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Europe, Ukraine and Russia – perspective 2020

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Europe, Ukraine and Russia – perspective 2020

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Europe, Ukraine and Russia – perspective 2020

  1. 1. Europe, Ukraine and Russia - perspective 2020 Rome April 26, 2016
  2. 2. The religious mobilization of masses Events of winter-spring 2014 in Donbass were accompanied with confrontation of ideologies of civilizational choice: pro-western supporters of "Euromaidan" were guided by universal human rights, their pro-Russian opponents - by anti-western "orthodox" values, which were covered with religious tones. Particularly we can see a surge of religious activity (processions (which mostly weren't initialized by any church), public prayers, pilgrimages to shrines, acceptance of religiously-inspired official addresses and documents, formation of military units with religious names), which maybe has played a key role in mobilization of masses, which are opposite to the new Ukrainian government. 2
  3. 3. Non-western unities and ICT "Nondenominational" (non-institunial) consolidation of social masses around religious ideology is one of world trends of the beginning of the 21st century. In the age of social networks, mobile internet, communicators etc. (information and communication technologies - ICT) the choice of religious identity became an effective method of social protection. This factor is actively used by different powers, who bet on the potential of religious mobilization. Particularly western method of solidarisation in the face of collective threat "Je suis Charlie" is used by different communities and can be spread as a manifest existence of supranational religiously-motivated communities (Je suis Volnovakha, Je suis Muslim, Je suis Novorossiya etc.). Подзаголовок 3
  4. 4. Global alternatives of the West Today we can talk about three formed global projects/communities, which are an alternative to the West. Project of Russian world, which was manifested in Donbass, was initiated in 2006-2008; project of "Chinese core values"(2012-2014) and Islamic project of the "world caliphate" (2013-2-14). Here we are talking about projects, which are aimed at formation of supranational religiously-motivated communities, which are in a varying degree opposed to the West. 4
  5. 5. End of classical World? Stated projects should be considered as quasi-religious formations, because they don't refuse western methods of argumentation and acting (forms of production and trade, infrastructure, many elements of mode etc.). They desecularise Modern, but at the same time they secularize "parent" religious traditions and reduce by that their cultural potential. It would be no exaggeration to say that quasi- religious alternatives of Modern don't come from the Modern itself, but also from classical religiosity. Supranational communities, which are formed during the process of their realization, become significant players of world politics. 5
  6. 6. Responses to the challenges Confrontation between West and alternatives, which have been/are being formed, can be considered as a motive to review classical belief in non-alternative values of western mind, ethical, axiological, praxeological and other purposes of which must be adopted by other cultural subworlds. There's a need to refer to constitutive elements of western ideology — general history, tradition, worldview to reduce confrontation at least in those cases, when there's a reason for that. 6
  7. 7. Conclusions What are the options of the relations Ukraine-Europe-Russia configuration? In this situation it is difficult to look at these opportunities objectively, but there are two options, which are logically following from the points above: A) Ukraine "hangs" between two opposing (from the civilizational point of view) subworlds- western and "orthodox" ("Russian world"), each of which mobilizes maximum amount of effort in order to get her involved on its side. Confrontation increases and (due to the fact that forces of global players go to the participation in other global confrontations) efforts to maintain the order in Ukraine reduce. B) Europe and Russia would develop a method intercultural dialogue, within the bounds of which sets a complimentary of their civilizational paradigms, and Ukraine becomes a mediator of the dialogue, maintains inner balance and takes part in their closer relations 7

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