Organisational culture

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Organisational culture

  1. 1. ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE
  2. 2. DEFINITION “Culture is a set of beliefs and values about what is desirable and undesirable in a community of people, and a set of formal or informal practices to support the values”
  3. 3. Cultural influences on organisational behaviour Organizational culture • Economic/technological setting • Political/legal setting • Ethnic background • Religion Societal culture •Customs •Language • Personal values/ethics • Attitudes • Assumptions • Expectations Organizational behaviour
  4. 4. LAYERS OF CULTURE
  5. 5. Chapter 16 Prentice Hall, 1999Prentice Hall, 2000 Defining Organizational Culture  Innovation and risk taking  Attention to detail  Outcome orientation  People orientation  Team orientation  Aggressiveness  Stability 6
  6. 6. Chapter 16 Prentice Hall, 1999Prentice Hall, 2000 Do Organizations Have Uniform Cultures? Dominant Culture Subcultures Core Values 7
  7. 7. Chapter 16 Intensity of Core Values Prentice Hall, 1999Prentice Hall, 2000 Commitment to Core Values Strong Versus Weak Cultures High Behavioral Control Low Employee Turnover 8
  8. 8. Chapter 16 Prentice Hall, 1999Prentice Hall, 2000 What Does Culture Accomplish? Functions of Culture Liabilities of Culture 9
  9. 9. Functions of Culture  Distinction between organisations  Identity to employees  Commitment  Enhances social system stability Liability  Barrier to change  Barrier to diversity  Barrier to mergers & acquistions
  10. 10. Techniques for Managing an Organization’s Culture Selection Practices Behavior Socialization of Top Methods Management 11
  11. 11. HOW CULTURES FORM Top Management Philosophy of the Organization’s Founders Organizational Culture Selection Socialization 12
  12. 12. Stories Rituals Learning About Organizational Culture Language Material Symbols 13
  13. 13. Organizational Culture and the Paradox of Diversity Corporate Cultural Values Diversity in the Workplace 15

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