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Paper 8


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Paper 8

  1. 1. <ul><li>UMA BHALIYA H. </li></ul><ul><li>M.A.PART-1(SEM-2) </li></ul><ul><li>ROLL NO:01 </li></ul>03/10/11 department of english PSYCHOANALYTICAL CRITICISM PAPER: 8 LITERARY CRITICISM: WESTERN & INDIAN POETICS - 2
  2. 2. <ul><li>deals with a work of literature primarily as an expression. </li></ul><ul><li>state of mind and the structure of personality of the individual author. </li></ul><ul><li>romantic replacement of earlier mimetic and pragmatic view by an expressive view of the nature of literature. </li></ul><ul><li>psychological literary criticism has come to be psychoanalytic criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>founder of psychoanalysis in 1896. </li></ul><ul><li>A theory of personality and a system of psychotherapy. </li></ul><ul><li>unconscious forces, including strong sexual and aggressive drives. </li></ul><ul><li>dream analysis led him towards sexual Behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>erotic attachment for the parent of the opposite sex </li></ul><ul><li>“ interpreatation of dreams” (1899). </li></ul>03/10/11 department of english PSYCHOANALYTICAL CRITICISM SIGMUND FREUD(1856 – 1939)
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ the anatomy of the mental activity. </li></ul><ul><li>three problems: </li></ul><ul><li>mental processes are unconscious. </li></ul><ul><li>all human behaviour is motivated altimately by sexuality which is called libido or sexual energy. </li></ul><ul><li>because of social taboos sexual impulses, desires and memories are repressed to understand these problems. </li></ul>03/10/11 department of english FREUD’S THEORY
  4. 4. 03/10/11 department of english Conscious mind unConscious mind The mind as an iceberg 1. The id 2. The ego 3. The supergo
  5. 5. 03/10/11 department of english Pleasure principle Rational - impulsive Logic for passion Value, good, Evid, morality Identifies with devil Dominated by id Unconscious mind Id (passion- pleasure)
  6. 6. 03/10/11 department of english Reality principle Pleasure principle-Impulsive drives Stands-Reason, there’s Link – inner & outer world No strong As id. Major part unconscious Ego (reason)
  7. 7. 03/10/11 department of english Moral restrictions Represses blocks or Throws back the id Unacceptable, agressiveness, sexual passions Guilt complex Dominated by moral principle Human behave like an angle Largely unconscious Superego(moral)
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>the id would make us devils. </li></ul><ul><li>superego would have us behave as angels </li></ul><ul><li>ego to keep us healthy human beings by maintaining a balance between these two opposing forces. </li></ul>03/10/11 department of english thanks - Dr. Dilip sir