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Service process

Discusses about the various types of process of companies offering services.

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Service process

  1. 1. Meaning Process in services refers to the actual procedures, mechanisms, and flow of activities by which the service is delivered- the service delivery and operating systems. In fast food outlets the process comprises buying the coupons at one counter and picking up the food against that at another counter.
  2. 2. Understanding Service Process 1.Variety in Process: Process variety has implications on cost, complexity and flexibility of operations. Runner- Standardized set of activities and allows high efficiency in operations. Example- Checking the bank account, railway enquiry Repeaters- More or less like runners except that they tend to be little more complex and occur less frequently. Example- Fast food restaurant. Strangers- a non-standardized process. 2. Value Addition in Process 3. Task Allocation
  3. 3. Strategic Position and Service Process Steps and Sequences (Complexity) and Steps variability (Divergence): 1. Low complexity and low divergence: simple short structured processes like one product-Mcdonalds standardized service. 2. High complexity high divergence: long multi-step process with high employee discretion and judgment-chefs in premium hotel 3. Low complexity high divergence: short process but high discretion but high discretion and customization – tutor services. 4. High complexity low divergence: long complicated service process but limited standardized offering – standard hotel services
  4. 4. Education Services and Process types
  5. 5. Service Process Matrix Based on degree of labour intensity and the degree of customisation there are 4 types of services: Service Factory: Capital intensive and standardized services- Airlines, Hotels, Resorts. Service Shop: Capital intensive and customised services- Hospitals, Repair shops. Mass Services: high labour intensive, and low degree of interaction and customisation – Retailing, Wholesaling and Schools Professional Services- labour intensive and highly customised services- physicians, lawyers, accountants.

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  • ChristineJuadiong

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Discusses about the various types of process of companies offering services.


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