HPC Efforts in China
&
Next Gen of Tianhe
Yutong Lu
School of Computer Science, National University of Defense Technology;...
Outline
 HPC in China
 Efforts in NUDT
 Next Gen of Tianhe
HPC in China
 Trend
Num of Supercomputers in China on Top500
HPC in China
 Trend
Num of Supercomputers in China on Top500
HPC in China
HPC Funding System
 NSFC
 Basic algorithms and computable modeling for high
performance scientific computin...
HPC in China
 “High productivity Computer and Grid Service
Environment”
Period: 2006-2010
940 million Yuan from the MOS...
HPC in China
 NSFC
 Basic algorithms and computable modeling for high
performance scientific computing
 8-year, launche...
HPC in China
Hi-Tech 863 for application
——Eight strategic applications
 Budget: ~80 Million in RMB
Fusion
Aircraft Des...
HPC in China
 Post-petascale roadmap
 12-FiveY project ( -2015)
System
 100P
 More than 2X investment comparing 11-Fi...
HPC in China
CNGrid: Resources
 14 sites
 >7PFlops
 16PB storage
清华大学
北京应用物
理与计算数
学研究所
国家超算
天津中心
国家超算
济南中心
上海超算
中心中国科技
...
HPC in China
CNGrid
 450 services
 >2800 users
HPC in China
CNGrid:applications
 Supporting >1100 projects
973, 863, NSFC, CAS Innovative, and Engineering projects
NSF...
HPC in China
 Top100(http://www.samss.org.cn)
2002~
2012 CHINA HPC TOP5
HPC in China
 Vendors - Performance Share – C-TOP100(2012.10)
IBM
34.51%
Downing
22.74%
NUDT
22.13%
ShenWei
6.45%
Inspur
...
HPC in China
 Application Area Share - TOP100 in China
HPC in China
 Application Area - Performance Share - C-TOP100(2012.10)
Engineering
7.80%
Governmen
5.57%
Scientific
Compu...
HPC in China
 Analysis
Sum performance >16PFlops
Avg performance >160TFlops
<1 year difference Top500
#100 49.5TFlops...
HPC in China
 Peak 1PF 2010-2011 ▪ Sum Linpack10P 2011-2012
 Peak 10PF 2012-2013 ▪ Peak 100PF 2014- 2015
 Sum Linpack 1...
HPC in China
Tianhe-1A & Supercomputing centers
 NSCC-Tianjin (Rank 8/Nov.2012)
 Rpeak 4700TFlops,Rmax2566TFlops
 7168 ...
Efforts in NUDT
20
Aerospace and Material Engineering
Physics and Mathematics
Mechanics Engineering and Automation
Electro...
Efforts in NUDT
 Leading Disciplines
Ten of subjects are national key subjects
National key Discipline Evaluation
21
Su...
Efforts in NUDT
SchoolofComputerscience Dept. of Computer Science and Tech.
Dept. of Network Engineering
Institute of Comp...
Efforts in NUDT
 Disciplines in School of Computer science
 First level Discipline :
Computer science and technology
 ...
Efforts in NUDT
 TOP Discipline among universities in China
2012: Rank No. 2 (CS) & 1 (SE)
24
Computer Science Software ...
Efforts in NUDT
Main research directions
 High performance computer parallel architecture
 Stream processing architectur...
Efforts in NUDT
 Staffs & students in our school
 About 400 staffs in our school
 Biggest institute is Computer institu...
Efforts in NUDT
 Distinguished achievements in scientific
research
YHS-2
1958 1965 1970 1979 1983 1985 1992 1993 1997 200...
Efforts in NUDT
Main Research achievements
 Microprocessor
 FT-64 CPU: the first 64-bit stream processor for scientific
...
Efforts in NUDT
Main research achievements
 System software
 Kylin operating system, LSB 4.0 Compliance
 CCRG compiler,...
Efforts in NUDT
Main research achievements
 Network and communications
China’s first IPv6 Router
Galaxy high-speed inte...
Efforts in NUDT
Main research achievements
 Application
Weather & Climate
CFD
Bio-information
Electromagnetic simulat...
Efforts in NUDT
 HPC Strategy
Central Government
 MOST
 NSFC
Local Government
 Broad collaboration
 Customization &...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
Tianjin
Changsha
Guangzhou
10P 100P 1000P1P
2014
2015
2020
Performance
2009
2010
year
Tianhe Roadmap
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 According to Program 863, the TH-2 system
will be finished in 2015
 The 100P TH-2 system will be ins...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Highlights of TH-2
Heterogeneous parallel architecture
Multiple-dimension interconnection network
...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Specification
Peak Performance: 100PFlops
HPL efficiency: >60%
Capacity of memory: 3PB
Capacity o...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Heterogonous architecture
CPU + X(Phi or GPGPU)
 Proprietary Inter-connection
3D torus
Simplified...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Interconnection Network
Improve fault-tolerant routing
Network self-management and failure isolatio...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 High Performance Computing Software Stack
39
Parallel Apps
Apps programming framework
Runtime System
...
System Architecture
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Co-design Programming Ecosystem
Runtime system
Programming Interface (OpenMC, MPI...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Large-scale Hybrid Tiered File System
 Scalability to achieve >1TB/s I/O bandwidth by leveraging
spa...
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Priority areas
Climate & Environment
Bio-medicine
New energy
Civil engineering
Big data
Next-Gen of Tianhe
 Towards next generation of Tianhe system
 Heterogeneous architecture
 New enabling technology
 Hig...
HPCL-State key Laboratory of HPC
 Pre-research on breakthrough Technology
 New enable Tech
 Reconfigurable Arch
 Optic...
Potential cooperation areas
 Post-petaflops computing systems
 Power/Performance /Programmability/Resilience
 Hybrid pr...
Invitation
Invitation
Booth 461
NUDT
Booth 461
NUDT
Thanks
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HPC efforts in China & the next generation of Tianhe supercomputer

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HPC efforts in China & next generation of Tianhe supercomputer by Yutong Lu of National University of Defense Technology, China

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HPC efforts in China & the next generation of Tianhe supercomputer

  1. 1. HPC Efforts in China & Next Gen of Tianhe Yutong Lu School of Computer Science, National University of Defense Technology; State Key Laboratory of High Performance Computing, China ytlu@nudt.edu.cn
  2. 2. Outline  HPC in China  Efforts in NUDT  Next Gen of Tianhe
  3. 3. HPC in China  Trend Num of Supercomputers in China on Top500
  4. 4. HPC in China  Trend Num of Supercomputers in China on Top500
  5. 5. HPC in China HPC Funding System  NSFC  Basic algorithms and computable modeling for high performance scientific computing  Network based research environment  Many-core parallel programming  MOST HiTech 863 program  High productivity computer and Grid service environment  Multicore/many-core programming support  HPC software for algorithm and modeling HiTech 973 program  Parallel algorithms for large scale scientific computing  Virtual computing environment
  6. 6. HPC in China  “High productivity Computer and Grid Service Environment” Period: 2006-2010 940 million Yuan from the MOST more than 1billion Yuan matching money from other sources  Major R&D activities Developing PFlops computers (TH, Nebula, Shenwei) Building up a grid service environment--CNGrid Developing Grid and HPC applications in selected areas
  7. 7. HPC in China  NSFC  Basic algorithms and computable modeling for high performance scientific computing  8-year, launched in 2011  180 million Yuan funding  Focused on  Novel computational methods and basic parallel algorithms  Computable modeling for selected domains  Implementation and verification of parallel algorithms by simulation
  8. 8. HPC in China Hi-Tech 863 for application ——Eight strategic applications  Budget: ~80 Million in RMB Fusion Aircraft Design Space & cosmic Drug Design Animation Mechanics of Giant Engineering Equipment Electromagnetic Environment Simulation New Material
  9. 9. HPC in China  Post-petascale roadmap  12-FiveY project ( -2015) System  100P  More than 2X investment comparing 11-FiveY project – MOST (863) – Local government Software  NSFC 2011 37 million for basic algorithm and computable model  863 80 million for Domain applications  13-FiveY project ( -2020) ~ 1 E Funding ?
  10. 10. HPC in China CNGrid: Resources  14 sites  >7PFlops  16PB storage 清华大学 北京应用物 理与计算数 学研究所 国家超算 天津中心 国家超算 济南中心 上海超算 中心中国科技 大学 国家超算 深圳中心 香港大学 中科院深圳 先进技术研 究院 华中科技 大学 中科院超算 中心 甘肃省计算 中心 西安交通 大学 山东大学
  11. 11. HPC in China CNGrid  450 services  >2800 users
  12. 12. HPC in China CNGrid:applications  Supporting >1100 projects 973, 863, NSFC, CAS Innovative, and Engineering projects NSFC Hi-Tech 973 Hi-Tech 863 National Major Project Other Other Research Industry Science
  13. 13. HPC in China  Top100(http://www.samss.org.cn) 2002~ 2012 CHINA HPC TOP5
  14. 14. HPC in China  Vendors - Performance Share – C-TOP100(2012.10) IBM 34.51% Downing 22.74% NUDT 22.13% ShenWei 6.45% Inspur 5.18% HP 5.24% IPE-CAS 3.10% Lenovo 0.64%
  15. 15. HPC in China  Application Area Share - TOP100 in China
  16. 16. HPC in China  Application Area - Performance Share - C-TOP100(2012.10) Engineering 7.80% Governmen 5.57% Scientific Computing 5.42% Cloud Computing 5.02% Telecommunicatio n 5.00%Energy 2.72% Game 2.01% Other 3.48% Supercomputing Center 34.59% ISP 28.38%
  17. 17. HPC in China  Analysis Sum performance >16PFlops Avg performance >160TFlops <1 year difference Top500 #100 49.5TFlops,2.24 times to 2011
  18. 18. HPC in China  Peak 1PF 2010-2011 ▪ Sum Linpack10P 2011-2012  Peak 10PF 2012-2013 ▪ Peak 100PF 2014- 2015  Sum Linpack 100Petaflops 2013-2014
  19. 19. HPC in China Tianhe-1A & Supercomputing centers  NSCC-Tianjin (Rank 8/Nov.2012)  Rpeak 4700TFlops,Rmax2566TFlops  7168 nodes, 14336CPU+7168GPU, 4MW  2010.11  NSCC-Changsha (Rank 30/Nov.2012)  Rpeak 1343TFlops, Rmax 771.7TFlops  2048 nodes, 4096CPU+2048GPU, 1.1MW  2011.7  NSCC-Guangzhou (Rank 119/Nov.2012)  Rpeak335.8TFlops Rmax211.7TFlops  512 nodes, 1024CPU+512GPU, 289KW  2012.5
  20. 20. Efforts in NUDT 20 Aerospace and Material Engineering Physics and Mathematics Mechanics Engineering and Automation Electronic Science and Engineering Information System and Management Computer Science Opto-Electronic Science and Engineering Social Sciences National university of defense technology
  21. 21. Efforts in NUDT  Leading Disciplines Ten of subjects are national key subjects National key Discipline Evaluation 21 Subject 2012 2009 2006 Computer Science and Technology 2 2 1 Software engineering 1 Information and Communication Engineering 3 3 4 Optical Engineering 3 4 7 Management Science and Engineering 3 4 7 Ranking of Key Disciplines in China
  22. 22. Efforts in NUDT SchoolofComputerscience Dept. of Computer Science and Tech. Dept. of Network Engineering Institute of Computer tech. research Institute of Software tech. research Institute of Micro-electronics tech. Research Institute of network and information security National key lab. of Parallel and distributed processing State key lab. of High Performance Computing 22
  23. 23. Efforts in NUDT  Disciplines in School of Computer science  First level Discipline : Computer science and technology  Six second level Disciplines : Computer architecture Software and theory Computer application Micro-electronics Information security Bio-informatics 23
  24. 24. Efforts in NUDT  TOP Discipline among universities in China 2012: Rank No. 2 (CS) & 1 (SE) 24 Computer Science Software engineering 1 Qinghua University NUDT 2 NUDT Beijing University 3 Beijing University Zhejiang University 4 Beihang University Shanghai Jiaotong University
  25. 25. Efforts in NUDT Main research directions  High performance computer parallel architecture  Stream processing architecture  High speed interconnecting network  System software  New concept OS  HPC language and programming models  Optimization for heterogeneous computing  Computer applications  HPC applications and parallel algorithms  HPC Bio-informatics  Cloud and grid computing  Network and Information security 25
  26. 26. Efforts in NUDT  Staffs & students in our school  About 400 staffs in our school  Biggest institute is Computer institute: About 100 staffs  About 1000 students now  500 undergraduate students  More than 600 Master and Ph.D candidates 26 20 52 47 84 77 4 Prof. Ass. Pof. Researcher Ass. Research Lecture others
  27. 27. Efforts in NUDT  Distinguished achievements in scientific research YHS-2 1958 1965 1970 1979 1983 1985 1992 1993 1997 2000 Firstmilitarycomputer Firsttransistorcomputer Type-441B-I FirstICcomputer Type-441B-III Type-151 YHS-1 YH-1 YH-3 1975 Type-441 YH-2 2005 2006 2009 TH-1 Type-331 2010 TH-1A HPC systems Fisrt supercomputer Fisrt GFlops Fisrt TFlops Fisrt PFlops
  28. 28. Efforts in NUDT Main Research achievements  Microprocessor  FT-64 CPU: the first 64-bit stream processor for scientific computing  FT-1000 CPU: 8-core, 1.0GHz, SoC design  FT-1500 CPU: 16-Core, 1.5GHz, SoC design  DSP: FT-C31, FT-C67, FT-D series FT-1000 & a 4 CPUs blade FT-D & FT-C31 DSP
  29. 29. Efforts in NUDT Main research achievements  System software  Kylin operating system, LSB 4.0 Compliance  CCRG compiler, accepts C/C++/Fortran/OpenMP/CAF/MPI, supports FT-64, FT- 1000, Intel & AMD CPUs  YH-Star middleware has been successfully applied to telecom, finance and other domains 29
  30. 30. Efforts in NUDT Main research achievements  Network and communications China’s first IPv6 Router Galaxy high-speed interconnect network  bi-directional bandwidth 160Gbps  384-port switcher  throughput 61.44Tbps  Router Support 2.5Gbps/10Gbps bandwidth 30
  31. 31. Efforts in NUDT Main research achievements  Application Weather & Climate CFD Bio-information Electromagnetic simulation Data mining
  32. 32. Efforts in NUDT  HPC Strategy Central Government  MOST  NSFC Local Government  Broad collaboration  Customization & Optimization  Practicability, Usability, Creativity
  33. 33. Next-Gen of Tianhe Tianjin Changsha Guangzhou 10P 100P 1000P1P 2014 2015 2020 Performance 2009 2010 year Tianhe Roadmap
  34. 34. Next-Gen of Tianhe  According to Program 863, the TH-2 system will be finished in 2015  The 100P TH-2 system will be installed in Super Computing Center in Guangzhou Not only for Scientific Computing But also for Big Data Processing 34
  35. 35. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Highlights of TH-2 Heterogeneous parallel architecture Multiple-dimension interconnection network Hierarchy I/O storage and file system Autonomic fault tolerant management Adaptive power aware computing Domain specific programming framework
  36. 36. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Specification Peak Performance: 100PFlops HPL efficiency: >60% Capacity of memory: 3PB Capacity of storage: 15PB Power efficiency: 5GF/w System software  OS: Kylin OS  CS: OpenMC, MPI, X  FS: LHPF: Hierarchy Parallel File System  Block1 system is under constructing now 36
  37. 37. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Heterogonous architecture CPU + X(Phi or GPGPU)  Proprietary Inter-connection 3D torus Simplified communication protocol Enhance collective communication Bandwidth: 140Gbps; Latency: MPI < 1us 37
  38. 38. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Interconnection Network Improve fault-tolerant routing Network self-management and failure isolation Higher bandwidth of the link High-density and high-speed PCB design Optical backplane On-board, inter-chip optical connection Optical switch Optimize software performance
  39. 39. Next-Gen of Tianhe  High Performance Computing Software Stack 39 Parallel Apps Apps programming framework Runtime System Operating System AutonomicFaultmanage Power-AwareComputing
  40. 40. System Architecture Next-Gen of Tianhe  Co-design Programming Ecosystem Runtime system Programming Interface (OpenMC, MPI) Application Low level communication library Node/ Memory RMS/OS/ FT Task/FDA PMr Interconnection Topology X… compiler Algorithm File system Domain Framework Library Tool
  41. 41. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Large-scale Hybrid Tiered File System  Scalability to achieve >1TB/s I/O bandwidth by leveraging spatial locality  Usability by federating multi-level storage into unified name space  Flexibility by key components re-configuration for application optimization  Applicability for supercomputers and clusters with hybrid infrastructure  Autonomic Fault management  Active and Passive Fault probing  Diagnose based on rules  Evolutive system design
  42. 42. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Priority areas Climate & Environment Bio-medicine New energy Civil engineering Big data
  43. 43. Next-Gen of Tianhe  Towards next generation of Tianhe system  Heterogeneous architecture  New enabling technology  High performance scalable interconnection  Balance the computation and data access  Feasible fault tolerant and power management mechanics  Usable domain-specific programming framework  Selected priority application areas
  44. 44. HPCL-State key Laboratory of HPC  Pre-research on breakthrough Technology  New enable Tech  Reconfigurable Arch  Optical computing and communication  Nano-electronics  Quantum computing  New storage Arch  Memrist (RRAM)  Carbon nanotubes  Graphene  PCM  Creative Application Framework  Biological  Industry Engineering  Energy inter-network
  45. 45. Potential cooperation areas  Post-petaflops computing systems  Power/Performance /Programmability/Resilience  Hybrid programming model  Tools, debugger, performance analysis  Parallel program frameworks  Large scale parallel applications  Applications requiring Extreme large scale computers  Big data  Processing & Analysis  Data  Information  Insight  HPC Education
  46. 46. Invitation
  47. 47. Invitation Booth 461 NUDT Booth 461 NUDT
  48. 48. Thanks

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