SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 36
PVC PIPE Manufacturing
Mechanical Gladiators
Engr. Umair Raza 19013386-002
PVC Pipes
Engr. Umair Raza
PVC Pipe Making Machine
Engr. Umair Raza
PVC Pipe Making Machine Parts
Engr. Umair Raza
PVC Pipe Making Machine Parts
Engr. Umair Raza
What Is PVC?
Polyvinyl chloride , more correctly but
unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly
abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most
widely produced synthetic plastic polymer,
after polyethylene and polypropylene.
Engr. Umair Raza
What Is PVC?
 PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and
flexible. The rigid form of PVC is used in construction for pipe and in profile
applications such as doors and windows. It is also used for bottles, other non-
food packaging, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). It can be
made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely
used being phthalates. In this form, it is also used in plumbing, electrical
cable insulation, imitation leather, signage, phonograph records, inflatable
products, and many applications where it replaces rubber.
 Pure poly(vinyl chloride) is a white, brittle solid. It is insoluble in alcohol but
slightly soluble in tetrahydrofuran.
Engr. Umair Raza
PVC Compound Formulation
Engr. Umair Raza
Discover The PVC
PVC was accidentally synthesized in 1872 by German chemist Eugen
Baumann. The polymer appeared as a white solid inside a flask of vinyl
chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. In the early 20th century the
Russian chemist Ivan Ostromislensky and Fritz Klatte of the German chemical
company Griesheim- Elektron both attempted to use PVC in commercial
products, but difficulties in processing the rigid, sometimes brittle polymer
thwarted their efforts. Waldo Semon and the B.F. Goodrich Company
developed a method in 1926 to plasticize PVC by blending it with various
additives. The result was a more flexible and more easily processed material
that soon achieved widespread commercial use.
Engr. Umair Raza
Raw Materials
i) PVC Resin 100 100
ii) Stabilizer (Non toxic) 5
iii) Primary Plasticizer 1.5
iv) Secondary Plasticizer 5
v) Internal Lubricant 3
vi) External Lubricant 4
vii) Epoxy Plasticizer 1.5
viii) Pigment base 3
ix) Pigment As Required
Engr. Umair Raza
Why do we use PVC pipes for water supply
instead of metal pipes?
There are several reasons for this. Firstly PVC is much lighter, stronger and can be made in
much longer lengths. If PVC is compressed it simply distorts slightly and if the compression
relaxes it will go back to its original shape. Metal once compressed keeps that shape and can
cause weakness in the metal walls and possibly crack causing leakage . Also water and oxygen
cause ferrous metals to oxidize which creates rust on both the inside and outside of the pipes
and eventually weakening it . Build up of rust in the pipework will also restrict flow of water
increasing the pressure on the walls of the pipe and reduced flow to the customer. In the case of
ground movement PVC simply bends according to the ground it is laid in where as metal does
not and if soil beneath it sinks eventually the pressure on the top will distort the pipe
permanently again restricting flow . PVC Also prevents any form of contamination being added
to the water passing through It . Although the leach of iron is not harmful to humans , many
smaller pipes were once made of lead and small amounts did get added to the water , this over
time builds up in the body as it does not get excreted like excess iron does and can cause severe
damage to the brain and kidneys .
Engr. Umair Raza
Processing
 Extrusion.
 Plasticizers.
 Stabilizers.
 Lubricants.
 Fillers.
 Sizing.
 Traction.
 Cutting
Engr. Umair Raza
Processing
The basic material which on Polymerization produces P.V.C. Pipes is Poly vinyl chloride
which in resin form is hard and rigid. The rigidity can be controlled by controlling the
percentage of plasticizer at the time of compounding. Production of Rigid PVC pipe is
based on plasticizing and homogenizing PVC compound and then passing the compound
through an extruder. The hot molten PVC compound is extruded through a circular slit.
Circular slit governs the size of pipe to be extruded. Different dies are used for
manufacturing different size of pipes. The Pipes thus extruded through the die is then
passed through a vacuum sizing tank wherein the dimensions of the pipe can be
accurately set. It also helps in surface finish of the pipes. Vacuum sizing reduces the
percentage of wastage considerably.
Engr. Umair Raza
Processing
As the pipe being extruded is rigid in form they cannot be wound into
coils. So an inline motorized cutting device should be provided for cutting
the pipes into required sizes. For ascertaining the consistency in product
quality the unit should be equipped with process control laboratory for
preliminary testing of raw materials. The unit may also have arrangement
for quality testing of finished products.
Engr. Umair Raza
Processing
 Extrusion:
PVC uncompounded resin, unlike some other thermoplastics is not suitable for direct processing. To
confer the required processing and end instability, it is necessary to mix additives to the PVC resin.
Following are some of the additives which are generally used for the manufacture of rigid PVC pipes.
 Plasticizers:
The common plasticizer in use are DOP, DIOP, DBP, DOA, DEP, Reoplast, Perplex etc.
Engr. Umair Raza
Processing
 Stabilizers:
The common stabilizers are lead, barium, cadmium, tib, stearate etc.
 Lubricants:
Widely used lubricants are Buty-Stearate, Glycerol Moni- Stearate, Epoxidised Monoester of oleic acid, stearic acid
etc.
 Fillers:
Fillers are also used for producing special quality product (e.g. calcined clay is used to improve the electrical
properties of cable compounds). Before the extrusion operation PVC resin is to be compounded with plasticizers,
stabilizers, lubricants and fillers to improve processibility and improve the endure stability. PVC resin is
compounded with other ingredients in a high speed mixer. The compound resin is fed to the double screw
extruder where the inserts and die body for the required pipe diameter are fitted. The PVC compounds are then
passed through a heated chamber and they get melted under the compression of the screw and temperature of
the barrel. The marking on the pipe is done at the time of extrusion.
Engr. Umair Raza
Processing
 Sizing:
The pipes coming out from the extruder is cooled in the sizing operation. There are
basically two types of sizing used for manufacturing of pipes.
(i) Pressure sizing & (ii) Vacuum sizing.
 Traction:
The next operation needed after sizing is traction. The tube traction unit is required for
continuous haulage of the pipes being extruded by the extruder.
 Cutting:
The last operation needed is cutting. There are basically two cutting techniques for rigid PVC
pipes viz. manual and auto
matic. The pipes are then tented for ISI marks and are ready for dispatching. 17
Engr. Umair Raza
Environmental Impact
 Polyvinyl Chloride, more commonly known as PVC or just vinyl, has been in
widespread usage since the early-mid 20th century.
 PVC is strong, resistant to oil and chemicals, sunlight, weathering and flame
resistant. It’s everywhere around us. PVC is an incredibly versatile material
use in bottles, packaging, toys, construction materials, bedding, clothing,
piping, wire coatings, imitation leather, furnishings and more.
 PVC ranks the third in both global plastic output and consumption. Over 33
million tons of PVC is being produced each year and that figure is increasing
annually. Around 57% of PVC’s mass is chlorine, so it requires less
petroleum than many other polymers.
Engr. Umair Raza
Demand In Pakistan
PVC demand for the year could grow from around 100,000 tonnes
/year to 120,000-125,000 tonnes/year as a result, they added.
... Demand this year has exceeded initial expectations so far,” said
a source close to Engro Polymer and Chemicals, the sole chlor-
alkali producer in Pakistan.
Engr. Umair Raza
Thermal & Fire Properties of PVC
The heat stability of raw PVC is very poor, so the addition of a heat stabilizer
during the process is necessary in order to ensure the product's properties.
PVC starts to decompose when the temperature reaches 140 °C (284 °F), with
melting temperature starting around 160 °C (320 °F). The linear expansion
coefficient of rigid PVC is small and has good flame retardancy, the Limiting
oxygen index (LOI) being up to 45 or more. The LOI is the minimum
concentration of oxygen, expressed as a percentage, that will support
combustion of a polymer and noting that air has 20% content of oxygen.
Engr. Umair Raza
Electrical properties of PVC
PVC is a polymer with good insulation properties, but because of
its higher polar nature the electrical insulating property is inferior
to non polar polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene.
Since the dielectric constant, dielectric loss tangent value, and
volume resistivity are high, the corona resistance is not very good,
and it is generally suitable for medium or low voltage and low
frequency insulation materials.
Engr. Umair Raza
Chemical Properties
PVC is chemically resistant to acids, salts, bases, fats, and
alcohols; therefore, it is used in sewerage piping. It is also
resistant to some solvents, mainly uPVC. Plasticized PVC,
also known as PVC-P, is in some cases less resistant to
solvents. For example, PVC is resistant to fuel and some
paint thinner. Some solvents may only swell it or deform it
but not dissolve it, but some of them, like tetrahydrofuran
or acetone, may damage it.
Engr. Umair Raza
Application of PVC
Economical, versatile polyvinyl chloride (PVC, or vinyl) is
used in a variety of applications in the building and
construction, health care, electronics, automobile and other
sectors, in products ranging from piping and siding, blood
bags and tubing, to wire and cable insulation, windshield
system components and more.
Engr. Umair Raza
Applications Of PVC
Building and Construction.
 Siding and Windows
 Wiring and Cables
 Water Pipes
Packaging
Healthcare
Household Products
Engr. Umair Raza
Applications Explanation Of PVC
 Building and Construction:
About three-quarters of all vinyl produced goes into long-lasting building and construction
applications. Life-cycle studies show PVC/vinyl is effective in protecting the environment, in
terms of low greenhouse gas emissions and conservation of resources and energy. Because it is
strong and resistant to moisture and abrasion, vinyl is ideal for cladding, windows, roofing,
fencing, decking, wallcoverings, and flooring. Vinyl does not corrode like some building
materials, does not require frequent painting and can be cleaned with mild cleaning products.
 Siding and Windows
Vinyl helps produce siding and window frames that are extremely durable, affordable, and help
conserve energy when heating and cooling homes. In fact, vinyl windows have three times the
heat insulation of aluminum windows.
Engr. Umair Raza
Applications Explanation Of PVC
 Wiring and Cables:
Vinyl is able to withstand tough conditions behind building walls – such as exposure to
changing temperatures and dampness – for the life of the building. As a result, it is one of the
most prevalent and trusted materials used in electrical wiring and cables.
 Water Pipes
PVC helps conserve energy and water by creating virtually leak-free pipes that are not prone to
corrosion and resist environmental stress. PVC breakage rates are as low as one percent of the
breakage rates of cast metal systems. The lack of build-up in PVC piping improves functionality
and increases energy efficiency.
 Household Products:
PVC’s affordability, durability and water resistance make it ideal for rain coats, boots and
shower curtains
Engr. Umair Raza
Applications Explanation Of PVC
 Packaging:
Because it is durable, dependable and light weight, flexible PVC helps packaging do its job to
maintain the integrity of the products inside, including medicines. Clear vinyl is used in tamper-
resistant over-the-counter medications and shrink wrap for consumer products. Rigid vinyl film
is used in blister and clamshell packaging to protect medicines, personal care products and
other household goods.
 Healthcare:
Vinyl plays a critical safety role in dispensing life-saving medicine through IV bags and medical
tubing. The advent of the PVC blood-collection bag was a significant breakthrough because
blood bags are flexible and unbreakable, enhancing the development of ambulatory medicine
and serving as the foundation for modern blood banks.
Engr. Umair Raza
Advantages OF PVC
Processed by thermoplastic methods.
Wide range of flexibility possible with varying levels of plasticizer.
Plastisol processing possible.
Non-flammable.
 Dimensional stability.
Comparatively low cost.
Good resistance to weathering
Engr. Umair Raza
Disadvantages OF PVC
Attacked by several solvent types .
Limited thermal capability.
Thermal decomposition evolves HCI.
Stained by Sulphur compounds.
Higher density than other plastics.
Engr. Umair Raza
Why we use PVC pipe?
 PVC pipes have clear environmental advantages over traditional materials. As PVC is a low
carbon plastic, PVC pipes require less energy and fewer resources to manufacture. Due to
their low weight, less energy is used when transported. PVC pipes last long with a minimum
of maintenance and they are easily recyclable.
 PVC's abrasion resistance, light weight, good mechanical strength and toughness are key
technical advantages for its use in building and construction applications. PVC can be cut,
shaped, welded and joined easily in a variety of styles. Its light weight reduces manual
handling difficulties.
Engr. Umair Raza
Benefits Of PVC Pipe
Polyvinyl chloride, PVC, is one of the most popular plastics used in building and construction. It is used in
drinking water and waste water pipes, window frames, flooring and roofing foils, wall coverings, cables
and many other applications as it provides a modern alternative to traditional materials such as wood,
metal, rubber and glass. These products are often lighter , less expensive and offer many performance
advantages
 Strong and lightweight
 Easy to install
 Durable
 Cost-effective
 Safe material (PVC is non-toxic)
 Fire resistant
 Good insulator
 Versatile
Engr. Umair Raza
Problem Of PVC
For starters, oil and chlorine aren’t what you’d call “green” substances in
regards to their extraction, refining and by- products. So much of our modern
life is based on oil that if production were to suddenly increase, it’s not just
transport that would suffer ,it would affect every aspect of our lives. We really
need to kick our fossil fuel addiction before we are forced into withdrawals. •
PVC’s durability is also its downfall environmentally speaking , it’s not
biodegradable or degradable. Items made from PVC will retain their form for
decades and the breakdown that occurs is just granulation , the pieces simply
become smaller. Animals can ingest these pieces and the plastic can block their
digestive tracts.
Engr. Umair Raza
Alternative To PVC
 This is a tough one. Some new materials with most of the desirable
properties of PVC, without the health and environmental concerns are now
being produced. These degradable plastics are engineered to breakdown
under landfill conditions (darkness, heat and moisture) within a few years
without emitting toxic gases or other pollutants. At this point in time, these
sorts of materials aren’t widely available and are quite expensive.
 However, the more environmentally friendly materials that PVC originally
replaced are still around. These are economical and widely available. For a
list of PVC alternatives, check out this article on Greenpeace’s site PVC
Solutions.
Engr. Umair Raza
Recommendations
By this feasibility study we can understand that The project is
socially economically and technically viable and can be taken up for
implementation.
Engr. Umair Raza
Pvc Pipe manufacturing its procedure , cost & application

More Related Content

What's hot

Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...
Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...
Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...Plastic4trade
 
GCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dream
GCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dreamGCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dream
GCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dreamSiddhartha Roy
 
Plastic and Polymers
Plastic and PolymersPlastic and Polymers
Plastic and PolymersPrerna Jain
 
Poly vinyl chloride
Poly vinyl chloridePoly vinyl chloride
Poly vinyl chloridesai anjaneya
 
Portable pipe system (cipet)
Portable pipe system (cipet)Portable pipe system (cipet)
Portable pipe system (cipet)ArvIND Kumar
 
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdfPVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdfKoolLeisure
 
Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1
Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1 Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1
Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1 Siddhartha Roy
 
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl ChloridePolyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl ChlorideSai G S
 
Pvc compounding ingredients, The essential Ingredients
Pvc compounding ingredients, The essential IngredientsPvc compounding ingredients, The essential Ingredients
Pvc compounding ingredients, The essential IngredientsSiddhartha Roy
 
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdfPVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdfKoolLeisure
 
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)faheem maqsood
 
Manufacturing of fibre polymer composites
Manufacturing of fibre polymer compositesManufacturing of fibre polymer composites
Manufacturing of fibre polymer compositesMosarruf Shawon
 
Pvc material for construction
Pvc material for constructionPvc material for construction
Pvc material for constructionPrabhat chhirolya
 

What's hot (20)

Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...
Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...
Everything about PVC Pipes, Types and its Manufacturing Process – Plastic4tra...
 
GCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dream
GCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dreamGCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dream
GCC in PVC, More than a Pipe dream
 
Plastic and Polymers
Plastic and PolymersPlastic and Polymers
Plastic and Polymers
 
Polyvinyl chloride
Polyvinyl chloridePolyvinyl chloride
Polyvinyl chloride
 
Poly vinyl chloride
Poly vinyl chloridePoly vinyl chloride
Poly vinyl chloride
 
Portable pipe system (cipet)
Portable pipe system (cipet)Portable pipe system (cipet)
Portable pipe system (cipet)
 
Pvc
PvcPvc
Pvc
 
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdfPVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
 
Cpp
CppCpp
Cpp
 
Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1
Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1 Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1
Plastic applications with high ca co3 content1
 
Pvc
PvcPvc
Pvc
 
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl ChloridePolyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl Chloride
 
Pvc compounding ingredients, The essential Ingredients
Pvc compounding ingredients, The essential IngredientsPvc compounding ingredients, The essential Ingredients
Pvc compounding ingredients, The essential Ingredients
 
Pvc
PvcPvc
Pvc
 
extrusion processing
extrusion processingextrusion processing
extrusion processing
 
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdfPVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
PVC Compounding1-NSA WITH DIAGRAMS & FORMULATIONS-1.pdf
 
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
 
Pvc
Pvc Pvc
Pvc
 
Manufacturing of fibre polymer composites
Manufacturing of fibre polymer compositesManufacturing of fibre polymer composites
Manufacturing of fibre polymer composites
 
Pvc material for construction
Pvc material for constructionPvc material for construction
Pvc material for construction
 

Similar to Pvc Pipe manufacturing its procedure , cost & application

Feasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plant
Feasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plantFeasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plant
Feasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plantK. M. Shahrear Hyder
 
PVC as a construction material
PVC as a construction materialPVC as a construction material
PVC as a construction materialAlok Mishra
 
Ganauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC Pipes
Ganauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC PipesGanauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC Pipes
Ganauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC PipesIndiaMART InterMESH Limited
 
Yogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & Equipment
Yogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & EquipmentYogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & Equipment
Yogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & EquipmentIndiaMART InterMESH Limited
 
PVC Cable and PVC Recycling
PVC Cable and PVC RecyclingPVC Cable and PVC Recycling
PVC Cable and PVC Recyclingwhirlstonalma
 
Diplast plastics.pptx
Diplast plastics.pptxDiplast plastics.pptx
Diplast plastics.pptxDip
 
Polyvinylchloride(PVC).
Polyvinylchloride(PVC).Polyvinylchloride(PVC).
Polyvinylchloride(PVC).Pankaj Das
 
7 interesting facts on pvc
7 interesting facts on pvc7 interesting facts on pvc
7 interesting facts on pvcDermak mixer
 
Report on polymer use in civil engineerinng
Report on polymer use in civil engineerinngReport on polymer use in civil engineerinng
Report on polymer use in civil engineerinngATUL SHUKLA
 
formation and uses of pvc and nylon
formation and uses of pvc and nylonformation and uses of pvc and nylon
formation and uses of pvc and nylonAfzal Zubair
 
Exploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC Pipes
Exploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC PipesExploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC Pipes
Exploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC PipesDermak mixer
 
ESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptx
ESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptxESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptx
ESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptxJinoVarghese13
 
Advanced Construction Techniques and Equipment
Advanced Construction Techniques and EquipmentAdvanced Construction Techniques and Equipment
Advanced Construction Techniques and EquipmentMadan Kumar
 
introduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipe
introduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipeintroduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipe
introduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipeManishPatel169454
 

Similar to Pvc Pipe manufacturing its procedure , cost & application (20)

Feasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plant
Feasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plantFeasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plant
Feasibility study of pvc pipe manufacturing plant
 
pvc pipe
pvc pipepvc pipe
pvc pipe
 
PVC as a construction material
PVC as a construction materialPVC as a construction material
PVC as a construction material
 
Ganauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC Pipes
Ganauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC PipesGanauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC Pipes
Ganauria Alloy Steels Private Limited, New Delhi, PVC Pipes
 
PVC and vinyl polymers.pdf
PVC and vinyl polymers.pdfPVC and vinyl polymers.pdf
PVC and vinyl polymers.pdf
 
Yogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & Equipment
Yogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & EquipmentYogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & Equipment
Yogdeep Enterprise, Mumbai, Engineering Tools & Equipment
 
PVC Cable and PVC Recycling
PVC Cable and PVC RecyclingPVC Cable and PVC Recycling
PVC Cable and PVC Recycling
 
Diplast plastics.pptx
Diplast plastics.pptxDiplast plastics.pptx
Diplast plastics.pptx
 
Polyvinylchloride(PVC).
Polyvinylchloride(PVC).Polyvinylchloride(PVC).
Polyvinylchloride(PVC).
 
7 interesting facts on pvc
7 interesting facts on pvc7 interesting facts on pvc
7 interesting facts on pvc
 
plastic piping seminar presentation
 plastic piping seminar presentation plastic piping seminar presentation
plastic piping seminar presentation
 
Report on polymer use in civil engineerinng
Report on polymer use in civil engineerinngReport on polymer use in civil engineerinng
Report on polymer use in civil engineerinng
 
Ingredients PVC
Ingredients PVCIngredients PVC
Ingredients PVC
 
Avi ppt
Avi pptAvi ppt
Avi ppt
 
formation and uses of pvc and nylon
formation and uses of pvc and nylonformation and uses of pvc and nylon
formation and uses of pvc and nylon
 
Exploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC Pipes
Exploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC PipesExploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC Pipes
Exploring the Versatility and Advantages of PVC Pipes
 
ESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptx
ESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptxESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptx
ESLON Sch80 PVC & CPVC Pipe Suppliers UAE.pptx
 
Jyoti rubber-industries-mumbai
Jyoti rubber-industries-mumbaiJyoti rubber-industries-mumbai
Jyoti rubber-industries-mumbai
 
Advanced Construction Techniques and Equipment
Advanced Construction Techniques and EquipmentAdvanced Construction Techniques and Equipment
Advanced Construction Techniques and Equipment
 
introduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipe
introduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipeintroduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipe
introduction to molecular oriented polyvinyl chloride pvco pipe
 

More from Umair Raza

Isolation projection DIAGRAM
Isolation projection DIAGRAM Isolation projection DIAGRAM
Isolation projection DIAGRAM Umair Raza
 
How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...
How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...
How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...Umair Raza
 
Hematoxylin & eosin stain
Hematoxylin & eosin stainHematoxylin & eosin stain
Hematoxylin & eosin stainUmair Raza
 
Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...
Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...
Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...Umair Raza
 
Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...
Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...
Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...Umair Raza
 
Study of jig design its types.
Study of jig design its types.Study of jig design its types.
Study of jig design its types.Umair Raza
 
Metal sheet forming, its types & operations
Metal sheet forming, its types & operationsMetal sheet forming, its types & operations
Metal sheet forming, its types & operationsUmair Raza
 
Lathe machine, its types ,functions & operation
Lathe machine, its types ,functions & operationLathe machine, its types ,functions & operation
Lathe machine, its types ,functions & operationUmair Raza
 
study of jig machine, its types & operation
study of jig machine, its types & operation study of jig machine, its types & operation
study of jig machine, its types & operation Umair Raza
 
Drilling machine & its types
Drilling machine & its typesDrilling machine & its types
Drilling machine & its typesUmair Raza
 
Study of forging , its classification & types
Study of forging , its classification & typesStudy of forging , its classification & types
Study of forging , its classification & typesUmair Raza
 
Die casting and types
Die casting and typesDie casting and types
Die casting and typesUmair Raza
 
Chips formation & types by Engr. Umair raza
Chips formation & types by Engr. Umair razaChips formation & types by Engr. Umair raza
Chips formation & types by Engr. Umair razaUmair Raza
 
Boring machine & its types by Engr.Umair raza
Boring machine & its types by Engr.Umair razaBoring machine & its types by Engr.Umair raza
Boring machine & its types by Engr.Umair razaUmair Raza
 

More from Umair Raza (14)

Isolation projection DIAGRAM
Isolation projection DIAGRAM Isolation projection DIAGRAM
Isolation projection DIAGRAM
 
How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...
How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...
How normal distribution is used in heights, blood pressure, measurement error...
 
Hematoxylin & eosin stain
Hematoxylin & eosin stainHematoxylin & eosin stain
Hematoxylin & eosin stain
 
Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...
Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...
Detailed examination of tuberculosis in microbiology laboratory including zn ...
 
Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...
Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...
Analyzing the different organelles in eukaryotic & prokaryotic cells thro...
 
Study of jig design its types.
Study of jig design its types.Study of jig design its types.
Study of jig design its types.
 
Metal sheet forming, its types & operations
Metal sheet forming, its types & operationsMetal sheet forming, its types & operations
Metal sheet forming, its types & operations
 
Lathe machine, its types ,functions & operation
Lathe machine, its types ,functions & operationLathe machine, its types ,functions & operation
Lathe machine, its types ,functions & operation
 
study of jig machine, its types & operation
study of jig machine, its types & operation study of jig machine, its types & operation
study of jig machine, its types & operation
 
Drilling machine & its types
Drilling machine & its typesDrilling machine & its types
Drilling machine & its types
 
Study of forging , its classification & types
Study of forging , its classification & typesStudy of forging , its classification & types
Study of forging , its classification & types
 
Die casting and types
Die casting and typesDie casting and types
Die casting and types
 
Chips formation & types by Engr. Umair raza
Chips formation & types by Engr. Umair razaChips formation & types by Engr. Umair raza
Chips formation & types by Engr. Umair raza
 
Boring machine & its types by Engr.Umair raza
Boring machine & its types by Engr.Umair razaBoring machine & its types by Engr.Umair raza
Boring machine & its types by Engr.Umair raza
 

Recently uploaded

Energy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptx
Energy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptxEnergy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptx
Energy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptxsiddharthjain2303
 
Crystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptx
Crystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptxCrystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptx
Crystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptxachiever3003
 
Indian Dairy Industry Present Status and.ppt
Indian Dairy Industry Present Status and.pptIndian Dairy Industry Present Status and.ppt
Indian Dairy Industry Present Status and.pptMadan Karki
 
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School CourseKatarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Coursebim.edu.pl
 
Main Memory Management in Operating System
Main Memory Management in Operating SystemMain Memory Management in Operating System
Main Memory Management in Operating SystemRashmi Bhat
 
Crushers to screens in aggregate production
Crushers to screens in aggregate productionCrushers to screens in aggregate production
Crushers to screens in aggregate productionChinnuNinan
 
National Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdf
National Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdfNational Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdf
National Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdfRajuKanojiya4
 
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...121011101441
 
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024Mark Billinghurst
 
Transport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - GuideTransport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - GuideGOPINATHS437943
 
Autonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.ppt
Autonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.pptAutonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.ppt
Autonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.pptbibisarnayak0
 
home automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasad
home automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasadhome automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasad
home automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasadaditya806802
 
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdfCh10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdfChristianCDAM
 
Virtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating SystemVirtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating SystemRashmi Bhat
 
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at ScaleCorrectly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at ScaleAlluxio, Inc.
 
Configuration of IoT devices - Systems managament
Configuration of IoT devices - Systems managamentConfiguration of IoT devices - Systems managament
Configuration of IoT devices - Systems managamentBharaniDharan195623
 
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...Erbil Polytechnic University
 
Unit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfg
Unit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfgUnit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfg
Unit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfgsaravananr517913
 
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor CatchersTechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catcherssdickerson1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Energy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptx
Energy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptxEnergy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptx
Energy Awareness training ppt for manufacturing process.pptx
 
Crystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptx
Crystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptxCrystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptx
Crystal Structure analysis and detailed information pptx
 
Indian Dairy Industry Present Status and.ppt
Indian Dairy Industry Present Status and.pptIndian Dairy Industry Present Status and.ppt
Indian Dairy Industry Present Status and.ppt
 
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School CourseKatarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
 
Main Memory Management in Operating System
Main Memory Management in Operating SystemMain Memory Management in Operating System
Main Memory Management in Operating System
 
Crushers to screens in aggregate production
Crushers to screens in aggregate productionCrushers to screens in aggregate production
Crushers to screens in aggregate production
 
National Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdf
National Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdfNational Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdf
National Level Hackathon Participation Certificate.pdf
 
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
 
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
 
Transport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - GuideTransport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - Guide
 
Autonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.ppt
Autonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.pptAutonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.ppt
Autonomous emergency braking system (aeb) ppt.ppt
 
home automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasad
home automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasadhome automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasad
home automation using Arduino by Aditya Prasad
 
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdfCh10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
Ch10-Global Supply Chain - Cadena de Suministro.pdf
 
Virtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating SystemVirtual memory management in Operating System
Virtual memory management in Operating System
 
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at ScaleCorrectly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
 
Designing pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptx
Designing pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptxDesigning pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptx
Designing pile caps according to ACI 318-19.pptx
 
Configuration of IoT devices - Systems managament
Configuration of IoT devices - Systems managamentConfiguration of IoT devices - Systems managament
Configuration of IoT devices - Systems managament
 
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
Comparative study of High-rise Building Using ETABS,SAP200 and SAFE., SAFE an...
 
Unit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfg
Unit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfgUnit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfg
Unit7-DC_Motors nkkjnsdkfnfcdfknfdgfggfg
 
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor CatchersTechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
TechTAC® CFD Report Summary: A Comparison of Two Types of Tubing Anchor Catchers
 

Pvc Pipe manufacturing its procedure , cost & application

  • 2. Engr. Umair Raza 19013386-002
  • 4. PVC Pipe Making Machine Engr. Umair Raza
  • 5. PVC Pipe Making Machine Parts Engr. Umair Raza
  • 6. PVC Pipe Making Machine Parts Engr. Umair Raza
  • 7. What Is PVC? Polyvinyl chloride , more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 8. What Is PVC?  PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. The rigid form of PVC is used in construction for pipe and in profile applications such as doors and windows. It is also used for bottles, other non- food packaging, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. In this form, it is also used in plumbing, electrical cable insulation, imitation leather, signage, phonograph records, inflatable products, and many applications where it replaces rubber.  Pure poly(vinyl chloride) is a white, brittle solid. It is insoluble in alcohol but slightly soluble in tetrahydrofuran. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 10. Discover The PVC PVC was accidentally synthesized in 1872 by German chemist Eugen Baumann. The polymer appeared as a white solid inside a flask of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. In the early 20th century the Russian chemist Ivan Ostromislensky and Fritz Klatte of the German chemical company Griesheim- Elektron both attempted to use PVC in commercial products, but difficulties in processing the rigid, sometimes brittle polymer thwarted their efforts. Waldo Semon and the B.F. Goodrich Company developed a method in 1926 to plasticize PVC by blending it with various additives. The result was a more flexible and more easily processed material that soon achieved widespread commercial use. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 11. Raw Materials i) PVC Resin 100 100 ii) Stabilizer (Non toxic) 5 iii) Primary Plasticizer 1.5 iv) Secondary Plasticizer 5 v) Internal Lubricant 3 vi) External Lubricant 4 vii) Epoxy Plasticizer 1.5 viii) Pigment base 3 ix) Pigment As Required Engr. Umair Raza
  • 12. Why do we use PVC pipes for water supply instead of metal pipes? There are several reasons for this. Firstly PVC is much lighter, stronger and can be made in much longer lengths. If PVC is compressed it simply distorts slightly and if the compression relaxes it will go back to its original shape. Metal once compressed keeps that shape and can cause weakness in the metal walls and possibly crack causing leakage . Also water and oxygen cause ferrous metals to oxidize which creates rust on both the inside and outside of the pipes and eventually weakening it . Build up of rust in the pipework will also restrict flow of water increasing the pressure on the walls of the pipe and reduced flow to the customer. In the case of ground movement PVC simply bends according to the ground it is laid in where as metal does not and if soil beneath it sinks eventually the pressure on the top will distort the pipe permanently again restricting flow . PVC Also prevents any form of contamination being added to the water passing through It . Although the leach of iron is not harmful to humans , many smaller pipes were once made of lead and small amounts did get added to the water , this over time builds up in the body as it does not get excreted like excess iron does and can cause severe damage to the brain and kidneys . Engr. Umair Raza
  • 13. Processing  Extrusion.  Plasticizers.  Stabilizers.  Lubricants.  Fillers.  Sizing.  Traction.  Cutting Engr. Umair Raza
  • 14. Processing The basic material which on Polymerization produces P.V.C. Pipes is Poly vinyl chloride which in resin form is hard and rigid. The rigidity can be controlled by controlling the percentage of plasticizer at the time of compounding. Production of Rigid PVC pipe is based on plasticizing and homogenizing PVC compound and then passing the compound through an extruder. The hot molten PVC compound is extruded through a circular slit. Circular slit governs the size of pipe to be extruded. Different dies are used for manufacturing different size of pipes. The Pipes thus extruded through the die is then passed through a vacuum sizing tank wherein the dimensions of the pipe can be accurately set. It also helps in surface finish of the pipes. Vacuum sizing reduces the percentage of wastage considerably. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 15. Processing As the pipe being extruded is rigid in form they cannot be wound into coils. So an inline motorized cutting device should be provided for cutting the pipes into required sizes. For ascertaining the consistency in product quality the unit should be equipped with process control laboratory for preliminary testing of raw materials. The unit may also have arrangement for quality testing of finished products. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 16. Processing  Extrusion: PVC uncompounded resin, unlike some other thermoplastics is not suitable for direct processing. To confer the required processing and end instability, it is necessary to mix additives to the PVC resin. Following are some of the additives which are generally used for the manufacture of rigid PVC pipes.  Plasticizers: The common plasticizer in use are DOP, DIOP, DBP, DOA, DEP, Reoplast, Perplex etc. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 17. Processing  Stabilizers: The common stabilizers are lead, barium, cadmium, tib, stearate etc.  Lubricants: Widely used lubricants are Buty-Stearate, Glycerol Moni- Stearate, Epoxidised Monoester of oleic acid, stearic acid etc.  Fillers: Fillers are also used for producing special quality product (e.g. calcined clay is used to improve the electrical properties of cable compounds). Before the extrusion operation PVC resin is to be compounded with plasticizers, stabilizers, lubricants and fillers to improve processibility and improve the endure stability. PVC resin is compounded with other ingredients in a high speed mixer. The compound resin is fed to the double screw extruder where the inserts and die body for the required pipe diameter are fitted. The PVC compounds are then passed through a heated chamber and they get melted under the compression of the screw and temperature of the barrel. The marking on the pipe is done at the time of extrusion. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 18. Processing  Sizing: The pipes coming out from the extruder is cooled in the sizing operation. There are basically two types of sizing used for manufacturing of pipes. (i) Pressure sizing & (ii) Vacuum sizing.  Traction: The next operation needed after sizing is traction. The tube traction unit is required for continuous haulage of the pipes being extruded by the extruder.  Cutting: The last operation needed is cutting. There are basically two cutting techniques for rigid PVC pipes viz. manual and auto matic. The pipes are then tented for ISI marks and are ready for dispatching. 17 Engr. Umair Raza
  • 19. Environmental Impact  Polyvinyl Chloride, more commonly known as PVC or just vinyl, has been in widespread usage since the early-mid 20th century.  PVC is strong, resistant to oil and chemicals, sunlight, weathering and flame resistant. It’s everywhere around us. PVC is an incredibly versatile material use in bottles, packaging, toys, construction materials, bedding, clothing, piping, wire coatings, imitation leather, furnishings and more.  PVC ranks the third in both global plastic output and consumption. Over 33 million tons of PVC is being produced each year and that figure is increasing annually. Around 57% of PVC’s mass is chlorine, so it requires less petroleum than many other polymers. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 20. Demand In Pakistan PVC demand for the year could grow from around 100,000 tonnes /year to 120,000-125,000 tonnes/year as a result, they added. ... Demand this year has exceeded initial expectations so far,” said a source close to Engro Polymer and Chemicals, the sole chlor- alkali producer in Pakistan. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 21. Thermal & Fire Properties of PVC The heat stability of raw PVC is very poor, so the addition of a heat stabilizer during the process is necessary in order to ensure the product's properties. PVC starts to decompose when the temperature reaches 140 °C (284 °F), with melting temperature starting around 160 °C (320 °F). The linear expansion coefficient of rigid PVC is small and has good flame retardancy, the Limiting oxygen index (LOI) being up to 45 or more. The LOI is the minimum concentration of oxygen, expressed as a percentage, that will support combustion of a polymer and noting that air has 20% content of oxygen. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 22. Electrical properties of PVC PVC is a polymer with good insulation properties, but because of its higher polar nature the electrical insulating property is inferior to non polar polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene. Since the dielectric constant, dielectric loss tangent value, and volume resistivity are high, the corona resistance is not very good, and it is generally suitable for medium or low voltage and low frequency insulation materials. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 23. Chemical Properties PVC is chemically resistant to acids, salts, bases, fats, and alcohols; therefore, it is used in sewerage piping. It is also resistant to some solvents, mainly uPVC. Plasticized PVC, also known as PVC-P, is in some cases less resistant to solvents. For example, PVC is resistant to fuel and some paint thinner. Some solvents may only swell it or deform it but not dissolve it, but some of them, like tetrahydrofuran or acetone, may damage it. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 24. Application of PVC Economical, versatile polyvinyl chloride (PVC, or vinyl) is used in a variety of applications in the building and construction, health care, electronics, automobile and other sectors, in products ranging from piping and siding, blood bags and tubing, to wire and cable insulation, windshield system components and more. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 25. Applications Of PVC Building and Construction.  Siding and Windows  Wiring and Cables  Water Pipes Packaging Healthcare Household Products Engr. Umair Raza
  • 26. Applications Explanation Of PVC  Building and Construction: About three-quarters of all vinyl produced goes into long-lasting building and construction applications. Life-cycle studies show PVC/vinyl is effective in protecting the environment, in terms of low greenhouse gas emissions and conservation of resources and energy. Because it is strong and resistant to moisture and abrasion, vinyl is ideal for cladding, windows, roofing, fencing, decking, wallcoverings, and flooring. Vinyl does not corrode like some building materials, does not require frequent painting and can be cleaned with mild cleaning products.  Siding and Windows Vinyl helps produce siding and window frames that are extremely durable, affordable, and help conserve energy when heating and cooling homes. In fact, vinyl windows have three times the heat insulation of aluminum windows. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 27. Applications Explanation Of PVC  Wiring and Cables: Vinyl is able to withstand tough conditions behind building walls – such as exposure to changing temperatures and dampness – for the life of the building. As a result, it is one of the most prevalent and trusted materials used in electrical wiring and cables.  Water Pipes PVC helps conserve energy and water by creating virtually leak-free pipes that are not prone to corrosion and resist environmental stress. PVC breakage rates are as low as one percent of the breakage rates of cast metal systems. The lack of build-up in PVC piping improves functionality and increases energy efficiency.  Household Products: PVC’s affordability, durability and water resistance make it ideal for rain coats, boots and shower curtains Engr. Umair Raza
  • 28. Applications Explanation Of PVC  Packaging: Because it is durable, dependable and light weight, flexible PVC helps packaging do its job to maintain the integrity of the products inside, including medicines. Clear vinyl is used in tamper- resistant over-the-counter medications and shrink wrap for consumer products. Rigid vinyl film is used in blister and clamshell packaging to protect medicines, personal care products and other household goods.  Healthcare: Vinyl plays a critical safety role in dispensing life-saving medicine through IV bags and medical tubing. The advent of the PVC blood-collection bag was a significant breakthrough because blood bags are flexible and unbreakable, enhancing the development of ambulatory medicine and serving as the foundation for modern blood banks. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 29. Advantages OF PVC Processed by thermoplastic methods. Wide range of flexibility possible with varying levels of plasticizer. Plastisol processing possible. Non-flammable.  Dimensional stability. Comparatively low cost. Good resistance to weathering Engr. Umair Raza
  • 30. Disadvantages OF PVC Attacked by several solvent types . Limited thermal capability. Thermal decomposition evolves HCI. Stained by Sulphur compounds. Higher density than other plastics. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 31. Why we use PVC pipe?  PVC pipes have clear environmental advantages over traditional materials. As PVC is a low carbon plastic, PVC pipes require less energy and fewer resources to manufacture. Due to their low weight, less energy is used when transported. PVC pipes last long with a minimum of maintenance and they are easily recyclable.  PVC's abrasion resistance, light weight, good mechanical strength and toughness are key technical advantages for its use in building and construction applications. PVC can be cut, shaped, welded and joined easily in a variety of styles. Its light weight reduces manual handling difficulties. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 32. Benefits Of PVC Pipe Polyvinyl chloride, PVC, is one of the most popular plastics used in building and construction. It is used in drinking water and waste water pipes, window frames, flooring and roofing foils, wall coverings, cables and many other applications as it provides a modern alternative to traditional materials such as wood, metal, rubber and glass. These products are often lighter , less expensive and offer many performance advantages  Strong and lightweight  Easy to install  Durable  Cost-effective  Safe material (PVC is non-toxic)  Fire resistant  Good insulator  Versatile Engr. Umair Raza
  • 33. Problem Of PVC For starters, oil and chlorine aren’t what you’d call “green” substances in regards to their extraction, refining and by- products. So much of our modern life is based on oil that if production were to suddenly increase, it’s not just transport that would suffer ,it would affect every aspect of our lives. We really need to kick our fossil fuel addiction before we are forced into withdrawals. • PVC’s durability is also its downfall environmentally speaking , it’s not biodegradable or degradable. Items made from PVC will retain their form for decades and the breakdown that occurs is just granulation , the pieces simply become smaller. Animals can ingest these pieces and the plastic can block their digestive tracts. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 34. Alternative To PVC  This is a tough one. Some new materials with most of the desirable properties of PVC, without the health and environmental concerns are now being produced. These degradable plastics are engineered to breakdown under landfill conditions (darkness, heat and moisture) within a few years without emitting toxic gases or other pollutants. At this point in time, these sorts of materials aren’t widely available and are quite expensive.  However, the more environmentally friendly materials that PVC originally replaced are still around. These are economical and widely available. For a list of PVC alternatives, check out this article on Greenpeace’s site PVC Solutions. Engr. Umair Raza
  • 35. Recommendations By this feasibility study we can understand that The project is socially economically and technically viable and can be taken up for implementation. Engr. Umair Raza