Melamchi Drinking Water Project was initiated in Nepal. It was supposed to be completed in between 5 years, but due to many reasons, it is not completed till now. So, it is one of the most unsuccessful project in the history of Nepal.
Melamchi Water Supply
Ujjwal Kumar Joshi
Melamchi Water Supply Development Board (MWSDB) has been
established by the government of Nepal in November 9, 1990 as
an implementing agency of Melamchi Water supply project.
Ministry of Physical Planning and Works
Mayor, Kathmandu Metropolitan City
Executive Director, Melamchi
Supply Development Board
The primary objective of the Project is to improve
the continual shortage of water in Kathmandu
Valley on a sustainable long-term basis, and
thereby to improve the health and well-being of
its inhabitants, particularly the poor.
The project is designed to serve good quality
drinking water as per World Health
Organization’s guideline to feed in improved
distribution network as set out by the Melamchi
Water Supply Project.
Further to this, project also aims a
reliable, affordable, consumer oriented and
sustainable water supply and sanitation services in
the Kathmandu Valley.
The MWSP was projected to cost US$ 464 million in 2000 prices. According to the original financial plan, the
major sponsors were:
ADB shouldered the largest financing share (US$120 million equivalent)
World Bank (US$80 million)
Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), US$52 million equivalent)
NORAD (US$28 million equivalent)
SIDA(US$ 25 million equivalent),
the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA, $18 million equivalent)
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Fund for International Development (OFID/OPEC) ($14
NDF ($9 million equivalent). The Government's original financing share in the MWSP was $ 118 million
The current financing plan and sources to respective project task has been described below:
1 Government of Nepal (GON)
2 Asian Development Bank (ADB)
3 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
4 Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
5 Nordic Development Fund (NDF)
The Melamchi Water Supply Project (MWSP) is considered to be the most viable
long term alternative to ease the chronic water shortage situation within the
Kathmandu Valley. The Project is designed to divert about 170 million litres of
fresh water to Kathmandu Valley from the Melamchi River in Sindhupalchowk
Augmenting this supply by adding about a further 170 Million liters each from the
Yangriand Larke rivers, which lie in the upstream proximity of Melamchi are also
Being investigated as future supply sources.
The MWSP originally comprised four parts:
i) infrastructure development;
ii) social and environmental support;
iii) institutional reforms; and
iv) project implementation support.
But the Project is still going on even though it
was estimated to be completed within 10 years and US
$ 464 millions, it has exceeded it’s time period and
even the finance,
due to the Political disputes, corruption and the
dissatisfaction of the local people residing there.