Technology transfer

9,603 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
14 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
9,603
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,187
Comments
0
Likes
14
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Technology transfer

  1. 1. December 3, 2013 SEMINAR ON SEMINAR ON TRANSFER TRANSFER OF OF TECHNOLOG TECHNOLOG Y Y PRESENTED BYCHANDAN Kr. SINGH M.Pharm ( 2nd SEM) 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS ¤ INTRODUCTION ¤ WAYS “TECHNOLOGY” IS TRANSFERRED ¤ TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AGENT ¤ TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY ¤ CONSTITUENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRNSFER ¤ CONENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ¤TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TEAM & RESPONSIBILITY ¤ FUNCTIONS OF TECHNOLOGY ¤ FACTOR AFFECTING TECHNOLOGY ¤TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CHECKLIST ¤ EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ¤ REFERENCES December 3, 2013 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION It is a process which is mainly concerned with the transfer of technology from the research areas to the “Production and Quality Assurance” environment . The Process by which existing knowledge , facilities or capabilities developed under R & D funding are utilized to fulfill public and private need. “Technology Transfer” includes a range of formal & informal cooperation between technology developers and technology seekers. December 3, 2013 3
  4. 4. Varied Roles IDEA Start-up Firms R&D Firms Research Development Universities Research Institutes Production Larger Companies Manufacturing Distribution MARKET December 3, 2013 4
  5. 5. Ways “Technology” is Transferred  Consulting  Graduating students (“moving heads”)  Faculty moving on (“moving heads”)  Collaborative research  Patenting and licensing  Service and outreach (“extension”)  Spin-off companies December 3, 2013 5
  6. 6. Technology Transfer Agents R&D Units R&D Units • Universities • Universities • Public Research • Public Research Centers Centers • Technology • Technology Institutes Institutes (institutions, labs (institutions, labs etc) etc) December 3, 2013 Companies Companies • Supplier of • Supplier of technology technology and R&D to third and R&D to third parties parties • Spin-off, start-ups • Spin-off, start-ups • Large R&D • Large R&D department department • Competitors, • Competitors, suppliers… suppliers… (technological (technological alliances) alliances) 6
  7. 7. TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY 1) EMERGING TECHNOLOGY- is an innovative technology that currently is undergoing bench scale testing, in which a small version of the technology is tested in a laboratory. 2) INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY- is a technology that has been field tested and applied to a hazardous waste problem at a site, but lack a long history of full-scale use. 3) ESTABLISHED TECHNOLOGYis a technology for which cost and performance information is readily only after a technology has been used at many different sites and the result fully documented is that technology considered. established. December 3, 2013 7
  8. 8. CONSTITUENTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROCESS Technology Transfer Technology Promotion Technology Deployment Technology innovation Technology Development Technology Research Technology Assessment December 3, 2013 Technology Information and Communication Technology Investment Technology Collaboration Technology Commercialization 8
  9. 9. December 3, 2013 9
  10. 10. CONTENT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER 6P December 3, 2013 10
  11. 11. Proper Research – By proper research we mean firstly that in Proper Research – By proper research we mean firstly that in which the result are reproducible and issues such as scale up, which the result are reproducible and issues such as scale up, stability etc and other practical now has been addressed, also that stability etc and other practical now has been addressed, also that in which problem were taken up in first place. in which problem were taken up in first place. Proper work- This refer to institutional and guidelines regarding Proper work- This refer to institutional and guidelines regarding IP Protection licensing modalities etc. which must be in place IP Protection licensing modalities etc. which must be in place beforehand. In the absence of these, decision get delayed, lack of beforehand. In the absence of these, decision get delayed, lack of fairness in decision e.g. case of X institute, which came up with fairness in decision e.g. case of X institute, which came up with good technology but since no guidance were there, kept running good technology but since no guidance were there, kept running around for two years and then gave up. around for two years and then gave up. December 3, 2013 11
  12. 12. Pricing – most difficult and critical area of Transfer of technology. - Too high price can put off buyer, leaving the technology unsold. - Too price a result in revenue loss. - There are basically two model regarding pricing 1)Price charged for a technology should depend upon market force i.e. impact of the technology irrespective of amount spent on developing it. 2)Price charged should include all expenses involved in developing it. Publicity – It is important to identify and then approach buyer i.e. adopt targeted Publicity and not blanket publicity. Specific journal, website, letters to manufacturer, personal selective visit etc. are some common approach which help in locating buyer. December 3, 2013 12
  13. 13. Partnership – this means working along with industry. Partnership – this means working along with industry. Industry takes it up, manufacturer and makes available to Industry takes it up, manufacturer and makes available to society. Partnership are important to ensure your society. Partnership are important to ensure your technology is successfully adopted simply conveying the technology is successfully adopted simply conveying the details may not be sufficient. details may not be sufficient. People’s Acceptance – It is no use trying to develop a technology which people will not accept e.g. due to religious reason/social concern etc. genetically modified food, irradiated vegetables processed beef in India, improved capsule made of non-vegetarian material. December 3, 2013 13
  14. 14. LIST OF INSTITUTE IN INDIA ASSISSTING IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER  Asia pacific centre for Transfer of technology ( APCTT)  Technology Bureau for small enterprises ( TBSE)  National Research & Development corporation  Foundation for Innovation and Technology Transfer December 3, 2013 14
  15. 15. December 3, 2013 Proposed Team Member and Their Responsibilities central focus for transfer activities • collates documentation from donor site • perform initial assessment of transferred project for a) feasibility b) compatibility with site capabilities c) establishes resource requirements • Process technologist Representative Review documentation to determine compliance with Marketing authorization (MA) Review analytical methods with QC to determine capability, equipment training requirements. Initiate conversion of donor site documentation into local system/format Initiate or confirm regulatory requirement, e.g. change to manufacturing license , variations to MA if process changes needed, etc. 15
  16. 16. Production representative Engineering representative December 3, 2013 Review process instructions (with process technologist) to confirm capacity/ capability Considers any safety implication e.g. solvents, toxic, sanitizing materials Consider impact on local standard operating procedures (SOPs) Consider training requirement of supervisors/ operator Review (with production representative) equipment requirement Initiate required engineering modification/ change/ part purchase. Review preventative maintenance/ calibration impact, e.g. use of more aggressive ingredients: more temperature sensitive process, and modifies accordingly. 16
  17. 17. FUNCTION OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TEAM 1) Coordinate- Coordinating between technology users and developer, between researcher and manufacturers is important element of technology transfer. 2) nurture- A main ingredient for moving technology from a research laboratory to a new business enterprises successfully in an environment that is supportive for entrepreneurship. 3) LinK - Cataloging resources related to business enterprises & connecting would be entrepreneurship / researcher and other technology developers to outside group & organization which can help in the process of starting new product, companies etc. such linkage provide referrals for individual business counseling, sources of financing. December 3, 2013 17
  18. 18. FACTOR AFFECTING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TIPS Method (( Technology implementation Potential TIPS Method Technology implementation Potential for Success) for Success) December 3, 2013 18
  19. 19. December 3, 2013 teCnoLoGY tranSFer CHeCKLiSt 19
  20. 20. December 3, 2013 20
  21. 21. EXAMPLES OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER # Chinese company offer technology for the production of L- Phenyl alanine by the enzyme method. CHINA L – Phenyl alanine By enzyme method (Ref : APC – 4041 – TOF) Area of Application # Food industry Advantage    Low input Advanced process No environmental contamination Clear production December 3, 2013 21
  22. 22. Stage of development  commercialized Economic data   Total project cost 4 million Equipment 1.38million Transfer form  Known how, consultancy, equipment, training Target country  world wide Language  December 3, 2013 English 22
  23. 23. A Novel, Non-infringing Process for the A Novel, Non-infringing Process for the manufacture of levobupivacaine manufacture of levobupivacaine NIPER, mohali offer a non-infringing process for the manufacturer of an improved widely used local anesthetic, levobupivacaine. The process uses a chiral catalyst for asymmetric synthesis of the product. Area of Application  Local anesthetic product widely used in hospital in surgical procedure. December 3, 2013 23
  24. 24. Advantage of technology  Uses easily available raw material  Faster compared to existing process as no resolution involved.  Cheaper as use of expensive resolving agent is altogether eliminated  Non-infringing new process December 3, 2013 24
  25. 25. Stage of Development  Process at laboratory scale  Scale up to be done  Facilities for scale up exist at institute ( pilot plant available) Economic Data   Product name – Chirocane, ( approved clinically) No manufacturer in India till date Transfer form  December 3, 2013 Technology licensing and Known how 25
  26. 26. Manufacturer of Pharmaceutical Raw Materials, Pharmacopoeial Fine Chemicals, Active Nutraceuticals, Laboratory Reagents (Bulk) (LR /AR/ ACS/FCC) December 3, 2013 26
  27. 27. Nutraceuticals Pharmacopoeial Fine Chemicals EDTA Fine Chemicals Phosphates Fine Chemicals Azithromycin APIs  Sorbic Acid & Potassium Sorbate  Potassium Phthalimide Citrate Fine Chemicals Inositol & Inositol Nicotinate December 3, 2013 27
  28. 28. TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFER : Bimal pharma PVT. Ltd. A team of technically highly qualified technocrats in the pharmaceutical field, having experience of manufacturing of API, intermediates, pharma fine chemicals and pharma formulations, for more than 25 years, they offer complete “turn-key” project services including detailed engineering, complete demonstration of manufacturing processes of all apis; intermediates for apis; pharma fine chemicals and pharma formulations. They are also experts in supplying the best quality intermediates / penultimate stages, along with technologies to make final apis to suit your US FDA / WHO-GMP approved manufacturing units for different countries. December 3, 2013 28
  29. 29. REFERENCES 1) Ira R. Berry, “ Technology Transfer Consideration for Pharmaceuticals”, Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Technology, Third Edition, 02 oct. 2006, pp. no. 20-30. 2) http://www.gdrc.org/uem/techtran.html 3) Luis Alberto del Río, Salazar N., and Trives C.“Guidelines for a pharmaceutical technology transfer towards a drug manufacturing plant”, Comunicaciones técnicas, Bol. Soc. Quím. Méx. 2007, 1(1), pp no. 27-31 4) http://bud.tic.ab.ca/venquest/yqt_home.htm December 3, 2013 29
  30. 30. December 3, 2013 30

×