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Production: Methods, Characteristics, Function and Goals

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Production department of the organization, for transferring inputs or raw materials into output or product.

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Production: Methods, Characteristics, Function and Goals

  1. 1. Ujjwal Limbu Sanam Rai Anand Timsina Raisha Shrestha Prakriti Shrestha Usha Pokhrel Priyanka Rouniyar
  2. 2. The production concept was found, a production orientation business dominated the market from the beginning of Capitalism to the mid 1950’s. During the era of the Production concept, Business concerned itself primarily with production, manufacturing and efficiency issues. This view point was encapsulated in Says Law which states Supply creates its own demand (from the French economist Jean – Baptiste Say.) To put it another way, If a product is made, somebody will want to buy it. The reason for the predominance of this orientation is there was a shortage of manufactured goods (relative to demand) during this period so goods sold.
  3. 3. HARVESTING TECHNOLOGY
  4. 4. PIZZA PRODUCTION FRENCH FRIES PRODUCTION
  5. 5. BEER MANUFACTURING COLD DRINKS MANUFACTURING
  6. 6. AUTOMOBILES MANUFACTURING
  7. 7. Production is a process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs (plans, know-how) in order to make something for consumption (the output). It is the act of creating output, a good or service which has value and contributes to the utility of individuals.] The processes and methods used to transform tangibleinputs (raw materials, semi-finished goods, subassemblies) and intangible inputs (ideas, information, knowledge) into goods or services. Resources are used in this process to create an output that is suitable for use or has exchange value.
  8. 8. The production process is concerned with transforming a range of inputs into those outputs that are required by the market. This involves two main sets of resources - the transforming resources, and the transformed resources. The transforming resources include the buildings, machinery, computers, and people that carry out the transforming processes. The transformed resources are the raw materials and components that are transformed into end products.
  9. 9. Production of a single product at a time Small number of units required Entire job is completed ex: Birthday cake, Hairdresser, Tailoring... Process is highly labour intensive Workforce usually skilled craftsmen Many small businesses start this way.
  10. 10. Used when demand for a product is regular rather than a ‘one-off’. An example might be a bakery producing bread. Production is broken down into a number of operations Each batch goes through one stage of the production process together before moving onto next stage.
  11. 11. Production is organised so that different operations can be carried out one after the other, in a continuous sequence. large quantities are produced in standardised manner Flow Production includes production of Cars, Micro chips
  12. 12. •Production is an organized activity, so every production system has an objective. • The system transforms various inputs to useful outputs. • It does not operate in isolation from other organizational systems. • There exists a feedback about the activities, which is essential to control and improve system performance.
  13. 13. 1.Customer Service * Manufacturer *Transport *Supply *Service 2. Resource Utilization 3. Product and process Design 4. Quality control. 5. Cost Management 6. Profitability.
  14. 14. Production Department
  15. 15. Set standard and target for production process Focus on quantity and quality Lean Manufacturing
  16. 16. Purchasing Department Provide materials, components and equipments required
  17. 17. Stores Department For Stocking all necessary tools, raw materials and equipment required to service manufacturing process
  18. 18. Design and Technical Support Designing and testing of new products and product prototype with modification of existing one Estimation of cost and testing new product process Work study and suggestion as to how working practices can be improved
  19. 19. Operation Department Manufacturing of Products Quality control and inspection

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