Education protects girls against
harmful traditions and opens doors
to the world. Professional skills allow
women to earn an income and make
decisions on their own lives.
Today, nearly as many girls as boys start primary education. The number of girls
attending upper secondary education and higher education institutions has also
increased. Finland widely supports the education sector in Mozambique, Ethiopia,
Nepal, Myanmar, Palestinian Territories and Afghanistan.
In Kenia, girls learned coding to get a profession with Finland's
support. At the same time, they broke traditional views on the roles
of girls and boys.
How to report encountered sexual violence? A website coded by Modesta Joseph, of Tanzania, allows
young people to report harassment. Innovation programmes supported by Finland in Tanzania,
Mozambique, Vietnam and southern Africa help new companies and innovations to get started.
Women and girls must be able to make
choices on their own bodies. Sexual
education and health services available for
everyone also affect demographic trends.
In Afghanistan, volunteers from Marie Stopes International, an organisation supported by
Finland, visit homes to inform women about sexual and reproductive health. In 2002–2017,
1,4 million people used the family planning services provided by the organisation.
Family planning ensures that every child born is wanted. In 1990,
only 13 per cent of women in Sub-Saharan Africa used contraceptives.
By 2014, their number had already doubled.
Globally, maternal mortality decreased by 45 per cent between 1990 and 2015. The
reduction is the result of improved health services, such as maternity clinics. An increasing
number of childbirths take place in the presence of trained healthcare professionals.a
The Physicians for Social Responsibility organisation created a mobile health unit
for the regions in Peru that are difficult to reach. The unit has brought sexual and
reproductive health services and counselling to indigenous young people.
The political and economic
involvement of women strengthen
families, societies and central
Kenya elected three female governors and senators for the first time in the general election held
in autumn 2017. The number of female members of parliament also increased. Finland supports
women's participation in politics in Kenya and Tanzania together with the UN Women.
In Egypt, only one woman in four is engaged in working life. Finland has supported 1
200 women in Egypt and Tunisia to receive working-life training in 2012–2017.
Women's co-operatives have brought extra income to families.
Sanobar Tojibajeva, a textile entrepreneur, has hired 26 employees in four years and currently
sells 15,000 pieces of children's clothing abroad each month. In particular, Finland supports
women's entrepreneurship in Uzbekistan through the UN Development Programme UNDP.
Violence against women and girls is a
human rights violation. Putting an end
to violence and harmful traditions
requires legislation, support of
communities and courageous pioneers.
Female genital mutilation puts girls' lives at risk and violates their human rights. Many Finnish
and UN organisations are working to put an end to genital mutilation. In the areas where these
organisations are operating, up to 90 per cent of girls have avoided genital mutilation.
In Cameroon, one out of five girls aged 15–19 used to be married. A law, advocated by the UNFPA,
was adopted in Cameroon in 2016, making forced marriages and child marriages punishable by
imprisonment and fine. Finland is one of the biggest supporters of the UNFPA’s work.
In the Kibera slum in Kenya, Creaw, a local organisation, helps providing legal aid to the female
residents of the slum. In 2016, 200 cases concerning violence against women were taken to
court. Finland also supports the efforts to combat violence in Kenya through UN organisations.
Plan International Finland trains young men to become advocates for equality.
As violence continues to be accepted in the Dominican Republic, it is important
to engage young men in changing people's attitudes.
More results of development cooperation