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21.04.2016 khashchuluun (national council of private sector support)

Summit

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21.04.2016 khashchuluun (national council of private sector support)

  1. 1. Innovations in Mongolia BCM Summit April 2016
  2. 2. Innovations • Innovations Law has been approved in 2012 • R&D financing of 0.27% of GDP (37.8 billion MNT, including 9.17 billion in budget money • Researchers per 1 million (531) more than Philippines, lower than in Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria • About 77 government supported R&D/innovation projects have been implemented since 2009 • But 33% of research funding goes to so called fundamental research (16% in Israel, 6% in China, 12% in Japan)
  3. 3. Issues • Financing is not enough. Innovations Fund has not been created so far. Venture funds and Innovations Fund have been deleted from Innovations Law • As a result, meager public financing of less than 1 mln dollar takes 80% of R&D funding • Organizational matters: innovations viewed as something belonging to education • Not enough R&D manpower: in 2014 just 2.7 thousand full time researchers including • 630 PhD and ScD
  4. 4. Organizational issues • 71 research institutions including: • State 49 • University based 15 • Private 7 • Insufficient cooperation with private sector
  5. 5. How it should be • Chile • Fundación Chile (FCh), Government of Chile and ITT Corporation • PPP based: wine research program 55 private companies • Apples research program: 8 companies and 3 universities joint work • 24 research consortiums • GDP’s 2.5% on R&D
  6. 6. Chile results: • In 2008 research funding of 147 million dollars • Fisheries innovations 10 mln dollars, • wine 5.5 milllion dollars • Fruits 5.7 million dollars • Chile’s exports of fish 5 billion dollars, fruits 4.7 billion dollars, wood and pulp 3.9 billion dollars, wine 2 billion dollars • Chile exports fruits to India, wine to France, fish to UK and copper to Australia
  7. 7. So.. • For Mongolia: set up finally Foundation Mongolia • management to private companies (Rio Tinto or others) • State funding of at least 50 million dollars • Allocations to innovations based on state/private cooperation (industrial consortiums)

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