BIO-CHAR FOR EUROPEAN POWER-PLANTS
BIO-CHAR AND BIO-OIL PRODUCTION
FOR AFRICA & EUROPE
via microfuel biomass depolymerisat...
BIONIC GROUP OVERVIEW
 Bionic Fuel Technology
 Germany/Czech Republic
 Microfuel technology
Converting most carbon cont...
AMBITIOUS EU TARGETS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY
3
8.50%
20.00
%
2005 required until 2020
contingent of renewable energy inside
E...
biomass plantations
usable light oil
similar to Diesel ( D2 )
high calorific bio-char
water
Bionic
Microfuel process
CO2 n...
Bionic
ENERGY CONTENT OF BIONIC CHAR & OIL
5
Unit Wood Pellets Bionic-
Char
Bionic -
Oil
Anthraci
te
MJ/kg 14,4 19,9 26,8 ...
MICROFUEL PROCESS
6
Lignine
Cellulose
light oil
biochar
modulated pulsed microwave
zeolite catalyst
The complete process i...
Z
MASS BALANCE
7
Gas 420 kg
Oil 990 kg
Char 1.470 kg
Water 120 kg
Heat
pre-processing conversion output
3.000 kg/h of
dry ...
„FREE“ SOLID FUEL FOR EUROPEAN POWER PLANTS
8
local markets
Export to Europe
revenues from oil sales will cover
capital, p...
PRINCIPAL PROCESS FLOW
9
Dryer
Shredder
Pelletizer
Silo
Silo
catalyst mixer
Rotor feeder
Rotor feeder
Rotor feeder
Rotor f...
BIO-OIL UPGRADING PROCESS
10
propane
butane
nafta
gasfuel
jet A-1
diesel /
blender
blender
HS
visbreaker
cracker
HDS
HDS
A...
OPTIONAL: COMBINED OIL&CHAR POWER GENERATION
11
BIONIC-OIL
12
Upgraded Bionic-oil produced by the microfuel process matches the ASTM
specifications in most cases for tran...
BIONIC-CHAR
13
Analytical Results for charcoal
Feedstock
content Unit raw material char raw material char
Ho wf kJ/kg 1872...
PLANT DESIGN (1.000 TPD CAPACITY)
14
PLANT LAYOUT
15
MODULAR DESIGN
16
CALCULATION OVERVIEW
17
Input Capacity 1.000 ton per day / 10.000 ha
plantation
Investment ~ 300 MM Euro
Total annual cost...
18
Production
330 to/day Oil D2 800 € to 264,000 € 320 days 84,480,000 €
500 to/day Char - € to - € 320 days - €
Revenue (...
Comparing Cost of Fossile Coal to Biochar for an Industrial User in Europe
Cost of Coal from Canada or Australia
500 tons/...
BIONIC TESTFARM IN GHANA
20
ENVIRONMENT & RESOURCES
21
Integrated farming concept
e.g. Jatropha double hedge
Hedge roots stabilize soil
and prevent er...
CONTINUOUS SOIL IMPROVEMENT
22
Eroded savanna soil
Soil stabilization
through agroforestry
Growing maize and other
grains ...
DECREASING CO² FOOTPRINT
23
Raising the amount of plants the CO²
absorption volume will be increased from
the first moment...
ZERO WASTE INTERNAL CYCLES
24
Jatropha Seeds
Oil extractionOil extraction
Press Cake
Continuous
fertilization and soil imp...
Environment&
Resources
Social
Responsibility&
Equity
Economic
Prosperity &
Continuity
Environment&
Resources
Social
Respon...
LOCAL SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY & EQUITY
26
Fully local
value chain
International
markets
Satisfy domestic food
demand with do...
AFFORDABLE ENERGY - THE BASIS OF PUBLIC PROSPERITY
27
Public prosperity requires economic growth, which in turn requires s...
BIONIC‘S LASTING ENGAGMENT IN AFRICA
• The Bionic Group has dedicated major portions of its future royalty income to
phila...
A TRUE WIN-WIN SITUATION
29
Europe Africa
Significant reduction of carbon footprint
for coal fired power-plants
Production...
THANKS FOR LISTENING
30
Bionic Laboratories BLG GmbH
Helwigstr. 41
D- 64521 Gross-Gerau, Germany
www.bionic-world.net
Bion...
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Bionic - From Biomass to Energy

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A project example for the Conversion of Biomass into upgradable Bionic-Oil and Bionic-Char using Bionic's MWDP technology created jointly by the sister companies Bionic Laboratories BLG GmbH, Germany and Bionic Palm Ltd, Ghana. We show a true win-win opportunity between Africa and Europe through a highly sustainable Biomass to Energy project approach with Char being exported as a solid green fuel for the European Power Industry while the Oil serves as Transportation Fuel in Africa.

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Bionic - From Biomass to Energy

  1. 1. BIO-CHAR FOR EUROPEAN POWER-PLANTS BIO-CHAR AND BIO-OIL PRODUCTION FOR AFRICA & EUROPE via microfuel biomass depolymerisation using sustainable feedstock from African biomass sources © 2013 by Bionic Laboratories BLG GmbH Bionic Laboratories BLG GmbH Helwigstr. 41 D- 64521 Gross-Gerau, Germany www.bionic-world.net © Revision 33, July 2013, patents pending Bionic Palm Limited PO Box 14916 GP Accra, Ghana www.bionic-palm.com by 1
  2. 2. BIONIC GROUP OVERVIEW  Bionic Fuel Technology  Germany/Czech Republic  Microfuel technology Converting most carbon containing feedstock into synthetic oil and char  Biomass  MSW  Industrial waste  Used tires  Oil contaminated soil, tar sands Using microwave and modern catalysts  Carbon liquefaction  Fossil coal  Bio-char  Bionic Palm  Ghana/West Africa  Agriculture  Contract services  Jatropha breeding (non-toxic, high yield, pest resistant)  Test farm 150ha food & fuel  Sustainable poultry farm  Sustainable biomass feedstock concepts 2 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners US based IP management holding
  3. 3. AMBITIOUS EU TARGETS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY 3 8.50% 20.00 % 2005 required until 2020 contingent of renewable energy inside EU 8 126 140 Available 2010 Max pellet capacity Required Import Expansion estimated for 2020 70 6 70 400 80 320 1030 610 ~ 550 ~ 1.960 Biofuels Heat Power 2005 2020 2020 15% agricultural 75% Wood  High energy content  Low ash  High availability 10% Biowaste growth of biomass requirement for power generation inside EU. Progression 27 [ Twhel ] need for biopellet feedstock requires Import 11,5% Mio t.
  4. 4. biomass plantations usable light oil similar to Diesel ( D2 ) high calorific bio-char water Bionic Microfuel process CO2 neutral power generation soil amendment (terra preta) FROM BIOMASS TO ENERGY WITH BIONIC MICROFUEL 4 biomass preprocessing drying, grinding and pelletizing
  5. 5. Bionic ENERGY CONTENT OF BIONIC CHAR & OIL 5 Unit Wood Pellets Bionic- Char Bionic - Oil Anthraci te MJ/kg 14,4 19,9 26,8 42,2 30,0 kWh/kg 4,0 5,5 7,4 11,7 8,3 H2O 50,0 % 15,6% 3,4% < 0,1% < 10,0%CO2 neutral neutral neutral neutral 949 g/kWh Bionic-Char and Bionic-Oil has significantly higher calorific value and better qualit than conventional pyrolysis or torrefaction products
  6. 6. MICROFUEL PROCESS 6 Lignine Cellulose light oil biochar modulated pulsed microwave zeolite catalyst The complete process is contained in a single high-tech reactor system with a capacity of up to 80 TPD of feedstock. Biomass Biomass, containing mostly Lignine and Cellulosis, is converted by the combination of a zeolithic catalyst and modulated microwave radiation to oil and biochar in a specific reactor phase. Hydrogen The proprietary microfuel system has been developed in the Bionic Group since 2001 and is among the leading catalytic cracking technologies worldwide. (patents pending)
  7. 7. Z MASS BALANCE 7 Gas 420 kg Oil 990 kg Char 1.470 kg Water 120 kg Heat pre-processing conversion output 3.000 kg/h of dry biomass pellets ~ 14,0% ~33,0% ~49,0% ~4,0% Microfuel MF 480 B 1.500 kW CHP Material flow per hour and reactor 600 kW (el) 250 kW (therm) 600 kW (el) 750 kW (therm) for pre-processing of feedstock ~ 12-17% of oil output used for internal power production 300 kW (el) 350 kW (therm) for post-processing of bio-oil ~ 500 kW @ 90 C (through energy recovery) Biomass & Zeolite
  8. 8. „FREE“ SOLID FUEL FOR EUROPEAN POWER PLANTS 8 local markets Export to Europe revenues from oil sales will cover capital, production & transport costs 40 ton p.a. / ha fast growing biomass CO2 neutral power generation from high calorific bio-char 1.000 t per day 500 t per day ~ 75 MW per day 10.000 ha ++12 x MF480B reactors 300 to Diesel per day
  9. 9. PRINCIPAL PROCESS FLOW 9 Dryer Shredder Pelletizer Silo Silo catalyst mixer Rotor feeder Rotor feeder Rotor feeder Rotor feeder Big Bag exhaust gases input conveyor output screw pressure tank for exhaust gas generator heat- exchanger nitrogen tank nitrogen generator fluid circlesystem separation tank Distillation column fuel tank PI hydrotreating system No Date Rev Description (c)2010 by BFT Bionic Fuel Technologies AG, Germany mf480 Prozess Flow Diagram Classification: Reviewed: Project ID : Drawing No: Rev. : Sheet: of : 1 2010/10/18 12 Overview single Unit 01 01 Draft 17/10 Pre-process Reactor Condensation/Distillation thermal oil inert gas steam out water out cooling water 25 °C output conveyor fuel output gas in uncondensable output to generator 50 °CAir IN security vent IN 80 °C OUT Rotor Vacuum nitrogen condensers ATEX Kat 3 Zone 22 T 1 Decagon
  10. 10. BIO-OIL UPGRADING PROCESS 10 propane butane nafta gasfuel jet A-1 diesel / blender blender HS visbreaker cracker HDS HDS Alkyl gaswasher reformer atm. destillation vac. destillation sulphur nafta
  11. 11. OPTIONAL: COMBINED OIL&CHAR POWER GENERATION 11
  12. 12. BIONIC-OIL 12 Upgraded Bionic-oil produced by the microfuel process matches the ASTM specifications in most cases for transportation and generator low sulphur fuels. Blending with additives like cetane enhancers and hydrotreatment increases the energy content and quality parameters. Bio-Oil Analytics comparing to ASTM specifications for low-sulphur fuel Parameter Method Unit eucalyptus wood chips Specification ASTM D975 1-D S500 Flash point ASTMD 93 / DIN 2719 °C 56,5 52,5 min 38 Kin. Viscosity (40 °C) ASTMD 445 / DIN 3104 mm2 /s 1,126 1,319 1.1 - 2.4 Lubricity HFRR 60°C ASTMD 6079 µm 389 357 max 520 Ash content ASTMD 482 / DIN 6245 % (m/m) < 0,005 < 0,005 max 0.01 Sulfur content ASTM ASTMD 2622 % mass 0,044 0,007 max 0,05 Density (15 °C) ASTMD 1298 kg/m3 832,9 852,6 820 - 845 Distillation temp ASTMD 86 correlation °C 204,4 368,8 max 288 Cetane index ASTMD 976 - 40,1 40,3 min 40 Nitrogen content ASTMD 4629 mg/kg 2500 177 no specification Cooper strip corrosion ASTMD 130 Corr Degree 1A 1A max No 3 PAH content (Aromates) ASTMD 1319 / DIN 12916 % (m/m) na 0,9 max 35 Cloud point ASTMD 2500 / DIN 23015 °C -16 -16 < 35°C CFPP ASTMD 6371 / DIN 116 °C -49 -55 < - 20 °C for winter gasoil Calorific value, lower ASTMD 240 DIN 51900 J/g 39797 37158 - Calorific value, upper ASTMD 130 / DIN 51900 J/g 42053 39684 - need to be adjusted by additives
  13. 13. BIONIC-CHAR 13 Analytical Results for charcoal Feedstock content Unit raw material char raw material char Ho wf kJ/kg 18720 24380 19970 26885 Hu wf kJ/kg 17530 23990 18870 26485 Cl wf Mass.-% 0,11 0,05 0,01 0,08 Cr Mass.-% 0,15 0,04 0,14 0,032 C wf Mass.-% 49,0 61,1 50,9 72,9 F wf Mass.-% < 0,005 < 0,003 < 0,005 0,009 H wf Mass.-% 5,8 2,3 5,9 2,2 H2O Mass.-% 16,5 4,4 15,6 3,4 K2O Mass.-% 14,96 5,68 10,13 3,85 MgO Mass.-% 6,08 2,09 9,8 4,01 Mn Mass.-% 0,21 0,06 0,17 0,02 N wf Mass.-% 0,8 1,3 0,2 0,9 O wf. Mass.-% 42,15 11,27 41,99 8,99 P wf Mass.-% 0,065 0,275 0,007 0,111 Pb wf Mass.-% 0,0022 0,0073 < 0,0005 0,0392 SiO2 Mass.-% 13,5 40,2 14 30,5 Wood ChipsEucalypthus The microfuel process enhances the calorific value of traditional charcoal significantly and allows for the use either as a soil enhancer or for combustion purposes.
  14. 14. PLANT DESIGN (1.000 TPD CAPACITY) 14
  15. 15. PLANT LAYOUT 15
  16. 16. MODULAR DESIGN 16
  17. 17. CALCULATION OVERVIEW 17 Input Capacity 1.000 ton per day / 10.000 ha plantation Investment ~ 300 MM Euro Total annual cost (including depreciation and interest) ~ 78 MM Euro Annual revenue from oil ~ 85 MM Euro Annual profit from oil alone ~ 7 MM Euro Remaining biochar for FREE! 500 tons per day Comparable value in Europe ~ 35 MM Euro p.a.
  18. 18. 18 Production 330 to/day Oil D2 800 € to 264,000 € 320 days 84,480,000 € 500 to/day Char - € to - € 320 days - € Revenue (oil only) 84,480,000 € CAPEX reactors 12 reactors 6,900,000 € 82,800,000 € feedstock preparation 12 lines 5,500,000 € 66,000,000 € oil upgrading 3 lines 12,000,000 € 36,000,000 € 184,800,000 € trucks 150 units 110,000 € 16,500,000 € harvesting 12 units 1,100,000 € 13,200,000 € pruning 12 lines 440,000 € 5,280,000 € misc 10 1,000,000 € 10,000,000 € 44,980,000 € land preparation 10,000 ha 1,500 € 15,000,000 € seedlings & planting 10,000 ha 1,000 € 10,000,000 € other inputs 10,000 ha 1,500 € 15,000,000 € 40,000,000 € Total Investment 269,780,000 € depreciation 12 years 22,481,667 € interest (avg) 9.00% p.a. 12,140,100 € annual capital costs 34,621,767 € OPEX capital cost 34,621,767 € staff 350 workers 500 € 2,100,000 € recultivation 10000 ha p.a. 1,200 € 12,000,000 € fuel 2500 to p.a. 800 € 2,000,000 € catalyst 1600 to p.a. 4,400 € 7,040,000 € maintenance 6.5% average 229,780,000 € 14,935,700 € lease of land 10000 ha p.a. 100 € 1,000,000 € overhead 1,500,000 € 1,500,000 € management 2,500,000 € 2,500,000 € 77,697,467 € Net profit from oil only 6,782,533 € Biochar to Europe from Bionic plantations in Africa (1000 to/day dry Biomass) microfuel BTL plant farming equipment planting
  19. 19. Comparing Cost of Fossile Coal to Biochar for an Industrial User in Europe Cost of Coal from Canada or Australia 500 tons/day 220.00 € 320.00 days 35,200,000.00 € 500 CO2 certificates 13.00 € 320.00 days 2,080,000.00 € Total Cost 37,280,000.00 € Cost of Biochar from Africa 500 tons/day - € 320.00 days - € 500 to transport 40.00 € 320.00 days 6,400,000.00 € ./. Net profit from oil sales 6,931,433.33 €- Total Cost 531,433.33 €- Annual Savings 37,811,433.33 € COST COMPARISON 19
  20. 20. BIONIC TESTFARM IN GHANA 20
  21. 21. ENVIRONMENT & RESOURCES 21 Integrated farming concept e.g. Jatropha double hedge Hedge roots stabilize soil and prevent erosion Eucalypthus, Miscanthus(elephant gras) Bamboo , Castor are possible energy crops Change of agricultural crop on a regular basis reduces decrease of nutrients in soil like in a monocropping Natural pollination through bees changing crops Oil extraction Jatropha Seeds Jatropha oil Local soap production Biojetfuel Biochemicals and more press cake fertilizer Food and honey for local markets Harvested biomass from fields biochar soil improvement Synthetic Fuel Biochar Zerowasteapproach any waste biomassValue food and energy products
  22. 22. CONTINUOUS SOIL IMPROVEMENT 22 Eroded savanna soil Soil stabilization through agroforestry Growing maize and other grains between hedges Growing more valuable food between hedges The continuous improvement of land from eroded soil to valuable farmland instead of radical change of land use saves resources and preserves the environment By improving soil all climate advantages of tropical farming can be used: • 5 time faster growth of bio mass • up to 4 planting seasons under irrigation
  23. 23. DECREASING CO² FOOTPRINT 23 Raising the amount of plants the CO² absorption volume will be increased from the first moment of farming  Significantly positive CO² life-cycle balance Eroded savanna soil depleted through unsustainable farming Soil stabilization through agroforestry Growing high value foods between hedges Growing maize and other grains between hedges  Low impact clearing  Low till farming  Organic fertilizer, bio-char
  24. 24. ZERO WASTE INTERNAL CYCLES 24 Jatropha Seeds Oil extractionOil extraction Press Cake Continuous fertilization and soil improvement Energy Crops Waste Biomass Microfuel plant Biochar Power Generation Export 5-10% Export
  25. 25. Environment& Resources Social Responsibility& Equity Economic Prosperity & Continuity Environment& Resources Social Responsibility& Equity Economic Prosperity & Continuity Poverty reduction Domestic workforce National food security Building up a sustainable national food production Healthy economy Improving national trade balance Integrated Product Mix Zero waste approach Low impact farming methods Innovative tropical farming concept Economic Sustainability Postive cash flows generated by selling maize and Jatropha oil Production of bio-char & bio-oil Production of high calorific bio-char and bio-oil under sustainable conditions Carbon negative footprint Sequestration of biochar 25 SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY & ENVIRONMENT
  26. 26. LOCAL SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY & EQUITY 26 Fully local value chain International markets Satisfy domestic food demand with domestic production  Raising food security  Reducing food imports Import Export - + Better living conditions for local population More jobs Increased prosperity Supply of health services Improve level of training and education on the job Social innovation through spillover effects Improved trade balance Healthy EconomyNational Food SecurityPoverty Reduction
  27. 27. AFFORDABLE ENERGY - THE BASIS OF PUBLIC PROSPERITY 27 Public prosperity requires economic growth, which in turn requires sufficient energy availability. Rising production requires more automation and mechanization More production requires more goods to be moved from production sites to markets More economic growth requires more people to be moved from home to work More personal prosperity raises private expectations on quality of life Increasing energy demands from machines Increasing energy demands of logistic operations Increasing energy demands of public transportation Increasing energy demands of private transportation Increasing energy for private housekeeping Without enough affordable energy national economic growth is highly limited. The right sources of energy must be found for each national economy. Solar energy Wind energy Water energy Energy from biomass Energy based on fossil fuels To expensive at this time for emerging countries, cannot be used for all national energy demands Favorable, but requires back up source of energy depending on weather. Not sufficient for all national energy demands Favorable, but requires appropriate rivers, cannot be used for all national energy demands A clear option for the future High and unstable prices at world markets, continually increasing prices in the future
  28. 28. BIONIC‘S LASTING ENGAGMENT IN AFRICA • The Bionic Group has dedicated major portions of its future royalty income to philanthropic activities. Development support for the African people plays a key role in that context. • At Bionic we believe in accelerating human development through sustainable business projects that create a lasting change for as many people as possible. This applies to the local community level as much as to the national and regional levels. • Bionic Palm has been living up to those standards in Ghana since 2007. We are working on completely new models to drive innovative agricultural for food and bioenergy sectors adapted to African requirements. • Bionic Palm currently operates a 150ha testfarm developing an approach that reclaims formerly depleted and eroded soils for agricultural use. The concept combines food and fuel at a 70/30 ratio, as Africans need both, food and energy. • In the same context Bionic Palm runs development programs for better seeds for the region and a Jatropha breeding program that aims to bring non-toxic Jatropha hybrids to the market at least doubling current yields at the same time 28
  29. 29. A TRUE WIN-WIN SITUATION 29 Europe Africa Significant reduction of carbon footprint for coal fired power-plants Production of a biofuel from local resources Independence from fossile feedstock Reduced import cost, increased exports Independence from market developments Creation of hundreds of lasting jobs for local workforce Predictable, stable pricing Improvements on food security Tropical climate accelerates feedstock growth Poverty reduction Significantly lower cost than fossile coal and cheaper than use of wood pellets Technology transfer Improved competitiveness at a lower risk Supporting REDD & CDM programs
  30. 30. THANKS FOR LISTENING 30 Bionic Laboratories BLG GmbH Helwigstr. 41 D- 64521 Gross-Gerau, Germany www.bionic-world.net Bionic Palm Ltd PO Box 14916 GP Accra, Ghana www.bionic-palm.com info@bionic-lab.de

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