Foundations of group behaviour

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Foundations of group behaviour

  1. 1. Chapter 8 1 Foundations of Group Behavior
  2. 2. Chapter 8 2 Defining and Classifying Groups FormalFormal Command GroupsCommand Groups Task GroupsTask Groups Interest GroupsInterest Groups Friendship GroupsFriendship Groups InformalInformal
  3. 3. Chapter 8 3 Stages of Group DevelopmentStages of Group Development Prestage I Stage I Forming Stage II Storming Stage III Norming Stage IV Performing Stage V Adjourning
  4. 4. Chapter 8 4 Group Behavior ModelGroup Behavior Model ExternalExternal ConditionsConditions PerformancePerformance andand SatisfactionSatisfaction GroupGroup TaskTask GroupGroup StructureStructure GroupGroup MemberMember ResourcesResources GroupGroup ProcessesProcesses
  5. 5. Chapter 8 5 External ConditionsExternal Conditions Imposed on the GroupImposed on the Group • Overall strategy • Authority structures • Formal regulations • Resources • Employee selection • Evaluation-rewards • Culture • Work setting
  6. 6. Chapter 8 6 The ResourcesThe Resources of Group Membersof Group Members Knowledge,Knowledge, Skills, andSkills, and AbilitiesAbilities PersonalityPersonality CharacteristicsCharacteristics
  7. 7. Chapter 8 7 IdentityIdentityIdentityIdentity Group Roles ExpectationsExpectationsExpectationsExpectations ConflictConflictConflictConflict PerceptionPerceptionPerceptionPerception
  8. 8. Chapter 8 8 PerformancePerformancePerformancePerformance Group Norms AppearanceAppearanceAppearanceAppearance ResourcesResourcesResourcesResources ArrangementArrangementArrangementArrangement
  9. 9. Chapter 8 9 Conformity to Group NormsConformity to Group Norms X A B C Studies by Solomon Asch
  10. 10. Chapter 8 10 Status in the GroupStatus in the Group CultureCulture EquityEquityNormsNorms
  11. 11. Chapter 8 11 Size of the GroupSize of the Group • Small groups • Large groups • Social loafing • Individual effort
  12. 12. Chapter 8 12 The CompositionThe Composition of the Groupof the Group The CompositionThe Composition of the Groupof the Group DiversityDiversityDiversityDiversity CohortsCohortsCohortsCohortsDemographyDemographyDemographyDemography
  13. 13. Chapter 8 13 High Productivity Moderate Productivity Moderate to Low Productivity Low Productivity Cohesiveness PerformanceNorms High Low Cohesiveness-Productivity RelationshipCohesiveness-Productivity Relationship High Low
  14. 14. Chapter 8 14 Effects of Group ProcessesEffects of Group Processes Potential Group Effectiveness Potential Group Effectiveness Potential Group Effectiveness Potential Group Effectiveness Process Losses Social Loafing Process Losses Social Loafing Process Gains Synergy Process Gains Synergy
  15. 15. Chapter 8 15 Group Decision MakingGroup Decision Making AdvantagesAdvantages  More Diversity of Views  Increased information  Higher-quality decisions  Improved Commitment DisadvantagesDisadvantages  Dominant Individuals  Unclear Responsibility  Time and money costs  Conformity pressures
  16. 16. Chapter 8 16 Group Effectiveness and Efficiency Accuracy Creativity AcceptanceSpeed
  17. 17. Chapter 8 17 Group Decision Making Group Decision Making GroupthinkGroupthink GroupshiftGroupshift
  18. 18. Chapter 8 18 ElectronicNominal BrainstormingInteracting Techniques for GroupTechniques for Group Decision MakingDecision Making

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