ULIB 101: Goals and Objectives <ul><li>The  Goal  of this course is to help you learn to make both immediate and lifelong ...
ULIB 101: Goals and Objectives <ul><li>The Objectives are for you to understand  : </li></ul><ul><li>the concepts and logi...
Effective library research: <ul><li>Involves Seven Steps. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a research topic  </li></ul><ul><li...
1. Developing A Research Question <ul><li>Having a focused research question is essential in writing a successful research...
2. Find Background Information <ul><li>It's always a good idea to read background information about a topic no matter how ...
3. Find Internet Resources <ul><li>Contrary to popular opinion, not everything is on the Internet. However, it is a good p...
4. Find Articles <ul><li>The next step is to choose a database to look for periodical articles.  Periodicals are newspaper...
5. Find Books <ul><li>To find books, you'll learn how to use the online catalog, MountainLynx. </li></ul><ul><li>You can a...
6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>As a researcher, you should evaluate all of your sources, even those from reputable sources.  ...
6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>Another important consideration is the  Reliability  of the source.   </li></ul><ul><li>Your t...
6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>The source's  Credibility  should be evaluated as well.   </li></ul><ul><li>Suppose you are re...
6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>Sources are considered to be either  primary  or  secondary .   </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sour...
7. Cite Sources <ul><li>When you do a research paper, you need to show your reader where you found your information. This ...
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Seven Steps

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Seven Steps

  1. 1. ULIB 101: Goals and Objectives <ul><li>The Goal of this course is to help you learn to make both immediate and lifelong use of information in an efficient and effective way. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  2. 2. ULIB 101: Goals and Objectives <ul><li>The Objectives are for you to understand : </li></ul><ul><li>the concepts and logic of information access </li></ul><ul><li>the services and resources in the WVU Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>how to evaluate information on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>how to select the appropriate tools to obtain periodical (newspaper, magazine, journal) articles </li></ul><ul><li>how to use MountainLynx, the WVU Online Catalog. to find and locate books </li></ul><ul><li>the need for the proper citation of sources and how to avoid plagiarism </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  3. 3. Effective library research: <ul><li>Involves Seven Steps. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a research topic </li></ul><ul><li>Finding background information </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Internet resources </li></ul><ul><li>Finding periodical articles </li></ul><ul><li>Finding books </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating what you've found </li></ul><ul><li>Citing what you've found </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  4. 4. 1. Developing A Research Question <ul><li>Having a focused research question is essential in writing a successful research paper. If your research question is too broad, you’ll have problems organizing your research. </li></ul><ul><li>There are library resources that can help you choose a topic and narrow it a research question. For example, CQ Researcher can help you find a focused research question and learn more about a topic. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  5. 5. 2. Find Background Information <ul><li>It's always a good idea to read background information about a topic no matter how familiar you are with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Reference sources such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, and handbooks provide general / background information. </li></ul><ul><li>The Oxford English Dictionary, the Encyclopedia Britannica, and CREDO Reference are all good sources and available online. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  6. 6. 3. Find Internet Resources <ul><li>Contrary to popular opinion, not everything is on the Internet. However, it is a good place to begin your research as long as you are aware of its benefits and drawbacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider how much money it would cost you to look at a website -- absolutely nothing.  And as the saying goes, you get what you pay for. Because anyone anywhere can put up a website, what you are viewing is largely unfiltered information.  </li></ul><ul><li>This, however, does not mean that the Internet is only filled with get-rich quick schemes, LOL cats, and personal blogs.  There are many sites with credible information; for example, the Federal government has many useful and informative sites. Wikipedia is a good place to get started; its bibliographies have links to other good sources. </li></ul><ul><li>As always, think critically about all the information you'll read. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  7. 7. 4. Find Articles <ul><li>The next step is to choose a database to look for periodical articles.  Periodicals are newspapers, magazines, or journals. </li></ul><ul><li>By using databases effectively, you can retrieve a list of articles on your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Many articles are available as full-text; this means that you can call up the article right on your computer screen to be printed or even emailed to your email account. </li></ul><ul><li>If the article is not available as full-text, you'll learn how to check Find it @ WVU to see if it's available at the WVU Libraries and where it's located. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  8. 8. 5. Find Books <ul><li>To find books, you'll learn how to use the online catalog, MountainLynx. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also use keyword searching in order to narrow a complex topic into a more manageable search. </li></ul><ul><li>You’ll also learn about how to use Library of Congress Subject Headings for a more precise search of MountainLynx.  </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  9. 9. 6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>As a researcher, you should evaluate all of your sources, even those from reputable sources.  </li></ul><ul><li>For example, think about the Relevance of the source to your topic. You might find a really good article about diabetes in cats, but that won't help you if you're researching what diet is best for your diabetic mother.  Therefore the source might be useful for cat owners but not relevant to your topic. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  10. 10. 6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>Another important consideration is the Reliability of the source.  </li></ul><ul><li>Your topic is common problems parents have with their teen-aged children.  You find a book by a noted TV psychologist who has based all of his theories on people he has seen on his TV show.  This source is relevant, and the author seems to be educated, but how reliable are his theories if they are only drawn from people willing to discuss personal problems on TV? </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  11. 11. 6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>The source's Credibility should be evaluated as well.  </li></ul><ul><li>Suppose you are researching the possibility of human cloning, and you find an article in which the author claims to have cloned a human baby.  Digging deeper, you discover that the author belongs to a group who claims that they are in contact with and being instructed by space aliens. This source is relevant but not very credible. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  12. 12. 6. Evaluate Sources <ul><li>Sources are considered to be either primary or secondary .  </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sources can be </li></ul><ul><li>accounts by an eyewitness or the first recorder of an event </li></ul><ul><li>data obtained through original research </li></ul><ul><li>creative works such as poetry, music, or art </li></ul><ul><li>artifacts such as pottery, furniture, and buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sources are works that analyze, evaluate, interpret, or criticize primary sources . </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University
  13. 13. 7. Cite Sources <ul><li>When you do a research paper, you need to show your reader where you found your information. This practice has two functions: </li></ul><ul><li>it allows your readers to find your sources for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>it also shows your reader that your sources are credible and reliable. </li></ul><ul><li>Two common citation methods are Modern Language Association (MLA) and American Psychological Association (APA) . MLA citations are generally used for work in languages and literature while APA is used for psychology, education, and other &quot;soft&quot; sciences. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use RefWorks to manage your citations and print out a bibliography; you’ll learn more about RefWorks later in the course. </li></ul>Introduction to Library Research West Virginia University

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