards to 70 teachers for 2 yrs) Student awareness sessions Sharing IT resources on web site Business mostly by word of mouth and references